Editor, First Settlers Region JULY-AUGUST, 2011
Porsche Club of America Presort
4349 Smokey Lake Drive STD
Virginia Beach, Virginia 23462 U.S. Postage
Be sure to check our website www.fsrpca.org for more details as well as updates on all of these exciting events.
York River State Park - This event is a courtesy of your club. Though its no cost to you,
July 23 FSR Annual Members Meeting & Picnic
you must register at motorsportreg.com
August 6 Western Area Breakfast 9a.m. to 11a.m. at Silver Diner - Glen Allen, Va
August 6 Checkered Flag Cars & Coffee 9a.m. to 11a.m. at Bloom Brothers Furniture Parking Lot, Virginia Beach
August 13 Eastern Area Breakfast 9a.m. to 11a.m. at Pops Diner - Chesapeake
September 17 Checkered Flag Cars & Coffee 9a.m. to 11a.m. at Bloom Brothers Furniture Parking Lot, Virginia Beach
September 24-26 FSR Drivers Education Virginia International Raceway
October 1 2nd Annual Air & Auto Classic Military Aviation Museum, Virginia Beach
October 15 An Evening with your Porsche Friends Alex and Andrea Bells - Virginia Beach
November 19 Turkeys in the Trunk Charity Event Virginia Beach
NOUNCING! 2nd Annual
AN Air & Auto Classic
Saturday, October 1, 2011
Military Aviation Museum Look for details inside this issue
More Thoughts on
By: Ed Merry
The “why” needs some
explanation. Essentially, your
everyday driving style will
From the President
First Settlers just had a wonderful and well-executed 3 day
change after a few DEs. First
you will become more aware of
what is going around you as
Drivers Education at Virginia International Raceway (VIR), just
east of Danville, VA. Jessica asked that I write a short article you look as far as you can see Fellow FSR members,
on the who, where, when and how. But especially the why of versus the tendency these days
a DE. in traffic to drive looking at the tail lights in front of you. This Welcome to the mid-summer Porsche driving season. Hopefully you have enjoyed the driving season so far this year and took the
makes you more safe on public roads. Second, the DE opportunity to participate in many of our great FSR events. Since the last newsletter weve had our monthly breakfasts in both the
The “who” is any Porsche experience over time will demonstrate much more of the Richmond and Hampton Roads locations plus special events such as our Spring Charity Event including a visit to the Boys Home
owner who likes his/her car and capabilities of your Porsche. For example, I now know what and a stay at The Homestead Resort the end of April/beginning of May, Spring DE at VIR, Cars and Coffee sponsored by Checkered
wants to know more about how maximum braking feels like in my Porsche. I hope I never have Flag Porsche and a very well planned and executed rally/tech session and BBQ put on by the Bobbitts.
it drives and handles. Porsches to use it, but I know how to use it when I need to. And third,
simply were made to be driven. your everyday driving will be You can read some specifics of those events elsewhere in the HO but I want to thank everyone involved in planning and executing
That overall philosophy started much more smooth. As I the events in a manner that keeps FSR members wanting to come back for more! Also, thanks to all who participate in these events
with Ferry Porsche in 1948 and learned as a novice, smooth is and make FSR even better as we get your great ideas and enjoy the camaraderie…remember, its not just the cars, its the people!
continues today. Sure some people buy a Porsche for the fast. Jerky and tire smoke and
prestige or to have a trophy in their garage. But for me, the such seem dramatic, but The rest of the summer is action packed as well with our monthly breakfasts, our FSR Porsche Picnic/Annual Open Board Meeting
real pleasure is driving a Porsche. There is something special smooth is fast. Furthermore, on 23 July at York River State Park (lunch is provided so sign up to give us a head count), Porsche Parade in Savannah (sign up by
about the tactile feel and feedback and responsiveness of a when I come in after a DE 20 July) and another great Cars and Coffee sponsored by Checkered Flag Porsche on 6 August.
Porsche that is pure enjoyment. session, the car just feels good.
Almost like it likes being driven Also, looking to the fall, remember to sign up for our Fall DE at VIR 24-26 September (sign up is already open). Keep your calendars
The “where” is a bit of problem. hard. open for our 2nd Annual Air and Auto Classic on 1 October.
