Commenting intelligently on
Identifying types of Sentences
• Declarative: makes a statement
Ex. The king is sick.
• Imperative: gives a command
Ex. Stand up.
• Interrogative: asks a question
Ex. Is the king sick?
• Exclamatory: makes an exclamation
Ex. The king is dead!
Arrangement of ideas
• Loose sentence: Makes complete sense if
brought to a close before the actual ending.
Ex. We reached Edmonton that morning after a
turbulent flight and some exciting experiences.
• Periodic Sentence: Makes sense only when the
end of the sentence is reached (the period).
• Ex. That morning, after a turbulent flight and
some exciting experiences, we reached
Edmonton. (This type of sentence speeds the
reader through to the end.
Order of Sentence
• Natural word order: Subject comes
before the predicate. (98% of all English
ex. Oranges grow in California.
• Inverted order of a sentence: predicate
comes before the subj. New placement of
ideas is emphatic.
ex. In California grow oranges.
• A poetic and rhetorical device in which
normally unassociated ideas, words, or
phrases are placed next to one another,
creating an effect of surprise and wit.
456—it’s hot out here. There’s the odor of
embalming fluid. The beer is cold in the
taverns. (juxtaposes hot and cold
imagery; juxtaposes death “embalming
fluid” and life “beer is cold.”)
• Refers to a grammatical or structural similarity
between sentences or parts of a sentence. It
involves an arrangement of words, phrases,
sentences and paragraphs sot that elements of
equal importance are equally developed and
Ex. Government of the people, by the people, for
the people, shall not perish from the earth.
• To strive, to seek, to find but not to yield.
• A device in which words, sounds, and
ideas are used more than once to
enhance rhythm and create emphasis
• A question that expects no answer. Used
to draw attention to a point and is
generally stronger than a direct statement.
• The user of the rhetorical question should
know what the audiences answer will be
and should expect most of them to have
the same answer.