Keynote Patrick Okamura Tomorrow Challenges New Mexico by xeniawinifredzoe

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									2009 Spring Conference
The New Mexico Chapter of IFMA



          Will Facilities be Ready to
          Meet Tomorrow’s
          Challenges?


                            Patrick Okamura CFM, CSS, CIAQM, LEED AP
Optimizing Facility Management
Operations


         Where Have we Been
         Future Energy Opportunities

         What’s our Stake in This?

         Maintenance Practices

         Meeting the Challenge
When did it really all start?
The dawn of maintenance….
…..because!
Building (castle) Maintenance
Industrial Revolution
High Tech Equipment
Preventative Maintenance
Predictive Maintenance?
Fleet Management
Roadway Maintenance
 The dawn of the FM……

Facilities Operations
Raw Material Storage
First Coffee Break
First CMMS
Word Processor
 Call maintenance
      for more
     ribbon…..
The birth of the “cube” - 1968
State of the art?
The Beginning
Facilities Integration
Simple Building Maintenance
Complex Building Maintenance
Robotics
Technology
The Future?
We continue to evolve!
And we’ll continue to adapt…..
Optimizing Facility Management
Operations


           Where have we been
           Future Energy Opportunities
         What’s our Stake in This?
         Maintenance Practices

         Meeting the Challenge
Wind




       Harvesting power from the wind………

                   Source: Shell Corporation
Solar




   Solar – clean and reliable source of power. Just 20 days’
   worth of sunlight contains as much energy as all of the
   fossil fuels on Earth.

                                  Source: Shell Corporation
Solar Power Capacity 2008




 Source: Larry Sherwood (IREC), EIA, SEIA, Les Nelson, PV News
PV Capacity Additions 2008




 Source: Larry Sherwood (IREC), EIA, SEIA, Les Nelson, PV News
Sifting the Surface




       Developing new technology to remove
       oil from the ground

                        Source: Shell Corporation
   Massive Power from Biomass




Biomass contains carbon and it can be used for energy
  Hydrogen: The Ultimate Fuel




Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe.
It can be found in water, fossil fuels and all living things.
It can be stored for future use.
                                    Source: Shell Corporation
Shale and Shell




We’ve been removing Kerogen (a form of petroleum)
From shale, how they’ve discovered ways to remove
it in larger quantities.

                            Source: Shell Corporation
Optimizing Facility Management
Operations


         Where we’ve been
         Future Energy Challenges

           What’s our Stake in This?
         Maintenance Practices
         Meeting the Challenge
What’s our Stake in This?

   Environmental
   Employees
   Community
   Assets
   Bottom Line
How does this affect us?


In 1999 US power stations increased
emissions into the atmosphere by
2.295 million metric tons of
emissions


                     San Diego Tribune - 2004
             World Gas Reserves - 2008
                                                                  Source: U.S. Dept. of Energy

      3000                                                                              250


                     Tcf Reserves
      2500
                                                                                        200


      2000
                                                                                        150




                                                                                              Years
Tcf




      1500

                                                                                        100
      1000


                                                                                        50
      500


        0                                                                               0
             S/C America North America Asia Pacific   Africa   Europe &   Middle East
                                                                Eurasia
                                                                               Total Reserves
                                                                               6,205 Tcf (2003)
                                                                               6186 Tcf (2008)
Marine Systems
Combat Systems
Aerospace
            Scottsdale Site Annual Power
            Consumption 1991- 2008
100000000
                                                                                 KwH
             .042
90000000

                                                              2009 Projected
80000000

                                                                                 .072
70000000


60000000


50000000


40000000


30000000


20000000


10000000


       0
            1991    1993   1995   1997   1999   2001   2003      2005     2007    2009


                         Without effective maintenance
             practices our bill would have been $1.8 M more annually
Proposed Power Generation Plan
17000
16500
16000
                                                             Santa Rosa to
                                                             Browning
15500
15000
                                           System
14500
                      PV in Santa Rosa     Improvements
14000
                       & TS5
13500
        Santan 5
13000
12500
12000
11500
11000                                                 Maximum Load Serving
10500                                                 Capability
10000                                                Load Risk Margin
 9500                                                1% Energy Conservation
 9000
           2004    2005     2006    2007      2008    2009    2010    2011
 Saving 1% Annually
    As of 2009 The Santa Rosa Facility continues to be postponed
17000
16500
                                                               Santa Rosa to
16000
                                           System              Browning
15500
                                           Improvements
15000
14500          PV in Santa Rosa
14000           & TS5
13500
13000   Santan 5
12500
12000                                                Maximum Load Serving
11500                                                Capability
11000
10500
10000                                                Load Risk Margin
 9500                                                1% Energy Conservation
 9000
        2004       2005      2006   2007      2008    2009     2010    2011
                          945MW or $47,250,000 in 7 years
U.S. Natural Gas Production


Sempra predicts that U.S. natural
gas production will drop dramatically
in next 15 years…..