Porsches have much more
capability than will be realized But the best reason is that it is Hope to see you on the road and at our events. Enjoy the rest of the summer!
on a public road. Triple digit fun. I drive home tired, at the
speeds on back roads in speed limit, mellowed out, and P.S. Here is an update on our former FSR president, Dave Conklin. As you remember from my last update Dave had complications
Virginia is simply very high risk. with a big smile. I often mutter: from back surgery and was still in the hospital and needed a lot of rehab to get back on his feet and walking again. I recently spoke
The alternative is a DE on a "Wow, so that is what a Porsche to Dave and he is home, doing rehab daily and able to stand for short periods of time with assistance. He still has a way to go but
closed course with an instructor. There are limited cars on the is like!" BUT, be warned. DEs is making progress. He is motivated to get back on his feet and walking and looks forward to the day he can drive his Porsche. He
track at each session. Passing is permitted only in certain low are addictive. I tried one and and Donna plan to see those of us going to Parade in Savannah. He will still be in his wheel chair but that won't slow him down. He
risk parts of the track and only with a "point by" by the car in then began driving them and Donna look forward to seeing their Porsche family!
front. There are other tracks. I did a DE at Watkins Glen in several times a year. And it
July 2010 just to drive the Formula 1 Course that I saw on TV. does consume tires, brake pads
But VIR is the favorite of our region. For the record, eventually
I plan to do DEs at Road Atlanta, Lime Rock, Sebring and
and gas. Drive safe and I'll see you at the track. Webmeister Update Stumbled upon amazing or that funny video? Let your friends in
Facebook or Twitter know by using our sharing tool. The FSR
by: Marco Estrada, Webmeister Community supports more than 20 social bookmarking sites.
Daytona. Anyone else interested in such a excursion? • Video and other pages in the FSR Community are equipped
Letter from the Editor . . . with a reporting tool. Any FSR member can report any offending
The “when” is easy. Our next DE is Have you visited the FSR website recently? If you havent you
Welcome to the second issue of our new format. So far the video or photo.
September 24-26 at VIR. Two days ought to! This year we added a new feature that will enhance the
response has been overwhelmingly positive! I want to remind • Those little avatars you see at profile pages, they are too
on the VIR short course and one day everyone to check our website often. Articles that did not make way FSR members communicate online using social networking.
We call it “The FSR Community”. Here you can easily collaborate common. Now you can sizzle up you profile page with a profile
on the Full Course. Other regions the deadline or additional information may be available on video! Introduce yourself, post your favorite movie trailer or
have dates at VIR and Summit Point www.fsrpca.org. Our Facebook page is growing in popularity also! with other FSR members by using the many available features:
• The fun begins when you start to upload your photos and create anything; be more than just a picture.
as well. Look at your calendar and • Groups to the rescue! With Groups you can recreate a smaller
pick a suitable time and then go on Friends will sometimes ask me why my husband and I belong to albums. The clean and fast photo up-loader helps you to easily
upload a bunch of photos at once. It automatically queues up the community and make it personal again. Since a group is made
line to find one you like and then a car club. It seems like a silly question to me. Not sure what kind
photos and uploads them one by one. Uploaded photos will be up of members who share the same interests, they will surely
register. of Porsche to purchase or upgrade to? Come to a breakfast
shown as thumbnails so you can easily check if you've missed make an engaging bunch.
meeting and ask around. Having trouble with your 1986 944
keeps overheating? Post a message on Facebook! We all have any photo. • Public groups can be joined by any site members so this is
The “how” is also easy. You need to have an approved helmet, perfect if you want to create a fan club of yourself. If you would
and a pre-event professional Tech Inspection which usually questions or the knowledge to answer someone else's questions. • You can tag your friends, wait for your friends to comment and
Being a car club member makes perfect sense! reply to their comments. like to create a special group, a private group is what you are
includes flushing your brake fluid (which attracts moisture over looking for as it allows you to hand pick your members. Each
time). This inspection assures your Porsche is ready for more • Uploaded photos can be arranged to your liking. How? Just
This is something everyone will hear from me often, write an drag and drop into the correct order and you are done. After that, group can have their own Photo and Video gallery. You can share
spirited driving. If you have more questions, contact any of the the media with your group members. Groups also allow members
article! Take pictures at an event or race, write an article on how don't forget to choose the best photo to be the album cover.
more active members of our region. Show up early on the DE to create an event for their groups. Its easy to create a meeting,
to change a headlight on a 914, or send me a request for an article • Fully-featured video capability supports external video linking.
date and clear everything loose out of your car. There is an specifically for your favorite bunch.
about a certain subject. I do not know everything Porsche but I Be it video from YouTube, Vimeo or 10 other major video
on-site tech inspection to make sure everything is ship-shape can find someone who does and we can get the info you want • Wall post is a general message board while discussion board
before you drive quickly. providers, your video will be always elegantly embedded,
out. This is your newsletter, just let me know what you want! Have is more topic-specified discussion. These are the essential
complete with viewing stats, thumbnail and comments. You can
a safe and happy summer. tools to keep your group active.
