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Information on Communities and the Economy in Osceola County

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					                            Information on Communities and the
                                 Economy in Osceola County


                                          Per Capital Personal Income

                                          In 2000, Osceola had a per capita personal
                                          income (PCPI) of $18,630. This PCPI ranked
                                          69th in the State, and was 64 percent of the
                                          State average, $29,127, and 63 percent of the
                                          national average, $29,469. The 2000 PCPI
                                          reflected an increase of 2.6 percent from 1999.
                                          The 1999-2000 State change was 4.6 percent
                                          and the national change was 5.8 percent.




                                Employment Change by Sector

Employment change from 1993 to 2003 is detailed for 10 major industrial sectors and a residual,
"all other" sector. Next, the county's total private employment change is analyzed using a method
called "shift-share" analysis. Shift-share analysis evaluates a county's recent growth performance
by comparing its actual employment change to expected change considering unique industrial
characteristics within the county. Between 1993 and 2003, Osceola County experienced a net
gain of 338 private sector jobs which translates into a 6.2 percent rate of growth. Michigan
averaged a statewide 10.2 percent rate of growth. The national rate of growth in private sector
employment was 17.4 percent.
Data Sources: Office of Social and Economic Trend Analysis, Iowa State University. Based on US Census Bureau Statistics.

MSU is an affirmative-action, equal opportunity institution; Michigan State University Extension programs and materials are
open to all without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation,
marital status, or family status. Issued in furtherance of MSU Extension work, acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in
cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Thomas G. Coon, Extension Director, Michigan State University, East
Lansing, MI 48824.
        Population Trends and Projections through 2020
                      for Osceola County

                                                            Percentage and Numeric
                        Population Trends
                                                            Based Trend Projections
               1970       1980      1990       2000      2005      2010       2015      2020
Osceola
              14,838     18,928    20,146     23,197    24,950    26,896     29,081    31,563
County
Cities
Evart            1707      1945      1744       1738      1722      1707       1692      1677
Reed City        2286      2221      2379       2430      2465      2500       2536      2572
Villages
Hersey            276       364         409       374       376        378       380       383
LeRoy              248       293        257       267       268        268       269       270
Marion             891       816        801       836       841        845       850       855
Tustin             230       264        230       237       236        236       235       235
Townships
Burdell           507       803        917      1004      1079      1160       1247      1341
Cedar             103       235        298       406       488        591       724        899
Evart             582      1029      1229       1513      1709      1929       2180      2468
Hartwick          406       420        504       629       690        755       825        899
Hersey            539       865      1046       1472      1722      2011       2347      2742
Highland           712      1063      1018      1207       1291      1380       1474     1574
LeRoy             396       565        706       892      1007      1134       1276      1434
Lincoln           910      1173      1228       1629      1808      2001       2211      2440
Marion            536       675        644       744       782        821       862        904
Middle
                  574       642        695       858       929      1004       1083      1168
Branch
Orient            552       635        686       803       857        914       973      1034
Osceola            623       920        889     1118       1218      1324       1439     1562
Richmond         1318       1649      1722      1695       1718      1742       1767      1793
Rose Lake         380       847        937      1231      1427      1660       1940      2284
Sherman           608       847        949      1081      1163      1250       1342      1441
Sylvan            487       657        858      1033      1153      1284       1428       1588

 Source: West Michigan Regional Planning Commission; 2000 U.S. Census of Population

 Projections are based entirely on trends and may not be the best indicator of a community's future
 population. Ideally, projections should incorporate planning and the established goals of a
 community.
Osceola County, Michigan

               General Characteristics                                     Number     Percent      U.S.
                Total population                                            23,197      100.0     100%
                  Male                                                      11,461       49.4    49.1%
                  Female                                                    11,736       50.6    50.9%
                Median age (years)                                            37.6        (X)      35.3
                Under 5 years                                                1,428        6.2     6.8%
                18 years and over                                           16,901       72.9    74.3%
                65 years and over                                            3,284       14.2    12.4%
                One race                                                    22,917       98.8    97.6%
                 White                                                      22,620       97.5    75.1%
                 Black or African American                                      81        0.3    12.3%
                 American Indian and Alaska Native                             116        0.5     0.9%
                 Asian                                                          50        0.2     3.6%
                 Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander                      4        0.0     0.1%
                 Some other race                                                46        0.2     5.5%
                 Two or more races                                             280        1.2     2.4%
                Hispanic or Latino (of any race)                               230        1.0    12.5%
                Average household size                                        2.58        (X)      2.59
                Average family size                                           3.01        (X)      3.14
                Total housing units                                         12,853      100.0   100.0%
                 Occupied housing units                                      8,861       68.9    91.0%
                   Owner-occupied housing units                              7,217       81.4    66.2%
                   Renter-occupied housing units                             1,644       18.6    33.8%
                 Vacant housing units                                        3,992       31.1     9.0%

