Erwin Schroedinger and Max Born Wave Mechanics and Quantum

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Erwin Schroedinger and Max Born Wave Mechanics and Quantum Powered By Docstoc
					 Came up with a set of equations or wave
  functions in 1926 for electrons.
 Said that electrons confined in their orbits would set
  up standing waves and you could describe only
  the probability of where an electron could be. The
  distributions of these probabilities formed regions of
  space about the nucleus were called orbitals.
 Orbitals could be described as electron density
  clouds. The densest area of the cloud is where you
  have the greatest probability of finding the
  electron and the least dense area is where you
  have the lowest probability of finding the electron.
   The branch of mechanics that deals with the
    mathematical description of the motion and
    interaction of subatomic particles.
   Electrons can be labeled using the sub
    shell and orbital or by using the four
    quantum numbers:
    › n : principal quantum number

    › l : azimuthal or lanky quantum number

    › ml : magnetic quantum number

    › ms : spin quantum number
   Enhanced on Schrödinger’s theory stating in his eyes, the
    atom contained 'waves of chance.' When an electron moved
    throughout the nucleus, the waves would ripple from side to
    side. They would ripple in a line when particles moved
    through the room in an atom. The symbol Psi stands for the
    wave function in Schrödinger’s equation and throughout
    quantum mechanics. Psi squared is the probability density of
    finding a particle in a given place at a given time, if the
    particle’s position is measured.
   His cat theory is a thought experiment, which means it considers
    some hypothesis, theory, or principle for the purpose of thinking
    through its consequences.
   It illustrates what he saw as the problem of the Copenhagen
    interpretation of quantum mechanics applied to everyday objects,
    resulting in a contradiction with common sense.
   A cat is placed in a box, together with a radioactive atom.
    IF the atom decays, and the geiger-counter detects an alpha
    particle, the hammer hits a flask of prussic acid, killing the cat.
    The mystery lies in the complex coupling of quantum and classical
   Before the observer opens the box, the cat's fate is tied to the wave
    function of the atom, which is itself in a super-position of decayed
    and not decayed states.
   Then, said Schrödinger, the cat must itself be in a super-position of
    dead and alive states before the observer opens the box, observe
    the cat, and collapses it's wave function.
   Albert Einstein was the scientist to come up with the cat
   Born also added to the experiment the probabilities of the
    outcome of the cat to be dead or alive.
   The Copenhagen interpretation implies that the state of the
    two systems undergoes collapse into a definite state when
    one of the systems is measured.
   In Schrödinger’s original thought experiment, he describes
    how one could transpose the super-position of an atom to
    large-scale systems of a live and dead cat.
   He proposed a scenario with a cat in a sealed box, where as
    the cat's life or death was dependent on the state of a
    subatomic particle.
   According to Schrödinger, the Copenhagen interpretation
    implies that the cat remains both alive and dead (to the
    universe outside the box) until the box is opened.

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