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					 LANGUAGE AND
MULTILITERACIES

 EDUC1063 (2011)

     Group 7
         GROUP 7

Pritchard, Sharine
prisl008@mymail.unisa.edu.au

Cobb, Victoria
cobva001@mymail.unisa.edu.au

Gillies-Smith, Hannah
gilhy006@mymail.unisa.edu.au
Education document - Belonging, Being and Becoming. The Early
Years Learning Framework for Australia.


Children’s book – ‘Tom goes to kindergarten’ by Margaret Wild and
David Legge.


Newspaper article - Advertiser 24/5/2010 ‘Survey reveals low teacher
morale’.


Video - 1952. ‘Goofy – Teachers are people’.
                            Field – The subject matter
                            covers child development                                         The document follows a
                                                             The BBB document is
                            practices for children aged                                      holistic approach which
                                                             classed as an information
                            birth to five years.                                             ‘recognises the mind, body
                                                             report because texts are
                            Tenor – The BBB document                                         and spirit’ (BBB p. 14). It
                                                             ‘used to store information
                            focuses on educators,                                            explains the importance of
                                                             about a class of things’
                            children, families and                                           learning through play as ‘play
                                                             (Derewianka 2010, p.52).
                            communities.                                                     can expand children’s
                                                             The document has
                            Channel – This document is                                       thinking and enhance their
                                                             classifications and
                            available as a resource to all                                   desire to know and to learn’
                                                             ‘subclasses’, examines
                            staff caring for young                                           (BBB, p. 15). Social and
                                                             different components of child
                            children. It can be accessed                                     cultural beliefs underpin the
                                                             development and covers
                            by hard copy or online.                                          document. The document
                                                             various aspects of function,
                                                                                             serves a social purpose as it
                                                             behaviour and systems.
                                                                                             describes and explains ideas
                                                                                             and expectations.
                                  The BBB document
Colour photos are randomly        shows evidence of
placed through the document                                     The document is factual
                                  children’s development
depicting multiculturalism,                                     and precise. It is also
                                  and how educators can
engagement and staff / child                                    informal and objective.       Dot points and bold headings
                                  promote learning. The
relationships. The photos                                       Technical vocabulary is       simplify the readings. There is a
                                  document is designed
support the text and do not                                     evident in words such         specific use of colour to
                                  to make uniform
have labels or captions.                                        as curriculum, diversity      identify sections and highlight
                                  guidelines, for
The triangle diagram contains                                   and pedagogies. There         important information. The
                                  educators to speak the
‘elements of the Early learning                                 are many positive terms       document is broken down into
                                  same language and as
Framework’, which are                                           such as promote,              introductions, explanations,
                                  a tool for educators
explained in more detail.                                       encourage and engage.         visions, reasoning, practices
                                  which lead to a shared
                                  understanding among                                         and desired outcomes.
                                  professionals.
  OUTCOME 1: Children have a strong sense of Identity
  Children learn to interact in relation to others with care, empathy and respect.


This is evident, for example,
when children:                                         Educators promote this learning,
• show interest in other children and being            for example, when they:
part of a group                                        • initiate one-to-one interactions with
• engage in and contribute to shared play              children, particularly babies and toddlers,
experiences                                            during daily routines
• express a wide range of emotions, thoughts           • organise learning environments in ways
and views constructively                               that promote small group interactions and
• empathise with and express concern for               play experiences
others                                                 • model care, empathy and respect for
• display awareness of and respect for                 children, staff and families
others’                                                • model explicit communication strategies
perspectives                                           to support children to initiate interactions
• reflect on their actions and consider                and join in play and social experiences in
consequences for others                                ways that sustain productive relationships
                                                       with other children
                                                       • acknowledge children’s complex
                                                       relationships and sensitively intervene
                                                       in ways that promote consideration
       key – noun groups                               of alternative perspectives and social
                                                       inclusion
              verb groups
Tom goes to kindergarten’ by Margaret Wild and David Legge



                                                ‘The whole family went to the
         Tom is starting kindergarten and       kindergarten. Tom pushed open
         receives reassurance from parents      the gate, leaped up the steps – and
         and teacher.
                                                there waiting for him was Mrs
                                                kindergarten.
                                                Mrs Kindergarten showed Tom
         Mrs Kindergarten is the teacher        where to put his bag, and she
         who supports Tom’s family, who         found him two new friends.’
         consists of mum, dad and baby, to
         introduce Tom to the kindergarten
         environment.
                                                   Key –
                                                   Noun groups

