PPEARLYHISTORY.docx

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                                       EARLY HISTORY

                                       PowerPoint Outline

                                         Tyson, HY101



 BC/AD or BCE/CE?, Before Christ, Anno Domini, “In the Year of Our Lord,” Before the C…Era



 CIVILIZATION, Developed, Complex Society



   “THE WEST,” Greco-Roman Civilization, Christianity

 THE WESTERN CANON, The Great Books



 PREHISTORY, The Stone Age (400,000 to 4,000 BC), Paleolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic Revolution

 BRONZE AGE, Regional Development, Copper-Tin Alloy



 HISTORY, History Begins in Sumer



 MESOPOTAMIA, “Land Between the Rivers,” Syria, Turkey, Iraq

 SUMER, Earliest Known Civilization, Southern Iraq, 12+ City-States, Kingship



 WHO IS A SEMITE, Middle Eastern Language Group



 AKKAD EXPANDS, Central Iraq, Conquers Sumer



 ANCIENT MYSTERIES, Tarim Mummies, Bog People



 HAMMURABI, Old Babylonia
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 THE MEDITERRANEAN, Minoan, Post-Minoan Powers, Atlantis



 ANCIENT EGYPT, “Gift of the Nile,” Old Kingdom, Amun, Ra, Horus, Pharaoh, Imhotep, Herodotus

 INTERMEDIATE PERIOD, Hyksos, Manetho

 PHARAOH REDEFINED, Informal Name, Unlimited Earthly Power, Mediator, Identified with Osiris

 MA’AT, MAYET, “Order,” Daughter of Ra, Established at Creation, Reaffirmed at New Reign

 HATSHEPSUT, “Most Important of Noble Ladies,” Female Egyptian King

 AKHENATON, “Beneficial to Aton,” “History’s First Individual,” Religious & Cultural Change

 NEFERTITI, “A Beautiful Woman Has Come,” Living Fertility Goddess

 ATONISM, “Amarna Heresy,” Divine Trinity,

 TUTANKHAMUN, “Living Image of Aton”

 BOOK OF THE DEAD

 RAMSES II, 2nd Longest Reign in Egyptian History



 [STONEHENGE], Aligns with Summer Solstice



 IRON AGE BEGINS, Final Technological and Cultural Stage

 HITTITE KINGDOM, Turkey



 HIBIRU

 ANCIENT JUDAISM, Monotheism, New Way of Thinking

 JEWISH GOD, Infinite, Eternal, Above Nature, Goal Oriented

   [BETA ISRAEL], Felasha, Kebra Negast, “Book of the Glory of Kings”



 THE MERCHANTS, Phoenicians, Canaan, Lebanon, El

 MOLECH, “King [that brings] Shame”
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 NEO-ASSYRIAN EMPIRE, Most Powerful Nation on Earth, 1st REAL Empire (?)

 KING GILGAMESH EPIC, Sumerian Legend

 KINGDOM OF JUDAH, “The Southern Kingdom,” Neo-Assyrian Vassal State



 NEO-BABYLONIAN EMPIRE, Chaldean Rule

 BEL’MARDUK TEMPLE, “Gate of God,” Legendary Tower of Babel?

 NEBUCHADNEZZAR II, “Oh Nabu, Watch Over My Heir”

 HANGING GARDENS, Vaulted Terraces, Theories

 KINGDOM OF JUDAH FALLS, Jerusalem Destroyed, Destruction of Solomon’s Temple



 1st PERSIAN EMPIRE, Defeats Neo-Babylonian Empire, Largest Empire in History!

 CYRUS THE GREAT, Founder of Persian Empire, “God’s Anointed/ Father of the Persians”

 EDICT OF RESTORATION, End of Babylonian Captivity

 ZOROASTRIANISM, Religion and Philosophy, One God, Spiritual Conflict, Goal Oriented

				
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