Attachment Three Stop Fracking the Earth - Pennsylvania Federation by jianghongl


									                   Attachment Three

               Stop Fracking the Earth

    A    Protecting our Waters Brochure, "The Truth About Fracking"

    B.   Fracking: Myths and Facts

    C.   The New York Times on Fracking

    D.   Fracking Will Poison Your Water


                                                General Chairman's Report
                                               21 51 Quadrennial Convention
                                     Pennsylvania Federation BMWED -IBT
                                                            Atlantic City, NJ
                                                               August 2011
The EPA's study on fracking's risks to water and air won't be
finished for two years; the chemicals used are still kept secret;
and EPA won't regulate massive greenhouse gas emissions
from shale gas drilling for two more years.

Call your state and federal representatives and tell them to slam
the brakes on shale gas drilling in the Delaware River Basin and
the rest ofPA. We need policy and protections based on sci­
ence, not profit!
                                                                                                     Unconventional natural gas drilling,
Tell President Obama: Pass the FRAC Act, to restore Safe                                             or 'Jracking/' pollutes air, water and
Drinking Water Act regulation to fracking operations.                                                 land, and Philadelphia's drinking
President Obama: 202-456-1111                                                                             water is at risk.
Tell Sens. Toomey and Casey to cosponsor the BREATHE 

Act, to decrease air pollution from fracking . 

Bob Casey: (202) 224-6324 

Patrick Toomey: (202) 224-4254. 

Ask your state legislators to support a statewide moratorium              : ..~-",
                                                                                       .     ~
                                                                               --- .. "'> 


on shale gas drilling. To find your legislators, use Committee of                  "
Seventy's lookup tool at

 Get involved! Take action online:
 Other great resources:, marcellusproteslorg,, 

The Halliburton Loophole: The 2005 Energy Bill removed the rights
ofthe EPA to regulate hydraulic fracturing under the Safe Drinking
Water Act, Clean Water Act, Clean Air Act and Superfund Act, leaving
us especially vulnerable to fracking pollution.

Scientists have identified 596 chemicals in fracking fluids. These
include carcinogens, pesticides and biocides (substances designed to
kill living things), neurotoxins ( which hurt the brain and nervous
system) and endocrine disruptors (which disrupt hormonal function,
reproduction) cell growth).

The flowback fluid (which returns from underground) is even worse
because it contains heavy metals and radioactive substances from the
shale layer, including arsenic, cadmium and Radium 226.

Ground level ozone and noxious chemicals have serious health
consequences on people, animals, and plants. For humans, this
includes asthma, stroke, cardiovascular disease and other serious
disorders. Unfortunately, there are no regulations in place in PA to
monitor air quality related to gas drilling.

New research indicates that natural gas has a life-cycle global warming
impact that is worse than coal. COl released during the extraction of
natural gas contributes to global warming. And, far from being the
"bridge fuel" portrayed by the industry, methane is a greenhouse gas
that traps even more heat than CO 2 ,

Neither state nor federal regulations require the industry to
massive greenhouse gas emissions in the extraction, processing and
transportation of natural gas.
                    Don't believe the hype. Natural gas industry groups, such as the Marcellus Shale
                    Coalition, here in Pennsylvania, are spending millions of dollarson ads, lobbying, _
                    public relations and campaign contributions to promote a series of ~yths' about, .'
                    hydrbfracking. Here's the truth about some of their claims.

       lVfYTH: There is no non-toxic alternative to fracking fluids.                                                     This new, uI).conventional drilling me.thad:
                                                                                                                         • often goes over a mill! deep and o~er a ~te hori~ontauy;
       FACT; Regulations for offshore drilling require the use                                                                                                   toxic ~hemicals than
                                                                                                                         • uses about 67 times mo're. water and ' . .
       of non-toxic fluids to protect marine life. Meanwhile, our                                                          conventional drilling. About 4 million gallons oj water is
       fresh waters are absorbing toxic fracking fluid from this                                                           withdrawn from our rivers and streams and mixed with
       land-based technology, Simply because the industry is not                                                           20,000 pOUIlds of chemicals for each frack. The. water
       being required to use non-toxic fluids!                                                                            use alone has sucked some Perinsy]vaniastreams dry:

