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Canada Compared to the World


  • pg 1
									  What is
        What is Geography?

1.   Introduction to Geography Quiz
2.   Mind Map of Canada
3.   Definitions of Geography
4.   Connection to the World
5.   Canada Compared to the World
      Mind Map of Canada

• We use maps to help us find locations or spatial
• However, most of the time we use the spatial
  maps in our heads of places we know called
  mental maps.
• These mental maps provide the basis on which
  we make decisions and take actions.
• For example: house map more precious then map
  of place you visited.
• A important mental map for any Canadian is that
  of our country.
      Mind Map of Canada

• On a blank sheet of paper, draw a map of Canada
  as close to reality as possible. Do this on your
  own – without looking at other people’s maps or
  any reference material such as an atlas.
• On your map, label what you regard as important
  features, such as provinces, cities, mountain
  ranges, and bodies of water.
       Mind Map of Canada

1. Which parts of Canada do you know best?
2. Which parts of your map are most incomplete?
3. Do you feel it is important to know where places
   are in Canada? Explain.
       What is Geography?

• Geography is the science that tries to understand
  how the Earth works and how humans change it.
  – This science examines the Earth’s surface and the
    processes that shape it.
  – Geography especially looks at the relationship
    between people and the Earth’s physical environment.
  – To understand our relationship with the Earth,
    geographers ask questions and search for answers to
    problems. By exploring these problems, we can make
    better, wiser decisions.
       What is Geography?

• Geographers try to answer three questions:
  – Where are things located on Earth?
  – What are the connections between people and the
  – How can we illustrate this information to understand it
• Geography has two main focuses:
  – The Earth’s physical geography (natural things)
  – The Earth’s human geography (people and things
    related to people such as cities)
       Connection to the World

• Geography shows the spatial distribution of
  human or physical features.
• Very quickly, you will discover that there are many
  connections amongst these features all over the
            Connection to the World

• These are the geographic
  connections of a Canadian
  student who lives in Oshawa.
•   Some of these linkages are
     – National: family ties in other
     – Regional: reads Toronto
•   Other linkages are not as clear:
     – Worldwide: Clothes made in
        Malaysia and India
     – National: Hospital bill paid by
        Canadian taxpayer.
         What are YOUR connections to
         the rest of the world?
• Are you aware of the ways in which you are linked
  to the rest of the world?
    – List your connections under the headings local,
      regional, provincial, national, and international. Use
      the circle chart as a example, but list things that are
      relevant to your life.

 local        regional    provincial   national   international
       Canada Compared to the World

• There are 195
  countries in the
  world, but where
  does Canada fit in?
  Canada is the
  second largest
  country in area but
  ranks 35th in
       Canada Compared to the World

• Using the Snapshot
  handout, in your groups
  draw some conclusions
  about Canada’s place in
  the world in the areas of
  the environment, people,
  government, and
Canada Compared to the World

          • GDP per capita (US$):
            refers to the market value
            of all final goods and
            services produced within a
            country in a given period.
            It is often considered an
            indicator of a country's
            standard of living. Data
            are in current U.S. dollars.
Canada Compared to the World
      Canada Compared to the World

• Comparison of GDP by year:
  – http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.PCAP.CD
        Canada Compared to the World

• Read the “Wealth” section from the handout “Canada
  on the World Stage”.
• Locate the countries listed in the “Current GDP” table.
• Use this information and the “Current GDP” table to
  answer the following question:
   – Group the countries into ‘wealthier’ and poorer’ categories.
   – Were there any countries that were difficult to classify?
     What might that mean about the level of economic
     development in these countries?
   – Outline at least one short coming of GDP per capita as a
     measure of a countries wealth. (Hint: what does this info
     not give you?)
        Canada Compared to the World

• You have been chatting with someone online that is from Fiji
  who knows nothing about Canada. Based on what you have
  learned, along with what you know, write a brief, point-form
  description of Canada that you could send to your new friend.
       Canada Compared to the World

• Read the “Area” and “Population” section from the
  handout “Canada on the World Stage”.
  – In your groups, locate the countries listed in the “Size
    of Various Countries Relative to Canada” table. Are
    these larger countries found in any particular part of
    the world or are they found in all parts of the world?
  – Group the countries according to size. How many
    groups did you decide to have? Which countries are
    similar in size to Canada?
       Canada Compared to the World

• The “Size of Various Countries Relative to
  Canada” table lists the ten largest countries in the
  world along with five others. Fill in the missing
  information. China has been done for you as an
• Amount larger or smaller: 9 632 000 km2 – 9 992
  000 km2 = – 360 000 km2
• Percentage of Canada’s size: 9 632 000 km2 / 9
  992 000 km2 x 100 = 96.4%
       Canada Compared to the World

• Add together the areas of Canada and the United
  – a) How does this number compare with the area of
  – b) What special problems would the government of a
    country as large as Russia have?
  – c) In 1991, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
    (USSR) split into 15 new countries. Two of these
    countries are large enough to appear on the list in the
    table on the next page. Which countries are they? If
    you know them, list some of the other countries that
    used to be part of the USSR.
Canada Compared to the World

          • Read the “Population
            density” section from the
            handout “Canada on the
            World Stage”.
            – What is Canada’s
              population density
            – What are the advantages
              and disadvantages of this
       Canada Compared to the World

• Look at the handout
  “The World’s Figures”
  – What do some of
    these figures mean?
  – How could you use
    them to figure out the
    position of a country
    within the world?
      How is Canada Seen in the World

• Sizing up Canada's place in the world
  – http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/story/2010/06/29/f-
• Poll findings
  – http://www.cbc.ca/news/polls/canada-
• Canada's World
  – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GpRpZGc2Kek

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