Windows 8 Quick Reference (2012) Computer Shopper 28pgs by ps94506


									  WINDOWS 8


  Ultimate guide to...

  With its brand-new interface and a new way of doing things,
  Windows 8 is something of a departure from previous
  versions. David Ludlow explains how to use its new features
  IF THERE’S ONE aspect of Windows that has remained consistent,             all-in-one PCs, touchscreen monitors and tablets. With its big Start
  it’s the interface. Even if you’d only ever used Windows 95, you could     screen and new apps, Windows 8 is ideal for touch control. Even
  probably sit in front of Windows 7 and use it without a single problem.    the Desktop been overhauled to make it more touch-friendly, with
      That all changes with Windows 8, as it’s the biggest shake-up to       hotspots to bring up settings, the Start screen and more.
  the operating system since Microsoft introduced the Start menu in              It’s also easy to use the new interface with a keyboard and mouse,
  Windows 95. In fact, Windows 8 doesn’t even have a Start menu, as          although it takes some getting used to. Fortunately, there are a lot
  it has been replaced by the brand-new Start screen.                        of shortcuts. We show you all the important shortcuts, and all the
      This means that the first time you sit in front of Windows 8, you       touchscreen gestures you’ll need to navigate through the new OS.
  may be a bit confused. We certainly were as we struggled to find out
  how to do things that were so easy in Windows 7. This is no criticism      VERSION AVERSION
  of Windows 8, but a realisation that this new operating system does        One problem with previous Windows releases was the sheer number
  things differently. Fortunately, we’ve had time to go through the entire   of versions available. Windows 7 came in Starter, Home, Professional
  OS to bring you this guide on each of Windows 8’s new features.            and Ultimate versions, with 32-bit and 64-bit versions of each. For
                                                                             Windows 8, Microsoft has simplified this to just two retail versions:
  START SCREEN                                                               Windows 8 and Windows 8 Pro. The main difference is that Windows
  The biggest change in Windows 8 is the new Start screen. This was          8 Pro has some extra business features, including the BitLocker drive
  originally called the Metro Interface, but the German supermarket of       encryption tool. For most people, Windows 8 will suffice. No version of
  the same name didn’t like that, so Microsoft renamed it ‘Windows 8’        Windows includes Windows Media Center, as this has been removed
  and the ‘Modern UI’, both of which are confusing. For this reason,         from the OS. It will be offered as an optional upgrade through the
  we’re calling it what the OS calls it: the Start screen.                   Windows Store, although it wasn’t available at the time of writing.
      Whatever you call it, the Start screen uses the same interface as         Upgrading is now easier, too. At the moment you can upgrade from
  Windows Phone and the Xbox. Tiles is the new name for shortcuts,           any version of Windows XP to Windows 8 Pro for just £25. If you’ve
  but applications can also have Live Tiles, which update to give you        just bought a new Windows 7 computer, you can upgrade to Windows
  the latest information from the app, such as a list of recent emails.      8 Pro for just £15 by registering at
      As well as Live Tiles, the Start screen provides access to a range        One of the big differences with Windows 8 compared with previous
  of full-screen apps. These are separate from the usual Desktop             versions is that it’s available as a download from the Windows Store
  applications and run full-screen. They don’t need to be shut down,         ( from the launch date of 26th October. You
  as they pause themselves to save resources when you move to a              can still burn an installation DVD or create a USB key for installation,
  different application. To go with its new apps, Microsoft has              though, so the only thing you’ll miss out on is a box.
  introduced the Windows Store, which lets you buy and download
  apps from one place. We’ll show you how it works and how to use it.        GETTING TO GRIPS
      Of course, the old Desktop is still available for regular Windows      Whether or not you like the new look, this is the direction Microsoft
  applications, although it has also had an overhaul, making it easier to    has taken, and if you buy a new PC, tablet or laptop, Windows 8 is the
  use on multiple screens.                                                   operating system you’ll get. We think that once you get used to its
                                                                             idiosyncrasies, Window’s 8’s faster boot times and improved Desktop
      TOUCH ME                                                               make it a great upgrade from Windows 7, so it’s worth taking the
      One of the main reasons Microsoft has completely changed the way       trouble to learn how to use it. Over the next 26 pages, we’ll show you
      Windows looks and feels is to cater for touchscreens. This includes    how to use all the new features and help you to become an expert.

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                                                                                       WINDOWS 8


                                                                 Install Windows 8               116
                                                                 Use the Start screen            119
                                                                 Use Windows 8 search            120
                                                                 Use Side-by-side mode           121
                                                                 Use Desktop mode                122
                                                                 Use Windows 8 Charms            123
                                                                 Windows 8 Shortcuts             124
                                                                 Change Windows 8’s settings     126
                                                                 Configure Libraries              127
                                                                 Configure user accounts          128
                                                                 Set up a home network           129
                                                                 Configure your Desktop           130
                                                                 Alter the look of the Desktop   131
                                                                 Configure the Start screen       132
                                                                 Use the Photos app              133
                                                                 Use Mail, People and Calendar   134
                                                                 Set up SkyDrive                 136
                                                                 Use the Windows Store           137
                                                                 Back up your computer           138
                                                                 Configure default programs       140
                                                                 Use Task Manager                141

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      How to...
      Install Windows 8
      Microsoft has worked hard to make its new operating system easy to install,
      but you could still get it wrong – unless you follow our step-by-step guide

      INSTALLING WINDOWS 8 on a computer is a mostly pain-free                                          copied everything you want from it first. Leave
      task, thanks to Microsoft’s excellent installation routine. There are                              the USB drive inserted. If you’re going to use
      a few things to watch out for, however, particularly if you’re using                                a DVD, insert a blank disc into your drive.
      an Upgrade version of the software, which can replace an in situ                                       Next, download the Windows 7 USB/
      version of Windows 7 with Microsoft’s latest OS.                                                   DVD Download Tool from
          It’s generally advisable to avoid such upgrades.                                             win7downloadtool and install it on your
      An operating system installation is always better                                            computer. Run the software and click Browse,
      when it’s done fresh, as it gives you a good excuse                                       then navigate to your Windows 8 ISO file. Click
      to clear out the clutter on your old computer.                                        Next, and you can choose DVD or USB as the
      Make sure that you back up all your important                                     installation method.
      files and applications before you start. If you                                                If you click DVD, you’ll need a blank disc in your
      have software such as Adobe Lightroom that                                                       optical drive; click Begin Copying when your
      has to be deregistered so you can install it                                                      blank disc is detected. If you’re using a USB
      on a new computer, make sure that you do                                                          drive, select the right one from the drop-
      this first. Thanks to modern browser-centric                                                      down list and click Begin Copying to wipe the
      computing and cloud storage, backing up is far                                                 drive and copy the files. Once the process has
      less hassle than it used to be.                                                             completed, your boot media is ready for use.
          It’s worth downloading all the drivers you need for your                                 Whether you install from a DVD or a USB drive,
      hardware from the manufacturer’s websites, saving them to a              make sure your computer is connected to the internet before you
      USB flash drive, just in case. Windows 7 drivers should work with         start the process. You can do this via an Ethernet cable to your
      Windows 8 if you can’t find the latest version.                           router if you have a wired connection, while wireless users will be
          Once you have everything you need, you may have one more             prompted to connect to a network during the installation process.
      job, as Windows 8 is the first version of Microsoft’s operating
      system that has a downloadable version available from the
      Windows Store. If you go down this route, you’ll need to create                                                                             01
      your own boot media, so that you can install the OS on your
      computer. The only exception to this is the Upgrade version,
      which should download and install in one go; however, we still
      recommend downloading the Upgrade ISO file, which you can
      then burn to DVD or copy to a USB flash drive. If you’ve bought a
      retail copy of the software, you can skip this section and jump
      straight to the installation instructions.
          You have two choices for creating installation media: a blank
      DVD or a USB drive. If you want to go with a USB drive, you’ll need
      one with at least a 4GB capacity. It will be wiped when you put the
      software on it, so insert it into a USB port and make sure you’ve


         The Windows 7 USB/DVD Download Tool lets you create a bootable flash
      drive for installing Windows 8 on your computer

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                                                                                                                                    WINDOWS 8


01      Insert your Windows 8 boot media (either a DVD or USB
        drive) into your computer and restart the machine. Make sure
that your BIOS – or UEFI, if you have a newer computer – is set to
                                                                              the Unallocated Space option and then click Next. Windows
                                                                              will automatically create the necessary disk partitions and
                                                                              perform the installation.
boot from the correct media first. For USB drives, this could either
be a generic USB option, or you may find that your USB drive
appears in the list of hard disks. For the latter, make sure your USB
drive is first in the list. Some modern UEFI motherboards have a boot
                                                                              04        After a process where the Windows 8 files are copied to your
                                                                                        hard disk, your computer will reboot. If you’re booting from a
                                                                              USB drive, you may have to remove the drive, or your computer will
menu; open this and click on your USB drive.                                  try to boot into the setup program all over again. Let the installation
   Look out for a message telling you to hit any key to boot                  do its thing and you’ll get to the setup wizard.
Windows 8; you may not see this if you’re booting from a USB drive.               First, pick the colours you want the operating system to use and
Check your motherboard or laptop manual for specific information               then enter a name for your computer. Click Next and, if you’re not
on booting and your BIOS or UEFI.                                             already connected to a network, you’ll be asked to join a wireless
                                                                              network. Select your Wi-Fi network from the list and enter your