       MYTH: Dm\lnstream water-drinkers, such as those of us in                                                         MYTH: Marcellus Shale drilling is creating"pundreds of
       Philadelphia, are not at risk from gas drilling upstream, in                                                     thousands of jobs in Pennsylvania.
       the Upper Delaware River watershed.
                                                                                                                       FACT: An industry lobby group-the Marcellus Shale
       FACT: The Delaware River watershed, which includes the                                                          Coalition-paid two Penn State l!niversity professors
       Schuylkill River, is the source oj Philadelphia's drinking wa­                                                  who wildJy exaggerated the number ofjo bs being brought
       ter. Toxic contaminants travel hundreds of miJes. Studies                                                       to our state by the industry. 'This "PSU study" is actually
       show that PCBs traveled 200 miles in the Hudson River.                                                          a Marcellus Shale Coalition product from which a Penn
                                                                                                                       State University dean is now distancing himself publicly.
       Drinking watertteatment cannot removealJ the chemicals
       used in fracking, such as biocides, endocrine disruptors,                                                       Most drilling jobs so far have gone to workers from out
       and carcinogens. Even trace amounts of toxic chemicals                                                          of state.
       can harm human health.

                                                                                                                       MYTH: Marcellus Shale drilling is great for the economy.
       l\-fYTH: In Pennsylvania, the industry and its allies say,
       "we've been fracking for 60 years without a problem."                                                           FACT: Drillinghurts oureconomy in several ways. Already
                                                                                                                       we are bearing the costs of severe road damage, intense
       FACT: Hydraulic fracturing in shallow, "conventional"                                                           pollution, reguJatory overload, and damage to property,
       layers has happened for 60 years. There have been many                                                          the environment, and public health in contaminated
       problems, particularly with methane migration. But Mar·                                                         areas. The future costs from pollution-related illness;

'­   , ceUus Shale fracking is much more harmful. 

                         .                   .
                                                                                                                       efforts to restore degraded water supplies; and expensive
                                                                                                                       Cleanup projects could escalate for decades.

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• Every £racking pad could become a "Superfund".but                     FACT:; The industry works hard to minimize) deny arid' .
 fhe. industry Wi.ll not be .obliged to pay) sinCl~·.Niey have                ,av~id;.responsibility'for harm they cause. Even with no      ~
  getten theJl'lS.¢lves ~~pte~, from SUpeI'fufl~ Lll,!'pro~                   ,acci,dentS,w.atei, and a.jr:contaminationaI:e"irihere~J te.· ~ .
  vl$ions: With'hu1!l~tls'Qf,thqus;u.i4$ ' . w~I1$,
             ,                     .
                                                                              the .extramon prOcess..
  pIattned £dtPA,:,cle~ilpc{jsts ~ be exponenflat
                          .   .              '   "                            .Cabot.Qp&, Gas denied.iIl respo~ibtlityf9r th~ mi­
,;:P.K's' s.e-cfln4 ~largestind:tastryjs tt>uri~inJ;m(l)stl.y,m,:alir. e,x­    gtafuig.m:ethane.:Wh:i:ch:blew up Norma Fivrentino~.wafe:"
  traoram~pa,r;ks~ ;{ortstslmd ('ri'lt~mt:e~....,..;.t#e 'beauty               wdl,ihDiinock, 'PA, i'1' 2o.091.andwhiQi:tl1J!o'COJ}t4mF
  an:d 'lrealiih afwhil:4iat'e:th1;eatened by fr.~~g. TIQut ,fish­             nated'an' el1tire9~mil'e~quifer, depri~g14 familie~of
  ~gjsa~4~7billi.on industry, but trout thrive only in pristine                drinking water for 18 months.
  ht!adw.a~ers"ex:actly where gas companies want to frack.
                                                                              • D EP found 565 violations by drillers in the first 6 moii~s 

•To tbiiye econ~mically! communities need to avoid pollu­                       of2010; 80 of those were incidents of illegal disposal,. 

  ti0n,health'ris~, and environmental degradation.
                                                                              • During the Clearfield blowout, June 3rd-4th, 1010, .
                                                                                the drilling company waited S hours before calling the
MYTH: Surely the federal government wiil protect us,                            Pennsylvania DEP emergency hotline,while toxic flow­
                                                                                back and explosive methane blew 75 Jeet into the air con­
FACT: In 2005) Congress exempted unconventional drilJ­                          tinuously. The company did not even have more than
ingfrom key provisions ofthe Superfund law and the Clean                        one blowout prevention mechanism in place.
Water, Clean Air, and Safe Drinking Water Acts.
                                                                              • Over 1,000 instances ofwater pollution have been docu­

