Docstoc

European Council

Document Sample
European Council Powered By Docstoc
					The Common Foreign and Security
   Policy of the European Union




     Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster   1
     Prof. Dr. W. Woyke
                                                           Prof. Dr. Dr.h.c. Wichard Woyke
                                                                      Prof. Dr. WS
                                                          European InstitutionsD 2005/06



                  THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ESDP

 GB : „change“        ESDP         civilian aspects   Macedonia mission
PÖRTSCHACH          COLOGNE           FEIRA               LAEKEN
OCTOBER 1998        JUNE 1999        JUNE 2000        DECEMBER 2001




   ST. MALO         HELSINKI           NICE              BRUSSELS
DECEMBER 1998     DECEMBER 1999   DECEMBER 2000        OCTOBER 2002

 Franco-British    European       new institutions
  Declaration     Headline Goal




   1998              1999               2000             2001
                                                                            2
                                                                                  Prof. Dr. Dr.h.c. Wichard Woyke
                                                                                 European Institutions WS 2005/06


                          CFSP/ESDP AFTER NICE


            EUROPEAN COUNCIL                                                PRESIDENCY
                                                                          changes half-yearly



                                                                            PARLIAMENT
     COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
            COUNCIL OF MINISTERS
                                                                             COMMISSION
       SECRETARY GENERAL AND HIGH
                                                                       (represented in the Council,
           REPRESENTATIVE FOR CFSP                                     the PSC and the CIVCOM)

GENERAL      POLICY PLANNING &     MILITARY
AFFAIRES      EARLY WARNING          STAFF    military instructions   MILITARY COMMITTE
COUNCIL            UNIT              (EUMS)                                 (EUMC)




                                                                        COMMITTE FOR
  COMMITTE OF                POLITICAL &         recommandations
                                                                      CIVILIAN ASPECTS OF
   PERMANENT              SECURITY COMMITTE                           CRISIS MANAGEMENT
REPRESENTATIVES                  (PSC)                                      (CIVCOM)
                                                                                                   3
                                                                    Prof. Dr. Dr.h.c. Wichard Woyke
                                                                   European Institutions WS 2005/06


                      AN OVERVIEW OF THE POST-NICE PROCESS




                                                                   EUROPEAN
    FINALITY DEBATE - CONVENTION - IGC
                                                                 CONSTITUTION ?

  DOCUMENTS:

            DECLARATION              LAEKEN
           OF THE FUTURE           DECLARATION

                                                   PROBLEMS :


 TOPICS
                                                  DEMOCRACY

 ROLE OF NATIONAL PARLIAMENTS
 STATUS OF THE CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS     LEGITIMATION         EFFICIENCY
 SIMPLIFICATION OF THE TREATIES
 DELIMITATION OF COMPENENCIES
                                                 TRANSPARENCY
                                                                                     4
                       EU Foreign Policy

 The foreign policy competences of the European
  Union are divided between the the first (EC) and
  the second (CFSP) pillar.
 The EC pillar covers trade, aid and development-
  policy related aspects of foreign policy.
   the EC policies in these areas are formulated,
    implemented and representated by the RELEX
    commissioners and the corresponding general
    directorates
   External represenation provided by the Commission
    President or the Commissioner for External Relations
   Decisions are taken mainly by majority voting


            Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster      5
            Prof. Dr. W. Woyke
                                                     Prof. Dr. Dr.h.c. Wichard Woyke
                                                     European Institutions WS 2005/06


Commission Structures for External Relations

     DG trade                             DG Enlargement



                   RELEX- Commissioners

                   TRADE        ENLARGEMENT

                EXTERNAL        DEVELOPMENT
                RELATIONS        HUMAN AID
                                                      ECHO

   DG External Relations            DG Development


        CFSP Directorate,
     Conflict Prevention Unit
                ...
                                                                       6
                       EU Foreign Policy

