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					       Improving Mexico's Housing Using Community Education
Alexander B. Jung, University of California, San Diego, Urban Studies and Planning Program



                      The Study                                                                                             Purpose                                                                        Findings
                                                                                                   Purpose:                                                                   Measuring Community Development:
Object of Study:                                                                                   The purpose of this study was to observe whether community education        Obtaining proper qualitative measurements
                                                                                                   enables community members to seek legislative change as to improve          Interview with Jane Clough-Riquelme and using
Los Laureles Canyon community & Alter Terra's community                                            their housing infrastructure.                                               John Friedmann's “Basis for Social Power” (fig .2)
education classes (fig. 1)                                                                                                                                                     Alter Terra's Educational classes were critiqued using this measurement

                                                                                                   Background:
                                                                                                    Political disconnect between government and working class                Motivational Perspectives of Classes:
Abstract:                                                                                           Land-use decisions made for business interests
                                                                                                                                                                               To teach the students the Los Laureles Master Plan
Since about the 1940's, hyper urbanization has brought millions of                                  Private sector uses desalojo machine to displace residents
                                                                                                                                                                               Interview with Oscar Romo: “to align urban planning decisions to hydrology”

people to find work in Mexico’s cities. These migrants often live in                                There is a need for community members to gain a political voice
                                                                                                                                                                               Community members → to provide political voice to community

                                                                                                                                                                               Bridge gap between government due to social inequalities
slum-like conditions where they can lack essential resources. In the
                                                                                                   Significance:                                                               Improvement in access to heath and housing infrastructure
interest of the global economy, Mexico has implicitly given land-use                               If Alter Terra's educational program is successful, then the program can
powers (desalojo machine) to the economic elite, forcing families                                  be duplicated in other developing countries where community members        Structure & Interactions of the Classes:
into a cycle of poverty. Based on urban sociological literature, I claim                           need to voice their opinions in a democratic government.                    1st and 3rd Tuesday of each month for six months, classes were free
that these squatter communities can improve their housing though                                                                                                               Started with 46 participants numbers remained constant

                                                                                                                                                                               Classes held in either Los Laureles Canyon or House of Legislative Culture in
community education. Alter Terra has designed such a program set
                                                                                                                                                                              Tijuana (figure 4)
to politically mobilize the Los Luareles Canyon residents in Tijuana                                                                                                           Multiple resources taught in Alter Terra's curriculum (fig. 5 & 6)

as to minimize the inequalities between Mexico’s poor and rich.                                                                                                                Structure → well-organized, but left room for interaction

                                                                                                                                                                               Games to encourage coalition building

                                                                                                                                                                               Food and drinks provided


                                                                                                                     Methods
                                                                                               Fully Structured Interviews:
                                                                                                                                                                               Travel subsidization gave incentive to residents to come after work




                                                                                                5 interviews from project designer, teacher, urban planner, and students     Outcomes of the Classroom
                                                                                                To understand motivations and concerns and personal output of classes
                                                                                                                                                                               Romo: “Just by being there they will become experts on how the government
                                                                                                                                                                                works because they will have all this exposure to people, systems, and names”
                                                                                                                                                                               High dedication and high responsiveness to the work
                                                                                               Case Study of Alter Terra Classes:                                              Students: “This program is a common benefit for the community and towards
                                                                                                Looking at curriculum, student participation, and faculty                      formalized developments
                                                                                                To observe if the students have created a coalition and have politically      Because the class was well-organized, used visual media, and incentives,

                                                                                                mobilized                                                                      this program was successful and can be replicated elsewhere




                                                                                               Ethnographic Study of the Los Laureles Infrastructure                          Ethnographic Results of the Community
                                                                Figure 2                        Observing if improvements in housing infrastructure were made due to            Not enough time to observe infrastructure improvement, also due to lad in
                                                                                                legislative action taken with aid of Alter Terra's classes                       Mexico's political responsiveness.

                 Figure 1




                                                                                                                                                                   Figure 5
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Conclusion
                                                                                                                                                                                Alter Terra's educational class led to political mobilization
                                                                                                                                                                               It is necessary for communities to have a political voice in
                                                                                                                                                                              creating legislature
                                                                                                                                                                               Replication of classes should now be done in other developing

                                                                                                                                                                               communities
                                                                                                                                                                               Short term was successful, but limited time and lag in political
                                    Figure 3                                                                           Figure 4                                    Figure 6    response made it unsure if infrastructure change were to have
                                                                                                                                                                               occurred


March 7, 2012 (Special Thanks to Oscar Romo and Jennifer Leonard...figure 1 & 3 found on google images

				
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