Modern Hawaiian Migration Brain Drain or Brain Gain by open1tup

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									                                         Modern Hawaiian Migration:
                                          Brain Drain or Brain Gain?

PASE REPORT




Policy Analysis &
     System




                    Modern Hawaiian Migration:
   Evaluation


 Kamehameha
   Schools




  Presented by
                     Brain Drain or Brain Gain?
Nolan J. Malone




                                 Nolan J. Malone
     Research
 Conference on
  the Education
 and Well-Being
   of Hawaiians
                     Research Conference on the Education and
Turtle Bay Resort
     Hawai`i                  Well-Being of Hawaiians
                                19 September 2003
  19 Sept 2003
                                          Modern Hawaiian Migration:
                                           Brain Drain or Brain Gain?

PASE REPORT         Background
                    • Between 1995 and 2000...
Policy Analysis &
     System
   Evaluation




                      – 125,000 people moved to Hawai‘i
 Kamehameha
   Schools




  Presented by
                      – 201,000 people moved from Hawai‘i
                        • Net loss of 76,000 residents
Nolan J. Malone




     Research
                    • Recurring theme in media,
                      political campaigns and industry
 Conference on
  the Education
 and Well-Being
   of Hawaiians


Turtle Bay Resort
     Hawai`i        • Little attention to migration of
                      Native Hawaiians
  19 Sept 2003
                                       Modern Hawaiian Migration:
                                        Brain Drain or Brain Gain?

PASE REPORT         Definition: Brain Drain
                    • The systematic loss of highly
Policy Analysis &
     System
   Evaluation


 Kamehameha
   Schools            skilled and/or highly educated
  Presented by
                      individuals from one area to
Nolan J. Malone
                      another
     Research
                    • Commonly cited causes:
                      – Lack of economic opportunities
 Conference on
  the Education
 and Well-Being
   of Hawaiians


Turtle Bay Resort
     Hawai`i
                      – Social ties in destination
                      – Personal development
  19 Sept 2003
                                      Modern Hawaiian Migration:
                                       Brain Drain or Brain Gain?

PASE REPORT         Research Questions
                    • Does a Brain Drain exist among
Policy Analysis &
     System
   Evaluation


 Kamehameha
   Schools            Hawaiians?
  Presented by
                    • Is there any form of Brain Gain
                      among Hawaiians?
Nolan J. Malone




     Research
 Conference on
                    • Does migrant status influence
  the Education
 and Well-Being
   of Hawaiians
                      socio-economic outcomes?
Turtle Bay Resort
     Hawai`i




  19 Sept 2003
                                            Modern Hawaiian Migration:
                                             Brain Drain or Brain Gain?

PASE REPORT         Hawaiian Context
Policy Analysis &
     System
   Evaluation
                    • Kuleana ‘ohana:
 Kamehameha
   Schools
                      – Reciprocal familial bonds
                    • Aloha ‘āina:
  Presented by
Nolan J. Malone
                      – Love for the land
                    • Kuleana kupuna:
     Research
                      – Responsibility to elders and ancestors
 Conference on
  the Education
 and Well-Being
   of Hawaiians


Turtle Bay Resort
     Hawai`i
                           Ho‘i hou i ka iwi kuamo‘o
                           (Return to the backbone)
  19 Sept 2003
                                      Modern Hawaiian Migration:
                                       Brain Drain or Brain Gain?

PASE REPORT         Hypotheses
                    If a Brain Drain really exists, then
Policy Analysis &
     System
   Evaluation


 Kamehameha
   Schools          Hawaiians who leave the state will
  Presented by
                    have...
                         ...higher wages
Nolan J. Malone




     Research
 Conference on
                         ...higher SES levels
                         ...higher educational attainment
  the Education
 and Well-Being
   of Hawaiians


Turtle Bay Resort
     Hawai`i




  19 Sept 2003
                                     Modern Hawaiian Migration:
                                      Brain Drain or Brain Gain?

PASE REPORT         Data and Methods
                    • Census 2000 Public Use Microdata
Policy Analysis &
     System
   Evaluation


 Kamehameha
   Schools            Sample (PUMS) 1-percent file
  Presented by
                    • Limited to:
Nolan J. Malone


                       – Hawaiian race/ancestry
     Research
 Conference on
                       – Adults, 25 years & older
  the Education



                       – Born in Hawai‘i
 and Well-Being
   of Hawaiians


Turtle Bay Resort
     Hawai`i




  19 Sept 2003
                                        Modern Hawaiian Migration:
                                         Brain Drain or Brain Gain?

PASE REPORT         Migrant Categories
                    • Islander
Policy Analysis &
     System
   Evaluation




                      – Hawai‘i at birth, 1995, 2000
 Kamehameha
   Schools




  Presented by
                    • Departee
Nolan J. Malone


                      – Hawai‘i at birth, continent by 2000
     Research
 Conference on
                    • Returnee
  the Education
 and Well-Being
   of Hawaiians       – Continent once, Hawai‘i by 2000
Turtle Bay Resort
     Hawai`i




  19 Sept 2003
                                              Modern Hawaiian Migration:
                                               Brain Drain or Brain Gain?