The EPA has only just begun its first major study of the air and                mented by ProPublica. 

water risks posedby unconventional gas drilling, In Septem­
ber 201O"this $1.9M EFA study is still being designed !
                                                                              MYTH: Water quality and water quantity issues are the                 ,.J
                                                                              only real problems associated with fracking,
MYTH: Most of the chemicals used'in frackingare safe,
                                                                              FACT: Fracking also degrades air quality. People and ani­
FACT: Scientists have identified 596 chemicals in £racking                    mals living near natural gas operations breathe in carcinogens
fluids. These indude carcinogel~ pesticides and biocides (sub­                and neurotoxins; early studies show increased blood-levels
stances designedto klllliving things), neurotoxins (which hurt                of toxins. Shale drilling in the Fort Worth, TX, area pro­
the brain and nervous system) and endocrine disruptors (which                 duces more air pollution than all the cars in Fort Worth.
disrupthonnonal function, reproduction, cell growth).

When 19 cows drank fracking fluid (Louisiana, 2009 ) they
                                                                              J\tfYTH: Natural gas IS a green energy source that helps
all died in agony, bleeding from both ends.                                   reduce global warming.
The flowback fluid (which returns from deep under­
ground) is even worse. It contains all the original chemi­                    FACT: CO 2 released during the extraction of natural gas
cals mixed with substances from the shale layer) including                    contributes to global warming. And, far from being the
heavy metals like arsenic, cadmium and Radium 226.                            "bridge fuel" portrayed by the industry, methane is a
                                                                              greenhouse gas that traps even more heat than C01 . Nei­
                                                                              ther state nor federal regulations require the industry to
MYTH: The industry is highly motivated to prevent acci­                       curb massive routine emissions in the extraction, process­
dents and to take care of any harm done.                                      ing and transportation of natural gas.

DcmtJcrao/ matters. Tell Phi!ade1pllia Coul1c;lmembers, PA State RellftsentaHvts and Senators: Support a moratorium until wmulativeimpad
studirrsare complde. Wt' want justice) and npt jor j~t us; wilJlif~ birds) fish, our neighbors jl~d gralldchildreli ALL !ltd d(QII wafer 10 live.
Don', fmck ilfith Cllli'future-!
Findings on Natural Gas Production's Consequences to Public Health and the Environment
                                                 From the "Drilling Down" investigative series by Ian Urbina

Regulation Lax as Gas Wells' Water Hits Rivers (February 26,2011)

    • 	 Many EPA scientists warn that gas drilling waste is a threat to drinking water in Pennsylvania. PA is the
       only state allowing drilling waste discharge through sewage treatment plants into rivers.
   • 	 Over a million gallons of toxic liquid per hydrofracked gas well can return to the surface as waste
       containing naturally occurring corrosive salts, carcinogens, and radioactive elements; more toxins,
       including carCinogens, are added by chemicals used in the drilling process.
   • 	 Over 1.3 billion gallons of toxic wastewater was produced by Pennsylvania gas wells over the past
       three years. Most of this wastewater went to sewage treatment plants not equipped to remove and
       radioactive materials.
   • 	 Air pollution: fumes containing benzene and toluene from gas drilling contributed to Wyoming failing
       to meet federal standards for air quality for the first time in its history; asthma has risen to 25% among
       young children in heavy drilling areas of Texas; harmful ozone levels increase in drilling areas.
   • 	 Radioactivity:   Many gas wells produce wastewater with levels of radioactivity hundreds or thousands
       times as high as the allowable federal drinking-water standards.

"	         o
               Most sewage treatment plants accepting drilling waste do not test for radioactivity.
               Most downstream drinking-water intake plants have not tested for radioactivity since 2006,
               before the recent drilling boom began.
   • 	 EPA officials described a 2008 incident of waste discharge in the Pittsburgh area's Monongahela River
       as "one of the largest failures in U.S. history to supply clean drinking water to the public." Pittsburgh
       residents were advised by officials to drink bottled water.