 The CFSP pillar covers diplomatic, security and
  defence related aspects of foreign policy
   the CFSP is formulated and implemented by the
    Union‘s Member States, following general directions set
    by the European Council
   The EU‘s position is represented on the international
    stage by the president of the Council, supported by the
    High Representative for CFSP
   Decisions taken by unanimity




            Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster       7
            Prof. Dr. W. Woyke
                                                                           Prof. Dr. Dr.h.c. Wichard Woyke
                                                                          European Institutions WS 2005/06

                       Council Structures for CFSP

                                European Council
Political direction

                               Council of the EU


                      Secretary Gen./ High Representative

                                   COREPER

                Political and Security            Military Commitee
                       Commitee                         (EUMC)
                        (COPS)
                                         Milit. planning/ expertise
DG. External                               Military Staff             Policy Unit
 Relations                                    (EUMS)
                       recommendations
  Comm. for Civilian Aspects                                      Situation Centre
    of Crisis Management                                                                    8
                   EU Foreign Policy




 An effective European foreign policy depends on
  the vertical and horizontal coherence and
  consistency of the Union‘s external actions.




          Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster   9
          Prof. Dr. W. Woyke
                                                                Prof. Dr. Dr.h.c. Wichard Woyke
                                                                European Institutions WS 2005/06


  EU Foreign Policy between Commisson and Council

       European Council                             guideline
                                   member

        Council of the EU                       European Commission

    PRESIDENCY (rotating)              member        PRESIDENT
                     member
                                                 mandates
       Mr. CFSP
                                 Troika
    Secretary Gen.     member
                                                 Relex-Commissioner
                                                Development Commiss.

       DGs & special                             Trade Commissioner
       CFSP bodies                              Enlargement Commiss.

    consults
                            European Parliament
                  Advises, recommends, approves the budget
Submits reports                                                      reports
                                                                         10
                                        Prof. Dr. Dr.h.c. Wichard Woyke
                                        European Institutions WS 2005/06


The chronology of CFSP/ESDP evolution




                                                        11
                                                                                       Prof. Dr. Dr.h.c. Wichard Woyke
                                                                                       European Institutions WS 2005/06


       The chronology of CFSP/ESDP evolution (2)




2003    Berlin Plus   NATO-EU agreement ensures the EU access to NATO operational and
                      planning capabilities. Decision to be taken on a case-by-case basis.




                                                                                                       12
                                                                                            Prof. Dr. Dr.h.c. Wichard Woyke
                                                                                            European Institutions WS 2005/06

       The chronology of CFSP/ESDP evolution (3)




2003   EU Council     Decision to establish an operation planning and mission support unit within
       Brussels       the Council Secretariat (EUMS)

2004   European       Adoption of the Headline Goal 2010, which should enable the Union to take
       Council/       rapid decisions and act effectively with appropriate military capabilities in
       Brussels       crisis situations. The rapid responde forces, on which the HG relies on, are
                      based on the EU battlegroup concept. The first battlegroups are to be
                      operational by 2007.
                     Establishment of the European Defence Agency

       Bosnia        Launch of the military operation ALTHEA on the 2nd of December. The
       Herzegovina   operation follows the NATO operation SFOR and will make use of NATO
                     common assets and capabilities
       EU Council    European Council in Brussels adopts the European Constitutional Treaty
       Brussels

                                                                                                            13
                                                                             Prof. Dr. Dr.h.c. Wichard Woyke
                                                                            Introducing the EU – Novi Sad 2004



                    TITLE 1: DEFINITION AND OBJECTIVES OF THE UNION


                      ARTICLE 1: ESTABLISHMENT OF THE UNION



1. Reflecting the will of the citizens and States of Europe to build a common future, this
   Constitution establishes a Union [entitled...], within which the policies of the Member
   States shall be coordinated, and which shall administer certain common competences on a
   federal basis.


2. The Union shall respect the national identities of ist Member States.


3. The Union shall be open to all European States whose peoples share the same values,
   respect them and are committed to promoting them together.