               Social Characteristics                                      Number     Percent      U.S.
                Population 25 years and over                                15,033      100.0
                  High school graduate or higher                            12,104       80.5    80.4%
                  Bachelor's degree or higher                                1,698       11.3    24.4%
                Civilian veterans (civilian population 18 years and
                                                                             2,671       15.8    12.7%
                over)
                Disability status (population 21 to 64 years)                2,728       21.5    19.2%
                Foreign born                                                   275        1.2    11.1%
                Now married (population 15 years and over)                  10,926       60.4    54.4%
                Speak a language other than English at home (5
                                                                               762        3.5    17.9%
                years and over)

               Economic Characteristics                                    Number     Percent      U.S.
                In labor force (population 16 years and over)               10,719       60.5    63.9%
                Mean travel time to work in minutes (population 16
                                                                              23.2        (X)      25.5
                years and over)
                Median household income (dollars)                           34,102        (X)    41,994
                Median family income (dollars)                              39,205        (X)    50,046
                Per capita income (dollars)                                 15,632        (X)    21,587
                  Families below poverty level                                 610        9.5     9.2%
                  Individuals below poverty level                            2,908       12.7    12.4%

                Housing Characteristics                                   Number      Percent      U.S.
                  Single-family owner-occupied homes                         3,574      100.0
                    Median value (dollars)                                  70,000        (X)   119,600
                  Median of selected monthly owner costs                        (X)       (X)
                    With a mortgage                                            676        (X)     1,088
                    Not mortgaged                                              229        (X)       295
(X) Not applicable.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Summary File 1 (SF 1) and Summary File 3 (SF 3)
                                        Information on Agriculture
                                            in Osceola County

                                          These data provide information on the distribution of farms
                                          by farm size (in acres). In 2002, the smallest farms (less
                                          than 50 acres) accounted for 2.5 percent of Osceola County
                                          farms, compared to 5.2 percent statewide. In contrast, 8.3
                                          percent of farms in the county had more than 500 acres.
                                          Statewide, the percentage of farms in this category was 9
                                          percent.




  Osceola County Farms             Osceola County                            Michigan

                                 1992       1997       2002       1992         1997         2002
Number of Farms                  458         578        591       46,562      53,519       53,315
Land in farms (acres)           108,546    115,888    115,922   10,088,170   10,443,935   10,142,958
Average size of farm (acres)     237         200        196        217          195          190
Proportion in farms (percent)    30.0        32.0       32         27.7         28.7         27.9
                                                                                      Non-Farm                 Farm




                 Farm Employment

 Farm employment in the United States
 represents a declining share of total
 employment. In 1980, the national
 percentage of jobs in farming was 3.3
 percent. By the year 2000, the percentage of
 farm jobs had declined to 1.9 percent.

 Osceola County's changing dependence on
 farm employment is illustrated below.
 County values are displayed over time and
 are compared to state and national
 averages.




                                                                                                Osceola
                       Osceola County Ag Facts                                                                         Michigan
                                                                                                County
Market value of agricultural products sold in 2002 ($1,000)                                      $19,185               $3,772,435
Average age of principal farm operator                                                              55.7                    54.2
Principal operator with Primary Occupation Farming                                             326 (55%)             29,071 (55%)
Dairy Farms                                                                                    68 (11.5%)             3,013 (5.7%)
Beef Cow/Calf Farms                                                                           204 (34.5%)            8,144 (15.3%)
Dairy Products Sold ($1,000)                                                                     $11,004                $697,920
Cattle and Calves Sold ($1,000)                                                                   $2,973                $298,517
Horses & Ponies – Residents or Establishments With                                                  198                   14,988
Horses & Ponies # of Head                                                                          1,151                 104,949
*2002 U.S. Census of Agriculture