                     San Diego Tribune - 2004
Natural Gas Consumption
Use             828       766               668           676            528             530               454           481            576          417       393
Cost            0.19      0.23              0.26          0.23           0.26            0.29              0.29          0.13           0.33         0.78      1.69

                900                                                                                                                                  1.80
                800                                                                                                  Use                             1.60
                700                                                                                                  Cost                            1.40
                600                                                                                                                                  1.20
       Therms




                                                                                                                                                            Costs
                500                                                                                                                                  1.00
                400                                                                                                                                  0.80
                300                                                                                                                                  0.60
                200                                                                                                                                  0.40
                100                                                                                                                                  0.20
                 0                                                                                                                                   0.00
                       1991
                              1992
                                     1993
                                            1994
                                                   1995
                                                          1996
                                                                 1997
                                                                        1998
                                                                               1999
                                                                                      2000
                                                                                             2001
                                                                                                    2002
                                                                                                           2003
                                                                                                                  2004
                                                                                                                         2005
                                                                                                                                2006
                                                                                                                                       2007
                                                                                                                                              2008
Optimizing Facility Management
Operations


         Where we’ve been
         Future Energy Challenges

         What’s our Stake in this?

           Maintenance Practices
           Meeting the Challenge
2000 Survey


       • >55% Reactive = $18/hp/yr
       • 31% Preventative = $13/hp/yr
       • 12% Predictive = $9/hp/yr
       • Reliability Centered = $6/hp/yr
       • 2% Other
                    O & M Best Practices Guide, Release 2.0
Effective Maintenance




Effective Maintenance can reduce overall energy
costs between 5-20%
Consistent Maintenance




                • Steam
                • Compressed Air
                • Water
                • Inoperable Controls
                • Un-insulated Lines
                • Poor Maintenance
                • Motors
                • Design
Mechanical (HVAC) Maintenance
Preventative Maintenance
                    50
                         43
                    45
                    40
                    35
 Delinquent P/M's




                    30
                    25
                    20          16.75
                    15
                    10
                                        5
                    5                          2.4    2.3    1.11 0.16      1      0      0      0      0.01    0
                    0
                         1996

                                 1997

                                        1998

                                               1999

                                                      2000

                                                              2001

                                                                     2002

                                                                            2003

                                                                                   2004

                                                                                          2005

                                                                                                 2006

                                                                                                         2007

                                                                                                                2008
                  Critical Equipment Failures (Units)




       0
                  2
                           4
                                  6
                                      8
                                            10
                                                 12
                                                      14
                                                           16
                                                                18
                                                                17




1995
                                                      13



1996
                                            9
1997
                                      7
1998
                                      7.4



1999                       3.75

2000                 1.8

2001
                   1.42



2002
            0.58




2003
        0.2




2004
       0
                                                                     Critical Equipment Failures




2005
       0




2006

2007
       0.2 0.05




2008
Reducing Downtime
                    6   5.7
                                                                        Total Uptime Hours - 525,408 Hrs. Annually
                                                                        Annual in-house labor savings by reducing
                    5                                                   failures - $48,837
                                        4.22                            Reduce impact to gross sales annually = $7.7
                                4.08                                    Million
Hours of Downtime




                    4

                                                3.19
                    3


                    2                                                   1.66

                                                        1.1
                    1
                                                                0.63
                                                                                 0.33
                                                                                         0.16                  0.11 0.05
                                                                                                 0      0
                    0
                         1996



                                 1997



                                         1998



                                                 1999



                                                         2000



                                                                 2001



                                                                          2002



                                                                                  2003



                                                                                          2004



                                                                                                 2005



                                                                                                        2006



                                                                                                                2007



                                                                                                                       2008
     Life Cycle Cost/Estimated Useful Life



Excellent
                                                              $1.00 for
              40% drop                                        renovation here
   Good       in quality