                                                                                             14
                                                                                   Prof. Dr. Dr.h.c. Wichard Woyke
                                                                                  European Institutions WS 2005/06



                          TITLE III: THE UNION‘S COMPETENCES

                         ARTICLE 8: FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES

1. The limits and use of Union competences are governed by the principles of conferral,
   subsidiarity, proportionality and loyal cooperation.
2. In accordance with the principle of conferral, the Union shall act within the limits of the
   competences conferred upon it by the Constitution to attain the objectives the Constitution
   sets out. Competences not conferred upon the Union by the Constitution remain with the
   Member States.
3. In accordance with the principle of subsidiarity, in areas which do not fall within ist
   exclusive competence, the Union shall act only if and insofar as the objectives of the
   intended action cannot be sufficiently achieved by Member States, but can rather, by
   reason of the scale or effects of the proposed action, be better achieved at Union level.
4. In accordance with the principle of proportionality, the scope and form of Union action
   shall not exceed what is necessary to achieve the objectives of the Constitution.
5. In accordance with the principle of loyal cooperation, the Union and the Member States
   shall, in full mutual respect, assist each other to carry out tasks which flow from the
                                                                                                  15
   Constitution.
                                                                                  Prof. Dr. Dr.h.c. Wichard Woyke
                                                                                 European Institutions WS 2005/06



                            TITLE III: THE UNION‘S COMPETENCES

                            ARTICLE 3: THE UNION‘S OBJECTIVES

1. The Union's aim is to promote peace, its values and the well-being of its peoples.
2. The Union shall work for a Europe of sustainable development based on balanced
    economic growth and social justice, with a free single market, and economic and monetary
    union, aiming at full employment and generating high levels of competetiveness and living
    standards. It shall promote economic and social cohesion, equalty between women and
    men, and environmental and social protection, and shall develop scientific and
    technological advance including the discovery of space. It shall encourage solidarity
    between generations and between States, and wqual opportunities for all.
3. The Union shall constitute an area of freedom, security and justice, in which its shared
    values are developed and richness of ist cultural diversity is respected.
4. In defining Europe‘s independence and interests, the Union shall seek to advance its values
    in the wider world. It shall contribute to the sustainable development of the earth,
    solidarity and mutual respect among peoples, eradication of poverty and protection of
    children‘s rights, strict observance of internationally accepted legal commitments, and
                                                                                                 16
    peace between States.
                                                                                Prof. Dr. Dr.h.c. Wichard Woyke
                                                                                European Institutions WS 2005/06




                          ARTICLE 3: THE UNION‘S OBJECTIVES

5. These objectives shall be pursued by appropriate means, depending on the extent to which
   the relevant competences are attributed to the Union by this Constitution.




                            ARTICLE 4: LEGAL PERSONALITY

                           The Union shall have legal personality.




                                                                                                17
                                                                                   Prof. Dr. Dr.h.c. Wichard Woyke
                                                                                  European Institutions WS 2005/06
                                   ARTICLE 29 :
                  THE UNION‘S COMMON FOREIGN AND SECURITY POLICY


1. The European Union shall undertake to conduct a common foreign and security policy,
     based on the progressive development of mutual political solidarity among Member
     States, the progressive identification of questions of general interest and the achievement
     of an ever-increasing degree of convergence of member States‘ actions.


2.     The European Council shall identify the Union‘s strategic interests and determine the
     objectives of ist common forein and security policy. The Council of Ministers shall frame
     this policy in accordance with the arrangements in Part Two of the Constitution.


3.     The European Council and the Council of Ministers shall adopt the necessary decisions.


4.     The common foreign and security policy shall be put into effect by the Union‘s Minister
     for Foreign Affaires and by the Member States, using national and Union ressources.



