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					AMERICAN RED CROSS

     ADULT CPR
     SECTION I
    Recognizing Emergencies
• Look For
  – Unusual odors
     • Discuss
  – Unusual sights
     • Discuss
  – Unusual sounds
     • Discuss
  – Unusual appearances
     • Discuss
                    Chain of Survival

                            CHAIN OF SURVIVAL


CITIZEN RESPONDER   FIRST REPONDER        EMT CARE   HOSPITAL
   Key Steps in any Emergency
• CHECK
  – Scene for safety, number of victims, and what
    happened
  – Victim for Life threatening conditions
     • Consciousness, Airway, Breathing, Circulation,
       Severe Bleeding
• Call 911 or local emergency number
• Care for victims life threatening conditions
                        CALL
          WHEN RESPONDER IS ALONE

• CALL FIRST                   • CARE FIRST (Provide
  – An unconscious adult or      two minutes of care, then call
    child 8 years or older       911)
  – An unconscious infant or      – An unconscious victim less
    child known to be a high        than 8 years old
    risk for heart problems       – Any victim of submersion
  – Cardiac Emergencies,            or near drowning.
    Sudden Cardiac Arrest.        – Any victim of cardiac
                                    arrest associated with
                                    trauma
                                  – Any victim of Drug
                                    overdose
                                  – Often Breathing related
      WHEN TO CALL EMS
• Is or becomes unconscious
• Has trouble breathing or breathing in
  strange way
• Has chest discomfort more than 3-5 minutes
• Is bleeding severely
• Has pressure or pain in the abdomen that
  does not go away
• Is vomiting or passing blood             >
       WHEN TO CALL EMS
• Has a seizure that lasts more than 5 minutes or
  multiple seizures
• Has a seizure and is pregnant
• Has a seizure and is diabetic
• Has a severe headache or slurred speech
• Appears to have been poisoned
• Has injuries to the head, neck or back.
• Has possible broken bones.                        >
        WHEN TO CALL EMS

•   Fire or explosion
•   Downed electrical lines
•   Swiftly moving or rapidly rising water
•   Presence of poisonous gas
•   Vehicle collisions
•   Victims who cannot be moved easily
           Caring for Shock
• Shock is a condition in which the
  circulatory system fails to deliver blood to
  all parts of the body.
• This triggers a response that produces
  signals of shock.
• Shock is likely to develop in any serious
  injury or illness
     Emergencies That Can Cause
               Shock
•   Injuries
•   Excessive bleeding
•   Cardiac emergencies
•   Strokes
•   Seizures
•   Diabetic reactions
•   Poisoning and allergic reactions
•   Bites and stings
•   Emotional trauma
             Signals of Shock

•   Restlessness and irritability
•   Altered consciousness
•   Nausea
•   Pale or ashen, cool, moist skin
•   Rapid breathing
•   Rapid pulse
            Caring for Shock
• Have victim lie down. Resting in a more
  comfortable position will lessen pain
• Call 911 immediately. Shock cannot be managed
  by first aid and is life threatening
• Control external bleeding
• Elevate legs about 12” unless you suspect head,
  neck, back injury or broken bones
• Help victim maintain normal body temp
• Do not give anything to eat or drink
• Reassure the victim
Checking an Unconscious Adult
 Checking an Unconscious Adult
If you have to leave an unconscious, breathing victim
for any reason, you should place the victim in the
recovery position if no head, neck or back injuries are
suspected.
Check for signs of circulation in the lower arm. If the
victim’s arm is pale, ashen, grayish or cool to the
touch or the victim has been in the recovery position
for more than 30 minutes, turn the victim on the other
side.
 Checking an Unconscious Adult
• Check consciousness
   – Tap and shout
• Airway
   – Head tilt – chin lift
• Breathing
   – Look, listen, and feel for 5-10 seconds
• Circulation
   – Check for pulse and signs of Circulation for 10 seconds
     and then check for severe bleeding
Checking a Conscious Adult
   Checking a Conscious Adult
• Imagine you just heard a call for help.
  Outside you find a person lying at the
  bottom of a ladder. The person is trying to
  sit up.

• What information can you gather?
     What info can you gather?
• Is the scene safe?
• Is the victim conscious?
• Is the victim breathing?
• Does the victim show signs of circulation?
• Is the victim bleeding severely?
• Does the victim have a possible head, back or
  neck injury?
• Does the victim have any other injuries?
    What questions should you ask?
• Can I help you?
• What is your name?
• What happened?
• Do you have any pain?
• Do you have any allergies?
• Are you taking any medications?
• Are you feeling any numbness or loss of
  sensation?
• When did you last eat or drink something?

				
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posted:3/26/2013
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