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BRAZil tRADe oN oRNAMeNtAl FiSh - The World Aquaculture Society

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					U N ES P           WORLD AQUACULTURE SOCIETY
                                                   U   N   I V     E   R   S   I D   A   D   E       F   E   D   E   R   A   L




                          MEETING 2009
                       VERACRUZ MEXICO             R   U   R   A   L       D   O         S   E   M   I   -   Á   R   I D     O




C E NT R O DE

                       BRAZIL TRADE ON
AQ UI C ULT U RA




                          ORNAMENTAL
                                   FISH




                       MSc. Felipe de Azevedo Silva Ribeiro

                            PhD João Batista K. Fernandes
INTRODUCTION
  Aquarium Fish is one of the major PET industries




                                           Photos: Felipe Ribeiro, Marcelo Shei
  INTRODUCTION
                        Major markets are Asia, EU and USA

USD 300.000


    250.000


    200.000



    150.000



    100.000


     50.000


          0
          1976   1980      1984   1988   1992   1996   2000   2004


    Figure 01. World export on ornamental fish. FAO/FISHSTAT
INTRODUCTION
  Table 01. Top export countries in 2006 (USD)
     Country          Value        Country         Value
   1 Singapore         61.403   11 Philippines        7.287
   2 Spain             26.517   12 Hong Kong          7.073
   3 Czech Republic    21.700   13 Colombia           7.031
   4 Malaysia          20.064   14 Netherlands        6.896
   5 Japan             16.504   15 USA                5.860
   6 Thailand          13.697   16 Germany            5.378
   7 Israel            11.370   17 France             4.505
   8 Indonesia          8.892   18 Brazil             4.136
   9 Morocco            7.966   19 India              3.809
  10 Sri Lanka          7.486   20 Peru               3.731
                                                 FAO/FISHSTAT
 OBJECTIVE


Evaluate the situation on Brazilian ornamental
fish:

  Exports

  Imports

  Intern trade

                                      Photo: Felipe Ribeiro
 MATERIAL AND METHODS


DATA FROM:

IBAMA (Brazilian Institute for Environmental
and Natural Renewable Resources)

SECEX (Foreign Trade Secretary)

Available in literature (books and papers)
     RESULTS
x1.000 USD
     6.000


     5.000


     4.000


     3.000


     2.000
                                           More than 27 million fish
     1.000


        0
         2000       2001    2002    2003    2004    2005     2006      2007


             Figure 02. Brazil export on ornamental fish. SECEX/ALICEWEB
RESULTS
             95% are Amazon fishes

                              Igarapes Igapos

                                                 CHAO et al. (2001)




          Photos: Arilson Lima, Jaime Carvalho
RESULTS                                    Fisherman
                                          Boat owner
                                          Distributor
                                             Exporter




          Photos: Arilson Lima, Jaime Carvalho
RESULTS   Exporter also send fishes
                    to other states




                  Photos: Arilson Lima
RESULTS
 Table 03. Top exported freshwater ornamental fish from
 Brasil in 2007.
 Species                            Common name            quantity      %

 Paracheirodon axeroldi   Cardinal tetra, neon             18.055.037     66,7

 Otocinclus affinis       Golden otocinclus, limpa-vidro    1.595.828        5,9

 Hemigrammus bleheri      Red-nose tetra, rodóstomos        1.213.262        4,5

 Paracheirodon simulans   green neon, neon verde              846.560        3,1

 Otocinclus vittatus      limpa-vidro                         706.872        2,6

 other                                                      4.651.349     17,2

 Total                                                     27.068.908    100,0
                                                                        IBAMA
RESULTS                  Cardinal tetra P. axeroldi
          Top exported ornamental fish from Brazil




             Photo: Arilson Lima
RESULTS
                      Green neon tetra P. simulans
          Similar to cardinal, but a smaller species




                      Photo: Martin Hofmann
RESULTS
                                                   Saltwater fishes are
                                             collected mainly at Ceara,
                                               Pernambuco, Bahia and
                                                        Espirito Santo




  Gasparini et al (2005) Monteiro-Neto et al (2003)
                                                        Photo: Leo Dutra IBAMA
RESULTS
          They could be export
             directly or trough
              Southeast states




                   Photo: Marcelo Shei
RESULTS
 Table 04. Top exported saltwater ornamental fish from
 Brazil in 2007.

