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Rosan's PowerPoint Presentation from SLU and Unitech

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					            ZEN


Rev. Rosan Osamu Yoshida, Ph.D.
At Unitech Institute of Technology
On September 11 & 12, 2012 C.E.
            ZEN


Rev. Rosan Osamu Yoshida, Ph.D.
       St. Louis University
On September 26, 27, 28, 2012 C.E.
                       Zen
   Etymology: Chan (Chinese)
              Jhāna (Pali)
              Dhyāna (Sanskrit)
              Meditation (usual translation)

   Definition: A. Shikan-taza = 只管打坐
                   Just sitting/Devoted sitting

               B. Samatha-vipassanā (Pali)
                  Shamatha-vipashyanā (Skt.)
                  (Calmness-observation)
          1st stage of zen (jhāna)
5 coverings (lust-desire, covetousness-malevolence,
sloth-drowsiness, agitation-worry, doubt) extinct

reflection
             contemplation
                             joy
                                   comfort
                                             one-pointedness


4 fluxes (lust, becoming, view, nescience) still extant
          2nd stage of zen (jhāna)
reflection
             contemplation
                             joy
                                   comfort
                                             one-pointedness of mind

4 fluxes (lust,
                  becoming,
                              view,
                                       nescience)
                                                    now extinct
       3rd stage of zen (jhāna)
              joy
                    comfort
                              one-pointedness of
mind




              equipoised
4th stage of zen (jhāna)

     comfort
               one-pointedness of mind
                    samādhi
        equipoise
         nibbāna
            Nib-bāna (Nir-vāna)
                            vāna=vāta=wind
         No wind (of karma) blowing

                     action/action result (habit)
                     (physical/verbal/mental)

                 (conceptual/emotional/volitional)


Buddha: “All creatures are karma machines.”
    Awakening (bodhi)
    Awakened (buddha)

    Awakening from delusion
    Waking up from dreaming


“lamp in no wind (nivāte padīpa)”
A new light (awakening) in nirvana
                  Dharma
   A. Meanings of Dharma
      1. Dharma = form = phenomena
      2. Dharma = norm = law/truth
      3. Dharma = teaching

   B. Dharma of all dharmas
       (Law of all phenomena)
       = Dependent Origination
       (All phenomena Dependently Originated
        on causes and conditions.)
       Dependent Origination 1
 1.   Origination of consciousness

              consciousness

                   contact


           sense organ sense object
       Dependent Origination 2
   2. Origination of Suffering




    Craving     (Action)   Suffering (disatisfaction)
    (tanhā)   (sankhāra)    (duk-kha = wrong going)


              (Three Steps: San-dō: 三道)
       Dependent Origination 3
   3. Origination of Samsāra (becoming)




    appropriation      samsāra (becoming)*
    (upādāna)       (samsāra = bhava)


    *becoming something (sick, old, parent, I, etc.)
     by appropriation/identification (aspects)
 Dependent Origination 4
              (Dependent Origination. 1 + 2 + 3)
1.   Old oral tradition:
     Nescience – formations – consciousness – name-form – six bases – contact – feeling –
     craving – appropriation – becoming - birth – aging-death


2.   New structural interpretation = showing suffering of samsara (impermanence):
                           name-form                           Notes on the terms:
                                     contact                   Name-form = sense object
                              six bases                                    = dharma
                           consciousness                        Six bases = six sense organs
                                                                Contact = contact of sense organ,
                                feeling                            sense object and consciousness
                                                                Formation = function (karma)
                              formations                        Becoming = birth/aging/death
       craving                                  suffering                 = samsara (flow)
      nescience                                                 Craving, formations & suffering
                            appropriation
                                                                   are called “three steps (sando)
                                                                Nescience (existential ignorance)
                              becoming
                                                                   appropriates body-mind as self,
                                                                   involved in becoming (birth,
                           birth/aging-death
                                                                   aging, death = samsara).
4 Noble Truths & 8 Right Paths
     4 Holy Truths (: Noble Truths)
         1. Suffering (Problem)
         2. Cause of suffering (Craving)
         3. Cessation of suffering (nirvana)
         4. Paths to cessation of suffering

     8 Eightfold Holy Path (: Right Paths)

         1. Right view
         2. Right thinking
         3. Right Speech
         4. Right Action
         5. Right livelihood
         6. Right striving
         7. Right mindfulness
         8. Right concentration
     Buddhism (Awakened Way):
Goals: A. AWAKENING
         from nightmare & daydreams
        (delusion=selfishness due to motion/idea)
         in the 3 Steps (delusion-action-suffering)

      B. PEACE in awakening & unconditioning
         (cessation of action/action-result=karma)
          by Triple Learning (sīla, samādhi, prajñā
          = morality, concentration, prognosis)
                       Religion
   Definition: Re-ligāre (Re-union, Latin)
                with “the holy” [wholesome whole]

   Goals:A: Knowledge:Prognosis (Witness) of Truth
                (Dharma, Dao, Dyau, Deva, Deus, Jovis,
                Ju(‐piter), Yhvh - Yahveh - El, Allāh, etc.)

            B: Action:Practice of Peace in Friendship
                   (Mitra, Metteya, Maitreya, Mithra,
                    Mazda, Masiah, Messiah, Miroku, 弥勒,
                   etc.)
                    Zen

Goals A. Zen is the core practice of Buddhism.

      B. Zen achieves the Triple Learning of
        morality, concentration and prognosis.

Methods A. Za-zen (坐禅:Sitting-stilling)

         B. Zen-life (in truth/peace)
       Zen is becoming Truth Itself
 A.   Zen Koan “Cypress Tree in the Garden”

       Disciple said, “What is the significance of the
                     Patriarch coming from the West?
       Master said, “Cypress tree in the garden.”

 B.   Tree & True came from Dhree
                 (root form of Dharma, meaning
                “Holding forms informing norms”
     Xuan-sha said, “The entire world in
     ten directions is a ball of clear crystal.”




              A Clear
             Crystal Ball


- realizing the whole world in “a cypress tree”-

   Limitless life, light, liberation and love

				
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