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Bird Strike Awareness

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					BIRD STRIKES!
 Be alert and aware!
   Know the risks!
    Avoid & Survive!




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         BIRD STRIKES!
                 Wing Fligh.Clinic0

Objectives of This Training:

   • Improve your awareness of the issue of bird strikes
   • Improve your understanding of risk factors

   • Reduce the likelihood of bird strikes in CAP




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BIRD STRIKES!

       This    presentation     is    based   on
       documents prepared by the FAA and in
       cooperation with the U.S. Department of
       Agriculture.     The emergency forced
       landing of US Airways Flight 1549 in the
       Hudson River on 15 January 2009 after
       Canada geese were ingested in both
       engines of the Airbus 320 dramatically
       demonstrated to the public that bird
       strikes are a serious aviation safety
       issue. For more detailed data, see the
       above report on the: http://wildlife-
       mitigation.tc.faa.gov/wildlife/downloads/
       BASH90-09.pdf website.
BIRD STRIKE!




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BIRD STRIKE!




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BIRD STRIKE!




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BIRD STRIKE!




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BIRD STRIKE




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l BIRD           STRIKE!




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          BIRD STRIKES!
This was US Airways flight 1549 Airbus 320 that landed in the Hudson
   due to loss of engine power from bird ingestion in both engines.
 Some persons in this photo actually stopped and grabbed their bags
            from the overhead bins during the evacuation.




     Was there anything in the luggage that was worth your life?
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MN Wing Flight Clinic: Bird StrikesSTATS
        BIRD STRIKE


                                                        Bird strike
                                                          reports
                                                           have
                                                        increased
                                                        alarmingly
                                                       over the last
                                                         20 years.




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          BIRD STRIKE FACTS

Many populations of wildlife species commonly involved in strikes have
increased markedly in the last few decades and adapted to living in
urban environments, including airports.
Thirteen of the 14 bird species in North America with mean body
masses greater than 8 lbs have shown significant population
increases over the past three decades.
The number of strikes annually reported more than quintupled from
1,759 in 1990 to 9,474 in 2009.




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MN Wing Flight Clinic: Bird Strikes
     Canada Goose
   Population Increase
                                                 Explosive
                                                 growth of
                                                     the
                                                  Canada
                                                   goose
                                                population
                                                in the U.S.




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               BIRD STRIKE STATS




                                                              51% of the annual total.




Bird strikes can occur anytime, but the prime months are July through October.
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           BIRD STRIKE STATS




Since most flights occur during the day, more bird strikes occur then.
                 However, birds do also fly at night.
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            BIRD STRIKE STATS




The phases of flight during which the vast majority of bird strikes occur
  is during takeoff and climb out, and during approach and landing.



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       BIRD STRIKE STATS




The highest number of bird strikes occur below 100 AGL, and then
another high grouping appears in the 900 to 4000 foot AGL range.

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                       BIRD STRIKE!




It always pays to keep your eyes outside and looking for any kind of airborne traffic.
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                       BIRD STRIKE!




Although it seems the more fancy panel equipment we get, the more we focus inside.
                  This panel is much less fancy after a bird strike.
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                 BIRD STRIKE
                   AVOIDANCE!
The U.S. Air Force Bird Aircraft Strike Hazard (BASH) Team and the
FAA offer this guidance for avoiding and/or dealing with bird strikes:

Avoid low altitude flight as much as feasible to reduce the risk of a
strike.

Strikes are most likely in July, August, September, and October -
particularly in migratory flyways. These tend to be the larger birds.

Keep a lookout, just as you would for other flying objects.

Turn on landing or recognition lights. This helps birds see oncoming
aircraft.

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                 BIRD STRIKE
                   AVOIDANCE!
Plan to climb. Birds almost invariably dive away, but there are
exceptions.

Slow down. This will allow birds more time to get out of your way and
will lessen the impact force if you do hit one.

If a collision seems likely, duck below the glare shield to avoid being
hit by the bird and flying Plexiglas. Advise passengers to do the
same. Protect your eyes and head.




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                BIRD STRIKE,
                    NOW WHAT?
If a collision occurs, fly the aircraft first! Assess the damage and
decide whether you can make it to an airport or you should make an
off-airport landing.

Declare an emergency - it doesn't cost anything.

Even if no damage is visible, divert to the nearest airport and have a
mechanic look at the airplane. There are likely to be some
aerodynamic modifications that do not have FAA approval.




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Please be sure to use the
Avian Hazard Advisory
System to get general
information updates about
Avian activity in areas near
you. This is available on
www.capmembers.com under
the Safety Tab.

Click to the next page for a
look at the webpage entry
screen.
A product of the Air Force Safety center, this is a public
use webpage accessible at www.capmembers.com.
                   BIRD STRIKE
                       SUMMARY:
Bird strikes occur more often in the late summer/ autumn season.
Birds are more likely to be struck during the landing (i.e., descent,
approach or landing roll) phase of flight compared to take-off and
climb.
72% of the time bird strikes occur below 500 feet AGL.
92% of the bird strikes occur at or below 3,000 feet AGL.
Less than 2 percent of bird strikes occur above 10,000 feet AGL.
Flying high and maintaining that altitude during cruise is good ORM.




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                  BIRD STRIKE
Thank you for the contribution of this presentation from CAP’s members
and for everyone’s continued support of a positive safety program.




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posted:3/23/2013
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