    Fair
                           75% of life                              Will cost $4.00
                                         40% drop                   to $5.00 here
    Poor                                 in quality

Very Poor
                                                12% of life
   Failed
            Time



                            Life Cycle Curve
                     Figure 1 - Life Cycle Curve
       Facility Maintenance and Repair
High $

                                             Optimal
                                           Maintenance
                   *
                   Lost
                   Productivi
                   ty
     Maintenance




                        Downtime Costs
        Costs




                                                                  * Excessive
                                                                   PM
                            Repair Costs


                                                     Cost of PM




Low $
               Low                                             High
               0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
                             Level of Maintenance

Adapted from APPA’s Maintenance Staffing Guidelines
(2002).
Life Cycle Cost/Estimated Useful Life



                                                Rapid deterioration curve
                                                due to poor design or
                                                construction
      Excellent

         Good
                                                        Normal
          Fair                                          deterioration
                                                        curve

          Poor

      Very Poor

         Failed
                  Time

                         Rapid Deterioration Curve
Life Cycle Cost/Estimated Useful Life


                                        Normal
                                        deterioration
                                        curve
     Excellent                                          Extended service life for
                                                        timely repairs

        Good

         Fair

        Poor

    Very Poor

       Failed
                 Time

                        Extended Service Life Curve
Hayden Site HVAC System
Roosevelt Site HVAC System
     Air Handler Chilled Water Valves
                                                                                       This
                                                          new valves
Air handlers            A24      S6     S7    A31     S8     S1       S2         S3     S9    A38    A44    A45
cold deck temperature 58.8      59.9   55.2   60.3   59.2   64.9     58.7       54.4   64.9   66.2   63.6   65.2
cold deck setpoint       60      60     55    60.5    59     65       65         60     65    66.4    62     65
difference              1.2      0.1    0.2    0.2   -0.2    0.1      6.3        5.6    0.1    0.2    1.6   -0.2
Average difference   1.114286
                                                            old valves
Air handlers            A36     A37    A41    A42    A32       A33       A34    A35     S4     S5    A46    A47
cold deck temperature 64.6      61.1   48.9   51.1   73.8      73.8      49.1   52.9   61.2   55.9   63.5   53.5
cold deck setpoint       70      65    60.3   53.9    50        55        70     70    61.1   56.1   65.6   66.1
difference              5.4      3.9   11.4    2.8   23.8      18.8      20.9   17.1    0.1    0.2    2.1   12.6
Average difference   8.728571
                                                         Or This?
                    On average our payback was less than 6 months
Commissioning
                             1996 avg.   1997 avg.   1998 avg.   1999 avg.   2000 avg. 3 year average 2001avg. 2002 avg.
                            6000
Jan                            4519.74    4906.133    4224.853     4531.53    4406.782           4388
Feb                            4517.39    4839.835    4137.485    3767.248     4078.26           3994       3 year
Mar                            4632.99    4692.967    4195.317    3922.174    4099.346           4072       average
                            5000
Apr                             4529.4    4634.704    4574.575    4336.829    4334.754           4415       2003 avg.
May                            4599.88    4460.178     4571.54     4617.19     4367.65           4519
Jun                            5180.18    4324.509    4623.196    4733.469    4742.806           4700
      Chilled Water Flows




                            4000
Jul                            5316.18    4735.634    4700.263    4664.764    4888.228           4751
Aug                             5360.1     4984.58    4881.833    4641.178    4980.939           4835
Sep                            5236.49    4839.862    4618.403    4105.304    4702.037           4475
                            3000
Oct                            4973.98    4990.955    4424.045     4444.91    4804.768           4558               3869
Nov                            4757.42    4401.096    4584.586    4356.748    4580.901           4507               3715
Dec                           4976.026    4498.483    4619.128    3760.705    4464.482           4281               3639
                            2000


                            1000


                               0
                                   Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec



      Net energy saving of $34K due to central plant piping modifications
 Hayden Site Air Handler Zones




On average +15% OSA = $115K Energy Savings (2009)
Optimizing Facility Management
Operations


         Where we’ve been
         Future Energy Challenges

         What’s our Stake in This?

         Maintenance Practices

           Meeting the Challenge
Meeting the Challenge….

   Education
   Get Involved
   Participate
   Pride
   Commitment
   Market
   Collaborate
Will we meet tomorrows
challenges?
Remember……

Trying times are not the times
         to stop trying.


                Ray Owen
                Writer
Thank you

								
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