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Renewing New Orleans What we can learn from ... - Texas Impact

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					The Role of Race in Public Policy
& How We Move Forward

             Lynda Turet, Advocacy Coordinator
          22nd Annual Texas United Methodist
                    Women's Legislative Event
                              January 25, 2010
Center for Social Inclusion
                       o   CSI is a national
                           policy advocacy
                           organization with
                           the goal of building
                           opportunity for all
                           by dismantling
                           structural racism
                       How:
                       o Ideas

                       o Leadership

                       o Communications
 Structural Racism Defined
Structure is multi-institutional
The ways our public and private
institutions interact to produce
                                                        Housing
barriers to opportunity and racial
disparities.                                                          Civic
                                       Transportation
                                                                   Participation
                                                         Food
Intent to discriminate is irrelevant                    Security
Structures just do what they do
                                         Education                 Employment
and reinforce disinvestment and
disparities.                                         Environment
Why We Need to Deal with Race Head On
o   People of color are the miner’s canary, signaling where we need
    focus and create solutions
o   Communities of color must be part of fights for different policies
    because of how they are impacted and changing demographics
o   Race is used as a wedge in policy debates that impact everyone


          1946                                 2009
Looking Only at Class is Not Enough

      Wealth ($Thousands)
                            $150                Net worth by income
                                   $134

                            $120                        White net worth
                                                        Black net worth
                            $90

                            $60                  $50
                                          $44

                            $30                        $15      $17
                                                                      $2
                            $-
                                    Upper         Middle        Working
                                                             Income Class
Poverty Doesn’t Explain It All

o   African American male and female life expectancy rates are
    lower than those with much lower incomes in China, Jamaica,
    Costa Rica and parts of India.*

o   Minority patients are less likely than whites to receive the
    health care they need, even after taking into account racial
    differences in health insurance coverage and other economic
    and health conditions.**


*Amartya Sen, Development as Freedom
** Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, “Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and
Ethnic Disparities in Health Care” 2003.
Policy Produces Structural Arrangements

Social Security                     The G.I. Bill
                                                    Federal Aid
                  Federal Housing
                                                    Highway Act
                   Administration
People of Color More Likely to Live in
Concentrated Poverty




Source: U.S. Census Bureau, “U.S. Interim Projections by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin” and U.S. Census 2000
People of color and immigrants in the
economic crisis
             o   Hit first and hardest
                 o   Great Depression: more likely to be laid off or lose a
                     business, lead to wider wealth inequality
                 o   Today: targeted for predatory loans, more likely to
                     foreclose

             o   Blamed
                 o   Great Depression: “illegal immigration” from
                     Europe, mass deportation of Mexican Americans
                 o   Today: immigrants “stealing” jobs/services, minority
                     lending, CRA

             o   Left out of recovery
                 o   Great Depression: Social Security, Farm Aid,
                     housing programs
                 o   Today: ??
  Inequalities in Texas
  o    Texas is one of the most unequal states in the country. The
       gap between the state’s richest and poorest families is the
       9th largest in the nation, and in the last decade the top 20%
       income earners experienced a 9% growth compared to a -
       1.8% growth for the bottom 20%.*
  o    12 of the 15 states most impacted by the recession have a
       higher than average percentage of people of color, including
       Texas (38% compared to 35% nationally).**
  o    24% of Texas in uninsured, but more so for African Americans
       (28%) and Latinos (38%) compared to only 16% of non-
       Hispanic Whites.***
*”Pulling Apart: A State By State Analysis of Income Trends” Center on Budget and Priorities 2008.
** Measuring the Recession: An Impact Index Center for Social Inclusion 2009
**Texas Department of Health “Disease Prevention News” Vol 63 No 8 May 7, 2003.
 Opportunity Segregation in Austin
Research by The Kirwan Institute
at Ohio State University shows
that opportunity is not equal
across race in Austin.
o60% of Latinos and African
Americans are concenrated in
very low- or low-opportunity
census tracts compared to 39% of
Whites in the region.
o2 outof 3 African American and
Latino children live in low
opportunity areas



                                     11
Reframing the Immigration “problem”
o   Structural arrangements limit
    opportunities for all
    communities, leaving some
    exploited and others
    excluded.

We need…
o Proactive solutions, not
  reactionary ones
o Multiracial coalition to
  combat tensions and create
  policies that work for all
How To Transform Our Communities
Fixing Things For The First And Hardest
Hit Helps Us All

   Efforts to address inequality by investing
      in a region’s poor communities have
    lowered poverty and spurred economic
       growth throughout the region.
         -Manuel Pastor, UC Santa Cruz
How to Think Structurally on Race

o       Look at problems in the context of a community’s
        infrastructure
    o     What access to education, jobs, transportation, or healthcare
          do communities have based on where they are located?
o       Look at where the money is going (investment vs.
        disinvestment)
o       Look at the intersections of institutions/systems to
        understand where the solution to a problem might lie
o       Understand how race is being used in policy discourse
How to Work Structurally on Race



                                                          Build alliances with unlikely
  Measure and address                                    suspects with shared interests
unequal impacts of policies

                                Build the capacity of
                              community-led vision and
                                       policies


Create access to credit and wealth                        Combat colorblindness by
   for a new political economy                           taking race on constructively
Moment of Opportunity
o   Economic crisis helps us all see our linked-fate

o   Changing demographics
    o   36% (8.4 million) of Texas is Latino, ¼ of eligible voters
    o   By 2050 people of color will constitute the New Majority

o   Administration in Washington more open to considering
    community-oriented, “sustainable” solutions
          Lynda Turet
      lturet@thecsi.org
www.centerforsocialinclusion.org

				
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