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Organic compounds review.ppt - WaylandHighSchoolChemistry

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Organic compounds review.ppt - WaylandHighSchoolChemistry Powered By Docstoc
					ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Naming review
HYDROCARBON REVIEW
   How many general parts do hydrocarbon names
    have?
       Three parts.
   What are they?
       Prefix, root, and suffix.
PREFIXES
 What are the prefixes?
   Meth-1 Hex-6
   Eth-2   Hept-7
   Prop-3 Oct-8
   But-4   Non-9
   Pent-5 Dec-10
 How do we determine the prefix?
       Count the number of carbons
ROOTS
   What are the roots?
       -ane, -ene, and -yne
   How do we determine the roots?
     Check the bonds between the carbons
     -ane = single bonds
     -ene = double bonds
     -yne = triple bonds
SUFFIXES
   What are the suffixes that we know?
       -ol and -oic acid
   How do we determine the suffixes?
     Look at the functional group
     -ol = alcohol (-OH)
     -oic acid = carboxylic acid (-COOH)
PRACTICE NAMING
 CH3CH2CH3        Propane
 CHCH             Ethyne

 CH3CHCHCH3       Butene

 CH3CH2OH         Ethanol

 CHCCOOH          Propynoic acid
PRACTICE WRITING FORMULAS
  Octane                    C8H18
  Butanoic acid             CH3CH2CH2COOH
  Ethene                    CH2CH2
  Propyne                   CHCCH3
  Ethynol                   CHCOH

				
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