Data Sources: Office of Social and Economic Trend Analysis, Iowa Sate University Based on US Census Bureau Statistics, and
the National Ag Statistics Services, USDA


MSU is an affirmative-action, equal opportunity institution; Michigan State University Extension programs and materials are
open to all without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation,
marital status, or family status. Issued in furtherance of MSU Extension work, acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in
cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Thomas G. Coon, Extension Director, Michigan State University, East
Lansing, MI 48824.
                                              Information on Health in
                                                   Osceola County
            Deaths and Crude Death Rates for the Ten Leading Causes of Death,
                      Osceola County and Michigan Residents, 2003
                           and United States Residents, 2002
         Rank                              Number of Deaths            Rate of Deaths
                   Cause of Death
          MI                            Osceola    MI      U.S.      Osceola   MI     U.S.

            1    Heart Disease            58      25,845   695,754     246.7 256.4 241.3

            2    Cancer                   57      19,574   558,847    242.5 194.2 193.8

            3    Stroke                   11       5,412   163,010      46.8   53.7   56.5

                 Chronic Lower
            4                             16       4,427   125,500      68.1   43.9   43.5
                 Respiratory Diseases
                 Unintentional
            5                             11       3,278   102,303      46.8   32.5   35.5
                 Injuries

            6    Diabetes Mellitus         4       2,620    73,119         *   26.0   25.4

            7    Alzheimer's Disease       7       2,114    58,785      29.8   21.0   20.4

            8    Pneumonia/Influenza      4        1,932    65,984        *    19.2   22.9

            9    Kidney Disease            3       1,655    41,018        *    16.4   14.2

                 Intentional Self-
           10                             2        1,018    30,646        *    10.1   10.6
                 harm (Suicide)

         Sub Total                       173      67,875 1,899,358     735.9 673.4 665.7

         All Other Causes                 36      18,431   517,067     153.1 182.8 181.2

         Total                           209      86,306 2,447,862     889.0 856.2 848.9


Rates are per 100,000 population.

Bolded rates indicate that the county rate is significantly higher than the state or
national rates.

Asterisk (*) indicates that data do not meet standards of reliability or precision. Care should be
taken in drawing inferences from rates based on small numbers of events or small population base.
These rates tend to exhibit considerable variation which may negate their usefulness for
comparative purposes.
                                              Selected Birth Characteristics
                                       Osceola County and Michigan Residents, 2003


                                      Maternal Characteristics                      Osceola        Michigan

                          % Under 20 years                                          14.4            9.5
                          % First births                                            32.7           39.0
                          % Fourth and higher order births                          14.1           11.4
                          % Less than 12 years of education                         20.8           16.9
                          % Cesarean delivery rate                                  25.3           26.3
                          % Weight gained while pregnant less that 16
                                                                                    21.5           11.8
                          pounds
                          % Smoked while pregnant                                   28.8           14.4
                          % Unmarried                                               37.5           34.6
                          % Received prenatal care during first trimester           80.4           84.1




                                       Infant Characteristics                      Osceola         Michigan

                          % Low birthweight                                          7.4             8.2
                          % Very low birthweight                                     1.9             1.7
                          % Preterm                                                 11.2           11.2
                          % Singelton births                                        96.2           96.3
                          Male/female ratio                                       116.7           105.3



Notes:

Low weight births are less than 2,500 grams.
Very low weight births are less than 1,500 grams.
Preterm births are infants born prior to 37 completed weeks of gestation.
Singleton birth is a single birth delivery.
Infant Characteristics are the percent of newborns who gave birth.
Male/female ratio is the number of male resident live births divided by the female resident live births × 100.

Source: Michigan 2003 Resident Birth files,
Vital Records & Health Data Development Section, Michigan Department of Community Health .
Last updated: 11/2/2004




MSU is an affirmative-action, equal opportunity institution; Michigan State University Extension programs and materials are
open to all without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation,
marital status, or family status. Issued in furtherance of MSU Extension work, acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in
cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Thomas G. Coon, Extension Director, Michigan State University, East
Lansing, MI 48824.
                                                    Information on Families &
                                                  Individuals in Osceola County
                                        Types of Households in Osceola County

                                                                                  Married Couple
                                                                                  without Children

                              28%                                                 Married Couple with
                                                                                  Children
                                                                34%

