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					RAMS-CON                          RAMS                                Systems Engineering in
Management Consultants             CON                         Research Infrastructure Projects




               Systems Engineering
                         in
           Antarctica Robotic Telescopes
            and Instrumentation Projects




ARENA WS Telescope and Instrument Robotization at Dome C   1   Wolfgang Ansorge   www.rams-con.de
RAMS-CON                          RAMS                                Systems Engineering in
Management Consultants             CON                         Research Infrastructure Projects



 About the Author

     • Owner of the company RAMS-CON
     • more than 30 years experience in
       Systems Engineering, Project
       Management, and Quality Assurance in
       international space and industrial projects
     • From 1990 to 2000 key member of the
       VLT Project Management Team
     • Since 2004 Member of INCOSE

ARENA WS Telescope and Instrument Robotization at Dome C   2   Wolfgang Ansorge   www.rams-con.de
RAMS-CON                          RAMS                                Systems Engineering in
Management Consultants             CON                         Research Infrastructure Projects




               RAMS-CON Management Consultants
                          Loitersdorf 15
                       D-85617 Assling
                      info@rams-con.de
                      www.rams-con.de
                     Tel: +49 8092 708277
                     Fax +49 8092 708285


ARENA WS Telescope and Instrument Robotization at Dome C   3   Wolfgang Ansorge   www.rams-con.de
RAMS-CON                          RAMS                                Systems Engineering in
Management Consultants             CON                         Research Infrastructure Projects




     Contents of the Presentation
       •        What is Systems Engineering
       • Abstract:
       1. A Systems Engineering (SE) approach tailored to
          the specific needs of Antarctica … projects is
          presented.
       2. Special emphasis is put on factors influencing the
          availability … and the overall life cycle cost (LCC)
       3. Included are strategies to collect information from
          existing Antarctica telescope projects
ARENA WS Telescope and Instrument Robotization at Dome C   4   Wolfgang Ansorge   www.rams-con.de
RAMS-CON                          RAMS                                Systems Engineering in
Management Consultants             CON                         Research Infrastructure Projects




     What is Systems Engineering?

                  K. Strassmeier:
      SE combines optics,mechanics, electronics
                       and SW




ARENA WS Telescope and Instrument Robotization at Dome C   5   Wolfgang Ansorge   www.rams-con.de
RAMS-CON                          RAMS                                Systems Engineering in
Management Consultants             CON                         Research Infrastructure Projects




     What is Systems Engineering?

   • Systems Engineering (SE) is an interdisciplinary
     approach and means to enable the realisation of
     successful systems in a most economic way
   • SE focuses on defining customer needs and
     required functionality early in the development
     cycle, documenting requirements,
   • SE then proceeds with design synthesis and
     system validation while considering the complete
     problem.
ARENA WS Telescope and Instrument Robotization at Dome C   6   Wolfgang Ansorge   www.rams-con.de
RAMS-CON                          RAMS                                                       Systems Engineering in
Management Consultants             CON                                                Research Infrastructure Projects




     What is Systems Engineering?

           From a practical point of view1:
                  a) the understanding of the whole system and
                     seeing the big picture
                  b) closed loop thinking
                  c) understanding of the systems synergy
                  d) understanding the system from multiple
                     perspective
                  e) understanding and controlling the system
                     from the interception to the disposal
                                        1Moti   Frank in SE Journal Volume 9, Nr.2, Summer 2006

ARENA WS Telescope and Instrument Robotization at Dome C            7                 Wolfgang Ansorge   www.rams-con.de
    RAMS-CON                           RAMS                                                     Systems Engineering in
    Management Consultants              CON                                              Research Infrastructure Projects



      Standard System Life Cycle Stages
               ISO/IEC 15288 common life cycle framework:

                   Life Cycle Stages           Purpose
                                                Identify users’ / stakeholders’ needs
                1. Concept                      Explore alternative concepts
                                                Propose viable solutions
                                                Refine system requirements
 Acquisition                                    Create solution description
                2. Development                  Build system
   Phase
                                                Verify and validate system
                                                Produce systems
                3. Production                   Inspect and test

Operation & 4. Utilization                     Operate system to satisfy users’ needs
Maintenance 5. Support                         Provide sustained system capability
  Phase
            6. Retirement                      Store, archive or dispose of the system




