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					Albert Lawrence
April 24, 2012
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Introductory Paragraph
Attention Getter: Dead Zones have a big sway on the local economy, what would

you do if you couldn’t go out to eat at a seafood restaurant?

Areas of Focus:
A. *Area of focus #1- Dead Zones

B. **Area of Focus #2- How can dead zones impact the local economy.

C. ***Area of Focus #3- What are some alternative strategies for farmers to help stop this

crisis.



Thesis Statement: In Latin America, Dead Zones occur in both fresh and saltwater

systems like in the northern Gulf of Mexico, which is known world wide for being the

biggest there had ever been.
                                  Quotes
“Mostly anything that can swim away leaves, but anything that can't leave,

such as the bottom-dwelling bugs that fish and shrimp, will die.”
The Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone
                                 Latin America Dead Zone


       Dead Zones have a big sway on the local economy, what would you do if you

couldn’t go out to eat at a seafood restaurant? In Latin America, Dead Zones occur in

both fresh and saltwater systems like in the northern Gulf of Mexico, which is known

world wide for being the biggest there has ever been. Dead zones have had major impacts

on sea life, but it can also impact the local economy. In the Latin America farmers are

looking for alternative strategies to help stop this crisis. Dead Zones occur mostly on the

world’s coastlines, because that’s where the streams intersect with oceans. Dead Zones

can be obtained if farmers use natural products to grow their crops. At the rate Latin

America is going, they might decrease in some of the fish you see in the gulf today.



       The Gulf of Mexico dead zone is one of the largest in the world. Dead zones can

be found in the Baltic Sea, Black Sea, off the coast of Oregon. Dead zones may also be

found in lakes, such as Lake Erie. In the Gulf of Mexico there is a dead zone that was

known to be the biggest dead zone in 2011. Dead zones are areas of oxygen-depleted

waters that form when nutrients motivate the growth of algae blooms. Dead zones are

found in large regions of water just of the coast of islands or countries, therefore all

fertilizers and junk goes to one place, which pollutes the ocean in one area, which cannot

support any sea life. When there is low oxygen the algae dies. Eventually the algae sinks

and decomposes and then the decay process begins, focused by bacterial respiration.

According to Don Scavia, a professor of natural resources at the University of Michigan

says “mostly anything that can swim away leaves, but anything that can't leave, such as

the bottom-dwelling bugs that fish and shrimp, will die.” The lack of oxygen can cause
large die-offs of fish and other invertebrates. In the marketplace there will be no seafood

to sell, which will hurt people who sell and consume seafood. Also a lot of famous

seafood restaurants will go out of business. And for the restaurants that have seafood,

their prices will increase because it’s so limited.



        In the Latin America farmers are looking for alternative strategies to help stop this

crisis. But it’s hard to say if anything will every change because 31 agriculturally states

full rich crops and 2 Canadian provinces drain into the Mississippi River, which is one of

the biggest rivers in the United States and its streams, which than drain into the Gulf of

Mexico causing the gulf of Mexico drop zone.



        The report urges the USDA and the EPA to form a water quality center for the

entire river basin that can evaluate the various efforts that are being made to reduce

nutrient loads into the Mississippi.



From the video posted below about dead zones. How a dead zone can impact local

economy, as well as you and me is when I was on the commuter rail from North station

to north Leominster, I saw exactly what we talked about in class on Friday. I usually take

the train in the night, so I never really saw anythineg like it before. First I want to start off

with the pros, I saw a fast flowing river that looked very clean. A con was on my left

outside the window, the train past farms were farmers were growing their crops. I seen

the steams that lead from farm to farm but I couldn’t see were the streams ended. In

between the farms were swampy areas that had large trees pulled from there roots laying
over the river and it seemed to me that the trees were starting to grow thinner than before,

which in the long run isn’t good, because that means the wildlife isn’t going to have as

much oxygen as they did before and some may die due to the type of environment they

live in. In the United States the population keeps getting bigger, which means they

increase in crops and when it rains all the fertilizer is washed away in the stream like

today.



         If the United States gains more dead zones I think there will be a major decrease

in fishing, because nothing lives in a dead zone and if a dead zone starts to occur it will

kill everything. In the marketplace there will be no seafood to sell, which will hurt people

that only eat seafood and vegetarians. Also a lot of famous seafood restaurants will go out

of business. And for the restaurants that have seafood, their prices will increase because

it’s so limited. I have thought of some alternative strategies for farmers to help stop this

crisis. If farmers use natural products to grow there crops that will definitely decrease in

dead zones and product, but farmers can’t really do so because like I said before, the

population is only getting bigger so the farmers need to grow there products fast to make

their money. I think before the fertilizer goes into the big ocean scientists need to find a

plant to absorb some of the water, that way we will be able to control a dead zone or

prevent one from occurring.
                          Work Cited
     "Record 'dead Zone' Predicted in Gulf of Mexico."
Http://content.usatoday.com. Doyle Rice, 17 June 2011. Web.


     "Hypoxia in the Northern Gulf of Mexico." Hypoxia in the
Northern Gulf of Mexico. Web. 02 May 2012.
<http://www.gulfhypoxia.net>.

				
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