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					Adapted by
Kelly M. Taylor




                  AMENDMENTS TO THE
                    US CONSTITUION
  Can also be found in the appendix of your text.
Adapted by
Kelly M. Taylor



                  1 st   Amendment
    Religious and Political Freedom (1791)
    • Freedom of Speech is a basic right in America-
      verbal or symbolic
    • Religion
    • Press
    • Assembly
    • Redress of Grievances ( right to complain and ask
      for change)
Adapted by
Kelly M. Taylor



                      2 nd    Amendment
    • Right to Bear Arms (1791)
    • “ A well regulated militia, being necessary to
      the security of a free state, the right of the
      people to keep and bear arms, shall not be
      infringed.”
    • Many people now believe this Amendment means:
      Everyone has the right to own a weapon.
    • An "Informal Change" or "Informal Amendment" to the
      Constitution is one where the interpretation of the Constitution is
      changed by a Supreme Court ruling, rather than by a formal
      constitutional amendment or change of wording.
Adapted by
Kelly M. Taylor



                  3 rd   Amendment
    • No Quartering Troops in citizens homes
      (1791)
    • During the American Revolution this was
      an issue
Adapted by
Kelly M. Taylor



                  4th Amendment
    • No unlawful Search and Seizure (1791)
    • Probable cause – the police can search due
      to probable cause (belief there is a problem
      or law being broken)
Adapted by
Kelly M. Taylor



                  5 th   Amendment
    • Rights of Accused Persons (1791)
    • “ No Double Jeopardy” Can’t be tried for
      the same crime twice
    • No forced confessions: may remain silent
    • A Grand Jury will decide if the government
      has enough evidence to press charges
Adapted by
Kelly M. Taylor



                  6 th   Amendment
    • Right to a Speedy, Public Trail (1791)
    • Miranda Rights- Miranda Warning (1966)
    • Gideon v. Wainright- added right to an
      attorney
Adapted by
Kelly M. Taylor



                  7 th   Amendment
    • Trail by Jury in Civil Cases (1791)
    • Rules of Common Law
    • Individuals/ groups/ businesses suing each other or
      the government for damages.
    • Not a Criminal Issue.
    • Goldman v. Simpson ( $) A family sued for
      damages for wrongful death.
    • Jones v. Clinton ( $) A former Arkansas employee
      sued the former governor for money due to alleged
      sexual harassment.
Adapted by
Kelly M. Taylor



                             8 th   Amendment
    • Limits of Fines and Punishment (1791)
    • NO Excessive Bail
    • No Excessive Punishments:
             – To date the death sentence is not cruel.
             – Each state decides the method for the state.
             – Current methods used throughout the USA
                  • Lethal Injection, Electric chair, Hanging, Gas Chamber, Firing
                    Squad.
                  • The Federal Government will only use Lethal Injection for
                    Federal Death Sentences
Adapted by
Kelly M. Taylor



                  9 th   Amendment
    • Rights of People (1791)
    • You have more rights than are written
      down
    • The Right of Privacy ( Implied)
    • The right to travel freely with out
      government papers (custom)
Adapted by
Kelly M. Taylor



                  10 th   Amendment
    • Powers of State and People (1791)
    • The Federal Government is limited in that
      some powers are reserved for the states
      and the people.
    • This is a states rights amendment
Adapted by
Kelly M. Taylor



                  11 th   Amendment
    • Lawsuits Against States (1795)
Adapted by
Kelly M. Taylor



                  12 th   Amendment
    • Election of Executives (1804)
    • President and Vice-President Elected as a
      Team
Adapted by
Kelly M. Taylor



                  13 th   Amendment
    • Slavery Abolished (1865)
Adapted by
Kelly M. Taylor



                  14 th   Amendment
    • Civil Rights (1868)
    • If born in the United States, you are a
      citizen of the United States.
Adapted by
Kelly M. Taylor



                  15 th   Amendment
    • Right to Vote (1870)
Adapted by
Kelly M. Taylor



                  16 th   Amendment
    • Income Tax (1913)
Adapted by
Kelly M. Taylor



                  17 th   Amendment
    • Direct Election of Senators (1913)
Adapted by
Kelly M. Taylor



                  18 th   Amendment
    • Prohibition (1919)
    • No Alcohol
    • No Buying , Selling, or Manufacturing of
      Alcohol
Adapted by
Kelly M. Taylor



                  19 th   Amendment
    • Woman Suffrage (1920)
    • Right to Vote
Adapted by
Kelly M. Taylor



                  20 th   Amendment
    • “Lame Duck” Sessions (1933)
    • Lessons Time from the election to taking
      office
Adapted by
Kelly M. Taylor



                  21 st   Amendment
    • Repeal of Prohibition (1933)
    • Alcohol is O.k.
Adapted by
Kelly M. Taylor



                  22 nd   Amendment
    • Limit on Presidential Terms (1951)
    • Two term limit
Adapted by
Kelly M. Taylor



                  23 rd   Amendment
    • Voting in District of Columbia (1961)
Adapted by
Kelly M. Taylor



                  24 th   Amendment
    • Abolition of Poll Taxes (1964)
Adapted by
Kelly M. Taylor



                  25 th   Amendment
    • Presidential Disability, Succession (1967)
Adapted by
Kelly M. Taylor



                  26 th   Amendment
    • 18-Year-Old Vote (1971)
Adapted by
Kelly M. Taylor



                  27 th   Amendment
    • Congressional Pay (1992)

				
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