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05 Presenting your research

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					Presenting your research
Dissertation workshop for coursework postgrads


Dr Cheryl Lange
The Presentation Process




 http://www3.surrey.ac.uk/Skills/pack/pres.html
     Timing tips

• Find out how long the
  presentation will be
• Ask yourself:
      – How much of the topic area
        can I cover?
      – How much detail can I
        include?
      – What can I leave out?
      – What is the most effective way
        to present information?
•   http://www.lc.unsw.edu.au/onlib/tutsem.html


    Note on your notes where                      Allow roughly 400 words for
    you should be at 5 mins, 15                   each five minutes.
    mins, 20 mins, etc.
Plan your opening remarks
• Establish rapport from the beginning.
   – Look around the whole room, make eye contact.

• Start with a controversial statement, a quotation, an
  anecdote, a question or a ‘show of hands’ that will attract
  interest and direct attention to your topic.
   – Some examples:
       • Three out of five people in this room will be affected by heart
         disease.
       • Who can guess roughly how many people drive to work each
         morning?

                             Tip
Avoid telling a joke unless you are an accomplished stand-
                        up comedian
 Introduction



After your opening remarks
• state your purpose, e.g.
   – ‘I’m going to talk about...’
   – ‘This morning I want to explain…’
• provide necessary background information or a definition
• present an outline of your talk, e.g.
   – ‘I will concentrate on the following points: First of
     all…Then…This will lead to… And finally…’
Body – developing the main points

Try the following.
• Have a clear organising principle,
  e.g. order of importance, theme,
  chronology.
• Situate your work or theories or
  methodology within the broader
  context.
• Use verbal signposts to indicate
  different sections, e.g. Another
  point is…, In contrast…
• Introduce supporting evidence
  and providing examples, e.g. Raj’s
  research supports this view.
• Signal new points, e.g. First…,
  Finally…
Body - additional tips
Remember
It’s harder to follow an oral presentation than to read a text.


• Use visual aids to make our
  points.
   – Show as well as tell.

• Tell your audience when a point
  is particularly important.
   – Tell them why it’s important.
Conclusion

• Think carefully about how you will conclude.
• Signal the beginning of the end with a phrase like, ‘In
  conclusion’.
• Restate your purpose and summarize the main points.
• Finish with a clear, strong message.
• Conclude with a statement like, ‘It should now be clear
  that’…
• Invite questions.
                             Tip
          Don’t finish weakly with e.g. ‘That’s it’ or
                      something similar
 Finding the right words

• The language you use in an oral presentation should be less
  formal than what you would write but not so informal that it
  sounds like you are chatting with friends.

Compare
  • ‘Seriously, this method
    totally works.’
  • ‘I’ve found this method
    works well for the
    subjects I’m working with.’
  • ‘The methodology was
    sound and had been
    previously tested on these
    subjects’.
Practice is essential
There is no substitute for
practising.

It helps you fine tune your
• notes
• logic
• timing
• volume
• pace
• visual aids

As part of your practice, don’t
forget to check out the room, the
equipment and the seating
arrangements.
Body language

• Breath deeply and slowly, exhale
  before you say the first word.
• Be enthusiastic. Show the audience
  you care about your topic.
• Use gestures to emphasise points.
• Adopt an open, relaxed stance.
• Vary your pace and intonation.
• Keep your body language open and
  friendly.
Delivery

• Use your powerpoint slides to help you
  remember key points.

• Don’t read word-for-word from a script or
  from slides.

• Use a ‘clicker' to move from slide to slide.

• Speak clearly and at a moderate pace.

• Pause before and after key points.

• Make eye contact with all your audience.
Things to avoid

Presenter mannerisms that irritate most
people in an audience include:

• lack of eye contact.

• turning your back on the audience.

• standing in front of the projector

• not having the slides in the right order.

• standing perfectly still.
                                              Adapted from
• looking at the powerpoint screen or         http://www3.surrey.ac.uk
  prompt cards, not at the audience.          /Skills/pack/presedit.html
 Evaluation leads to improvement
• After your presentation, reflect on
  your performance.
• Ask a trusted friend for feedback.
   – Did your introduction ‘grab’ the
     audience?
   – Was your material well organised?
   – Were your main points
     emphasized?
   – Was your conclusion strong?
   – Did you speak in a clear, audible
     and expressive voice?
   – Did you have a natural, open
     stance?
   – Did you use appropriate gestures?
   – Did you make eye contact with
     audience members?
• Drop in 1pm-2pm daily during teaching weeks
   – Reid Library - Mon, Wed, Thurs
   – Science Library – Tues, Fri

• Writing Clinics Tues and Fri 10 am – 12 noon
• Generic study skills workshops Mon – Thurs usually between
  11am - 2pm
• Individual consultations – make your appointment and submit
  your draft at least 2 days prior to when you want your
  consultation.
• Contact details
   –   Phone: 6488 2423 - Student Support Reception
   –   www.studysmarter.uwa.edu.au
   –   study.smarter@uwa.edu.au
   –   www.lace.uwa.edu.au
   –   cheryl.lange@uwa.edu.au

				
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posted:3/26/2013
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