     ARENA WS Telescope and Instrument Robotization at Dome C        8                   Wolfgang Ansorge   www.rams-con.de
    RAMS-CON                           RAMS                                                       Systems Engineering in
    Management Consultants              CON                                                Research Infrastructure Projects



      Life Cycle Cost Commitment
                                        Concept Stage




                                                                                               Operation & Maintenance
20 to 30 years
    lifetime




                                                                Development


                                                                              Production
                              Stages of Life Cycle-Cost Commitment
                                                                                                                                            10

     ARENA WS Telescope and Instrument Robotization at Dome C   9                          Wolfgang Ansorge              www.rams-con.de
RAMS-CON                              RAMS                                                    Systems Engineering in
Management Consultants                 CON                                             Research Infrastructure Projects



 Antarctica Telescope Project Life Cycle Phases

                                                                        It might be useful to add a
                     Project Phases                                    transport /shipping phase




         Phase 1               Phase 2               Phase 3             Phase 4            Phase 5          Phase 6
       Requirement             Concept             Research &          Manufacturing       Erection &       Operation &
  t0    Definition             Definition          Development         & Integration      Commissiong.      Maintenance


         x months              y months              z months           a months            b months       10 to 30 years


                                                                                                             Utilization &
                     Concept                       Development                     Production
                                                                                                               Support

              Preliminary Design                   Final Design




                                            ISO/IEC 15288 Live-Cycle Stages


ARENA WS Telescope and Instrument Robotization at Dome C          10                   Wolfgang Ansorge   www.rams-con.de
RAMS-CON                            RAMS                                                           Systems Engineering in
Management Consultants               CON                                                    Research Infrastructure Projects



 Antarctica Telescope Project Life Cycle Phases

                 SRR                         PDR                         FDR            Project Milestones

Milestone 1       Milestone 2          Milestone 3                 Milestone 4          Milestone 5         Milestone 6
 Kick-Off         Requirement           Concept                   Development            European             On Site
 Meeting           Validation           Review                      Review              Acceptance          Acceptance

           Phase 1          Phase 2                    Phase 3                Phase 4            Phase 5              Phase 6
         Requirement        Concept                  Research &             Manufacturing       Erection &           Operation &
  t0
          Definition        Definition               Development            & Integration      Commissiong.          Maintenance


          x months          y months                   z months              a months            b months             x years


                                                                                                                      Utilization &
              FP6
        ARENA Concept Project                        Development                        Production
                                                                                                                        Support

               Road Map
               Preliminary Design                    Final Design




ARENA WS Telescope and Instrument Robotization at Dome C               11                   Wolfgang Ansorge      www.rams-con.de
RAMS-CON                          RAMS                                 Systems Engineering in
Management Consultants             CON                          Research Infrastructure Projects



  Antarctica Telescope & Instrumentation Project

                       Project Phases Definitions




ARENA WS Telescope and Instrument Robotization at Dome C   12   Wolfgang Ansorge   www.rams-con.de
RAMS-CON                          RAMS                                 Systems Engineering in
Management Consultants             CON                          Research Infrastructure Projects



  Phase 1 Requirement Definition
     • Purpose:
            – identification of true and realistic, verifiable
              stakeholders’ / users’ needs
            – analysis of the needs and their completion
            – transformation of the needs into system
              requirements (technical, financial, schedule,
              environmental, safety, sustainability aso.)
            – installation of project office
            – ending with the System Requirement Review
              SRR

ARENA WS Telescope and Instrument Robotization at Dome C   13   Wolfgang Ansorge   www.rams-con.de
RAMS-CON                              RAMS                                 Systems Engineering in
    Management Consultants             CON                          Research Infrastructure Projects



      Phase 1 Requirement Definition

         •       Results:
                1.     Documented User Requirement / Need Definition
                 2.     System Performance Requirement Specification
                 3.     Environmental Specification
                 4.     Transport and Logistic Support Concept
                 5.     Operation & Maintenance (O&M) Concept
                 6.     Finance, Contract and Administration Regulation
                        Document (applicable legislations, schedule
                        requirements, etc.)
    ARENA WS Telescope and Instrument Robotization at Dome C   14   Wolfgang Ansorge   www.rams-con.de
RAMS-CON                          RAMS                                 Systems Engineering in
Management Consultants             CON                          Research Infrastructure Projects



