Career Options involving Biotechnology
Forensic Scientist $40,000 to 70,000
The role of the forensic scientist is twofold: to analyze physical evidence found on a
victim on the scene of a crime and compare it to evidence found on a suspect and to
provide expert testimony in a court of law. The minimum educational requirement is a
bachelor of science, but the majority of new applicants are being hired with a Master's
Laboratory Technician $25,000 to 35,000
Laboratory technicians use the principles and theories of science and mathematics to
solve problems in research and development and to help invent and improve products
and processes. However, their jobs are more practically oriented than those of scientists.
Technicians set up, operate, and maintain laboratory instruments, monitor experiments,
make observations, calculate and record results, and often develop conclusions. They
must keep detailed logs of all their work-related activities. Those who work in production
monitor manufacturing processes and may be involved in ensuring quality by testing
products for proper proportions of ingredients, purity, or for strength and durability.
Many employers prefer applicants who have at least 2 years of specialized training or an
associate degree in applied science or science-related technology.
Research Scientist $40,000 to 60,000
Research scientists conduct basic research to advance knowledge of living organisms,
including viruses, bacteria, and other infectious agents. Basic biological and medical
research continues to provide the building blocks necessary to develop solutions to
human health problems and to preserve and repair the natural environment. Many
research scientists work independently in private industry, university, or government
laboratories, often exploring new areas of research or expanding on specialized
research started in graduate school. Those who are not wage and salary workers in
private industry typically submit grant proposals to obtain funding for their projects.
Colleges and universities, private industry, and Federal Government agencies, such as
the National Institutes of Health and the National Science Foundation, contribute to the
support of scientists whose research proposals are determined to be financially feasible
and have the potential to advance new ideas or processes. Research scientists usually
require a Ph.D. degree for independent research.
Market Research Analyst $40,000 to 60,000
A market research analyst is responsible for researching and analyzing the company's
markets, competition, and product mix. He or she performs literature research, analyzes
and summarizes data, and makes presentations on new market and technical areas. He
or she also analyzes the competitive environment, as well as future marketing trends,
and makes appropriate recommendations. He or she conducts market surveys,
summarizes results, and assists in the preparation, presentation, and follow-up of
research proposals. An entry-level position as a market research analyst requires a
bachelor's degree or equivalent and a minimum of 0 to 2 years of experience in
research, competitive analysis, and product planning, as well as excellent writing skills.
Technical Recruiter $30,000 to 50,000
A technical recruiter is responsible for recruiting, interviewing, and screening
applicants for technical exempt and nonexempt positions. He or she coordinates
preemployment physicals, travel, reporting dates, security clearances, and employment
processing for new hires. He or she also conducts employee advertising and reviews
employment agency placements. In addition, a technical recruiter maintains college
recruiting, affirmative action, and career development programs. An entry-level position
as a technical recruiter requires a bachelor of science degree or equivalent and a
minimum of 0 to 2 years' experience.
Sales Representative $30,000 to 50,000
Sales representatives are an important part of manufacturers’ and wholesalers’
success. Regardless of the type of product they sell, their primary duties are to interest
wholesale and retail buyers and purchasing agents in their merchandise and to address
any of the client’s questions or concerns. They also advise clients on methods to reduce
costs, use their products, and increase sales. Sales representatives market their
company’s products to manufacturers, wholesale and retail establishments, government
agencies, and other institutions. Firms often require a degree in science or engineering
in addition to some sales experience.
Biochemical Development Engineer $50,000 to 70,000
A biochemical development engineer is responsible for the design and scale-up of
processes, instruments, and equipment from the laboratory through the pilot plant and
manufacturing process. He or she assists the manufacturing operations in problem
solving with regards to equipment and systems and participates in the design and start-
up of new manufacturing facilities and equipment. He or she develops and recommends
new process formulas and technologies to achieve cost effectiveness and product
quality. A biochemical development engineer also establishes operating equipment
specifications and improves manufacturing techniques. A biochemical development
engineer is involved in new product scale-up, process improvement, technology transfer,
and process-validation activities. He or she works with various departments to ensure
that processes and designs are compatible for new product technology transfer and to
establish future process and equipment automation technology. The position requires a
bachelor of science degree in biological, chemical, or pharmaceutical engineering, or a
related discipline. A minimum of 0 to 2 years' experience is also required, preferably in
the areas of pharmaceutical processes or research product development.
