2 nd Meeting of Low-Carbon Model Town Task Force

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					                Progress Report
  on drafting “ Concept of the Low Carbon Town”
2nd Meeting of Low-Carbon Model Town Task Force
                   9 May 2011
   Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre (APERC)
                    Outline

A. Work plan to prepare the final draft
   Concept of the Low-Carbon Town and to
   prepare the final draft policy
   recommendation

B. Key points in the first Draft Concept of
    Low- Carbon Town
a. Background
b. Overview on Overall plan and Strategy for
    developing the Low Carbon Town
c. Strategy for developing the Low Carbon
    Town
                                           2
                                              LCMT Project Scheme
                                                ANRE/METI/JAPAN (Project Overseer)                    Conducted by
                                                                                                      Study Group
                                                                   direct



                                                                           Feasibility Study
                                                                  conducted by Competent Consultant


                                                                   1) Development of LCD Guideline
APEC ECONOIES




                                  Study Group (A) :
                                   Development of
                  Participate   “Concept of the Low-
                                    Carbon Town”
                                                                    2) Quantitative analysis of CO2
                                                                         saving effects/costs




                                                                           Study Group (B) :
                                                                        Policy review based on
                  Participate                                             technical analysis

                                              APERC(Executant) => Overall Coordinator


                 Participate
                                          LCMT Task Force: Advice on the Project planning and
                Disseminate                     Share the best practices and outcomes

                                                                                                          3
Work Plan to Prepare Final Draft Concept and Policy Recommendations



                                                                                 2011
                                                                                  2011
                     (May)
                     (May)        (June)
                                    (June)           (July)
                                                 (July)            (August)
                                                               (August)                                (September) (October) (November)
                                                                                                         (September) (October) (November)

                   LCMT-TF2                                                                                 TEMC     EWG42          AELM
                    EWG41

                     1s t Draft                                      2nd Draft           Final Draft
Carbon Town




                     Concept                                         Concept              Concept
Concept of
the Low-




                                             Site visits and
                                              a meeting by
                                             Study Group A

                                                                                                                     Report and
                                                                                                                    Dissemination
 Recommendations




                                                       On-site assessment
                                  Study Group B         by Study Group B
                                   Nomination            (Yujiapu CBD)
 Policy




                                                                                      Draft Policy
                                                                                   Recommendations




                                                                                                                                    4
             Background(1): EMM9 Declaration

• “Introduction of low-carbon technologies in city
  planning to boost energy efficiency and reduce
  fossil-fuel use is vital to manage rapidly growing
  energy consumption in urban areas. We have
  therefore launched an APEC Low-Carbon Model
  Town Project to present successful models for
  coordinated usage of advanced low-carbon
  technologies.”
• “We instruct the EWG to establish a Task Force to
  implement an APEC Low-Carbon Model Town
  Project. The Low- Carbon Model Town Task Force
  should develop the concept of a Low-Carbon
  Town, conduct feasibility studies to encourage
  creation of low-carbon communities in urban
  development plans, and share best practices for
  making such communities a reality.”
                                                 5
Background(2): Urbanization and Growing Energy Use and CO2 Emissions


                                                                                                                                                                  Australia
                                          100
                                                                                                                                                                  Brunei Darussalam
                                                                                                                                                                  Canada
                                           90
                                                                                                                                                                  Chile
                                           80                                                                                                                     China
                                                                                                                                                                  Hong Kong, China
        Proportion urban population (%)




                                           70                                                                                                                     Indonesia
                                                                                                                                                                  Japan
                                           60
                                                                                                                                                                  Korea

                                           50                                                                                                                     Malaysia
                                                                                                                                                                  Mexico
                                           40                                                                                                                     New Zealand
                                                                                                                                                                  Papua New Guinea
                                           30
                                                                                                                                                                  Peru
                                                                                                                                                                  The Philippines
                                           20
                                                                                                                                                                  The Russian Federation

                                           10                                                                                                                     Singapore
                                                                                                                                                                  Thailand
                                            0                                                                                                                     United States
                                                1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 2045 2050
                                                                                                                                                           Year   Viet Nam



 (Source) "World Urbanization Prospects:The 2009 Revision "http://esa.un.org/unpd/wup/index.htm
                                                                                                                                                                                       6
 Meaning of “Low-Carbon Town (LCT)” and Purpose of Developing “LCT”


• “Low-Carbon Town” : town, or city, or village
  which seeks to achieve its target of
  significantly reducing CO2 emissions,
  irrespective of its size and characteristics

• Purpose of developing the Concept of “LCT”:
  is to provide the central and local
  government officials with a basic idea on
  what “a Low-Carbon Town” is and how a
  Low-Carbon Town should be developed.
                                                               7
               Image of Categorized Low-Carbon Town