        The story is written into a narrative      Verb groups
        from an outside perspective, telling
        the reader of Tom’s transition to
        kindergarten.
                                                                                  Pictures are drawn and basic.
Mrs Kindergarten is                                                               The pictures support the text
portrayed as being warm,                                                          and tell the story. There is
welcoming, caring and                                                             repetition of colour, using
inviting. She is respectful of                                                    yellow as a primary hue. Text
the parents, yet supportive                                                       and pictures support each other
of Tom as she sends the                                                           in building images in reader’s
parents home. She helped                                                          mind. The text is aimed at 3.5
Tom develop a daily routine                                                       year olds, supported by easy to
and supported the open door                                                       follow words, sentences, and
policy to make transitions                                                        large pictures. The book is
smooth.                                                                           straightforward, using
                                                                                  repetitive words.
                             The text is a narrative as it tells a story. The
                             reader is drawn to the plot. In the beginning,
                             Tom’s parents do not have time for play. The
                             middle encounters a complication as Tom’s
                             parents experience the fun of kindy. The end
                             reveals the solution that play can be done at home
                             together.
                                                                                           Key – noun group
                                                                                           Verb groups
                              ‘Survey reveals low teacher morale’
AUSTRALIAN teachers overwhelmingly feel they are treated unprofessionally and lack valuable performance
     evaluation and development opportunities.
A Grattan Institute publication released today, What Teachers Want: Better Teacher Management, also highlights
     Australia's failure to meet teaching evaluation standards set by other countries.
Report author Dr Ben Jensen said teachers were crying out for substantial reform and believed both their effective
     and under-performing counterparts should be recognised.
"Teachers want what is best for students and they know that effective teaching is the most effective method to
     improve student outcomes," Dr Jensen said.
The data came from a world-first Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Teaching and Learning
     International Survey of 90,000 teachers across 23 countries.
It shows in Australia:
MORE than 90 per cent of teachers report that the most effective teachers do not receive the greatest recognition.
ONLY eight per cent of teachers believe they would receive any recognition if they improved the quality of their
     teaching.
THE majority (63 per cent) feel teacher evaluation is done only because supervisors are obliged to do it.
ABOUT 93 per cent report their school principal does not take steps to address persistently underperfoming teachers.
Australia has the fourth-lowest percentage of teachers who believe they would achieve recognition for improving
     their quality of teaching or innovation.
Only Belgium and Ireland are consistently below Australia's standard.
Dr Jensen said most alarming was that teachers were not surprised by this data.
The Australian Education Union said the training and development of teachers was grossly overlooked in Australia,
     with insufficient government funding to support professional up- skilling.
AEU SA branch president Correna Haythorpe said teachers were often expected to fund their own training programs
     despite heightened performance standards.
Dr Jensen said any workplace that did not recognise quality and innovation would lose its most effective people.
The articles tenor is a lack of support from the             Argument
Australian Government to meet teaching evaluation            The article is written to draw attention to, and
standards and to provide training for teachers.              understand teachers needs. It backs up assertions
‘Australian teachers overwhelmingly feel they are            with statistics and facts. Positions are formulated,
treated unprofessionally and lack valuable performance       ‘Report author Dr Ben Jensen said teachers were
evaluation and development opportunities’ (The               crying out for substantial reform and believed both
Advertiser 2010). Language is being used in the article      their effective and under-performing counterparts
to challenge power.                                          should be recognised’ (The Advertiser, 2010). The
                                                             article is structured and written in past tense.
                                                             There is a specific use of professional terminology
 There are many professional sources including Dr Ben        with words such as substantial, reforms and
 Jensen and Correna Haythorpe. Organisations and             counterparts.
 publications support the article, as well as an
 ‘International Survey of 90,000 teachers’ (The              Persuasive text
 Advertiser 2010). These influential sources support the     The article includes analysis, interpretation, and
 views of the majority of teachers.                          evaluation of the world around us.

                                                              Report
                                                             The article is also a report as it contains factual
Written as newspaper article to reach a larger audience to   information.
make it a public concern.
                                           Goofy - Teachers Are People
                              ‘A short film from 1952 about being a teacher’


 Goofy is portraying the teacher. A
 class of students are involved, but the
 video focuses on the behaviour of                                            Verb groups are used to
 one student, Goerge. A parent has a                                          describe the teacher’s actions,
 small role near the end.                                                     such as the teacher ‘equips
 The narrator was the channel as he                                           himself for the classroom’ and
 told the story in an older deep voice,                                       ‘approaches situations with
 with a set tone.                                                             dignity’.