Biochemist $50,000 to 70,000
Biochemists study the chemical composition of living things. They analyze the complex
chemical combinations and reactions involved in metabolism, reproduction, growth, and
heredity. Biochemists and molecular biologists do most of their work in biotechnology,
which involves understanding the complex chemistry of life. A Ph.D. degree usually is
necessary for independent research and for advancement to administrative positions. A
master’s degree is sufficient for some jobs in applied research or product development
and for jobs in management, inspection, sales, and service. The bachelor’s degree is
adequate for some non-research jobs.
Scientific Programmer Analyst $30,000 to 60,000
Scientific programmer analysts design, develop, evaluate, and modify computer
programs for the solution of scientific or engineering problems and for the support of
research and development efforts. He or she analyzes existing systems and formulates
logic for new systems. A scientific program analyst also devises logical procedures,
prepares flow charts, performs coding, tests, and debugs programs. He or she provides
input for the documentation of new or existing programs, and determines system
specifications, input/output processes, and working parameters for hardware/software
compatibility. An analyst also contributes to decisions on policies, procedures, expansion
strategies, and product evaluations. An entry-level scientific programmer analyst position
requires a bachelor of science degree in a related discipline or equivalent and a
minimum of 0 to 2 years' experience.
Bioinformatics Specialist $80,000 to 90,000
Bioinformatics is the application of computer technology to the management of
biological information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate
biological and genetic information which can then be applied to gene-based drug
discovery and development. The science of Bioinformatics, which is the melding of
molecular biology with computer science, is essential to the use of genomic information
in understanding human diseases and in the identification of new molecular targets for
drug discovery. An entry-level bioinformatics specialist position requires a bachelor of
science degree in a related discipline or equivalent and a minimum of 0 to 2 years'
Teacher $25,000 to 35,000
Public school teachers must have at least a bachelor’s degree, complete an approved
teacher education program, and be licensed.
Bioengineer $50,000 to 70,000
Biomedical engineering combines engineering expertise with medical needs for the
enhancement of health care. It is a branch of engineering in which knowledge and skills
are developed and applied to define and solve problems in biology and medicine. The
biomedical engineer is a health care professional, a group which includes physicians,
nurses, and technicians. Biomedical engineers may be called upon to design
instruments and devices, to bring together knowledge from many sources to develop
new procedures, or to carry out research to acquire knowledge needed to solve new
problems. Bioengineers have a bachelor’s degree in engineering, with an emphasis in
Regulatory Affairs Specialists $40,000 to 60,000
A regulatory affairs specialist, at the entry level, coordinates and prepares document
packages for submission to regulatory agencies, internal audits, and inspections. He or
she compiles all material required for submissions, license renewals, and annual
registrations. An incumbent monitors and improves tracking and control systems and
keeps abreast of regulatory procedures and changes. He or she may work with
regulatory agencies and recommend strategies for earliest possible approvals of clinical
trial applications. An entry-level position requires a bachelor of science degree or
equivalent and a minimum of 0 to 2 years' related experience.
Patent Agent $50,000 to 60,000
A patent agent is responsible for preparing, filing, and processing patent applications
for the company. He or she negotiates and drafts patent licenses and other agreements.
A patent agent also conducts state-of-the-art searches and may assist with appeal and
interference proceedings. A patent agent also performs other duties as required. The
entry-level patent agent position requires a bachelor of science degree or equivalent with
0 to 2 years' related experience. It also requires registration to practice before the U.S.
Patent and Trademark Office.
