Education document - Belonging, Being and Becoming. The Early
Years Learning Framework for Australia.
Children’s book – ‘Tom goes to kindergarten’ by Margaret Wild and
Newspaper article - Advertiser 24/5/2010 ‘Survey reveals low teacher
Video - 1952. ‘Goofy – Teachers are people’.
Field – The subject matter
covers child development The document follows a
The BBB document is
practices for children aged holistic approach which
classed as an information
birth to five years. ‘recognises the mind, body
report because texts are
Tenor – The BBB document and spirit’ (BBB p. 14). It
‘used to store information
focuses on educators, explains the importance of
about a class of things’
children, families and learning through play as ‘play
(Derewianka 2010, p.52).
communities. can expand children’s
The document has
Channel – This document is thinking and enhance their
available as a resource to all desire to know and to learn’
staff caring for young (BBB, p. 15). Social and
different components of child
children. It can be accessed cultural beliefs underpin the
development and covers
by hard copy or online. document. The document
various aspects of function,
serves a social purpose as it
behaviour and systems.
describes and explains ideas
The BBB document
Colour photos are randomly shows evidence of
placed through the document The document is factual
depicting multiculturalism, and precise. It is also
and how educators can
engagement and staff / child informal and objective. Dot points and bold headings
promote learning. The
relationships. The photos Technical vocabulary is simplify the readings. There is a
document is designed
support the text and do not evident in words such specific use of colour to
to make uniform
have labels or captions. as curriculum, diversity identify sections and highlight
The triangle diagram contains and pedagogies. There important information. The
educators to speak the
‘elements of the Early learning are many positive terms document is broken down into
same language and as
Framework’, which are such as promote, introductions, explanations,
a tool for educators
explained in more detail. encourage and engage. visions, reasoning, practices
which lead to a shared
understanding among and desired outcomes.
OUTCOME 1: Children have a strong sense of Identity
Children learn to interact in relation to others with care, empathy and respect.
This is evident, for example,
when children: Educators promote this learning,
• show interest in other children and being for example, when they:
part of a group • initiate one-to-one interactions with
• engage in and contribute to shared play children, particularly babies and toddlers,
experiences during daily routines
• express a wide range of emotions, thoughts • organise learning environments in ways
and views constructively that promote small group interactions and
• empathise with and express concern for play experiences
others • model care, empathy and respect for
• display awareness of and respect for children, staff and families
others’ • model explicit communication strategies
perspectives to support children to initiate interactions
• reflect on their actions and consider and join in play and social experiences in
consequences for others ways that sustain productive relationships
with other children
• acknowledge children’s complex
relationships and sensitively intervene
in ways that promote consideration
key – noun groups of alternative perspectives and social
Tom goes to kindergarten’ by Margaret Wild and David Legge
‘The whole family went to the
Tom is starting kindergarten and kindergarten. Tom pushed open
receives reassurance from parents the gate, leaped up the steps – and
there waiting for him was Mrs
Mrs Kindergarten showed Tom
Mrs Kindergarten is the teacher where to put his bag, and she
who supports Tom’s family, who found him two new friends.’
consists of mum, dad and baby, to
introduce Tom to the kindergarten
The story is written into a narrative Verb groups
from an outside perspective, telling
the reader of Tom’s transition to
Pictures are drawn and basic.
Mrs Kindergarten is The pictures support the text
portrayed as being warm, and tell the story. There is
welcoming, caring and repetition of colour, using
inviting. She is respectful of yellow as a primary hue. Text
the parents, yet supportive and pictures support each other
of Tom as she sends the in building images in reader’s
parents home. She helped mind. The text is aimed at 3.5
Tom develop a daily routine year olds, supported by easy to
and supported the open door follow words, sentences, and
policy to make transitions large pictures. The book is
smooth. straightforward, using
The text is a narrative as it tells a story. The
reader is drawn to the plot. In the beginning,
Tom’s parents do not have time for play. The
middle encounters a complication as Tom’s
parents experience the fun of kindy. The end
reveals the solution that play can be done at home
Key – noun group
‘Survey reveals low teacher morale’
AUSTRALIAN teachers overwhelmingly feel they are treated unprofessionally and lack valuable performance
evaluation and development opportunities.
A Grattan Institute publication released today, What Teachers Want: Better Teacher Management, also highlights
Australia's failure to meet teaching evaluation standards set by other countries.
Report author Dr Ben Jensen said teachers were crying out for substantial reform and believed both their effective
and under-performing counterparts should be recognised.
"Teachers want what is best for students and they know that effective teaching is the most effective method to
improve student outcomes," Dr Jensen said.
The data came from a world-first Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Teaching and Learning
International Survey of 90,000 teachers across 23 countries.
It shows in Australia:
MORE than 90 per cent of teachers report that the most effective teachers do not receive the greatest recognition.
ONLY eight per cent of teachers believe they would receive any recognition if they improved the quality of their
THE majority (63 per cent) feel teacher evaluation is done only because supervisors are obliged to do it.
ABOUT 93 per cent report their school principal does not take steps to address persistently underperfoming teachers.
Australia has the fourth-lowest percentage of teachers who believe they would achieve recognition for improving
their quality of teaching or innovation.
Only Belgium and Ireland are consistently below Australia's standard.
Dr Jensen said most alarming was that teachers were not surprised by this data.
The Australian Education Union said the training and development of teachers was grossly overlooked in Australia,
with insufficient government funding to support professional up- skilling.
AEU SA branch president Correna Haythorpe said teachers were often expected to fund their own training programs
despite heightened performance standards.
Dr Jensen said any workplace that did not recognise quality and innovation would lose its most effective people.