Gas Drillers Recycle Wastewater, but Risks Remain (March 1,2011)

   • 	 The gas industry benefits from special exemptions from federal hazardous waste laws which define gas
       drilling waste as "residuaL" Without these exemptions, drillers would be forced, at great expense, to:
          o 	 test their waste more rigorously for toxicity;
          o 	 ship any radioactive sludge or salts to special landfills in Idaho or Washington.
   • 	 Recycling wastewater has not eliminated environmental and health risks.
          o 	 Some methods leave behind radioactive salts and sludge dangerous to human and aquatic life
               when it enters waterways.
          o 	 Gas drillers sell their wastes in Pennsylvania and West Virginia to be spread on roads for dust
               suppression and de-icing. These waste's, including radioactive and toxic elements, run off roads
               into waterways, and can end up in drinking water.

         The New York Times' Findings on Natural Gas Production's Consequences to Public Health and the Environment
                                                      Compiled by Protecting Our Woters []
           o 	 Recycling wastewater concentrates contaminants, including barium, strontium and radioactive
           o 	 The total amount of gas drilling waste is expected to increase, despite recycling.
   • 	 Natural-gas companies recycled less than half their wastewater during the 18 months ending 

       December 2010. 

   • 	 At least 50 million gallons of gas-drilling wastewater are unaccounted for.
   • 	 Pennsylvania proposed a manifest tracking system for drilling wastewater that would have ensured
       each load of waste reached its destination (verifying the waste is not dumped at the side of the road).
           o 	 The Marcellus Shale Coalition staunchly and successfully opposed this effort.
           o 	 Three top state officials involved in the decision-making process causing the manifest system
               proposal not to be implemented have since left their posts for jobs in the natural-gas industry.
   • 	 Wells continue to ooze flowback for decades, after they are plugged and abandoned. As wells age, 

       flowback fluids become more toxic, according to Professor Anthony Ingraffea of Cornell University. 

Politics Seen to Limit EPA in Regulation of Natural Gas (March 3, 2011)

   • 	 In 1987, the EPA's conclusion that much drilling waste is hazardous and should be tightly controlled 

       was "not what Congress heard." The study's author said, "It was like the science didn't matter." 

   • 	 Natural gas drillers are exempt from parts of at least 7 of the 15 sweeping federal environmental laws,
       which regulate most other heavy industries and are supposed to protect air and water.
   • 	 In 2010, EPA planned to call for a moratorium on hydrofracking in New York City's watershed. This was
       removed from the final draft of a publicly released letter due to "politics," according to an EPA source.      ..J
   • 	 EPA officials say drilling waste from Pennsylvania is being discharged with inadequate treatment into 

       rivers that provide drinking water to more than 16 million people. 

   • 	 EPA dropped plans to model whether rivers can safely dilute radioactivity in wastewater discharges.
   • 	 Industry and congressional pressure narrows the focus of EPA studies on hydrofracking.
           o 	 A draft ofthe 2004 study of shallow hydrofracking mentioned "possible evidence" of aquifer
               contamination, but the report concluded there was "little or no threat to drinking water."
           o 	 Five of seven members of the 2004 study's review panel were current or former employees of
               the oil and gas industry. After the 2004 study's release, an EPA whistleblower said the study
               agency was strongly influenced by industry and political pressure.
           o 	 Several agency scientists said the scope of the upcoming study on hydrofracking has been
               narrowed partly because of pressure from the industry and Congress. The study will no longer
               examine toxic fumes released during drilling, or the impact of drilling waste on the food chain.
   • 	 Federal scientists say the current study is squelching research by regional offices of the EPA, as regional
       directors were informed that the national study would be "the only forum for research on
       hyd rofracki ng."
   • 	 Some EPA lawyers say drilling wastes are "mystery liquids" and their discharge into rivers and streams
       is a clear violation of federal pollution laws. These lawyers are advocating for the agency to intervene
       in Pennsylvania, an action that could potentially halt the breakneck growth of drilling..                      ~

         The New York Times' Findings on Natural Gas Production's Consequences to Public Health and the Environment
                                                      Compiled by Protecting Our Waters []
                                                    Frac ina ILL
                                                      Poison Your

I~YTH:       Drilling in our state forests has not affected the scenic, ecological or recreational
~/ues of our forests
I FACT: This drilling has resulted in the destruction of trees, wildlife, and warnings of contaminated water are now
, posted in both the Allegheny and the Moshannon State Forests. The water is no longer suitable to drink. (Allegheny
  Defense Project, 9-1-2010)