02      When the Windows 8 installation screen appears, make sure
        that your language is set correctly and click Next, then Install
Now. Enter your licence key into the box provided and click Next.
                                                                              username and password, then click Connect.
                                                                                  Windows 8 will ask if you want to use Express settings or
                                                                              customise them. Click Customise, so you can choose exactly how
Select the ‘I accept the licence terms’ tickbox and click Next. You’ll        Windows 8 sets itself up. First, you’ll see the security settings.
see a choice of Upgrade or Custom. Custom is the better choice, and           The default options are good, with important and recommended
this guide is based on a clean install of Windows. Click Next when            updates downloading and installing automatically; there’s no option
you’re done.                                                                  to warn only of new Updates. Click Next.
                                                                                  You can then choose whether to send information about the

03       Windows 8 should detect your hard disk automatically. If it
         doesn’t, click on the Load Driver button and insert the CD,
USB key or floppy disk with the relevant driver. You should need
                                                                              operating system to Microsoft to help it make the software better.
                                                                              If you’re happy for this anonymous information to be sent to the
                                                                              company click Next – otherwise, you can choose to turn off the
to do this only if you’re using RAID or you have a brand-new                  parts you don’t want to share.
motherboard that Windows doesn’t recognise.                                       Next, you’ll be asked about online services, such as checking
    If you’re using an old hard disk, it’s best to start afresh. Select the   online for solutions to problems. Unless you have a specific reason
partition that contains your old operating system, select Advanced            to turn these settings off, we recommend leaving them alone.
and click Delete. You can also delete any other unwanted partitions
this way. You’re now ready to continue, as if you had a new computer
with a fresh hard disk.
    If you’re installing Windows 8 on a new hard disk or an old disk
                                                                              05     You need to enter your email address to access your PC,
                                                                                     which will let you download apps from the Windows Store
                                                                              and access your online content. You can enter any email address,
on which you’ve already wiped any partitions, you can simply select           although you will have to enter a new password and set up some

                                                                      02                                                                         03

                                                                      05                                                                         06

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      security questions if this address isn’t registered as a Microsoft            graphics driver has installed. Right-click on the desktop, select
      Account. Follow the wizard through to configure your account and               Screen Resolution and adjust the resolution to match your
      your computer will start for the first time. Log in with your new              monitor’s native resolution.
      account details.

      06       Although Windows is now working, you still need to install
               all the relevant drivers to make sure that everything works
                                                                                    08       You can now install the other peripherals that you’ve added
                                                                                             to your PC. Install the relevant driver files for each device
                                                                                    that’s plugged into your motherboard. For USB devices, you need
      smoothly. The trick here is to install drivers that are specifically for       to install the driver file first and, when prompted, connect the
      Windows 8; only install Windows 7 drivers if a component isn’t                device to a USB port. If you’re in any doubt, you should read the
      working, such as a printer or scanner.                                        manual that came with your peripheral.
         The first place to start is with your motherboard’s drivers. If
      you downloaded these earlier, insert the USB drive or disc to which
      you saved them. If you couldn’t do this, insert the driver disc that
      came with your motherboard and follow the onscreen instructions.
                                                                                    09      Windows 8’s installation routine only lets you choose to
                                                                                            install updates automatically. To change this, press
                                                                                    Windows-X and select Control Panel. Type Windows Update into the
      You’ll need to download the updated drivers later, and then go                search bar and click Windows Update. Click Change Settings and you
      through the following process.                                                can use the drop-down menu to select ‘Check for updates but let me
         For each driver you downloaded, run the associated file. It’s best          choose when to download and install them’. This lets you choose
      to start with the chipset driver, but the order afterwards doesn’t            when it’s convenient to update. You can choose any other setting
      matter. If Windows displays any warning messages, just click OK.              that suits you, but this is our favoured option. Click OK when done.
      Be careful, as some files you download are actually just archive files             Press the Windows key, type Windows Update and click
      that extract the actual driver files to your hard disk. If this is the case,   Windows Update. Click Install to install the latest updates and
      navigate to the folder to which the files were extracted and run the           make sure your computer is up to date.
      Setup program that you find there. You’ll probably need to restart
      your computer after each driver installation.
                                                                                    10       Windows 8 has an option to let you create a recovery drive,
                                                                                             which you can use if you have any problems with your

      07       Windows will install its own graphics drivers for any onboard
               or dedicated cards that you have. These are fine for running
      Windows, but you won’t be able to play games properly. For this,
                                                                                    computer. Press the Windows key and type ‘recovery’, click Settings
                                                                                    and then click ‘Create a recovery drive’. Click Next, insert a 256MB (or
                                                                                    higher) USB flash drive when prompted and select this drive from the
      you’ll need to install the latest graphics drivers.                           list, using its drive letter. Click Next, and you’ll see a message warning
         Both AMD and Nvidia provide a single driver, so just run the               you that everything on your drive will be deleted. Then click Create.
      file that you downloaded. If you couldn’t download the drivers                 It will take a while for the process to complete, so sit back and let it
      earlier, you should do so now. Restart your computer after the                do its job. Click Finish when done, and keep your USB drive safe.

                                                                            07                                                                           08

                                                                            09                                                                           10

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                                                                                                                                                    WINDOWS 8

How to...
Use the Start screen
The old Start menu has been replaced by the Start screen, which can also run its
own applications. Here’s everything you need to know about using it

WINDOWS 8 HAS two interfaces you can use to control your                                  You can launch the Start screen by pressing the Windows key;
computer. As well as the Desktop, there are also Live Tiles.                          pressing the Windows key again switches to the last application you
Microsoft refers to this interface simply as Windows 8; as this is a                  had open. The new interface will appear on the last display you used
little confusing, we’ll call it the Start screen.                                     it on; to move the screen on which it appears, select the Start option
     The Start screen is used to access your applications. Some                       on that screen (see ‘How to… Use Windows 8 Charms’, page 123).
programs, such as Internet Explorer, have two versions: a standard                        Start screen apps often have extra features available if you
Desktop version and a Start screen version. Windows chooses                           right-click on them or swipe in from the top of the screen on a
which version to use based on where you launched it from: click an                    touchscreen device. You may be able to get the same result by
icon on the Desktop, for example, and you get the Desktop version.                    swiping in from the edges of your touchpad.

                     Live Tiles These show you updated information                                   Standard Tiles Regular tiles are just shortcuts for
                     from the relevant software, such as snippets from                               your applications. Click one to launch the relevant
                     new emails. Drag and drop to rearrange them.                                    application, and drag and drop to rearrange them.

     These buttons come up when you right-click a regular tile. For touchscreen           These buttons come up when you right-click a Live Tile or a Tile for a
     devices, hold and drag a tile upwards.                                               Start screen app. For touchscreen devices, hold and drag a tile upwards.
     • Unpin from Start This removes the icon from the Live Tile screen.                  • Smaller This shrinks the size of the Live Tile; if it’s already small, you’ll
     • Pin to taskbar This pins the icon to the taskbar on the Desktop. It’s useful         see the Larger option.
       if you have both a Desktop and Start screen version of a program.                  • Turn live tile off This stops the Live Tile from updating; if a Tile’s off,
     • Uninstall Takes you to the Control Panel’s Uninstall an Application for              you’ll see the ‘Turn live tile on’ option.
       Desktop applications.                                                              • All apps Right-click anywhere or swipe upwards on a touchscreen
     • Open new window Launches a new instance of the application.                          device to show the All apps icon, which gives you access to all the
     • Run as administrator Forces the program to run as in Administrator mode              installed apps on your computer.
       if you’re having problems with it.                                                 • Scrollbar minus button (not shown, bottom-right of screen) Use the scroll
     • Open file location Opens an Explorer window, with the executable file                  bar to move round the screen (swipe on a touchscreen or use the mouse’s
       highlighted, so you can perform advanced features such as changing                   scroll-wheel) and click the minus button to zoom out to get an overall
       compatibility mode settings.                                                         view (pinch to zoom on a touchscreen or use Control-mouse-wheel).

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      How to...
      Use Windows 8 Search
      The powerful search feature makes it easy to find applications, settings and files,
      and you can even search inside apps for information

      WINDOWS 8 HAS ditched the Start menu, and replaced it with the                   By default, the search feature just shows you the results for
      Start screen instead. This comes complete with built-in search                Apps, but you can click Settings or Files to find other things on
      capabilities. You can either press the Windows key to reveal the              your computer. Underneath these options is a list of the other
      new interface and start typing to search, or you can press the                apps and services that can be searched: just click one to use your
      Windows-Q keys to bring up the search interface.                              search term in that category.

                                Files filter You can filter   Search results Click a search
                                Files by type, including    result to open it. Note that
                                by Documents, Picture       files open in the default                                      Search bar Type your
                                and Other.                  application only.                                             search term here.