                    Selected Characteristics by Migrant Status
PASE REPORT




Policy Analysis &
     System
   Evaluation
                    Characteristic        Islander   Departee   Returnee

                                           41.3       46.2       51.5
 Kamehameha
   Schools
                    Mean Age

  Presented by      Married to Hawaiian   33.1%       13.3%      41.3%
Nolan J. Malone



                    Pure Hawaiian         39.4%       45.2%      40.5%
     Research
 Conference on
  the Education
 and Well-Being
                    Enrolled in school     7.7%       6.0%       4.5%
   of Hawaiians


Turtle Bay Resort
     Hawai`i
                    Veteran                9.6%       22.3%      18.1%
                    Employed civilian     66.8%       71.5%      64.1%
  19 Sept 2003
                                            Modern Hawaiian Migration:
                                             Brain Drain or Brain Gain?


                    Selected Outcomes by Migrant Status
PASE REPORT




Policy Analysis &
     System
   Evaluation
                    Characteristic      Islander   Departee   Returnee

                                        20,375     25,650     25,329
 Kamehameha
   Schools
                    Mean Wage Income

  Presented by      Mean Total Income   26,151     31,249     32,635
Nolan J. Malone



                    College Education   11.0%       19.3%      16.4%
     Research
 Conference on
  the Education
 and Well-Being
                    Self-Employed        5.9%       8.9%       4.7%
   of Hawaiians


Turtle Bay Resort
     Hawai`i
                    Home Ownership      27.5%       60.3%      71.4%

  19 Sept 2003
                                                        Modern Hawaiian Migration:
                                                         Brain Drain or Brain Gain?

PASE REPORT
                    Regression Results: Wage & Salary Income
                    Parameter           Model 1   Model 2   Model 3   Model 4   Model 5   Model 6
Policy Analysis &
     System
   Evaluation       Migrant status
 Kamehameha
   Schools
                      Departee           ++        + none none none none
  Presented by
                      Returnee           ++        +   +   + none none
Nolan J. Malone

                    Demg. Chars.                  +++ +++ +++ +++ +++
                    Ethnicity                               none      none      none      none
     Research
 Conference on


                                                                       ++        ++        ++
  the Education
 and Well-Being
   of Hawaiians
                    Education
Turtle Bay Resort
     Hawai`i        Individual Chars.                                            +         ++
  19 Sept 2003
                    Employment                                                             ++
                                                        Modern Hawaiian Migration:
                                                         Brain Drain or Brain Gain?

PASE REPORT
                    Regression Results: Home Ownership
                    Parameter           Model 1   Model 2   Model 3   Model 4   Model 5   Model 6
Policy Analysis &
     System
   Evaluation       Migrant status
 Kamehameha
   Schools
                      Departee          +++ +++ +++ +++ +++
  Presented by
                      Returnee          +++ +++ +++ +++ +++
Nolan J. Malone

                    Demg. Chars.            +++ +++ +++ +++
                    Ethnicity                               none      none      none
     Research
 Conference on


                                                                        +         +
  the Education
 and Well-Being
   of Hawaiians
                    Education
Turtle Bay Resort
     Hawai`i        Individual Chars.                                             +
                    Employment
  19 Sept 2003
                                                         Modern Hawaiian Migration:
                                                          Brain Drain or Brain Gain?

PASE REPORT
                    Regression Results: College Education
                    Parameter           Model 1   Model 2   Model 3   Model 4   Model 5   Model 6
Policy Analysis &
     System
   Evaluation       Migrant status
 Kamehameha
   Schools
                      Departee           ++         +         +                   +         +
  Presented by
                      Returnee          none      none      none                none      none
Nolan J. Malone

                    Demg. Chars.                    +         +                   +         +
     Research
 Conference on
                    Ethnicity                                 +                   +         +
  the Education
 and Well-Being
   of Hawaiians
                    Education                                                    n/a       n/a

Turtle Bay Resort
     Hawai`i        Individual Chars.                                           none      none


  19 Sept 2003
                    Employment                                                             ++
                                       Modern Hawaiian Migration:
                                        Brain Drain or Brain Gain?

PASE REPORT         Conclusions
                    • Does a Brain Drain exist?
Policy Analysis &
     System
   Evaluation




                      – Yes, in educational attainment
 Kamehameha
   Schools




  Presented by
                    • Is there a Brain Gain?
Nolan J. Malone


                      – Yes, in home ownership
     Research
 Conference on
                    • Does migrant status influence
                      socio-economic outcomes?
  the Education
 and Well-Being
   of Hawaiians




                      – Yes (above) and no (wages)
Turtle Bay Resort
     Hawai`i




  19 Sept 2003
                                      Modern Hawaiian Migration:
                                       Brain Drain or Brain Gain?

PASE REPORT         Next Steps
                    • Examine motivations for migration
Policy Analysis &
     System
   Evaluation




                    • Seek out longitudinal data sources
 Kamehameha
   Schools




  Presented by
Nolan J. Malone
                    • Implement adjustments to data
                      for cost-of-living differences
     Research
 Conference on
                    • Encorporate macro-level
                      indicators
  the Education
 and Well-Being
   of Hawaiians




                    • Consult narratives
Turtle Bay Resort
     Hawai`i




  19 Sept 2003
                      Modern Hawaiian Migration:
                       Brain Drain or Brain Gain?

PASE REPORT




Policy Analysis &
     System
   Evaluation


 Kamehameha
   Schools




  Presented by
Nolan J. Malone




     Research
 Conference on
  the Education
 and Well-Being
   of Hawaiians


Turtle Bay Resort
     Hawai`i
                    Mahalo iā ‘oukou.
  19 Sept 2003

								
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