〔Central Business District〕


  Low carbon buildings           Wind power generation                                  〔Farming Community〕
                                                                                       ・Low carbon houses
  Highly efficient

  air conditioning,                                         〔Residential District〕     ・Biomass, etc.     Biomass power
 ・低炭素建築                                   Farmland
  LED, BMS, etc.                                            ・Low carbon houses                             generation

                                                            ・Solar power, etc.
 District energy(DHC)
                           Solar panels                                                            Farmland
   Untapped energy                               LRT

 Solar/wind power
                                 District cooling/heating
 generation
                                                               Electric vehicle (EV)
                                                                                          Mega solar
                                               Using river water
                                                                                          power
                                                                                          generation
                                Waste incineration plant
 District energy network




                              Using waste heat

                                                                                       Intercity public railway
                                                                                       transport control system



                                                                                                                          8
Overview of Overall Plan and Strategy for Developing Low Carbon Town

                        Economy level plan

           Low carbon plan of the central and local government


              Overall Plan to develop Low-Carbon town

                Ordinary town development plan

               Specifying a town to be developed

                Categorizing the town to be developed
                  Refining Ordinary Developing Plan,
                focusing on reduction of CO2 emissions



                 Strategy for developing Low-Carbon Town


                     Setting quantitative low carbon targets


                      Selecting the most appropriate set of
                      cost-effective low carbon measures

                                                                 9
Strategy for Developing Low-Carbon Town

          Low carbon development strategy

          Setting quantitative low carbon targets

 ・Setting quantitative low carbon targets, considering the
  economy- level plan, categorization of town/city
  characteristics



 Listing and categorizing available low carbon measures

・Categorizing measures by supply side of energy and
 demand side of energy
・Sub categorizing measures into a large classification, for
 example demand side measures into buildings, transportation,
 etc.
・Categorizing breakdown of energy supply side (renewable
 energy and untapped energy, etc.)


        Evaluating the effects of low carbon measures


            Selecting the most appropriate set of
            cost-effective Low carbon measures

                                                                10
                            Low-Carbon Measures


                                 Energy-saving               Transforming
 Energy-saving     省エネ機器導入
                    (家電等)       facilities                   city structures
 equipment                省エネ設備導入
                     Eco-building
                           (給湯等)
                       s                         交通対策
                                                   Easing   traffic congestions
 Eco-cars
                Area wide
             エコカー導入
                                             Preserving forests
                optimized energy use
                                             and farmlands

Untapped     and renewable                          Heat island effect reduction
energies
                                                    Disaster prevention
                Energy-saving
                                                     Urban forestation
                behaviors
History &                                                                 Crime
Culture                         Urban Policies
             Landscape                                                    prevention
                                                            Disaster
             Preservation
                                             Economic       Prevention
                              Convenience
                                             Dynamis

                                             m

                                                                                       11
                        Categorization of Town


    Type of Town        Characteristics of Town          Infrastructure   Laws and

                        Area     Population   Land       Development      Regulations

                                 Density      Usage
Urban     CBD   (Ⅰ) 100ha-       High         Mixed     Sufficient        Sufficient
          Commercial -100ha      Middle       Mixed
          Centered                to High
          Town (Ⅱ)                                      Insufficient      Insufficient

          Residential            Middle       Mainly
          Centered                            Housing
          Town (Ⅲ)                                      limited           limited
Village   Village                Low          Farming
          Island (Ⅳ)                          Fishing
                                              Resort




                                                                                    12
                                            Classification of Low-Carbon Measures
                                      Classification                                                               Applicability as
                                                                                                                   per Type of
                                                                                                   Low Carbon
             Supply /                   Major                         Minor                                        Town
                                                                                                         Measure       Note 1)
             demand              classification                classification
                                                                                                                   I       II    III   IV
            Intra-city          Generating /                 Infrastructures                Large-scale power      M       M     L     L
                supply            distributing                   for                        generation facility
                side              power                          generating/                Distributed power      M       M     L     L
                                                                 storing                    facility
                                                                 power                      Cogeneration           H       H     L     L
                                                                                            system
                                                                                            Large-scale power      M       M     L     L
                                                                                            storage, etc.
                                District                     District cooling/heating                                      H     M     L
                                energy (heat
                                supply)
                                Untapped                     Using sea/river water                                         H     M     L
                                energy                       Using waste heat such as waste                                H     M     M
                                                             incineration plants
                                                             Using waste heat such as sewage                               H     M     L
                                                             treatment plants
                                                             Using waste heat from factories                       M       M     M     X
                                Renewable                    Solar power generation (mega solar                    M       M     M     M
                                energy                         power generation)
                                                             Using solar heat (large-scale solar                   M       M     M     M
                                                             heat)
                                                             Biomass power generation (bio gas                             L     L     M
                                                               power generation, etc.)
                                                             Wind power generation                                         L     L     H
                                                             Geo-thermal power generation                                  L     L     M
                                                             Hydroelectric power generation                                L     L     M
                                                               (small- and middle-scale)
Note 1:
「H」: Potentially highly effective, 「M」: Potentially effective,
「 L」: Potentially less effective or difficult to apply, 「X」: Not effective at all or unlikely to apply
BEMS: Building Energy Management System, ZEB: Zero Energy Building,
AEMS: Area Energy Management System
                                                                                                                                            13
                 Classification of Low-Carbon Measures
                Classification                                        Applicability
                                                                      as per Type of
                                                                      Town
                                                     Low Carbon       Note 1)