The articles tenor is a lack of support from the Argument
Australian Government to meet teaching evaluation The article is written to draw attention to, and
standards and to provide training for teachers. understand teachers needs. It backs up assertions
‘Australian teachers overwhelmingly feel they are with statistics and facts. Positions are formulated,
treated unprofessionally and lack valuable performance ‘Report author Dr Ben Jensen said teachers were
evaluation and development opportunities’ (The crying out for substantial reform and believed both
Advertiser 2010). Language is being used in the article their effective and under-performing counterparts
to challenge power. should be recognised’ (The Advertiser, 2010). The
article is structured and written in past tense.
There is a specific use of professional terminology
There are many professional sources including Dr Ben with words such as substantial, reforms and
Jensen and Correna Haythorpe. Organisations and counterparts.
publications support the article, as well as an
‘International Survey of 90,000 teachers’ (The Persuasive text
Advertiser 2010). These influential sources support the The article includes analysis, interpretation, and
views of the majority of teachers. evaluation of the world around us.
The article is also a report as it contains factual
Written as newspaper article to reach a larger audience to information.
make it a public concern.
Goofy - Teachers Are People
‘A short film from 1952 about being a teacher’
Goofy is portraying the teacher. A
class of students are involved, but the
video focuses on the behaviour of Verb groups are used to
one student, Goerge. A parent has a describe the teacher’s actions,
small role near the end. such as the teacher ‘equips
The narrator was the channel as he himself for the classroom’ and
told the story in an older deep voice, ‘approaches situations with
with a set tone. dignity’.
Goofy is a narrative because
The video is a simple old fashioned it is entertaining and
aminated cartoon produced by Walt attempts to be informative
Disney in 1952. There was The teacher is described as the
about teachers. One student ‘Unsung hero the teacher’. The
contradictions as the narrator described misbehaving causes
the scene, while the students enacted student’s ability lies on ‘the
complications throughout teacher’s capable shoulders’. The
their own message. An example is the movie which need to be
‘students eagerly return to the video closes on teaching being a
solved by the teacher. ‘great profession’.
classroom’, but the children return
looking miserable as the teacher pushes
the last child in.
To follow a video, the reader needs audio and visual
skills. In this video, the narrator tells the story while the
characters act it out. There is a play-on-words, as the
narrator says ‘wetting appetite for knowledge’ as the
image shows a children running in a puddle on the way
to school. Humour attracts the audiences attention.
There is a logical sequence to the video as the school
day is enacted. Children leave home, follow the daily
routine and the teacher finishes up in the classroom.
The teacher (Goofy), is portrayed
The auditory states; ‘education is playing an important through images as relaxed, old
role in the teaching of children’ and ‘children hold the fashioned, cool and knowledgeable
future in their hands.’ This exemplifies education as an of students behaviour and attitudes.
important aspect of a child’s life and of our future.
Belonging, Being and Becoming
This Educational document describes an idealistic approach to teaching and what teachers need to strive to
accomplish to be effective teachers.
Video – Goofy. Teachers are people.
The video is a humorous take on teaching, based on ideas from 1952. Teachers were described as ‘honest, fair,
understanding and intelligent’, which are all positive characteristics.
Newspaper article – Survey reveals low teacher morale
Teachers are displaying low morale as they feel unrecognised and overwhelmed due to lack of support from
government departments. Teachers are unable to reach their full potential as educators for today’s youth.
Book – ‘Tom goes to kindergarten’
The teacher is portrayed at caring and supportive, with both the child and family. The teacher is setting up an
interactive and productive environment.
BBB document uses positive words such as ‘promote’, ‘encourage’, ‘adopt’, ‘’reflect’ and
‘model’. This compares to the newspaper article where the tone is very negative, reflected in
words such as ‘ crying out’, ‘alarming’, ‘overwhelmed’ and ‘underperforming’.
The video used old-fashioned and dominating discipline methods such as time out and
exclusion. There are limited student/ teacher relationships. Whereas the book shows the
teacher reading stories at the child’s level and engaging in positive interactions. The BBB
document describes optimal teaching methods.
PARENT TEACHER RELATIONSHIPS
The video saw a negative and violent stand by parents, as the teacher was cornered and
questioned over the child’s use of grammar. In the book, the teacher was supportive of the
parents needs as well as the childs needs. The teacher was sensitive to the parents feelings and
accomodated for this. The BBB document encourages children to build connections with their
local communities and culture, supported by the curriculum.
The video represents the teacher as a powerful figure, standing below the ‘school’ sign
waring a suit and taking ownership of the school. The article represents the teachers as
underperforming, not recognised and over worked. The low morale is squashing their
innovation and development. Teachers need praise and recognition to motivate them to
keep up with world standards.
The video takes the ‘children should be seen and not heard’ approach. Children are
separate from the teacher and not recognised unless misbehaving. This does not support a
positive environment. The book took a positive approach as Mrs Kindergarten personally
welcomed students and actively engaged with students and adults. The BBB document
promotes learning together using scaffolding and leads from the child.
• Belonging, Being & Becoming 2009, The Early Years Framework for Australia,
Commonwealth of Australia, Barton, ACT.
• Derewianka, B 1998, A Grammar Companion for primary teachers, Primary English Teaching
Association, Newtown, NSW.
• Derewianka, B 2010, ‘Exploring how texts work’, Primary English Teaching Association,
• Disney, W 1952, ‘Goofy – Teachers are people’, viewed 20-25th march 2010,
• The Advertiser 2010, ‘Survey reveals low teacher morale’, Candice Keller, viewed 22/3/11,
• Wild, M & Legge, D 2005, ‘Tom goes to kindergarten’, ABC books, Sydney, NSW.