           Open file location Right-click
           on a File search result or                                                            Search services Select what you
           hold and drag upwards on a                                                            want to search for by clicking one
           touchscreen device and click                                                          of these icons, which includes parts
           here to open the file in an                                                            of your computer and other services
           Explorer window.                                                                      and apps.

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                                                                                                                                        WINDOWS 8

How to...
Use Side-by-side mode
Start screen apps are designed to run full-screen, but you can run two of them in
Side-by-side mode if you want to make more of your screen’s resolution

START SCREEN APPS are designed to run in full-screen mode.                   set as one-third of the screen stays that way until you remove it,
While this can make the OS easier to use, particularly on a                  but the main app changes each time you click on a launcher from
touchscreen or tablet device where screen space is more limited,             the Start screen. The Desktop counts as a Start screen app, so
sometimes you want to see a bit more. Side-by-side mode lets you             you can have old and new Windows styles side by side. The only
set up an app so that it takes up one-third of the screen space, and         restriction is that you must have a screen resolution of 1,366x768
have a second app take up the remaining space. The app that you              or higher to use Side-by-side mode.

           App on the side This                                   Small app in the middle Put the mouse at the top of the screen so it
           app takes up one-third                                 displays a hand cursor (or swipe in from the top on a touchscreen device)
           of the space and is                                    to grab an app, making its window shrink. Move it to the bottom to shut it
           displayed permanently.                                 down, or move it to either edge to make it a Side-by-side app.

                          Black bar Grab this and slide it to                                            Charms Move the mouse cursor to the top
                          make the smaller one-third app                                                 or bottom right (swipe in from the right
                          become the main app; move it                                                   on a touchscreen device) to display the
                          all the way across the screen to                                               Charms. Settings displays the preferences
                          display only a single app onscreen.                                            for the main app only, not the smaller app.

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      How to...
      Use Desktop mode
      Although the Desktop will look familiar to anyone that’s used a recent version
      of Windows, there are some subtle differences that dramatically improve it

      IN WINDOWS 8, Desktop mode is pretty much how you’d expect                            for example, and it’s resized to take up half of the display. There are
      Windows to be. It’s here that you use all your regular applications,                  a few differences, however, the main one being that there’s no
      and it feels very much like Windows 7, down to the ability to snap                    longer a Start menu, so you have to use the Start screen interface
      windows into position; slide an application to the side of the screen,                to find applications.

        App switcher Available throughout Windows 8, not                               Windows Explorer This is largely the same as it was        Copying dialog File
        just on the Desktop. Move the cursor to the top-left of                        in Windows 7, with a Search bar for finding files. It        copying is very similar
        the screen to display a thumbnail of the previous app                          uses the same Ribbon interface as Microsoft Office           to Windows 7, only
        you used, and slide the cursor down to display all open                        applications, which means you have to click the tabs       now it’s quicker and
        Live Tile apps (you can also swipe in from the left on                         (Home, Share, View, Manage and so on) to access            you can hit Pause to
        a touchscreen device). Standard switching between                              the features you’d normally find in the menus. For          suspend the operation
        Desktop applications is still done using Alt-Tab.                              example, the View tab lets you see hidden files.            temporarily.

           Start Move the cursor to the                           Thumbnails Hover the mouse over                         Charms Move the mouse cursor to the
           bottom left (swipe in from right                       an icon to get a thumbnail preview of                   top- or bottom-right of the screen to
           on a touchscreen interface) to                         the application. You can also access                    bring up the Charms bar, which lets you
           bring up the Start icon and click                      features specific to that application,                   adjust settings and access other features.
           to launch the Start screen.                            such as skipping and pausing tracks
                                                                  in Spotify, for example.
                                                                                                                Menu bar Right-click on an icon and you can pin
                                                                                                                it to the taskbar as a shortcut, as well as access
                                                    Taskbar icons These display                                 extra features specific to that application, such
                                                    your open applications.                                     as opening a new window in Chrome.

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                                                                                                                               WINDOWS 8

How to...
Use Windows 8 Charms
Charms are the new way to access program settings and more, and are used
throughout Windows 8. Here we explain what they do and how to use them

THE NEW CHARMS bar gives you quick access to a range of                   the general way that they work remains the same. It’s worth getting
different features. The exact options differ from application to          to grips with them, as you can often do a task much quicker using
application, and some serve no purpose in some applications, but          Charms, rather than reverting to your old way of doing things.

01     You can bring up the Charms menu (displayed on
       the right-hand side of the screen opposite) at any
time by hovering the mouse cursor at the top- or

bottom-right of the screen, then moving the cursor down
or up. You can also swipe in from the right if you’re using a
touchscreen device, or press Windows-C.
   Just select the icon you want. Most are obvious –
Search, which searches within the selected app, and Start,
which launches the Start screen – but the remaining three
options we’ll cover in more detail below.

                                                                  02                                                                       04

02      Share is designed to let you share the data in the application
        with other people. The options change depending on the
application, and you can currently only use this option in Start screen
apps. For example, open Photos and a picture, and you can select
Charms, Share, Mail to send the selected image to a friend. This pops
up the Mail app in a side-bar, so it’s slick and smooth to share this
way. The other default option is to share via SkyDrive, Microsoft’s
cloud storage service. New apps will include new ways of sharing.

03       Devices also depends on
         the application. It lets
you send the document you’re
viewing to hardware connected
to your computer. For example,
                                                                          04      Settings brings up the preferences for the application that
                                                                                  you’re currently using. For example, in the Mail app, you can
                                                                          use Settings to add a new account or modify or delete an existing
in Photos, you can bring up                                               one. This option also brings up some system-wide defaults, so you
Charms, Devices to bring up a                                             can access your Network and Sound settings and shut down your
list of printers to which you can                                         computer. You can also select Change PC settings to alter the way
send the selected photo.                                                  that your computer works.

ISSUE 298 | COMPUTER SHOPPER   | DECEMBER 2012                                                                             123


      Windows 8 shortcuts
      You can do everything in Windows 8 with the mouse or touchscreen, but learning
      a few shortcuts will make using the operating system even faster

      ALTHOUGH YOU CAN do most things with a mouse, Windows 8                  Note that all the shortcuts on these pages work on systems with
      also has an advanced touchscreen interface as well as a healthy       multiple monitors, so if we say hover the mouse at the bottom-left
      number of shortcut keys. Keep these for reference and you’ll find      corner of a screen, it can be the bottom-left corner of any display
      that you can zoom around the Windows 8 interface in no time.          installed in your system.

      Start screen                                                          Charms
      There are a variety of ways to bring up the Start screen, depending   Charms is a new toolbar that contains shortcut icons to Search,
      on your input method.                                                 Share, Start, Devices and Settings.

      Hover mouse at bottom left of            Swipe in from right edge,    Move the cursor to the top- or             Swipe in from the right,
         the screen, click Start.                      tap Start.            bottom-right of the screen,                 then tap the icon
                                                                            then click the icon you want.                     you want.

                Start screen

                                                                                    +      C              All Charms

      Switch between Start screen apps
      Windows has two methods of switching between apps, with one

      method for Start screen apps and one for standard programs on
      the Desktop. Here’s the Start screen method.                                         Q              All Charms (set apps as default)

                                                                                    +     W               Search settings

                                                                                    +     F               Search files

                                               Swipe in from left-hand
                                                  side until you see a
                                                 thumbnail of an app,
                                                then slide back. Drag
                                                                                    +      I              Settings Charm

                                                thumbnail of app into
                                                middle of the screen.

            Hover top-left corner, s                                                                      Windows Start screen
           mouse down, then choose app.

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                                                                                                                               WINDOWS 8

                                                                        Selecting multiple icons, Live Tiles or thumbnails on the
                                                                        Start screen lets you perform the same task on multiple
                                                                        items simultaneously. Here’s how you do it.

   Side-by-side mode
   Snapping a full-screen Live Tile app to either side of the
   screen, so you can display two apps side by side, is a great
                                                                                    Right-click.                Tap and hold, drag slightly
   trick that lets you put more information onscreen at once.
                                                                                                                up until a border appears
                                                                                                                     around the item.


                                                                        Standard keyboard shortcuts
                                                                        You can perform some tasks far more quickly using the
                                                                        keyboard. In many cases you can use the touchscreen or
                                                                        mouse to do the same things, although you’ll typically have
       Move cursor to the top of         Swipe in from left-hand side   to select the correct icon on the Live Tile interface.
       the screen, click and drag        until you see a thumbnail of
      app to left or right. Drag app       an app, then slide back.
      to the bottom of the screen
            to shut it down.
                                          Drag thumbnail of app to
                                            left or right of screen.            +      D
                                                                                               Display the Desktop. This minimises all open
                                                                                               windows if you’re already on the Desktop.

                                          Cycle through an app’s                +      E       Open Windows Explorer.

         +     SHIFT    +      .          available positions (right,
                                          left or full-screen)
                                                                                +      L       Lock the computer.

   Zoom                                                                         +      R       Bring up the Run dialog box.