                                                                                                  18
                                                                              Prof. Dr. Dr.h.c. Wichard Woyke
                                                                             European Institutions WS 2005/06
                              ARTICLE 29 :
             THE UNION‘S COMMON FOREIGN AND SECURITY POLICY




5. Member States shall consult one another within the Council and the European
   Council on any foreign and security policy issue which is of general interest in order
   to determine a common approach. Before undertaking any action on the
   international scene or any commitment which could affect the Union's interests, each
   Member State shall consult the others within the Council or the European Council.
   Member States shall ensure, through the convergence of their actions, that the Union
   is able to assert its interests and values on the international scene. Member States
   shall show mutual solidarity.


6. The European Parliament shall be consulted on the main aspects and the basic
   choices of the common foreign and security policy, and shall be kept informed of how
   it develops.


                                                                                             19
                                                                                 Prof. Dr. Dr.h.c. Wichard Woyke
                                                                                 European Institutions WS 2005/06
                                 ARTICLE 29 :
                THE UNION‘S COMMON FOREIGN AND SECURITY POLICY




7. Decisions relating to commong foreign and security policy shall be adopted by the
     European Council and the Council of Ministers unanimously, except in the cases
     referred to in Part Two of the Constitution. They shall act on a proposal from a
     Member State or from the Union‘s Minister for Foreign Affairs, alone or together
     with the Commission.


8.   The European Council may unanimously decide that the Council should act by a
     qualified majority in cases other than those referred to in Part Two of the Constitution.




                                                                                                 20
                                                                                    Prof. Dr. Dr.h.c. Wichard Woyke
                                                                                  European Institutions WS 2005/06
                                   ARTICLE 30 :
                        COMMON SECURITY AND DEFENCE POLICY

1. The common security and and defence policy, which is an integral part of the common
   foreign and sccurity policy, shall provide the Union with an operational capability which
   makes use of military and civilian means. The Unionmay deploy them on tasks outside the
   Union to preserve peace and strenghten international security in accordance with the
   principles of the United Nations Charter.

2. The commong security and defence policy shall include the progressive framing of a
   common defence policy for the Union. This will lead to a common defence, when the
   European Council, actinc unanimously, so decides. It shall in that case recommend to the
   Member States the adoption of       such a decision in accordance with their respective
   constitutional requirements.

   The policy of the Union in accordance with this Article shall not prejudice the specific
   character of the security and defence policy of certain Member States and shall respect the
   obligations of certain Member States, which see their common defence realised in the North
   Atlantic treaty Organisation (NATO), under the North Atlantic Treaty and be compatible
   with the common security and defence policy established within that framework.
                                                                                                   21
                                                          Prof. Dr. Dr.h.c. Wichard Woyke
                                                          European Institutions WS 2005/06



Draft Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe

              Article 3: The Union‘s objectives
1.   The Union's aim is to promote peace, its values and the well-being
     of its peoples.


2.   The Union shall offer its citizens an area of freedom, security and
     justice without internal frontiers, and a single market where
     competition is free and undistorted.

3.   The Union shall work for the sustainable development of Europe
     based on balanced economic growth, a social market economy,
     highly competitive and aiming at full employment and social
     progress, and with a high level of protection and improvement of
     the quality of the environment. It shall promote scientific and
     technological advance.

     It shall combat social exclusion and discrimination, and shall
     promote social justice and protection, equality between women and
     men, solidarity between generations and protection of children's
                                                                22
     rights.
                                                             Prof. Dr. Dr.h.c. Wichard Woyke
                                                            European Institutions WS 2005/06



Draft Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe


The Union shall respect its rich cultural and linguistic diversity, and shall
ensure that Europe's cultural heritage is safeguarded and enhanced.



4.   In its relations with the wider world, the Union shall uphold and
     promote its values and interests. It shall contribute to peace,
     security, the sustainable development of the earth, solidarity and
     mutual respect among peoples, free and fair trade, eradication of
     poverty and protection of human rights and in particular children's
     rights, as well as to strict observance and development of
     international law, including respect for the principles of the United
     Nations Charter.

5.   These objectives shall be pursued by appropriate means, depending
     on the extent to which the relevant competences are attributed to the
     Union in the Constitution.