  Phase 2 Concept Definition
     • Purpose:
            – elaboration of alternative concepts all capable to
              meet the defined requirements
            – selection of most promising concept(s) for
              realisation
            – validation of selected concept(s)
            – definition of development requirements on
              system and subsystem level
            – ending with the Preliminary Design Review
              (PDR) or Concept Design Review

ARENA WS Telescope and Instrument Robotization at Dome C   15   Wolfgang Ansorge   www.rams-con.de
RAMS-CON                          RAMS                                 Systems Engineering in
Management Consultants             CON                          Research Infrastructure Projects



  Phase 2 Concept Definition

     • Results:
            – Technical Reports:
                   • architectural design, system layout, functional description
                   • alternative concepts definition report
                   • concept evaluation / selection matrix
                   • for all alternative solutions: reports of performed analyses,
                     trade-offs, studies, tests, etc demonstrating the compliance of
                     the alternative concepts
                   • reports of reliability, maintainability and safety analyses
                   • reports on susceptibility to on-site and transport environmental
                     conditions
                   • validation files / reports of concept(s) selected for realisation
ARENA WS Telescope and Instrument Robotization at Dome C   16   Wolfgang Ansorge   www.rams-con.de
RAMS-CON                          RAMS                                 Systems Engineering in
Management Consultants             CON                          Research Infrastructure Projects



  Phase 2 Concept Definition

     • Results contd.:
            – Development requirement documents:
                   • refined system requirement documents
                   • development specifications on system and subsystem
                     level, incl. transport / shipment and maintenance
                     equipment
                   • O&M concept reflecting RAMS requirements
                   • refined transport and logistic support concept
                   • verification and validation plan (incl. environmental
                     tests)

ARENA WS Telescope and Instrument Robotization at Dome C   17   Wolfgang Ansorge   www.rams-con.de
RAMS-CON                          RAMS                                 Systems Engineering in
Management Consultants             CON                          Research Infrastructure Projects



  Phase 2 Concept Definition

     • Results contd.:
            – Project Management Documents:
                   • Project Management plan and project planning (phases,
                     milestones, costs, and schedule)
                   • Systems Engineering Management Plan
                   • System Safety Programme
                   • Quality Assurance / Product Assurance programme
                   • Configuration and Data Management Plan



ARENA WS Telescope and Instrument Robotization at Dome C   18   Wolfgang Ansorge   www.rams-con.de
RAMS-CON                          RAMS                                 Systems Engineering in
Management Consultants             CON                          Research Infrastructure Projects



  Phase 3 Research and Development
     • Purpose:
            – full scale engineering, design and development
            – definition of lower level requirements
            – development of all HW, SW, procedures and
              processes
            – preparation of final design
            – design verification and validation
            – user and O&M documentation
            – integration, commissioning, and operator
              training plans
ARENA WS Telescope and Instrument Robotization at Dome C   19   Wolfgang Ansorge   www.rams-con.de
RAMS-CON                          RAMS                                 Systems Engineering in
Management Consultants             CON                          Research Infrastructure Projects



  Phase 3 Research and Development

     • Results:
            – As-designed data files of all equipment
            – all design verification and validation documentation
              demonstrating that the system is capable to meet the
              specified requirements
            – transport / shipment, erection and commissioning
              plans and procedures
            – O&M and safety plans and procedures
            – QA / PA plans for subsequent project phases
            – ending with the Final Design Review (FDR)
ARENA WS Telescope and Instrument Robotization at Dome C   20   Wolfgang Ansorge   www.rams-con.de
RAMS-CON                          RAMS                                                        Systems Engineering in
Management Consultants             CON                                                 Research Infrastructure Projects



 Life Cycle Cost Commitment
                                   Concept Stage




                                                                                           Operation & Maintenance
                                                            Development


                                                                          Production
                         Stages of Life Cycle-Cost Commitment
                                                                                                                                        10

ARENA WS Telescope and Instrument Robotization at Dome C   21                          Wolfgang Ansorge              www.rams-con.de
RAMS-CON                          RAMS                                 Systems Engineering in
Management Consultants             CON                          Research Infrastructure Projects