   Windows 8 lets you zoom in and out to get more information or
   display more onscreen. This option works in a lot of different
   places, from Windows Explorer to show bigger thumbnails, to                  +      X
                                                                                               Open Desktop quick menu, which gives you
                                                                                               access to the Control Panel and other settings.
   the Photos app, where you can zoom into a picture.

                                                                          alt   +      TAB     Switch between open Desktop applications.

                                                                                +              Snap the selected Desktop window to the
                                                                                               left- or right-hand of a display so it takes up

                                                                                +              half the screen space. Repeat to move a
                                                                                               window to another display.

                                                                                +      SHIFT     +            Move the selected Desktop
                   +                             Pinch to zoom.
                                                                                +      SHIFT
                                                                                                              app to the next display.

        Zoom in
        and out.
                                                                                +              Maximise a window.

                                                                                +              Minimise a window.

                                                                                           Go back one page. Works in Internet Explorer,
                                                                                           Windows Explorer and Start screen apps.
ISSUE 298 | COMPUTER SHOPPER   | DECEMBER 2012                                                                            125

      How to...
      Change Windows 8’s settings
      There have been some major changes to how settings are adjusted. The key
      is knowing where to look – which, with our guidance, should be easy

      THE WINDOWS INTERFACE hasn’t actually changed that much                  different ways to change settings. On top of the old-fashioned
      since Windows 95. If you knew how to get to the Control Panel in         desktop settings within the Control Panel is the new Start screen PC
      Windows 95, you would probably have had no problem doing the             Settings app, which is easier to use but has a reduced number of
      same thing in Windows 7. In Windows 8, however, it’s a bit more          options. Knowing exactly where to look is the important thing.
      complicated, as the operating system now provides a number of            Here’s how to find the right settings.

                                                                                 01      01      You can search for Settings using the standard
                                                                                                 search facility, which you get to by pressing the
                                                                                         Windows key, then starting to type, remembering to click
                                                                                         on Settings to filter your results. Alternatively, you can
                                                                                         press Windows-W to jump straight to Settings search.
                                                                                            Type in your term and you’ll see a list of options appear.
                                                                                         Just click on the one you want and you’ll jump straight to
                                                                                         the correct setting. However, the option you select may
                                                                                         take you to the new PC Settings app, rather than the older
                                                                                         desktop version, which may limit your choice of options.
                                                                                         Keep reading and we’ll show you how to skip to the options
                                                                                         you really want.

                                                   02                                                                        03

      02       You can access the new easy-to-use PC
               Settings – which replicates a lot of the
      features in the Control Panel, only in a cleaner
                                                           03       The good news is that the old way of doing things still exists in Windows 8. To get
                                                                    to the Control Panel, just press the Windows key and type Control Panel. Click the
                                                           App search result and the old Control Panel appears. Its default view is the Category view,
      interface – by accessing the Charms bar (see         but you can click the drop-down menu and change it to Large or Small icons. You’ll find
      page 124) and clicking Settings, PC Settings         all the tools that you’re used to here, and Windows 8 is exactly the same to use as
      (the last choice is at the bottom of the screen).    Windows 7 once you’re in the Control Panel.
          The new app is split into categories, letting
      you personalise the way Windows looks, create
      users, install updates and manage notifications.
      It’s pretty straightforward, using simple on/off
      switches for most settings, so we won’t cover it
                                                                                       04       04       Windows 7 had some tools that were easier
                                                                                                         to access by right-clicking Computer and
                                                                                                selecting an option, such as opening the hard disk
      in depth. Its main problem is that it doesn’t give                                        manager. By default, Computer isn’t displayed on the
      you access to the full range of options that the                                          desktop, although as we show you on page 130, you
      old Control Panel did.                                                                    can easily add it. However, an easier option is to
                                                                                                press Windows-X to bring up the Desktop menu.
                                                                                                This lets you jump to specific parts of the Control
                                                                                                Panel, start Task Manager, run a Command Prompt
                                                                                                and access the Disk Management options. This
                                                                                                menu works from anywhere within the Windows 8
                                                                                                interface, so you’ll have no problems finding a tool
                                                                                                when you need it.

126                                                                            DECEMBER 2012   | COMPUTER SHOPPER | ISSUE 298
                                                                                                                                     WINDOWS 8

How to...
Configure Libraries
Libraries are collections of related folders and are an important part of the way
Windows 8 works. Here we’ll show you how to manage and edit them

WINDOWS 7 INTRODUCED the concept of Libraries, which are                          Libraries also play an important role in Windows 8. In fact, some
a collection of folders, irrespective of location, that house                  components rely on them; the new backup system, File History, for
related files. So, the Documents Library could be multiple folders              example, requires you to use Libraries to back up files and folders.
spread over your hard disk, rather than being limited to the                      It’s easy to manage and update Libraries, but it’s important to
C:\users\<username>\Documents folder, for example.                             get everything configured in the right way.

                                                     01                                                                                           02

01     Windows 8 has four built-in Libraries:
       Documents, Music, Pictures and Videos.
These include the standard user folders, such as
C:\users\<username>\Documents for your work
documents. These Libraries appear in every Windows
Explorer window, including save dialogs, and are on the
                                                                   02      To change which folders a Library uses, open a Windows Explorer window
                                                                           from the Desktop, right-click on the Library you want to change and
                                                                   select Properties. Click Add and browse to the folder you want to include in
left-hand side beneath Libraries. Just click on the one            that Library, then click the Include folder button. This will add this folder to the
you want to access. If you scroll through the list, you’ll         Library and tell Windows to index it so you can search its contents quickly.
see that the view is organised by the folders in the
Library, such as My Music and Public Music.

                                   03      03       You can select folders
                                                    under Library locations
                                           and click Remove to delete
                                           them. This is particularly useful
                                           if you’re using an SSD to boot
                                           and a hard disk for file storage,
                                           so have no need for the default
                                           folders. You can also select a
                                           folder under Library locations
                                           and select Set save location.
                                           This will make that folder the
                                           default save location when you
                                           select the Library in a save
                                           dialog box. When you’re done,
                                           click OK. Repeat Steps 2 and 3
                                           for all the Libraries you want
                                                                                    04       You’re not limited to the default Libraries, as you can
                                                                                             also create your own. Right-click on Libraries in an
                                                                                    Explorer window and select New, Library. Type in a name for
                                           to modify.                               your Library and press Enter. Right-click on your new Library and
                                                                                    select Properties. Click Add to add any folders you want to the
                                                                                    Library. You can choose the type of file the Library will contain,
                                                                                    including Pictures, Music, Videos, Documents and General. This
                                                                                    defines the default view and file attributes that you see. Click OK
                                                                                    when you’re done to save the changes.

ISSUE 298 | COMPUTER SHOPPER    | DECEMBER 2012                                                                                    127

      How to...
      Configure user accounts
      Rather than just using local user accounts, Windows 8 can use Microsoft accounts,
      which let you synchronise data over the internet. Here’s how to configure them

      WINDOWS HAS BEEN a great multi-user operating system for a                    With Microsoft accounts, you can synchronise data between all
      long time, but with Windows 8 there’s been a change to the way             your Windows 8 computers, even sharing networking passwords
      that accounts work. Instead of having just local accounts that are         over the internet, as well as wallpaper and theme settings. For
      fixed to your computer, you have Microsoft accounts, such as the            protection, only the Microsoft accounts that you’ve certified to
      one you created when you were setting up your computer for the             work with your computer can be used. Here we’ll show you
      first time.                                                                 everything you need to know about managing accounts.

                                                      01     01      Go to PC Settings, Users. If you’re using a Microsoft account, you’ll already be
                                                                     synchronising wallpaper and theme settings with other computers on which you
                                                             use the same account. However, your saved passwords for applications, websites and
                                                             networks won’t be synchronised until you say that you trust this computer. Click the
                                                             ‘Trust this computer’ link, which will take you to your Microsoft account online.
                                                                 You’ll be asked to enter the security code Microsoft has sent you (if you didn’t get
                                                             one, you can click the ‘I didn’t receive the code’ link to choose a different delivery
                                                             method, such as text or email). Enter the code in the box or, if it was sent to you via
                                                             email, click on the link in the message. Repeat this step for all your computers.

      02       You can’t change your Microsoft
               password from your computer,
      only online. Go to PC Settings, Users and
                                                     03       To add a new account, go to PC Settings, Users
                                                              and click ‘Add a user’. Enter the email address
                                                     of the Microsoft account that you want to allow

      click ‘More account settings online’. Once     access to your computer and click Next. You’ll be
      you’ve logged into your online account,        asked if this is a child’s account and if you want to
      click on the ‘Change password’ link and        turn on Family Safety. Choose the right option and
      you can update your password. Note that        click Finish. The first time the person with the new
      this will change the password you need to      Microsoft account wants to access your computer,
      log in to all your computers.                  they’ll need to be online.

                                            02                                         03

                                                                                                04      You can also create a local account, which is
                                                                                                        like the old-style Windows accounts. These
                                                                                                don’t have access to the Windows Store – although
                                                                                                you can add a Microsoft account to this at a later date
                                                                                                – and don’t synchronise information between PCs.
                                                                                                However, they can be useful for setting up file sharing,
                                                                                                particularly with older computers. Go to PC Settings,
                                                                                                Users and click ‘Add a user’. Click Sign in without a
                                                                                                Microsoft account and then click Local account.
                                                                                                Enter a username and password, and click Next.