Technology Transfer agent $60,000 to 70,000
Technology transfer refers to the transfer of technology developed or initially
discovered in the public sector (e.g.universities, government agencies) to private
industry for further development and commercialization. Jobs in technologytransfer may
be found on either end of this transfer, i.e. in the institutions seeking to bring their
technology to market o in the companies that will develop the technology. In addition,
jobs are also found in go-between organizations such as non-profit technology transfer
centers that facilitate the transfer of technology from public sector to private. To learn
more about technology transfer and the sorts of careers in this area, visit the web sites
of some organizations involved in tech transfer given below.
Biostatistician $40,000 to 80,000
A biostatistician works with others to define and perform analyses of databases for
publications, presentations to investigator meetings, and for meetings of professional
societies. A position as a biostatistician requires at least a master's degree in
biostatistics and 1 to 4 years' related experience.
Product Development Engineer $50,000 to 70,000
A product development engineer, at the entry level, is responsible for the design,
development, modifications to, and enhancements of existing products and processes.
The position is involved in new product scale-up, process optimization, technology
transfer, and process validation. He or she ensures that processes and design
implementations are consistent with good labor and manufacturing practices. A product
development engineer may also be responsible for contact with outside vendors and for
the administration of contracts to accomplish goals. A product development engineer
works on problems of moderate scope, where analysis of a situation or data requires a
review of identifiable factors. The job requires a bachelor of science degree or equivalent
and 0 to 2 years' related experience.
Quality Control Analyst $40,000 to 60,000
A quality control analyst is responsible for conducting routine and nonroutine analysis
of raw materials. He or she compiles data for documentation of test procedures and
reports abnormalities. A quality control analyst also reviews data obtained for
compliance with specifications and reports abnormalities. He or she revises and updates
standard operating procedures and may perform special projects on analytical and
instrument problem solving. An entry-level quality control analyst's position requires a
bachelor of science degree in a scientific discipline or equivalent and a minimum of 0 to
2 years' experience in quality control systems.
Manufacturing Research Associate $20,000 to 40,000
A manufacturing research associate is responsible for the implementation of
production procedures to optimize manufacturing processes and regulatory
requirements, and has responsibilities in packaging and distribution processes. He or
she may also help maintain production equipment. The position requires a bachelor of
science degree in a scientific discipline or equivalent and a minimum of 0 to 2 years'
experience in a manufacturing environment.
Clinical Coordinator $50,000 to 70,000
A clinical coordinator must be familiar with the scientific/investigative process. He she
must also have project team experience and a familiarity with standard computer
applications. Responsibilities include coordinating the clinical development plan as
outlined by the company or Clinical Department, defining objectives, strategy, and
studies. He or she must monitor clinical activities to identify issues, variances, and
conflicts, and analyze and recommend solutions. The clinical coordinator is responsible
for project staffing requirements and tracking drug supply to outside vendors, as well as
providing ongoing, objective updates on progress and problems with projects, tracking
and following up on action items. The position requires a bachelor of science or a
bachelor of arts degree in Health Science, Information Technology, or Business and 3-5
years of experience in the health care industry.
Genetic counselors work as members of a health care team, providing information and
support to families who have members with birth defects or genetic disorders and to
families who may be at risk for a variety of inherited conditions. They serve as educators
and resource people for other health care professionals and for the general public. Some
counselors also work in administrative capacities. Genetic counselors are health
professionals with specialized graduate degrees and experience in the areas of medical
genetics and counseling.
Technical Writer $30,000 to 50,000
An entry-level technical writer is responsible for writing and editing standard operating
procedures, clinical study protocols, laboratory procedure manuals, and other related
documents. He or she edits and/or rewrites various sources of information into a uniform
style and language for regulatory compliance, and assists in developing documentation
for instructional, descriptive, reference, and/or informational purposes. An entry-level
position requires a bachelor of science degree or equivalent and a minimum of 0 to 2
years of experience in writing technical documentation.