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Skeletal System Diseases _ Disorders - Brookwood High School

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Skeletal System Diseases _ Disorders - Brookwood High School Powered By Docstoc
					 Skeletal
  System
Diseases &
Disorders
Osteoporosis
        Osteoporosis


bone mass reduced; hormone-related; need calcium
and Vitamin D when young; leads to spontaneous
fractures; curvature of spine
Osteomalacia
   “soft bones”; bones are
   inadequately mineralized; bone
   pain; aka Rickets in children; need
   for sunlight - Vit. D; calcium needs
   to be absorbed
Paget’s Disease
Paget’s Disease
        age >40
         excessive bone
        formation and
        breakdown
        usually spine, pelvis,
        femur, skull
         virus?
Osteomyelitis
     -bacterial infection
     -area is tender and swells
     -need for antibiotics
                Scoliosis
“twisted disease”; abnormal lateral curvature in
thoracic vertebrae; treat with surgery or body braces
Scoliosis
              Kyphosis
“hunchback”; exaggerated
curvature of thoracic
vertebrae; common in
osteoporosis, rickets,
osteomalacia
Lordosis
•“swayback”; accentuated
curvature of lumbar vertebrae
• common in spinal tuberculosis,
osteomalacia, men with
potbellies or pregnant women
       Cleft Palate
•congenital
•right and left halves of palate fail to
fuse
•interferes with sucking & inhalation
•surgery at 6 months & speech
therapy
Bursitis
Bursitis
  •inflammation of a bursa
  •from blow or friction
  • “student’s elbow”
  •anti-inflammatory drugs or
  removal of fluid
Osteoarthritis
     •AKA degenerative joint disease
     (DJD)
     •MOST COMMON CHRONIC
     ARTHRITIS
     •articular cartilage deteriorates
     • leads to stiffness
     •no known cause
     •more common in women
     •joint replacement

				
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posted:3/22/2013
language:English
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