 Species                              Common name              quantity       %

 Holacanthus ciliaris      Queen or Blue Angelfish, ciliáris       18.617      20,5

 Pomacanthus paru          French Angelfish, paru-frade            13.422      14,8

 Holacanthus tricolor      Rock Beauty, Tricolor                    6.409         7,1

 Pomacanthus arcuatus      Gray Angelfish, frade-branco             6.292         6,9

 Centropyge aurantonotus   Flameback Angelfish, centropigue         5.381         5,9

 other                                                             40.515      44,7

 Total                                                             90.636     100,0
                                                                            IBAMA
RESULTS                          Blue Angelfish H. ciliaris
          Top exported marine ornamental fish from Brazil




             Photos:Caroline Feitosa, Claudio Sampaio IBAMA
RESULTS
                                     Tricolor H. tricolor
  French Angelfish P. paru




                             Photos:Caroline Feitosa, Claudio Sampaio IBAMA
 MAJOR ISSUES

Mortalities reaching 75%

Overfishing

Insufficient inspection, extension or
technical assistance

True values higher than official values

Lack of essential information about fisheries
stock
RESULTS
    Table 02. Major importers of
    brazilian ornamental fish in
    2007 (USD)
       Country        Value        %
      1 Japan         1.140.407     22,6
      2 USA            991.124      19,6
      3 Germany        947.361      18,8
      4 Taiwan         458.293       9,1
      5 Hong Kong      338.172       6,7
      6 UK             291.311       5,8
      7 France         186.600       3,7
      8 Singapore       87.208       1,7
      9 Sweden          80.476       1,6
     10 Netherlands     75.684       1,5
                           SECEX/ALICEWEB
RESULTS      Northeast states also
                have a significant
          production of freshwater
                    species trough
                      aquaculture




                         Photo: Felipe Ribeiro



          Specially African cichlids
RESULTS
            Sao Paulo and Rio de
          Janeiro concentrate the
                   largest market




                Fish collected or
            aquacultured in other
              regions go to large
                     wholesalers
RESULTS
            Wholesalers sell fish to
          aquarium stores or export
                               them
RESULTS
          Practically all imports
                       arrives at

                        SP 75%

                              or

                        RJ 25%
RESULTS
 USD
140.000

120.000

100.000

 80.000

 60.000

 40.000

 20.000

       0
       2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007


Figure 03. Brazil import on ornamental fish. SECEX/ALICEWEB
RESULTS
     There are no statistics on ornamental
                   aquaculture production

                   How many producers ?

                    Where they produce ?

                      What they produce?
RESULTS
                            Region of Muriaé
                      concentrated more than
                             300 ornamental
                                aquaculturist




          Vidal Junior (2006)
RESULTS
Cold and mountain region has changed from
         milk to ornamental fish production
RESULTS
 Technology has been improved in last years
RESULTS
          Top produced species are:
                             Betta
                           Goldfish
                               Koy
                       Livebearers



                It is not feasible to
                     produce native
                             species
RESULTS
  Urban aquaculture is common around and
                          inside big cities
 MAJOR ISSUES

Lack of statistics

Lack of information about technology and
market

Aquaculturist doesn't have access to credit


Insufficient extension or technical
assistance
CONCLUSIONS

Brazil exports are clearly based on collected
   fish by local communities most along the
           Amazon River basin and shores of
             Northeast and Southeast states

  Brazil imports are concentrated at larger
markets, but values are very low compared
                                to exports

Aquaculture is based most on exotic species
                    to supply intern market
CONCLUSIONS


  Brazil shows great potential to develop
   ornamental fish industry and make it a
    significant source of income for larger
number of people booth in rural and urban
                                      areas
RECOMENDATIONS

Produce of real and reliable statistical data
     about aquaculture of ornamental fish

 Support of research about fisheries stock,
     biology and culture of native species,
     specially those restricted or threaded

      Increase export of aquacultured fish
       without threatening collectors local
                             communities
RECOMENDATIONS

Stimulate aquaculturist and collectors with
              credit and extension service

     Clarify and streamline bureaucracy to
     license the aquaculturists (Ministry of
                Fisheries and Aquaculture)

Foundation of Cooperatives / Association of
     producers and wholesalers/exporters
RECOMENDATIONS


In summary to develop the ornamental fish
 industry in Brazil it is necessary a serious
   compromise an close interaction among
government agencies, wholesaler/exporter,
  fisheries communities, aquaculturist and
        University/Research Centers
   Thank you very
       much
   Muchas gracias,
   buenas tardes!!!




We’d like to thanks to UFERSA to
support my participation on this
meeting and the following people:
Arilson Lima, Caroline Feitosa,     felipe@ufersa.edu.br
Jaime Carvalho, Josivan Barbosa,
Luiza      Nakayama,       Martin
Hofmann,       Marcelo      Shei,
Raimundo Barreto
 RESULTS
        More details of collecting and trade of
       Saltwater fishes can be obtained from:

Monteiro-Neto C., et al. 2003. Analysis of the
marine ornamental fish trade at Ceara State,
northeast Brazil. Biodiv. Conserv. 12: 1287–
                                        1295.

Gasparini, J.L. Et al. 2005. Marine Ornamental
   Trade in Brazil. Biodiv. Conserv. 14: 2883–
                                          2899.
RESULTS
      More details of collecting and trade of
     Amazonian fishes can be obtained from

              Chao, L.N.; Petry, P.; Prang, G.;
           Sonneschein, L.; Tlusty, M. (Eds).
           Conservation and Management of
Ornamental Fish Resources of the Rio Negro
      Basin. Amazonia, Brazil: Project Piaba.
Editora Universidade do Amazonas, Manaus,
                            Amazonas, 2001.

				
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