                                                                            05     05       You can’t edit an account’s type, delete it or make other
                                                                                            changes from the PC Settings, Users page. To make
                                                                                   advanced changes, you’ll need to go to Control Panel, User
                                                                                   Accounts. Click ‘Manage another account’ and select the account
                                                                                   that you want to change. Click ‘Change the account type’ to make
                                                                                   an account an Administrator or Standard account, where the latter
                                                                                   can’t install software or access sensitive system settings. Click
                                                                                   ‘Delete the account’ to remove it from your computer.

128                                                                               DECEMBER 2012   | COMPUTER SHOPPER | ISSUE 298
                                                                                                                                    WINDOWS 8

How to...
Set up a home network
Windows 8 has updated the HomeGroups feature for sharing files and printers
over your network, and it’s now more capable and easier to use than ever before

WINDOWS 7 INTRODUCED the concept of HomeGroups, which                         always as easy to use or as accessible as they were meant to be.
was supposed to make it easy to share files and printers between               Windows 8 has updated the way that file and print sharing works,
computers on the same home network. Unfortunately, however, it                making it easier to use home networking. We’ll show you how to get
didn’t particularly work out that way, and HomeGroups weren’t                 your HomeGroup configured in Windows 8.

01     All the computers you want to share
       files with must be on the same
HomeGroup. If you have an existing Windows
                                                                                                       02      You now need to join your
                                                                                                               HomeGroup on another computer.
                                                                                                       To do this on a Windows 7 computer, go to
7 HomeGroup, you’ll need to know the                                                                   the Control Panel, type HomeGroup in the
existing password. On a Windows 7 PC, go to                                                            Search bar and click HomeGroup. Click Join
Control Panel, type HomeGroup in the Search                                                            now, then Next, choose which Libraries you
bar and click HomeGroup. Click View or print                                                           want to share and click Next. Enter the
the HomeGroup password and note it down.                                                               password from Step 1 and click Next.
   If you don’t have an existing HomeGroup                                                        02      To join your HomeGroup on a Windows
on your network, go to PC Settings,                                                                    8 computer, go to PC Settings and click
HomeGroup and look under Membership. You                                                               HomeGroup. Enter the password you noted
may see that a HomeGroup has been created,                                                             down in Step 1 and click Join. You can now
so note down the password. If not, click                                                               choose which of your Libraries you want to
Create, let the HomeGroup be created and                                                               share, and select if you want to share your
then note down the password.                                                                           printers and other devices.

03      To share a folder, open a Windows
        Explorer window, right-click on the folder
you want to share and select the ‘Share with’

option. You can select Homegroup (view), so
other users can view but not delete or edit files,
or Homegroup (view and edit) to give other users
full access to your files. Your files are now
accessible through all other computers on the
network, using the HomeGroup expandable menu
in Windows Explorer.

04      HomeGroup sharing can’t be used
        with pre-Windows 7 PCs or those
running other operating systems, such as Mac
                                                     05        To connect to a share as a
                                                               specific user, first note down
                                                     your current computer’s IP address.
OS X, but you can share files to specific user         To do this, press Windows-X and click
accounts. For the best results, create the           Command Prompt. Type ipconfig and hit
same local user accounts and passwords on            Enter, then note down the IPv4 address.
your Windows 8 computer as those on the                   Go to your remote computer and
other computers. Right-click on a folder and         open up Network, and your Windows 8
select Share with, Specific people. Choose the        computer should appear. Double-click
user from the menu and click Add. For each           it. If you added a Windows 8 local user
user, you can set the permission level as            with the same details as your remote
Read/Write or Read.                                  computer’s current account, you’ll get
                                                     access. If not, you’ll need to type in the    local account your created. If you can’t see your
                                          04         username and password of a valid              Windows computer, press Windows-R and type
                                                     account on your Windows 8 computer.           \\<IP address of Windows 8 computer> and hit
                                                          If you’re using a Microsoft account      Enter. Follow the password instructions above.
                                                     on your Windows 8 computer, type in its       This will also work if you’re connecting from
                                                     email address and password – otherwise,       a Mac or Linux computer – just enter the IP
                                                     type in the name and password of the          address as the server address.

ISSUE 298 | COMPUTER SHOPPER   | DECEMBER 2012                                                                                  129

      How to...
      Configure your Desktop
      The Windows 8 Desktop is similar to Windows 7’s, but there are some important
      differences. Here’s our guide to making it behave the way you want

      ONCE YOU’VE SET up your computer, probably the first thing                     The good news is that Windows 8 introduces some new features
      you’ll want to do is configure your Desktop so that it works the            that make using the operating system easier than ever before. Here
      way that you want it to.                                                   we’ll show you how to configure them.

      01     Right-click on the taskbar and select Properties. In the dialog
             that pops up, you can change how the taskbar appears,
      including whether it auto-hides. There’s also a section on this tab for

      multiple displays; you can choose to show the taskbar on all your
      screens, or just the main one. The default option for all displays is to
      show all the icons on all taskbars, but we prefer the ‘Taskbar where
      window is open’ option under the ‘Show taskbar buttons on’ menu.
      Each display then gets a custom taskbar with just the icons for the
      apps running on that screen. A hybrid option shows all icons on the
      main taskbar and the taskbar where that application is running.


                                                                                 02      You can adjust how applications are displayed in the
                                                                                         Notification Area by clicking Customise under the Taskbar
                                                                                 Properties. The next dialog box gives you a list of applications and
                                                                                 lets you select whether you want to show each program’s icon
                                                                                 and notifications, show only notifications or hide the icon and
                                                                                 notifications. If you have an annoying application that keeps
                                                                                 popping up unwanted messages, this is the place to control it.

                                                            03                                         04      04       By default, the Desktop doesn’t
                                                                                                                        display some of the icons you
                                                                                                               may be used to from previous versions
                                                                                                               of Windows, such as Computer,
                                                                                                               Control Panel and Network. However,
                                                                                                               this is easy to rectify. Right-click on the
                                                                                                               Desktop and select Personalise, Change
                                                                                                               Desktop icons. Tick the boxes next to
                                                                                                               the icons you want to see. If you leave
                                                                                                               the ‘Allow themes to change Desktop

      03      Click the Toolbars tab under Taskbar Properties
              and you can add new menus, which appear
      next to the Notification Area. The Desktop toolbar is
                                                                                                               icons’ box ticked, you may find your
                                                                                                               icons disappear or change appearance
                                                                                                               if you change the theme. Click OK
      handy, as it displays a menu showing all the files on the                                                 when you’re done and the icons you
      desktop and saves minimising windows to find them.                                                        selected will appear on the Desktop.

130                                                                              DECEMBER 2012   | COMPUTER SHOPPER | ISSUE 298
                                                                                                                              WINDOWS 8

How to...
Alter the look of the Desktop
With new wallpaper tools and a wider choice of theme colours, Windows 8’s tools
let you customise your Desktop to your heart’s content

WINDOWS 8 PROVIDES many more customisation options over                   Windows 7’s Aero transparency setting. This has been removed in
how it looks and feels compared to Windows 7, including better            Windows 8, although we’re not sure why. Otherwise, however, there
wallpaper management. The only thing that it misses out on is             are plenty of ways you can change the way your Desktop looks.

                                        01                                              02                                                 03

01     Right-click on the Desktop and
       select Personalise. Click Desktop
Background at the bottom of the page to
                                                   02      Multiple monitor support has been
                                                           much improved in Windows 8. If
                                                   you have a panorama or high-resolution
                                                                                                    03       You can also choose to display a
                                                                                                             different image on each monitor.
                                                                                                    Click ‘Clear all’ to wipe your selection of
choose which picture you want to show in           picture that you want to display across          pictures. Right-click on the image you
the background. You can use the Picture            more than one monitor, select Span from          want to display, and from the menu select
location drop-down menu to select the              the Picture position drop-down menu. This        which monitor you want to display it on or
location of your images, including your            will make the image you choose fill the           choose to display it on all monitors. Repeat
picture library, and the built-in Windows          entire resolution of the screen.                 for all your monitors and the pictures you
Desktop Backgrounds. You can also click                                                             want to use. This disables the Span option
Browse to navigate to a folder.                                                                     mentioned in Step 2. Click Save changes.
   Hover over a picture and tick the box
to use that particular image. If you select
multiple images, the wallpaper will change
automatically. You can adjust how often it
changes using the ‘Change picture every’
drop-down menu.
                                                                          05       You’ll have an unsaved Theme on the Personalisation screen,
                                                                                   so right-click it and select Save theme. Type a name for it
                                                                          and this theme will be replicated to all your other Windows 8
                                                                          computers that you log into with a Windows Live ID. You can also
                                                                          select ‘Save theme for sharing’, which saves everything into a file
                                                                          that you send to someone else. They just have to double-click the
                                                                 04       file to install it on their computer.