                                                                            23
                                                          Prof. Dr. Dr.h.c. Wichard Woyke
                                                          European Institutions WS 2005/06



Draft Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe


2.    Following the principle of loyal cooperation, the Union and the
      Member States shall, in full mutual respect, assist each other in
      carrying out tasks which flow from the Constitution.

      The Member State shall facilitate the achievement of the Union‘s
      tasks and refrain from any measure which could jeopardise the
      attainment of the objectives set out in the Constitution

          Article 15: The common foreign and security policy

 1.    The Union's competence in matters of common foreign and
       security policy shall cover all areas of foreign policy and all
       questions relating to the Union's security, including the
       progressive framing of a common defence policy, which might
       lead to a common defence.


                                                                          24
                                                           Prof. Dr. Dr.h.c. Wichard Woyke
                                                          European Institutions WS 2005/06



Draft Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe




 2.   Member States shall actively and unreservedly support the
      Union's common foreign and security policy in a spirit of loyalty
      and mutual solidarity and shall comply with the acts adopted by
      the Union in this area. They shall refrain from action contrary to
      the Union's interests or likely to impair its effectiveness.




                                                                          25
                                                                  Prof. Dr. Dr.h.c. Wichard Woyke
                                                                  European Institutions WS 2005/06



Draft Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe

           Article 27: The Union Minister for Foreign Affaires

1.   The European Council, acting by qualified majority, with the agreement of
     the President of the Commission, shall appoint the Union Minister for
     Foreign Affairs. He or she shall conduct the Union's common foreign and
     security policy. The European Council may end his or her tenure by the same
     procedure.

2.   The Union Minister for Foreign affaires shall contribute by his or her
     proposals to the development of the common foreign policy, which he or she
     shall carry out as mandated by the Council of Ministers. The same shall
     apply to the common security and defence policy

3.   The Union Minister for Foreign Affairs shall be one of the Vice-Presidents of
     the Commission. He or she shall be responsible there for handling external
     relations and for coordinationg other aspects of the Union‘s external action.
     In exercising these responsabilities within the Commission, and only for
     these responsabilities, the Union Minister for Foreign Affaires shall be bound
     by Commission procedures.


                                                                                  26
              CFSP – main policy areas

Preventive diplomacy and regional stabilisation
policy
Fight against terrorism and the proliferation of
weapons of mass distruction
Promotion of democracy and the rule of law in
third countries
Human rights
Arms control



           Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster   27
           Prof. Dr. W. Woyke
         CFSP – main political instruments


 Political dialogue
 Humanitarian/ financial aid
 Diplomatic and/ or trade sanctions
 Accession perspective




           Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster   28
           Prof. Dr. W. Woyke
           CFSP – normative instruments

 Common positions = designed to make foreign
  policy cooperation more systematic and improve
  coordination.

 Joint Actions = coordinated action by the
  Member States whereby resources of all kinds
  (human resources, know-how, financing,
  equipment and so on) are mobilised to attain
  specific objectives fixed by the Council on the
  base of general guidelines from the European
  Council.

           Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster   29
           Prof. Dr. W. Woyke
         CFSP – normative instruments (2)

• Common strategy = defined by the European
  Council to be implemented by the Union in fields
  where the Member States have important
  common interests. It sets out the aims and
  length of time covered and the means to be
  made available by the Union and the Member
  States for reaching it‘s goal.

Member States are required to comply with and
 uphold an adopted position/ action, but there
 are NO sanctioning instruments to ensure good
 conduct.

           Westfälische Wilhelms -Universität Münster   30
           Prof. Dr. W. Woyke
       CFSP – decision making instruments

 Unanimity-rule = predominant procedure
 Constructive abstention = instrument introduced by
  the Treaty of Amsterdam. It allows a Member State
  to abstain a vote, without blocking an unanimous
  decision.
 Enhanced cooperation= introduced by the Treaty of
  Nice. It aims to enable a limited number of Member
  States, that are willing and able to advance further,
  to deepen European integration within the single
  institutional framework of the Union. Cannot be used
  in matters having military or defence implications. It
  can be introduced through QMV.

