Classification of Preposition: Prepositions are classified as follows: 1. Simple: in, on, to, for, at, with, of etc. 2. Compound: into, upon, without, within, around etc. 3. Phrase: in according with, with a view to, in order to, on behalf of, instead of, for the sake of etc. 4. Participle: regarding, concerning, notwithstanding etc. * Use of some common simple and compound prepositions: In/at (for time and place). In (for large place and long duration of time), e.g., He lives in Dhaka. He stayed here in winter. In/Into: In (when something is already within an area): The students are in the room. Into (coming within an area from outside): The teacher entered into the classroom. At (for short period of time, a fixed time, small place and also to indicate that first place is within the next place), e.g., We reached there at the sunset/at 5 p.m. Somebody is standing at the door. He lives at Chawkbazaar in Chittagong. On/over/above/upon: On (attached with the surface): The file is on the table. Over (detached from the surface but the height is not so much/or when something crosses something without touching the surface): He held the file over the table. He threw the file over the table. Above (detached from the surface and the height is so much): The stars are shining above our house. Upon (when something gets down with a movement): He held the file over the table and then dropped it. It fell upon the table. By/with: By (before the performer of activity) With (before the tool/instrument of activity): The tree was cut by the woodcutter with an axe. Between/among: Between (two persons): Distribute the money between Rafique and Reza. Among (more than two persons): Distribute the money among A,B,& C. Along/across: Along (towards the length): We walked along the road. Across(from one side to the other in the width): The fox jumped across the narrow road. (Crossing a large area): We walked across the field.
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