04      Click Colour at the bottom of the Personalisation dialog box.
        This lets you choose the colours of the title bars and the
taskbar. You can either set your colour manually and select the
intensity using the slider, or you can click the Automatic box. This
picks up the dominant colour in your main monitor’s wallpaper and
sets the colour accordingly. Click Save changes when you’re done.

ISSUE 298 | COMPUTER SHOPPER   | DECEMBER 2012                                                                              131

      How to...
      Configure the Start screen
      The new Start screen has completely different customisation options to the
      Desktop. Here we’ll show you what they are and how to change them

      WE’VE SHOWED YOU how to configure your Desktop’s appearance                   go into a different part of Settings and alter it there. Here, we’ll
      and set its wallpaper, but this doesn’t change or alter how the new          show you how you can customise the appearance of the new
      Start screen interface looks and works. To change this, you need to          interface, so that you can get it working the way you want.

                                                                                                       01     01     Get up the Charms bar and
                                                                                                                     select Settings, Change PC
                                                                                                              Settings, Personalise. The first
                                                                                                              thing you can do is select the
                                                                                                              picture you want for the Lock
                                                                                                              screen, which you access by hitting
                                                                                                              Windows-L. There’s an immediate
                                                                                                              choice of images you can use on
                                                                                                              this screen, but click Browse and
                                                                                                              you can navigate to an image of
                                                                                                              your choice. Select the one you
                                                                                                              want and click ‘Choose picture’.

                                                            02      03       Click ‘Start screen’ and you
                                                                             can choose how you want
                                                                    this to appear. You’ve got a choice

                                                                    of pre-set backgrounds – just click
                                                                    the thumbnail of the one you want.
                                                                    There’s no way to use your own
                                                                    picture for this, so you’re stuck
                                                                    with the default choices.
                                                                        You can also change the colour
                                                                    of the Start screen by using the
                                                                    colour picker box at the bottom of
                                                                    the screen.

      02       You can also change which apps display
               information on the Lock screen. For example,
      the Mail app can show you how many unread emails
                                                                            04      Finally, you can configure your user account so that you have an
                                                                                    image attached to it. Click Account picture and you can either click
                                                                            Browse to find an image on your computer or click Camera to take a snap
      you have. You can have up to seven apps displaying                    using a connected webcam.
      information on the Lock screen.
           The Instant Messaging, Mail and Calendar apps are                                                                                              04
      all turned on by default, but you can add new ones by
      clicking the Plus icon and choosing from the available
      list, which will include Start screen apps that specifically
      support this feature. To remove an app, click its icon
      and select ‘Don’t show quick status here’.
           You can also have one app that displays a more
      detailed status, such as your next meeting. Click the
      icon and choose the app you want from the list, or
      select ‘Don’t show detailed status on the lock screen’ if
      you’d rather not see this information.

132                                                                                  DECEMBER 2012   | COMPUTER SHOPPER | ISSUE 298
                                                                                                                                  WINDOWS 8

How to...
Use the Photos app
If you want to view your digital photo collection, the brand-new Photos app is
the way to go. Here’s how to organise your pictures and view slideshows

WINDOWS 8 HAS introduced a brand-new Photos app, which is                    way of flicking through your photos and it lets you share them
designed to pull in all your pictures, whether they’re stored on your        easily with other people. Here we’ll show you how it works and
hard disk, on Facebook or in the cloud via SkyDrive. It’s quite a nice       how you can use it to view your pictures.

                                                       01                                                                                      02

01     Photos pulls in all your photos from a range of
       places. At the bottom of the main screen, you’ll
see the different sources, including pictures in your
Photo Library on your hard disk, those stored in SkyDrive
or on your networked computers and those on Facebook
                                                                 02       Regardless of where the photos are stored, click on a source and you can
                                                                          browse through your pictures by album or folder. Tap a picture to view it
                                                                 full screen, and use the cursor keys, mouse, scroll-wheel or swipe a touchscreen
and Flickr. Click either of the last two options, and you’ll     to move between pictures. Right-click on any thumbnail (slide up from the
be prompted to log into your account, if you haven’t             bottom on a touchscreen) and you can view pictures in that album or folder as
already. Your latest pictures will then be downloaded.           an automatic slideshow.
Make sure all your image folders are in the Pictures                 If you go to the main Photos screen, you can hit the Play button to have a
Library (see page 127) or you won’t be able to view them.        medley of images displayed onscreen all at once.

                                                                     03                                                                        04

03       Once you’re viewing a picture full screen, right-click or
         swipe up on a touchscreen device and you can select Set
As. This lets you set the image for the Lock screen, the Live Tile
                                                                             04      While you’re viewing images as thumbnails, you can
                                                                                     right-click on an image to select it (long press on a
                                                                             touchscreen device) and put all the selected images into a quick
image or the background of the Photos app. You can’t select a                catalogue. You can then use the Share option from the Charms bar
desktop wallpaper from this screen, although you can do this by              to send the pictures to friends via email or to your SkyDrive cloud
right-clicking a photo in Windows Explorer.                                  storage account.

ISSUE 298 | COMPUTER SHOPPER   | DECEMBER 2012                                                                                 133

      How to...
      Use Mail, People & Calendar
      The Start screen has new apps for your email, contacts and appointments.
      Here we show you how to set them up and use them

      WINDOWS 8 HAS email, contacts and calendar apps built into the               It’s easy to think of these three applications as completely
      Start interface. Called Mail, People and Calendar, these are designed     separate, but they actually use the same information, so adding
      to be incredibly simple to use, and their big and bold interfaces         one account will pull in all your email messages, contacts and
      make them particularly attractive to use on a touchscreen device          appointments, displaying them in the relevant application.
      or tablet. Even if you’re using a traditional PC, the bold, full-screen
      interfaces can make these applications a lot easier to use than
      regular Desktop programs.                                                 01      You can add an account when in any of the three applications,
                                                                                        with the only difference being that Mail can also be used for
                                                                                IMAP email accounts, whereas Calendar and People require you to
                                                                                use an Exchange, Gmail or Hotmail account.
                                                                        01         For simplicity’s sake, we’ll start with Mail, which you can launch
                                                                                from the Start screen. Select Settings from the Charms bar. Choose
                                                                                your account type from the list, then follow the instructions to
                                                                                connect to your account. For Hotmail and Gmail, you’ll need to
                                                                                provide your username and login only; for Exchange accounts,
                                                                                you’ll need to know the name and address of your server, plus your
                                                                                account details, domain name and password. Follow the wizard
                                                                                through and make sure you’ve ticked the right boxes to pull in your
                                                                                contacts and calendars if you want them. Click Connect when done.

                                                                                02     If you haven’t set up your account properly or want to turn
                                                                                       part of it off, click Settings from Charms and select Accounts.
                                                                                From the list of accounts, click the one you want to change. You’ll see

                                                                        02                                                                        03

                                                                        06                                                                        07

134                                                                             DECEMBER 2012   | COMPUTER SHOPPER | ISSUE 298
                                                                                                                                  WINDOWS 8

options for the account name, how often it should check for new
email, if it should automatically download images and which content
to sync. Click the Remove account button to delete the account.
                                                                            06       You can use the Search option from the Charms menu to find
                                                                                     a person, or just scroll through the list. When you click on a
                                                                            contact it will bring up a list of their recent Tweets or Facebook
                                                                            messages (if you’ve added these accounts), and you can even reply

03       You can also add an IMAP email account, such as the one from
         your ISP. Start Mail and choose Settings from the Charms bar.
Click Accounts and select Add an account, Other account. Click Show
                                                                            directly. People is quite smart and will automatically put people with
                                                                            the same name into the same contact, regardless of which account
                                                                            you’ve added them from. It may get it wrong, but you can right-click
more details and fill out your account details and the server details as     inside a contact (slide up for touchscreen users) and select Link,
provided by your email provider. Note that this client supports only        then select the other contact to link the information, too.
IMAP servers, which leave the email on a central server, not POP3
servers, where you download the email. Click Connect when you’re done.
                                                                            07      Creating a new contact is just as easy. Click on the People app
                                                                                    and right-click anywhere (slide up if you’re using touchscreen)

04       Using the Mail client is really easy. Just choose your folder on
         the left, the message you want to read in the middle and read
the message in the main section. You can use the simple icons to
                                                                            and click New. Choose the account to which you want to add the
                                                                            contact, fill out the information and click Save when you’re done.

reply to, forward or delete a message.
   Switch between accounts by clicking the big buttons at the
bottom-left of the screen. Click the plus (+) icon at the top-right to
                                                                            08      The Calendar app works only with certain email accounts,
                                                                                    including Outlook, Google and Hotmail. Provided you’ve set
                                                                            one of these up, it will pull in all your appointments. This app is
start a new message. By default, the message is set as coming from          simple to use, colour-coding appointments by account, so you
the account you’re currently viewing, but you can use the drop-down         know which appointment belongs to which email address.
menu to change accounts. To send a message to someone in your                   Right-click on the calendar (slide up from the bottom on
contacts, click the plus icon next to the mail message to open the          touchscreen devices) to change the view (Day, Week or Month)
People app and choose them from there. You can search your email            or to jump directly to Today.
by selecting Search from the Charms bar. Right-click a message (tap a
message and slide up from the bottom on the touchscreen) to bring
up options to mark a message as unread or move it to a new folder.          09       You can click any appointment to view it in more detail or
                                                                                     make a change. To create a new appointment, right-click on
                                                                            the calendar (slide up from the bottom on touchscreen devices) and

05      The People app gives you access to all your contacts. Run
        this from the Start screen to view them. As well as pulling
in contacts from your email accounts, you can also add social-
                                                                            select New. You can also select a blank part of the calendar to create
                                                                            an appointment at that time and date. Use the drop-down menu to
                                                                            select which account you want to create the appointment under,
networking sites such as Facebook and Twitter. Click on Settings            then fill out the date and time information, how long it is, where it is
from the Charms bar and select Accounts. Click Add and you can              and any extra information. Click the save icon and the appointment
also add Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn accounts.                           will be added to the relevant account.