I MYTH:      Drilling into the Marcellus Shale is perfectly safe; companies are 'responsible'
    FACT: There are almost as many violations as there are welJs. Numerous incidents of spills, contamination and blow
    outs have been documented (The Pa. Natural Gas Industry Wall o/Shame; Enviromnental Dangers of Hydrofracturing
    the Marcellus Shale by Robert Myers, Lock Haven University)

    MYTH: Drilling for natural gas will fuel Pennsylvania and lesson our dependence on foreign oil
    FACT: These gas companies are selling their leases, and/or companies to China, Korea, Asian sovereign wealth funds,
    Japan, India, Norway, Germany and England. The gas is being exported for huge profits to a world market. (WaD
    Street Journal, June 22, 2010)

    MYTH: Only a few water wells in rural parts of Pennsylvania have been contaminated as a
    result of this drilling. City water is "safe".
    FACT: Fourteen waste disposal facilities along the Monongahela Watershed are accepting chemicaDy contaminated
    "frack" water, diluting it and dumping it directly into our rivers. 824,825 Ibs. of total dissolved solids, 15,053 Ibs. of
    barium, 16,737 Ibs. of strontium, 486, 812 lbs. of chloride are permitted disposal into the Mon River EVERY DAYl
    (Charles Christen, DrPH, Med) (total dissolved solids include anything present in water other than pure water and
    indicate the presence of toxic minerals)

~                            TO WAKE to:
           IT'S TIME or to get involved go UPI
        For More Inlormation                                                                                    For more


The Marcellus shale formation has elevated radioactive concentrations due to naturally occurring
uranium, approximately 25·30 times above background concentrations. Meanwhile, the produced
water from these wells can contain 15,000 pCi/ L (picoCuries per liter) of radium. The drinking water
standard for radium is 5 pCi/ L. Most Marcellus shale wells in Pennsylvania send the fluids to
wastewater treatment plants to be diluted and dumped into our rivers (Note: there are 14 sites ~
the Monongahela River alone) They also dispose of the dewatered drill cuttings in various landfifIIIP
(Note: cancer rates rose dramatically in communities living near these toxic landfills) Report on
Radioactivity in the Marcellus Shale

MYTH: Diluting this "frack" water has little affect on water quality and health
FACT: This "flow back" water from the "fracking" process is contaminated with hundreds of chemicals, most are
cancer causing. (DEP, O&G management MSDS)

MYTH: The chemicals used to 'frack' these wells are not harmful
FACT: 65 men (and counting) that were stationed at Camp LeJeune, N.C. developed breast cancer years after drinking
toxic water on the base. Many other people living there developed various other types of cancer. The SAME chemicals
used in 'fracking' were present in tbe water on this base. This same chemically contaminated water is now being
dumped in OUR rivers! (benzene, toluene, xylene, etc.)
"Children of all ages are considerably more vulnerable than adults to increased cancer risk and other adverse effects
from virtually all harmful environmental exposures," the President's Panel on Cancer report says. May, 2010 http://
Leukemia is actually very well studied in terms of environmental toxins. http://www.empowher.comlleukemias/contentl

MYTH: Off-gassing and 'fIaring~ (a component of the Marcellus Shale drilling process) that 

emits volatile organic compounds into the air, will not pose health risks 

FACT: In the Greater Pittsburgh region, the prevalence of asthma is about 25 percent higher than the national avera,
yet the use of emergency services by children with asthma is three to four times the national average, underscoring ....,
seriousness of the disorder. Asthma has reached epidemic proportions and is linked to environmental triggers.
Pediatric Environmental Medicine Center Research, UPMC, Children's Hospital http://www.chp.edulCHP/

MYTH: Exposing the inherent risks in this type of drilling will drive away jobs, and economic 

growth for Pennsylvania 

FACT: Costs related to health impacts resulting from contaminated air and water and environmental cleanup will far
outweigh any benefits from this industry. Fort Worth Texas is 77 million dollars in debt today, despite thousands of
wells drilled there since 2005. (

MYTH: Marcellus shale drilling operations and leases signed for drilling do not affect property 


FACT: Banks are not lending against frac-drilled and adjoining properties. A property with a gas or oil lease is not
eligible for FHA fmancing, indicating that the federal government is concerned about property devaluation and consequent
loss of their money (HUD handbook 4150.2 pg. 2.7)

According to the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection, property owners who lease their land for
Marcellus Shale drilling may fmd that they have nullified their mine subsidence insurance coverage.

    For More Information or to get involved go to:

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