water resources management in Vietnam

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					Water Resources Management in
Tasks and Roles of water resources
 management department, Vietnam

 The Department of Water Resources Management
 (DWRM) has Functions to provide assistance to the
 Minister in implementing state management on
 water resources including rain water, surface water,
 ground water, and sea water within the territorial
 land and sea of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
   Powers and Responsibilities of
1. Develop legal documents, policies, strategies, planning, long-term, 5-
year and annual
plans, programs,
2. Develop processes, procedures, standards, technical-economic norms
on water resources
3. Submit to the Minister for approval on assignment and delegation in
basic investigation on
water resources;
4. Develop measures on protection of water sources, control of and
prevention against water resources deterioration and pollution
5. Compile data, manage results of basic investigations, inventories and
assessments of water resources; develop national water resources
database and information exchange system
   Powers and Responsibilities of
6. Submit to the Minister to define authorities and procedures on issuance,
extension, revoke licenses on surveying, exploration, exploitation and
utilization of water resources, and waste water discharge permits;
7. Appraise projects and works in areas of water resources basic
investigation, planning, plans and projects related to protection,
exploitation, utilization and development of water
8. International cooperation in water resources areas
9. Implement function as Office of National Water Resources Council
(NWWRC) was established to advise the Government of Viet Nam on
issues related to water resources required Government’s approval.
10. Inspect and deal with claims, denunciations and disputes on water
Water resources status in Viet Nam
• Annual average Rainfall (Xo) 1,960 mm
• Total annual discharge of all rivers is about 840-850.109 m3,
  incoming flow volume from outside is 500-510 109 m3, total
  flow volume generated inside is about 340 109 m3 (40%).
• The Mekong River's total runoff accounts for 59% of the total
  national runoff, followed by the Red River with 14.9%.
• VN has about 2,378 rivers over 10 km long which have a
  perennial flow, and 15 basins with an area of more than 2,500
  km2 of which 10 river basins are of over 10,000 km2 in area.
  These account for 80% of the total area of Vietnam.
Main river systems in VietNam
  Basin over 10.000 km2    Basin 2.500 – 10.000 km2
 Bang Giang - Ky Cung            Thach Han
Hong (Red) and Thai binh           Huong
          Ma                      Tra Khuc
           Ca                       Kone
   Vu Gia - Thu Bon                Gianh
        Se San
       Dong Nai
       Cuu Long
The density of Water Utilization of 9 major
        river basins in Viet Nam

       Rate of average water demand of sectors on 9 main river basins


     4%                                                           Domestic
              Industry                                            Environment
                 1%                          Agriculture
The density of Water Utilization of 9 major
   river basins in Viet Nam (continue)
           Rate of average water demand of sectors on 9 main
                          river basins (2010)

             15%                                           Agriculture
 Aquiculture                                               Industry
Domestic                                                   Aquiculture
  3%                                                       Environment

        16%                                  Agriculture
The density of Water Utilization of 9 major
   river basins in Viet Nam (continue)
           Rate of average water demand of sectors on 9 main river basins

                         14%                                            Industry
   Aquiculture                                                          Domestic
Water resources Management in Viet

In the past:
       - Promote of water demand
       - Investment focus on water resources infrastructures
Present: Management of water utilization requirement: include
       - Water quality management
       - Water quantity management
Legal documents on water resources
- The law on water resources(20/Aug/1998)
- Secondary legal documents:
   • The Decree on stipulating the implementation of the law on
   water resources (30/Dec/1999)
   •The Decree on Water resource information management
   • The Decree on Licensing for exploitation, utilization, use and
   discharge waste water (27/july/2004)
   • The Decree Integrated river basin management (submitting)
   • The Decree on sanctions against administrative violations of
   water resources management regulations (17/march/2005)
   •The National strategy on water resources to 2020 (14/Apr/2006)
Challenges and Proposed measures
             on IWRM
     There are still many shortcomings in terms of planning, management,
utilization and protection of water resources in comparison with country
development needs
    A number of water-related challenges have increased in recent times, water
quality is deteriorating in many areas due to urban and industrial activities and
saline water intrusion is increasing as dry season river flows are reduced, local
and seasonal shortages are increasing, causing impacts on water users and
    The recently established DWRM operating in a complex policy environment
attempting to bring a strategic approach to water resource management but
has limited experience in development policy and planning activities for water
National Water Resources Strategy
National goals for water
Water resource economics tools to river basin planning; policy development,
and water resource protection, management and allocations, etc...
     Background, issues, challenges
 Issues, challenges
- Population increasing and Industrialization
- Policies and secondary legislation under the Law on Water Resources are
not complete. the capacity to develop strong policy and secondary legislation
is limited.
- Some overlap of responsibilities among Government’ Agencies.
- Lack of integrated river basin planning and management
- Low Institutional and capacity
- Ineffective in Inspection and enforcement and conflict resolution activities.
- Water resources data and information is still scatted, Monitoring networks
are insufficient, data quality is not high
- Level of awareness, skills and technology for integrated water resources
management fairly low at both the national and provincial level.
- Budget for water resources development and management is limited and
has not met the demand of the sector.
- Lack of long term financial strategy including state budget, international
assistance, private investment and using fees.
         Vision and concrete action