                                                                                  Single Persons
                                                                                  Living Alone

                                                                                  Single Parent
                            10%
                                                                                  Families With
                                                                                  Children
                                   5%
                                                    23%                           Other



*In this table, children are people under age 18.
Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN)




                                              Poverty Rates of All Persons

                      20.00%            18.55%
                      18.00%
                      16.00%
                      14.00%                   13.12%               12.73%
                      12.00%                                                10.53%
                                                                                                Osceola
                      10.00%
                                                                                                Michigan
                       8.00%
                       6.00%
                       4.00%
                       2.00%
                       0.00%
                                             1990                        2000

* The total population is the population for which poverty status is determined. Therefore, the total in this table should not be
expected to match the total population in the population growth topic.
Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN)
                                   The Median Age of Osceola County Residents
                                               Continues to Go Up

                             40
                             35
                             30
                             25
                                                                                                       Osceola
                       Age 20                                                                          Michigan
                             15                                                                        U.S.
                             10
                               5
                               0
                                         1980               1990                2000

*In this table, children are people under age 18.
Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN)




Education in Osceola County

College graduates comprised 17.4
percent of the population in Osceola
County in 2000. This compares to
28.7 percent for the state. The
number of residents in Osceola
County with at least a high school
education rose from 9001 (72.1%)
to 12104 (80.5%) between 1990
and 2000.




                                                                                                               Source: Census 2000




MSU is an affirmative-action, equal opportunity institution; Michigan State University Extension programs and materials are
open to all without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation,
marital status, or family status. Issued in furtherance of MSU Extension work, acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in
cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Thomas G. Coon, Extension Director, Michigan State University, East
Lansing, MI 48824.
                                                         Information on Youth
                                                           in Osceola County
                          Size of Youth Population in Osceola County
                                                     US Census Data
                                                                              Osceola County      Michigan

                                                                             Number        %

              Persons under 5 years old (year 2000)                            1,428       6.2      6.8%

              Persons under 18 years old (year 2000)                           6,296      27.1      26.1%




                                Osceola County Schools Enrollment
                                Office of Social & Economic Trend Analysis, Iowa State
                                   University, based on US Census Bureau Statistics
                                                                                   1990           2000

              Enrolled in School                                                                       5867

                Nursery or Preschool                                                      539            282

                Elementary, High School                                                 4195           4933

                College                                                                   666            652

              Not in School                                                            13863          16418




                                                                            Osceola County Youth
                                                                         Receiving Free and Reduced
                                                                               Priced Lunches

                                                        Students from families with incomes below 185 percent of
                                                        the poverty level are eligible for free or reduced prices in
                                                        the Federal School Lunch Program. Students from families
                                                        reporting income between 130 and 185 percent of the
                                                        federal poverty line are eligible for reduced priced meals,
                                                        while children from families with incomes below 130
                                                        percent of poverty are eligible for a fully subsidized or
                                                        (free) meal.
                                                        Source Michigan Department of Education, Food & Nutrition Services,
                                                        Office of Nutrition.



Date Sources: Office of Social and Economic Trend Analysis, Iowa State University Based on US Census Bureau Statistics,
and US Census Bureau Statistics, 2005 KIDS COUNT Date Book, the Annie E. Casey Foundation, CLIKS Web-site.
               Osceola County Youth
              In Investigated Families

These numbers reflect a count of children in
families where an investigation of alleged child
abuse or neglect occurred.
Source Michigan Family Independence Agency, Health and
Welfare Data Center, Children’s Protective Service




                                                                                               Osceola County
                                                                                                Teen Deaths

                                                                         The total number of teen deaths (ages 15-19)
                                                                         caused by accidental injury, homicide, or suicide
                                                                         in included, not those that result from disease.
                                                                         Source Michigan Department of Community Health, Division
                                                                         for Vital Records and Health Statistics.




                    Osceola County
            Births to Teens, Under Age 20

  The total number live births to teens under the
  age of 20.
  Source Michigan Department of Community Health, Division
  for Vital Records and Health Data Development Section.




  MSU is an affirmative-action, equal opportunity institution; Michigan State University Extension programs and materials are
  open to all without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation,
  marital status, or family status. Issued in furtherance of MSU Extension work, acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in
  cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Thomas G. Coon, Extension Director, Michigan State University, East
  Lansing, MI 48824.

				
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