            Westfälische Wilhelms -Universität Münster   31
            Prof. Dr. W. Woyke
                    CFSP funding

 Expenditure divided into administrative and
  operative costs:
  • Administrative costs are charged to the budget of the
    Council
   Operative costs can be charged to the general budget
    of the Union (implies a submission to the control rights
    of the EP ) or to the Member States
   Costs arising from military/defence operations cannot
    be charged to the Union‘s budget. This expenditure
    must be charged to the Member States in accordance
    with the GNP scale.



            Westfälische Wilhelms -Universität Münster     32
            Prof. Dr. W. Woyke
             CFSP in practice - number of CFSP
             instruments adopted by the Council
                Statements           Joint           Common      Common
                                    Actions          Positions   Strategies
1995                106                10                13          -
1996                116                21                10          -
1997                115                34                23          -
1998                141                20                22          -
1999                123                20                35          2
2000                184                11                17          1
2001                196                19                20          0
2002                197                16                23          0
2003                147                19                20          2
2004  (not            ?                19                21          0
12/2004)

                Westfälische Wilhelms -Universität Münster               33
                Prof. Dr. W. Woyke
                    CFSP - problems

 EU pillar structure  deficient coherence and
  consistency of the Union‘s external policies
   • Different working cultures, competition between actors,
     turf battles
   • Fragmented external representation
 Intergovernmental cooperation  limited
  development of common strategic thinking and of
  genuine European interests
   • Slow decision-making  reactive approach, unflexible
     and watered-down policy positions
 The EU has had little success in developing
  leadership power and credibility while responding to
  international (military) crisis situations.

           Westfälische Wilhelms -Universität Münster    34
           Prof. Dr. W. Woyke
    CFSP/ESDP reform in the EU Constitution
                   Treaty

 The Convention tried to overcome the CFSP
  problems and turn the EU into an efficient and
  credible international actor.

 The Constitutional Treaty comprises therefore
  reforms of the existing structures and
  instruments as well as new institutional
  structures.




           Westfälische Wilhelms -Universität Münster   35
           Prof. Dr. W. Woyke
              The EU Foreign Minister

 Art. I-27 sets the FM up to facilitate coherence
  and coordination between institutions and
  bureaucracies.
   • Member of the Council and Vice-President of the
     Commission
   • Appointed by the European Council with QMV and with
     the approval of the Commission President
 Competences of the FM:
   • Right of initiative – thus replacing the Commission‘s
     right to be „fully associated“ to the CFSP
       - when adopting a proposal formulated by the FM, the
         Council shall act by QMV

           Westfälische Wilhelms -Universität Münster   36
           Prof. Dr. W. Woyke
          The EU Foreign Minister (2)

• Coordination: the FM must ensure the coordination of
  all aspects of the Union‘s external action and the
  compliance of the Member States with the adopted
  CFSP measures.
• Representation: the FM shall represent the Union in
  CFSP matters (conduct political dialogue and express
  the Union‘s position in international fora).
• Implementation of the CFSP decisions adopted by the
  European Council and the Council.
• Crisis management: when carrying out Petersberg
  tasks operations the COPS will exercise political control
  amd strategic direction under the responsibility of the
  Council and of the FM. [ Art. III-307]

         Westfälische Wilhelms -Universität Münster      37
         Prof. Dr. W. Woyke
           The EU Foreign Minister (3)

The role description of the FM goes beyond the
 mere sum of it‘s institutional components, the
 HR and the Relex Commissioner
  • Exploiting the opportunities this new office brings
    will depend on the personal skills of the first FM
  • Difficulties/ challenges may arise from:
     - The heavy load of assignments
     - Persisting tensions between bureaucracies at the
       lower level
     - Defining a constructive working relationship with the
       Presidents of the Commission and of the European
       Council

          Westfälische Wilhelms -Universität Münster     38
          Prof. Dr. W. Woyke
           CFSP/ESDP new instruments