                                             Goofy is a narrative because
The video is a simple old fashioned          it is entertaining and
aminated cartoon produced by Walt            attempts to be informative
Disney in 1952. There was                                                   The teacher is described as the
                                             about teachers. One student    ‘Unsung hero the teacher’. The
contradictions as the narrator described     misbehaving causes
the scene, while the students enacted                                       student’s ability lies on ‘the
                                             complications throughout       teacher’s capable shoulders’. The
their own message. An example is             the movie which need to be
‘students eagerly return to the                                             video closes on teaching being a
                                             solved by the teacher.         ‘great profession’.
classroom’, but the children return
looking miserable as the teacher pushes
the last child in.
To follow a video, the reader needs audio and visual
skills. In this video, the narrator tells the story while the
characters act it out. There is a play-on-words, as the
narrator says ‘wetting appetite for knowledge’ as the
image shows a children running in a puddle on the way
to school. Humour attracts the audiences attention.




There is a logical sequence to the video as the school
day is enacted. Children leave home, follow the daily
routine and the teacher finishes up in the classroom.



                                                                The teacher (Goofy), is portrayed
 The auditory states; ‘education is playing an important        through images as relaxed, old
 role in the teaching of children’ and ‘children hold the       fashioned, cool and knowledgeable
 future in their hands.’ This exemplifies education as an       of students behaviour and attitudes.
 important aspect of a child’s life and of our future.
Belonging, Being and Becoming
This Educational document describes an idealistic approach to teaching and what teachers need to strive to
accomplish to be effective teachers.


 Video – Goofy. Teachers are people.
 The video is a humorous take on teaching, based on ideas from 1952. Teachers were described as ‘honest, fair,
 understanding and intelligent’, which are all positive characteristics.


  Newspaper article – Survey reveals low teacher morale
  Teachers are displaying low morale as they feel unrecognised and overwhelmed due to lack of support from
  government departments. Teachers are unable to reach their full potential as educators for today’s youth.



  Book – ‘Tom goes to kindergarten’
  The teacher is portrayed at caring and supportive, with both the child and family. The teacher is setting up an
  interactive and productive environment.
DESCRIPTIVE WORDS
BBB document uses positive words such as ‘promote’, ‘encourage’, ‘adopt’, ‘’reflect’ and
‘model’. This compares to the newspaper article where the tone is very negative, reflected in
words such as ‘ crying out’, ‘alarming’, ‘overwhelmed’ and ‘underperforming’.


TEACHING METHODS
The video used old-fashioned and dominating discipline methods such as time out and
exclusion. There are limited student/ teacher relationships. Whereas the book shows the
teacher reading stories at the child’s level and engaging in positive interactions. The BBB
document describes optimal teaching methods.


PARENT TEACHER RELATIONSHIPS
The video saw a negative and violent stand by parents, as the teacher was cornered and
questioned over the child’s use of grammar. In the book, the teacher was supportive of the
parents needs as well as the childs needs. The teacher was sensitive to the parents feelings and
accomodated for this. The BBB document encourages children to build connections with their
local communities and culture, supported by the curriculum.
REPRESENTATION

The video represents the teacher as a powerful figure, standing below the ‘school’ sign
waring a suit and taking ownership of the school. The article represents the teachers as
underperforming, not recognised and over worked. The low morale is squashing their
innovation and development. Teachers need praise and recognition to motivate them to
keep up with world standards.


INTERACTIONS

The video takes the ‘children should be seen and not heard’ approach. Children are
separate from the teacher and not recognised unless misbehaving. This does not support a
positive environment. The book took a positive approach as Mrs Kindergarten personally
welcomed students and actively engaged with students and adults. The BBB document
promotes learning together using scaffolding and leads from the child.
•   Belonging, Being & Becoming 2009, The Early Years Framework for Australia,
    Commonwealth of Australia, Barton, ACT.

•   Derewianka, B 1998, A Grammar Companion for primary teachers, Primary English Teaching
    Association, Newtown, NSW.

•   Derewianka, B 2010, ‘Exploring how texts work’, Primary English Teaching Association,
    Maryborough, Victoria.

•   Disney, W 1952, ‘Goofy – Teachers are people’, viewed 20-25th march 2010,
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dMdTBep3W9c

•   The Advertiser 2010, ‘Survey reveals low teacher morale’, Candice Keller, viewed 22/3/11,
    <http://www.adelaidenow.com.au/news/national/survey-reveals-low-teacher-morale/story-
    e6frea8c-1225870268764>.

•   Wild, M & Legge, D 2005, ‘Tom goes to kindergarten’, ABC books, Sydney, NSW.

				
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