  Phase 4 Manufacturing & Integration

     • Purpose:
            –   preparation of manufacturing drawing sets
            –   manufacturing of all units and subsystems
            –   quality and configuration control
            –   assembly, integration and verification (AIV)
            –   user, operator, and maintenance staff training
            –   procurement of spare parts and consumables
            –   preparation of transport / shipment, on-site
                installation, and commissioning documentation
ARENA WS Telescope and Instrument Robotization at Dome C   22   Wolfgang Ansorge   www.rams-con.de
RAMS-CON                          RAMS                                 Systems Engineering in
Management Consultants             CON                          Research Infrastructure Projects



  Phase 4 Manufacturing & Integration

     • Results:
            – documented manufacturing and inspection
              methods and procedures
            – manufactured and inspected and tested items
            – integrated, verified and accepted subsystems incl.
              environmental tests where necessary
            – as-build documentation under configuration
              control
            – accepted spare parts and consumables

ARENA WS Telescope and Instrument Robotization at Dome C   23   Wolfgang Ansorge   www.rams-con.de
RAMS-CON                          RAMS                                 Systems Engineering in
Management Consultants             CON                          Research Infrastructure Projects



  Phase 4 Manufacturing & Integration

     • Results contd.:
            – trained O&M staff
            – verified O&M plans and procedures
            – transport, shipment plans, equipment and
              procedures
            – on-site installation and commissioning plans
              tools, equipment, and procedures



ARENA WS Telescope and Instrument Robotization at Dome C   24   Wolfgang Ansorge   www.rams-con.de
RAMS-CON                          RAMS                                 Systems Engineering in
Management Consultants             CON                          Research Infrastructure Projects



  Phase 5 Erection and Commissioning

     • Purpose:
            –   incoming inspections after arrival on-site
            –   on-site installation / erection and commissioning
            –   functional verification and validation
            –   user and O%M staff training and familiarisation
            –   installation of O&M, safety, and logistic support
                systems and facilities



ARENA WS Telescope and Instrument Robotization at Dome C   25   Wolfgang Ansorge   www.rams-con.de
RAMS-CON                          RAMS                                 Systems Engineering in
Management Consultants             CON                          Research Infrastructure Projects



  Phase 5 Erection and Commissioning

     • Results:
            – documented verified and validated system,
              capable to satisfy users’ needs
            – functional O&M, safety, and logistic support
              systems and facilities
            – as-build as-build documentation under
              configuration control




ARENA WS Telescope and Instrument Robotization at Dome C   26   Wolfgang Ansorge   www.rams-con.de
RAMS-CON                          RAMS                                 Systems Engineering in
Management Consultants             CON                          Research Infrastructure Projects



  Phase 6 Operation and Maintenance
     • Purpose:
            – long term operational system that satisfy users’
              needs
            – support functions:
                   • provide sustained system capability
                   • provide system modernisation / updating capability
            – optimization of O&M processes and procedures




ARENA WS Telescope and Instrument Robotization at Dome C   27   Wolfgang Ansorge   www.rams-con.de
RAMS-CON                          RAMS                                 Systems Engineering in
Management Consultants             CON                          Research Infrastructure Projects



  Phase 6 Operation and Maintenance

     • Results:
            – equipment producing continuously scientific data
            – required administrative, O&M, and logistic support
              organisations
            – optimized O&M strategies, processes and
              procedures




ARENA WS Telescope and Instrument Robotization at Dome C   28   Wolfgang Ansorge   www.rams-con.de
RAMS-CON                          RAMS                                 Systems Engineering in
Management Consultants             CON                          Research Infrastructure Projects



  ARENA Road Map Suggestion

     • Introduction of project phases
            – Phase 1 Requirement Definition
            – Phase 2 Concept Definition
     • Definition of required output
     • Planning of necessary activities
     • Performance of Design Reviews SRR and
       PDR
     • Preparation of FP7 Proposal
ARENA WS Telescope and Instrument Robotization at Dome C   29   Wolfgang Ansorge   www.rams-con.de
RAMS-CON                          RAMS                                 Systems Engineering in
Management Consultants             CON                          Research Infrastructure Projects




                                             Thank you




                                   for your attention!

ARENA WS Telescope and Instrument Robotization at Dome C   30   Wolfgang Ansorge   www.rams-con.de
                                                                                   Sombrero Galaxy, Credit ESO

				
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