 Restriction of the normative instruments to
  • Decisions (= non-legal acts)
  • International agreements
 Widening of enhanced cooperation
  • Mutual defence clause
  • Solidarity clause
  • Permanent structured cooperation based on high military
    capability criteria
  • Implementation of certain tasks by a group of willing and
    able Member States
 Update of the Petersberg tasks to also encompass
  • Joint disarmament operations
  • Military and advice assistance tasks

            Westfälische Wilhelms -Universität Münster    39
            Prof. Dr. W. Woyke
       CFSP/ESDP new instruments (2)

  • Conflict prevention and post-conflict stabilization tasks
 Establishment of a European Defence Agency, to
  improve and rationalise Member States' military
  capabilities.
 Establishment of a European External Action
  Service to assist the FM in his/her functions.
  • will be composed of officials from relevant
    departments of the General Secretariat of the Council
    of Ministers and of the Commission and staff seconded
    from national diplomatic services.



           Westfälische Wilhelms -Universität Münster      40
           Prof. Dr. W. Woyke
                     CFSP perspectives

 The future developments of the CFSP/ESDP and the
  effectivity of the Union‘s international actions will be
  determined by:
   • The shortcomings of the Constitution Treaty:
       - Imprecise division of labour between the FM and the
         President of the EU Council
       - Preservation of the unanimity rule within the CFSP
   • The redefiniton of the Transatlantic relationship and of
      Europe‘s role within it.
   • The willingness of Member States to allocate the
      necessary resources in order to achieve credibility

              Westfälische Wilhelms -Universität Münster        41
              Prof. Dr. W. Woyke
           CFSP perspectives (2)

• The implications of enlargement, the new members
  having:
   - an Atlantic-orientated security approach
   - A high value of national sovereignty  striving for
     acceptance and full participation rights in the CFSP
    Reluctant towards the use of enhanced cooperation
    mechanisms
   - Foreign policy interests orientated towards Eastern
     Europe and their neighboring regions
   - No global power ambitions.


        Westfälische Wilhelms -Universität Münster      42
        Prof. Dr. W. Woyke
                                                                                                                                                 Prof. Dr. Dr.h.c. Wichard Woyke

                                                             CFSP AND ESDP INSTITUTIONS                                                          European Institutions WS 2005/06


                                                                                 both civil information and military intelligence
   Units dealing with both civil and military intelligence

                                                                                civil and/or open information
   Units dealing with military intelligence

                                                                                 military intelligence
   Units dealing with civil and/or open information
                                                                                                                          The European Council

                     The Commission                                                                              The Council of the European Union
    Secretary-General of the Council and                                                                         decides

           High Rep. for the CFSP                                                                                                   Permanent Representatives
                                                                                                                                       Committe (Coreper)
                  Policy                 Satellite            Institute
                 Planning              Centre Staff              for
Council
                   and                   68 about             Security                                                        Examines and recommends EU
General
                  Early                    half                Studies                                                              response options
 Secre-
                 Warning                processing            Staff 28,
 tariat
                   Unit                                           9
                 Staff 21                                     Analysts
                                                                                                                    Political and Security Committee
                                                                                                                                  (PSC)
Joint Situation Centre
    Seconded nat.                                                                                         The Military                Committee of         Committee
                                              Dissemination                                                Committe                                        for Civilian
analysts+PPU+EUMS                                                                                                                     Contributors
       Staff 12                                                                                             EUMC                                            Aspects of
                                                                                                                                                               CM

           The Military Staff (EUMS) Staff 140                                                           EUMC Chairman
                                                                                                         channels pol-mil                     EU CM-operation
                                              EUMS            INTEL DIV
                                                                                                          guidance to the
                                               INT              Staff 30                                     OPCOM                             CFSP/ESDP

                                                                  National                                                                                       43
                                                                 Intelligence

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:0
posted:3/23/2013
language:English
pages:43
xeniawinifred zoe xeniawinifred zoe not http://
About I am optimistic girl.