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					Climate and Biomes
Concepts

 Weather

 Climate

 Effect of climate on Biomes

 Characteristics of Biomes
Weather
Weather variables
Air Masses and
 Fronts
 Weather Maps
Storms and
Weather Extremes
Factors that affect Climate
Temperature and precipitation
Latitude and altitude
Global winds
 Seasonal changes
Large bodies of water
 Ocean currents
 Local Topography
Seasons
Global Air Circulation
Rain Shadow Effect
(Orographic Effect)
Microclimates
Short-Term Climate Changes:
El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO)
Global Warming
Greenhouse gases
Climate’s effect on life on land

 Biome distribution
 Relationship between latitude and altitude
 Desert Biomes
 Low Rainfall Biomes
 High Rainfall Biomes
 Mountain Biomes
Latitude and Altitude
Desert Biomes

Tropical deserts

Temperate deserts

Cold deserts
Low Rainfall Biomes

 Tropical grasslands and Savannas
 Temperate grasslands
 Polar grasslands (Arctic tundra)
       Permafrost
 Alpine tundra
 Chaparral
Desert




  Desert
Shiprock, New Mexico
Arctic Tundra
Savanna
        Chaparral




Chaparral
High Rainfall Biomes

 Tropical rainforest

 Temperate deciduous forest

 Evergreen coniferous forest (boreal forest)

 Temperate rain forest
Taiga:
Northern
Boreal Forest
Temperate
Deciduous
Forest
Tropical Rain Forest




 Tropical Rain
 Forest
Mountain Biomes


 Altitude mimics latitude

 Islands of biodiversity
Alpine Tundra
Aquatic Biomes


 Very stable temperatures

 Marine versus Freshwater
Tidal Pools
Coral Atoll
Fringe Reef and Lagoon
Barrier Reef
Coral Reef
Mangrove
Mangrove Islands
Salt Marsh
Delta System

				
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posted:3/22/2013
language:English
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