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Ornamental Fish Trade in The Red Sea And Gulf Of Aden Maroof

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					          Ornamental Fish Trade in The Red Sea And Gulf Of Aden
                                  Maroof KHALAF*1, Mohamed ALI2
1
  Marine Science Station, Aqaba, Jordan, 2Ministry of Agriculture and
                           Fisheries, Um-Alquin, United Arab Emirates


The communities of ornamental reef fish species from shallow water
habitats along the coasts of Jordan, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Yemen and
Djibouti were surveyed by the visual census technique. A total of 118
transects of 100 m length and 5 m width (500 m²) were performed at 32
sites. Some data on the marine ornamental fish trade was extracted from
relevant government export statistics. Also, the authors visited the
holding facilities of the companies involved in ornamental fish trade in
Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Yemen and recorded all aquarium fishes
present at the time. A total of 29,485 fishes were counted along the 18
transects in Jordan, 196,379 fishes were counted along the 31 transects
in Egypt, 113,268 fishes were counted along the 33 transects in Saudi
Arabia, 129,932 fishes were counted along the 18 transects in Yemen
and a total of 53,856 fishes were counted along the 18 transects in
Djibouti. Out of the 50 species counted 5 species dominated the
Jordanian reef e.g. A. bicinctus (76.3% per 500 m belt transect of the
total individuals counted in the Red Sea); 11 species dominated the
Egyptian reef e.g. C. aygula (81.9%); 20 species dominated the Saudi
Arabia Red Sea coast e.g. D. aruanus (84.9%); 7 species dominated the
Yemeni Red Sea coast e.g. D. trimaculatus (80.7%) and 6 species
dominated the Djiboutian coast e.g. C. melapterus (100%). Species
needing special consideration such as species with poor survivorship in
captivity, easily overexploited and ecologically important species were
determined. Recommendations for management plans of the ornamental
                                               fish trade were presented.

				
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posted:3/22/2013
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