- Developing National Strategy for Protection and Sustainable Development of
Water Resources of which the National Goals for Water Resources is one of
the leading component of the National Strategy.
- Inventory appraisal for Water resource
- Review and update the Law on Water Resources other By-law to create legal
corridor for water resources management.
- Priority policy in the water sector
- Developing and upgrading water Resources monitoring network
- Integrated river basins planning and Management,
- Long term financial investment strategy
- Information exchange network among the water resources coordination and
management agencies for international rivers.
- Water resources information system and provide timely and accurate
information for the water resources users.
- Effective operation of water resources inspection.
- Legal documents on water resources management
- Development of National water profile
- International cooperating on water resources with many other
countries and international organizations such as: China, Norway,
Australia,... ADB, World Bank,...; Participating on Mekong river
Commission; Development of water quality rules on Mekong river
- Participation of people on water resources protection
- Scientific and technological research has been conducted in the field
of water resources
- Development of water resources monitoring network
- Investment on water resources management such as: improvement of
water quality in some main rivers; application of technology on
              Achievements (cont)

Water development works: such as:
              Catchments   Volume      Irrigated   Hydropower
                 (km2)     (bill.m3)   Area (ha)      (MW)
 Hoa Binh       51,700      9,450                    1,920
 Thac Ba        6,100       2,940                     108
 Tri An         14,600      2,760                     4200
 Dau Tieng      2,700       1,580       72,000
 Thac Mo        2,200       1,370                     150
 Yaly           7,455       1,037                     720
 Phu Ninh        235         414        23,000
 Song Hinh       772         357                       66
 Ke Go           223         345        17,000
             Priority order action plans
    (according to National strategy on water resources to 2020)

1. Program of national water resources inventory, assessment and
development of water resources database, information system.
2. Program of water resources sharing (priority for domestic water) and
ensuring of power generation for the important hydropower works in drought
3. Program of water resources allocation and regulation for ensuring security
of water resources for water scarcity provinces
4. Program of plants structure conversion for utilizing effectively water
5. Program of development of inter-reservoirs regulations in these important
river basins
6. Program of ground water protection in the major cities
               Priority order action plans
      (according to National strategy on water resources to 2020)

7. Program of implementation of water service socialization, development of
the multi-sectors water economic for matching the market economic and
socialist orientation
8. Program of protection of the valuable aquatic species
9. Program of definition and ensuring of environmental flow, maintaining
aquatic ecosystems for reservoirs, water resources, water works.
10. Program of protective forests reservation and recovery in these river basin
of the major reservoirs
11. Program of development of hydropower reservoirs management
mechanism for developing the economic, tourism, environment protection and
for improving people life around reservoir entrails
            Priority order action plans
    (according to National strategy on water resources to 2020)
12. Program of bilateral cooperation with these neighbor countries in water
survey; water resources information and data sharing; trans-boundary
water protection, utilization and exploitation
13. Program of dykes-ocean, dykes-estuary systems consolidation,
upgrading and modernization.
14. Project of water resources law reform
15. Program of economic instruments on water resources management
16. Program of water resources education, communication and awareness
17. Program of compilation of water resources education, training for school
18. Program of the whole people in participating water resources protection

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