EU GHG Monitoring Mechanism - European Topic Centre on Air by hcj

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									                                                          EUROPEAN COMMISSION
                      The Monitoring Mechanism
                      of greenhouse gas emissions
                           from the European
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                              Community
                               Hartmut Behrend
                             European Commission
                               DG ENV.C.2, Brussels



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                                                                                    EUROPEAN COMMISSION
                             Legal basis
                      • UNFCCC (in future KP)
                        – Revised 1996 IPCC Manual on Inventories
                        – Good Practise Guidance on Reporting and Uncertainty
                          assessment
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                        – Guidelines on National Communications and annual
                          inventories (FCCC/CP/2002/8, decision 18/CP.8)
                      • EU
                        – Council Decision 280/2004/EC on GHG Monitoring
                          and the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol
                        – Implementing Provisions (Commission Decision in
                          preparation)

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                                                                             EUROPEAN COMMISSION
                                  Summary of EC Council decision

                      • Monitoring the emissions of the six Kyoto greenhouse
                        gases and removals by sinks,
                      • Annual GHG inventory reporting by MS to the
                        European Commission
                      • Implementation and annual reporting of national
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                        programmes (including policies and measures) and
                        emission projections to the Commission and
                      • Evaluation of progress and reporting to the European
                        Parliament and Council by the Commission


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                                                                                       EUROPEAN COMMISSION
                                      Further elements

                      • Greenhouse gas inventory system (KP Art. 5.1)
                      • Procedures for the review process and adjustments (KP
                        Art. 5.2 and Art. 8)
                      • Reporting on accounting of assigned amounts and national
                        registries (KP Art. 7.1, 7.2 and 7.4)
                      • Information to be incorporated in the periodic
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                        communications to the UNFCCC
                      • Policies and measures and Projections
                      • Reporting on flexible mechanisms (JI, CDM, IET) and
                        sinks
                      • Additional Reports
                        - Report on demonstrable progress
                        - Report on assigned amounts
                      • Establishment of
                        - national systems (incl. Report) and
                        - registries
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                                                                                 EUROPEAN COMMISSION
                                    EC GHG inventory institutional
                                          arrangements
                      • Member states prepare inventory according to UNFCCC
                        Guidelines and participate in EC Climate Change Committee,
                        assisted by two working groups
                      • European Commission (DG ENV) responsible for submission to
                        UNFCCC, assisted by EEA (and European Topic Centre Air and
                        Climate Change, ETC/ACC) and the DGs of the European
                        Commission ESTAT and JRC
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                      • Working group I of the Climate Change Committee promotes
                        improvement of all GHG inventory quality aspects
                        (transparency, consistency, comparability, completeness,
                        accuracy and use of good practices)
                      • Working group II of the Climate Change Committee promotes
                        improvement of quality of reporting on GHG emission
                        projections (transparency, consistency, comparability,
                        completeness)
                      • EC “National Inventory Report” follows UNFCCC Guidelines
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                                                                                  EUROPEAN COMMISSION
                                        Data flow EC GHG inventory

                                    Austria                   UNFCCC
                          UK
                               Sweden
            Belgium
                                  Finland
      Germany                                                   European
                                  Luxembourg                   Commission
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                       Italy
                                             EU             (ENV, ESTAT, JRC)
                         Greece                                 and EEA
                                     Denmark
                       France
                      Netherlands     Ireland

                          Spain                        Parliament   Council
                                  Portugal
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                                        Preparation EC inventory
                        MS submission of
                      1                                 15 January
                        inventory to Commission
                        Initial check of submission
                      2                                  February
                        by Commission
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                          Compilation and
                      3   circulation of draft EC         1 March
                          inventory
                          Submission of updated or
                      4   additional data to            Up to 1 April
                          Commission
                      5   Submission to UNFCCC            15 April
                          EC internal review and
                      6                               May to December   7
                          improvement of inventory
                                                                                                    EUROPEAN COMMISSION
                                     Activities for improving the Monitoring
                                                     Mechanism



                      • Eurostat improvement project for national energy balances and annual
                        estimation of EC CO2 emissions (IPCC Reference Approach)
                      • Data gap filling to achieve complete EC inventory (limited to few MS)
                      • Workshop on LULUCF
                      • Workshop on agricultural emissions
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                      • Workshop on Projections of GHG emissions
                      • Workshop on GHG emissions from agriculture
                      • Workshop on Energy balances and energy-related GHG emissions
                      • Project on LULUCF emissions and removals
                      • Workshop on Inverse Modelling
                      • Project on N20-emissions from agricultural soils (ongoing)
                      • Workshop on bunker fuels

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                                                                                    EUROPEAN COMMISSION
                               Next steps of the Monitoring Mechanism (in the
                                  Working Groups of the Climate Change
                                                 Committee)


                      • Establishment of a QA/QC-plan
                      • Determination of uncertainties of the inventory
                      • Determination of uncertainties in the projections
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                      • Workshop on emissions from the waste sector
                      • Workshop on demonstrable progress
                      • Proper implementation of the GPG on LULUCF




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                                                                                                                                           EUROPEAN COMMISSION
                                                               EU greenhouse gas emissions in relation to
                                                                    the Kyoto target (excl. LUCF)
                                                120
                      Index (base year = 100)




                                                110


                                                                                                101,6
                                                100
                                                                                                97,7
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                                                90
                                                                                                                             92,0

                                                80
                                                      1990   1992   1994   1996   1998   2000   2002    2004   2006   2008   2010   2012

                                                                    Greenhouse gas emissions              Target path 2010


                                                                    GHG target 2010                       CO2 emissions



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                                                                                                                                                        EUROPEAN COMMISSION
                                                  Community Greenhouse Gas
                                                     Inventory System
                                             Overall responsibility for planning, preparation,
                                              management and reporting of EC inventory

                                                 European Commission
                                                    DG Environment                                          UNFCCC


                                                                                                                           • Assistance in
                                                                                                        EUROSTAT             QA/QC
                                                                                                                           • compilation of
                                MS GHG                                          EC GHG                                       reference approach
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                              Inventories                                      Inventory
                                                                                                                           • Assistance in QA/QC
                      Community Greenhouse Gas Inventory System
                                    EEA
                                                     JRC
                                                                               • Preparation of
                                                                                  EC inventory
                                                                                                                           (agriculture, LULUCF)

                                                                               • Maintenance of
                                                                                 database and archive
                                                                               • Implementation of
                                                             ETC/ACC              QA/QC procedures


                                                               Climate Change                                                 Participation
                                Member                            Committee
                                 States                        WG1 under CCC                                                  • Communication flow
                                                                                                                              • Assistance
                                                                               •   Assistance of DG Env
                      •   Data collection
                      •   selection of methods                                 •   Quality improvement
                                                                               •   Exchange of experiences                     Main data flow
                      •   QA/QC, management
                                                                               •   Implementation of UNFCCC requirements
                      •   Planning, preparation, reporting
                          of MS inventories



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                                                                            EUROPEAN COMMISSION
                         For further information you may look at:

   www.europa.eu.int/comm/environment/climate/home_en.htm
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                                           and
                      themes.eea.eu.int/Environmental_issues/climate


                                     THANK YOU !


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