                                                       Measure

Supply /   Major classification       Minor
                                                                       I        II   III      IV
demand                            classification
Demand     Composition of         TOD development
side         urban space          Environment      Green way NW       H     H        H        M
                                  space            Underground        M     L        X        X
                                  development      space NW
           Buildings              Reducing                            H     H        H        H
                                  loads
                                  Highly                              H     H        H        H
                                  efficient
                                  facility
                                  systems
                                  Equipment        Fuel cells, etc.   H     H        M        M
                                  installed at
                                  facilities
           Management             Energy           BEMS (HEMS,        H     H        H        H
                                  management       FEMS)
                                  systems          ZEB                M     M        H        H
                                                   AEMS               H     H        H        H
           Environment-related    City climate     Micro climate,     H     M        M        X
           infrastructures                         heat island
                                  Wastes           Collecting         H     H        H        H
                                                    wastes,
                                                    recycling
                                                    resources
                                                   Using energy       M     M        L        H
                                                   (bio gas), using
                                                   sewage sludge
                                  Water supply /   Re-using           H     H        M        L
                                  sewage           treated waste
                                                   water

                                                                                         14
                           Classification of Low-Carbon Measures
              Classification                                                Applicability as
                                                                            per Type of
Supply /        Major           Minor            Low Carbon Measure         Town
                                                                                Note 1)
demand      classification      classification
                                                                            I        II   III   IV
           Transportation       Public           Public transportation NW   M       M     M     X
            system              transportation
                                systems          Intra-district             H       H     H     L
                                                  transportation system

                                                              ,
                                                  (busses, LRT etc.)

                                Short-distance   Intra-city community       H       H     H     L
                                transportation   bicycle
                                systems          Short-distance             H       H     H     L
                                                 transportation system

                                Vehicles         EV                         M       M     M     M
                                                 EV bus                     M       M     M     M
                                EV-related       Quick charger, small       M       M     M     M
                                hardware         battery

                                Natural                                     M       M     M     M
                                gas-driven
                                vehicles, etc.

Both       Smart grid           Power control    Power monitoring control   H       H     M     L
supply     system (mainly        systems          system
and        for electric power                    Power stabilization        H       H     M     L
demand     system)                               system
sides                                            Other systems

                                Network          Network infrastructures    H       H     M     L

                                                 Network-related            H       H     M     L
                                                 technology,

                                                 communication modules,
                                                 measuring systems, etc.

           Smart energy                          Smart energy system        H       H     M     L
            system (energy
            integration)


                                                                                                     15
                     On-Going Projects to develop “LCT”

  Type of Town        Low Carbon T  own     Economy         Population
                            Project
I                    Yujiapu CBD,          China        500,000
Urban Type1          Tianjin
                     Sino-Singapore        China        350,000
                     Tianjin Eco City
                     Quezon City Green     Philippine
                     CBD
II                   Putrajaya   Green     Malaysia
                                                        68、000 (300,000
Urban Type2          City
                                                        planned)
                     Da Nang (Pilot City   Viet Nam     1 million *
                     of WB Eco2
                     Cities Project)
                     Cebu City (Pilot      Philippine   820,000
                     City of WB Eco2
                     Cities Project)
                     Surabaya (Pilot       Indonesia    2.8 million
                     City of WB Eco2
                     Cities Project)
                     Yokahama Smart        Japan        3.7 million
                     City Project
III                  Plunggol Eco T  own   Singapore
Residence Type
                     Pulau Ubin            Singapore
IV                   Muang Klang Low       Thailand     17,000
Village Type         Carbon City
                     Jeju Island Smart     Korea        6,000 households
                     Green City
                     Low Carbon Island     Chinese      88,000
                     (Penghu Island and    Taipei
                     Others)


                                                                         16
* Total population
Thank you for your kind attention



    http://www.ieej.or.jp/aperc/


                                    17

				
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