                                                                    04                                                                         05

                                                                    08                                                                         09

ISSUE 298 | COMPUTER SHOPPER    | DECEMBER 2012                                                                                135

      How to...
      Set up SkyDrive
      Microsoft’s cloud storage service is built into Windows 8, giving you a way to save
      files and folders online. Here we show you how to use it and how to share your files

      SKYDRIVE, MICROSOFT’S CLOUD storage service, provides 7GB of         upload and manage your cloud storage. It’s a little clunky in places,
      free online storage if you have a Microsoft Account. The company     but it can be useful for sharing larger files or making sure you can
      has built a SkyDrive client into Windows 8, which you can use to     access your important documents from anywhere.

              01     Launch the SkyDrive app from
                     the Start screen and you’ll be
              taken to your storage space. You’ll see
                                                                                         01                                                  02

              three folders: Documents, Pictures
              and Public. There’s no difference
              between Documents and Pictures, as
              you can upload any file type to either
              of them; these are just to help you get
              organised from the start.
                  The Public folder is shared publicly
              on the internet, so be careful what
              you put in there, as other people will
              be able to see it.                                                                   02      To upload files or manage your files on
                                                                                                           SkyDrive, open a folder and right-click
                                                                                                   anywhere (slide up from the bottom if you’re
                                                                                                   using a touchscreen device). You’ll see
                                                                                                   options to create a new folder, upload files (a
                                                                                                   file browser is launched) or change the view
                                                                                                   between Details and Thumbnails.
                                                                                         03           SkyDrive works like a normal file-storage
                                                                                                   device, so you can quickly organise all your
                                                                                                   data into the folders you want, choosing the
                                                                                                   files you want to upload and sending them
                                                                                                   over the internet in the background.

                                                                                                   03      To manage your files, right-click
                                                                                                           on those you want (long press for
                                                                                                   touchscreen devices) and you’ll see a choice
                                                                                                   of icons at the bottom of the screen, including
                                                                                                   the option to delete or download them. Click
                                                                                                   Download and you get a file browser view –
                                                                                                   just navigate to the folder where you want
                                                                                                   your files and click Choose this folder. They’ll
                                                                                                   then be downloaded to your computer.

                                                                 04      04       One of the benefits of SkyDrive is that you can share your files
                                                                                  and folders. Sadly, this is something that Microsoft hasn’t
                                                                         integrated into the app, and you can only upload, download and
                                                                         organise your storage. If you want to share a file or folder, you’ll need
                                                                         to use a web browser and go to
                                                                             Log in with the same username and password you use for your
                                                                         computer, and you’ll be able to browse all your files and folders.
                                                                         Right-click on a file or folder and select Share to send someone a link to
                                                                         the file or folder. Anything stored in your Public folder can be accessed
                                                                         by anyone, as can any files you choose to make public through the
                                                                         Share menu. By default, your other folders are hidden from prying eyes.

136                                                                        DECEMBER 2012   | COMPUTER SHOPPER | ISSUE 298
                                                                                                                                      WINDOWS 8

How to...
Use the Windows Store
If you want more Start screen apps, go to the Windows Store. We’ll show you
how to download, update and remove apps, as well as set up payment details

APP STORES ARE all the rage; users love the convenience of being                   The Windows Store houses both free and paid-for applications
able to buy an app with a couple of clicks, and their owners like the           and requires a Microsoft account to use. If you log into your
ongoing profits, taking a percentage cut of each sale. Microsoft has             computer with a Microsoft account, you don’t need to do any more,
finally joined Apple and Google with its Windows Store, which is                 but if you’re using a local account, you’ll be prompted to register for
where you need to visit to get hold of more Start screen apps.                  an account when you first use the Store.

01      Open the Start screen
        and click on Store to
launch the Windows Store.
                                                                  01                                                                              02

You first need to add a
payment option. This isn’t
required to download free
apps, so you can skip this step
if you’d rather not add a credit
card to your account.
     Open Settings from the
Charms bar and click Your
account. Click Add payment
method, fill out your card and
billing details and click Submit.
We recommend enabling the
option to prompt for your
                                                                                02      Once you’re in the main Store, you can scroll left and right to
                                                                                        see all the available categories. Each category shows you a
                                                                                few selected apps, but you can click Top free and Top paid to view
password when buying apps.                                                      the charts. To browse through a category, click its header. You can
     You can register up to five                                                 use the drop-down menu to filter by price and by rating, helping you
PCs on your account, so use                                                     find the applications you want.
this page to remove old PCs                                                        To search, bring up the Charms bar and select Search. Type in
you’re no longer using.                                                         your search term and all relevant results will be shown onscreen.

                                                                          03                                                                      04

                                                                                       04      To remove an app you’ve installed, go to the Start
                                                                                               screen, right-click its icon (tap, hold and move the
                                                                                       icon up on touchscreen devices) and select Uninstall. You’ll

03      To install an app, click its link in the Store and you’ll be taken to
        its page. Click the Install button and the app will be automatically
downloaded to your computer. Updates will be downloaded automatically,
                                                                                       see a warning; click Yes and the app will be removed from
                                                                                       your computer. If you do the same thing on an application
                                                                                       that wasn’t installed through the Store, you’ll be taken to the
and you’ll see a notification of updates on the Store’s Live Tile; simply open          Desktop’s ‘Uninstall a program’ option instead.
the Store to install them.
    To find apps you’ve installed on other devices, right-click in the Store
(slide down on a touchscreen) and click Your apps. Then click on ‘Apps not
installed on this PC’ in the drop-down menu, select an app and click Install.

ISSUE 298 | COMPUTER SHOPPER    | DECEMBER 2012                                                                                    137
                                                                                                                Need more Windows protection?
                                                                                                                See Security Expert, page 152
      How to...
      Back up your computer
      Although Windows 8 is reliable, there’s always a risk of errors and data loss. Here’s
      how to back up your files or your entire computer, and recover after a problem

      ALTHOUGH WINDOWS HAS been getting more reliable over the
      years, there’s still the risk of hardware failure, fire and theft to
      your data, not to mention software crashes breaking your
                                                                                  02      To create a complete backup of your computer, click ‘Create
                                                                                          a system image’. You’ll be given a choice of backup locations:
                                                                                  On a hard disk (fast and convenient, but a separate hard disk or
      computer. As with Windows 7, Windows 8 has advanced backup                  external drive is safer than a separate partition), One or more DVDs
      and recovery tools built in, although they’re located in different          (not recommended, as it’s less convenient to update), and ‘On a
      places and work in a slightly different way.                                network location’, which is handy if you have a NAS device. If you go
          Here we’ll show you how to back up your entire computer,                for Network Location, you’ll need to click Select, then Browse to find
      regularly back up your important files and how to recover when               your network storage before entering the username and password
      things go wrong. To use this guide, you’ll need to have made a              to choose where you want to save your backups.
      recovery drive, which we showed you how to do in the installation               Once you’ve made your choice, click Next and Windows 8 will
      guide (see page 116). We still think that dedicated cloud storage           show you which drives it’s backing up. Click ‘Start backup’ to
      is the way to go, as this will automatically back up your files to a         complete the job. This could take a while to finish, depending on
      secure location as you work, but the built-in tools are useful if you       the number of files and applications you have installed.
      want to back up for free. There’s also the System Restore tool,
      which remains the same as in Windows 7 and lets you roll your
      computer back to a previous state, undoing recent changes.                                                                                    02

      01      It’s always worth taking a complete backup of your computer
              as a system image, so that you can flash it back to a working
      state when things go wrong or you want to perform a hassle-free
      re-install. Windows 8 hides this utility, so go to the Start screen, type
      Windows 7, click Settings and select Windows 7 File Recovery. This
      will bring up the old Windows 7 backup screen, where you can
      schedule a backup or create a system image. Don’t click Set up
      backup, as this will disable Windows 8’s new backup software; we
      only want to use this utility for a system image. You can also use this
      application to create a system repair disc on DVD, whereas the new
      recovery drive works on USB only, which is the preferred option.


                                                                          05                                                                        06

138                                                                               DECEMBER 2012   | COMPUTER SHOPPER | ISSUE 298
                                                                                                                                  WINDOWS 8


03       For file backup, Windows 8 has replaced the old system with
         a new application called File History. This is similar to Apple’s
Time Machine feature, keeping multiple versions of your important
                                                                             06       To restore files, open File History and click Restore personal
                                                                                      files. This will open to the last backup made, showing the date
                                                                             and time at the top of the screen. You can use the navigation icons at
files so you can jump back to a previous version when you want.               the bottom of the page to move backwards and forwards in time,
Press the Windows key to open the Start screen and type File History,        while the big green arrow icon is used to restore all files from the
then click Settings and select File History.                                 selected date and time. You can also browse through your files and
    File History will work only if you have an external hard disk            folders. Right-clicking one gives the option to preview, restore or
connected or you specify a network share, following the instructions         restore as; the third option lets you choose where to put the backup
in Step 2 to connect to one. If you want to use an external disk and         file, leaving the current version intact.
don’t have one connected yet, insert the drive and press F5 or hit the
refresh icon (the circular arrow at the top of the screen).
                                                                             07       If something more serious goes wrong, you may want to
                                                                                      restart your computer in Safe mode, so you can uninstall

04       File History automatically backs up files in your Libraries and
         on your Desktop, as well as your Contacts and Favourites.
You can add new folders into Libraries using the instructions on page
                                                                             software, reinstall drivers and so on. The problem with Windows
                                                                             8 is that it’s fairly difficult to do this, as there’s a window of 200
                                                                             milliseconds or less in which to hit the required Shift-F8 key
127, but files outside of these locations won’t be backed up. If you          combination. Using the key combination method will usually
want to exclude a folder, click Exclude folders, click Add and browse        require a few reboots until you get it right.
to the folder that you don’t want to back up. This can be useful if you          If there’s a major problem and your computer won’t boot,
have big project files that you back up separately, for example, and          Windows will reboot into an Automatic Repair mode and attempt
you don’t want to keep multiple versions.                                    to fix boot problems, giving you the option of using System Restore
                                                                             to go back to an older version.

05       Click Advanced settings to control exactly how the software
         works. You can choose how often to save copies of your
files. The default is every hour, but you can increase the frequency if
                                                                                 Alternatively, if you can get into Windows, go to PC Settings,
                                                                             General and click Restart now under the ‘Advanced start-up’ option.
                                                                             When you see the menu options, click Troubleshoot, Advanced
you’re working on important files. Next, you can select the size of the       options and Start-up settings. This will bring up a boot menu with
offline cache: this is the amount of storage space used on your hard           Safe mode on it.
disk to save file versions when your backup location isn’t available.
This is particularly useful on laptops, where you’ll be out and about
without access to your external hard disk or network.
   Finally, you can choose how long to keep versions of files. The
                                                                             08       When things go really wrong, insert your recovery drive
                                                                                      USB key into your computer and make sure your BIOS is
                                                                             set to boot from it. When it restarts, choose Troubleshoot. The
default is forever, but you can choose your own timeframe using the          Refresh your PC setting will replace key system files to get your
drop-down menu. You can click Clean up versions here and choose to           computer to boot.
remove file versions from before a date you choose, such as files older           System Restore lets you flash your computer back to a previous
than one year. Click Save changes, then, in File History, click Turn on.     point. If you’d rather restore your computer from an image file, click
Windows will ask if you want to recommend your hard disk to other            on Advanced Options and select System Image Recovery. It should
members of your HomeGroup so they can use it over the network,               pick up your system images, but you can browse physical disks and
but we think it’s better to configure each machine individually. Your         network locations to point the software at your image. Follow the
files will be backed up automatically in the background.                      wizard through and let Windows restore itself.

                                                                     03                                                                        04

                                                                     07                                                                        08

ISSUE 298 | COMPUTER SHOPPER    | DECEMBER 2012                                                                                 139

      How to...
      Configure default programs
      With a choice between Desktop and Start screen apps, your files may not open
      where you want them to. We show you how to change the default applications

      ALTHOUGH THE NEW Start screen apps are really user-friendly and               Windows Photo Viewer, on the other hand, lets you open a picture
      easy to use, they’re not necessarily better than other applications           from any folder, then browse through the entire contents of that
      you might already have on your computer. For example, Photos, the             folder. Fortunately, Windows 8 lets you change and configure which
      new Start screen app, lets you open a single picture, but you can’t           applications are used by default. Here we’ll show you how to make
      browse through the rest of the pictures in the picture’s folder.              the changes you want.

                                                               01                                            02     02      If you want to be a bit more
                                                                                                                            picky about what a program
                                                                                                                    can do, select an application and
                                                                                                                    choose Choose defaults for this
                                                                                                                    program. This gives you a list of file
                                                                                                                    extensions that application can open,
                                                                                                                    such as .jpg, and Protocols. The latter
                                                                                                                    option is for things such as web
                                                                                                                    addresses, so that your default
                                                                                                                    browser is opened if, for example,
                                                                                                                    you click a link in a Word document.
                                                                                                                    Put ticks in all the boxes where you
                                                                                                                    want the selected application to be
                                                                                                                    the default.


      01     Go to the Start screen and type ‘default
             programs’, then click the corresponding
      search result. This launches the Control Panel app
      that keeps track of which applications should be
      used for which file types.
          There are two methods of changing the details. First,
      you can choose Set your default programs, which lets
      you set an application so that it’s the default for all the
      file types it can open. This option displays a list of the
      applications on your computer, and you can select each
      one in turn. This will tell you how many defaults that
                                                                         03       If you go back to the main Default Programs screen, you can also click
                                                                                  Associate a file type or protocol with a specific program. This gives you a
                                                                         long list of file extensions and the application that currently opens that file type.
      application has set. If you want to use that application           Click the one you want to change, select Change program and choose the
      for everything, select Set this program as default.                application you want to use from the list. You can also do a similar thing from
                                                                         Windows Explorer: right-click on a file and select Open With, Choose default,
                                                                         then select the application you want to use to open that file type.

                                                                    04   04      Finally, if you want to change what happens when
                                                                                 you insert external media, such as a USB drive or a
                                                                         DVD, you need to go back to Default Programs and click
                                                                         Change AutoPlay settings. Here you can choose what to
                                                                         do by media type (Removable drive, DVD and so on),
                                                                         and by type (such as Pictures, Videos and Music). The
                                                                         advantage of this system is that you can do something
                                                                         different if, for example, you insert a removable drive full
                                                                         of pictures or full of videos. For each option choose what
                                                                         you want to do, such as opening the files in Explorer.

140                                                                                  DECEMBER 2012   | COMPUTER SHOPPER | ISSUE 298
                                                                                                                                      WINDOWS 8

How to...
Use Task Manager
Windows 8 dramatically overhauls the Task Manager, so it’s easier to use and
better for troubleshooting. We explain all its new features and how to use them

ALTHOUGH WINDOWS HAS become more reliable over the years,                   this, but it’s had a dramatic overhaul in this version of Windows.
there are still times when you’ll have to close down a problem              Here we’ll show you how to use it, as well as the differences that
application manually. Task Manager is still the best way of doing           make it a far better tool than the old one.

                                            01                                                  02      02       Click on More details and you’ll see
                                                                                                                 the new Task Manager. To help you
                                                                                                        troubleshoot, it splits the list of running
                                                                                                        processes into Apps (those running in the
                                                                                                        foreground), Background processes (the
                                                                                                        parts of apps you can’t see) and Windows
                                                                                                        processes (the bits you probably shouldn’t
                                                                                                        touch). You can expand anything with a
                                                                                                        triangle next to its name, so you can see
                                                                                                        the sub-processes that are also running.
                                                                                                            For each running process, you can
                                                                                                        see how much of the CPU, Memory, Disk
                                                                                                        and Network it’s using, and it’s all colour
                                                                                                        coded, too. A column turns red if your
                                                                                                        computer’s suffering and highlights the
                                                                                                        offending application. This level of detail

01      To launch the Task Manager, you can
        press Ctrl-Alt-Delete and select Task
Manager or just press Ctrl-Shift-Escape. The
                                                                                                        is great, as you can see exactly what’s
                                                                                                        causing a problem; an application hogging
                                                                                                        all your network availability, for example,
first thing that you’ll notice is that the Task                                                          could be responsible for slow browsing.
Manager has a much simpler interface than it
did previously. Select the problem program
from the list and click End Task. The application                                                                             04
will be terminated and shut down.


                                                    04       The Start-up tab is useful, as it tells you which programs are set to
                                                             start with Windows and the impact they have on your computer.

03      If you’ve had a lot of problems, click
        on App history and you can view the
total CPU time and Network usage for all the
                                                    Windows measures how each application affects your PC’s performance and
                                                    then tells you its startup impact: Low, Medium or High. You can right-click any
                                                    item and choose Disable, but be careful: our PC told us that SugarSync had a
programs on your computer. This list shows          High impact, but as it’s our online backup utility we don’t mind about this.
you anything that’s been hogging resources          Before you start disabling services, make sure this information is as accurate
so you can deal with it accordingly.                as possible by letting Windows 8 bed in for a few weeks.

ISSUE 298 | COMPUTER SHOPPER    | DECEMBER 2012                                                                                   141

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