-Jessica Robinson, Editor also feature those cool videos linked by other FSR members. (Continued on page 11)
HORIZONTALLY OPPOSED 16 FIRST SETTLERS REGION HORIZONTALLY OPPOSED 1 FIRST SETTLERS REGION
2011 Board Members
President Activities Officer
Dave McFaddin Pam Michaels
Central Vice-President Secretary & Archivist
Bud Syme Phil Grandfield
Eastern Vice-President Treasurer Horizontally Opposed (HO) is the
Marco Estrada Alex Bell
official publication of First Settlers
email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org Region (FSR), Porsche Club of
America (PCA). All opinions, views
and information appearing in the
Assistant Vice President - Central Club Registrar HO are those of the author(s) and
Steve Sarfaty George Michaels
804-241-6549 757-689-8483 not necessarily those of PCA, FSR,
its Officers, or the Editor. The HO
Assistant Vice President - Eastern Charity Coordinator
Jason Horner Josie Grandfield
Editor reserves the right to edit all
757-676-3335 757-635-0184 material submitted for publication.
Permission is granted to other PCA
Ken Thomas Marco Estrada regions to reprint any material
provided that full credit is given to
the author and to Horizontally
Newsletter Editor Media & Public Relations
Jessica Robinson George Michaels Opposed.
2011 per-issue advertising rated:
Drivers Ed Chief Track Instructor
John Kopp Alex Bell $95 full page; $75 half-page; $55
email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org quarter page/business card.
DE Registrar Tech & Safety Contact the Editor for more
Kevin Pirkle Chris Stanley
Advisor - Zone 2 Representative FSR members may place free
Tom Zaffarano classifieds; contact the Editor for
HORIZONTALLY OPPOSED 2 FIRST SETTLERS REGION HORIZONTALLY OPPOSED 15 FIRST SETTLERS REGION
Let’s Get Them!! Pictures from
the June 18th
By: Ken Thomas, Membership Chairperson
BBQ & Rally
We know they are out there. We all see them. They are
everywhere… in parking lots…at malls… at restaurants, in our
neighborhoods and on the roads.
Who are they? They are the Porsches and Porsche owners who FSR Members enjoy
reside in our region who are not members of PCA and First Settlers food and camaraderie.
Region. And we want them. We want to help them maximize their
Porsche owner experience and at the same time make our club
bigger and stronger.
Tom Bobbitt talks about his Club
First Settlers has been growing at a rapid pace; third last year Coupe with Gerry Burks.
among in factored growth among PCAs regions and in the top ten
2011 year to date. In fact, we just passed the 600 primary member
mark with 607 members at the end of May. We can continue this
growth and help these non-members by introducing our club and
inviting them to join us.
How will we do this? Well do this by reaching out to them with our Bret Jacobson & Naomi Ruuamau
new First Settlers Region Introduction Card. This colorful card accept the 3rd place award in the
congratulates the owner on their “Nice Porsche” and includes our Time and Distance Rally.
logos and info about First Settlers. Heres how you can use the
card once you spot a Porsche or Porsche driver: Check our website for Pam
Overall Rally winners George & Michaels article about this
Complete a card and place it under the Porsches windshield Pam Michaels pose with event! www.fsrpca.org
wiper; if the opportunity exists, give the card to the owner and have Rallymaster and host, Tom Bobbitt.
a conversation with them about the club, our events and the many
There is a line on the back of the card for you to put your name
and phone number or e-mail so that the prospective member can
contact you with any questions. Additionally, you can refer them to
me or any officer for information.
How can you get some cards? There will be cards available at the
monthly eastern and western breakfasts
and at other club events. You can also
contact me if you need some cards. Take NICE PORSCHE!
a few and put your recruiting skills to
First Settlers Region
Porsche Club of
Let’s go get them!
en give ”
e be rsche _______
hav Po _
Nice ________ RS REGIO
___ TTLE eric
by _ FIRST SE of Am driving,
card the Club akfasts,
of sche nthly breity events.
Por r mo char
o org .
us f cial and s r p c a
Join so w. f
HORIZONTALLY OPPOSED 14 FIRST SETTLERS REGION HORIZONTALLY OPPOSED 3 FIRST SETTLERS REGION
HORIZONTALLY OPPOSED 4 FIRST SETTLERS REGION HORIZONTALLY OPPOSED 13 FIRST SETTLERS REGION
HORIZONTALLY OPPOSED 12 FIRST SETTLERS REGION HORIZONTALLY OPPOSED 5 FIRST SETTLERS REGION
MEMBER Frederick Dillard
David Jones 2008 Cayman
Gerald Kent 2011 Boxster
Bob Levendakes 2007 Cayman S
SPOTLIGHT Allen Mesick 2012 911
NEW PCA/FSR MEMBERS 2011 THROUGH MAY 2011 Brett Williams 2010 911 C2S
Ken Thomas - Membership Chairperson Jonnie Williams 2009 911S
Scott Burnett (TI) 1982 924
Welcome to our new members. We hope you enjoy the people,
Porsches and events of the First Settlers Region. MAY
Marvin Diau 2007 GT3
NAME PORSCHE Jimmy Esqueda 2007 Cayman S
JANUARY James Gatlin 1984 911
Glenn Dubiel 2006 911S Michael Helpinstill 2001 Boxster S
Michael Eastep 1964 365C Robert Horton 1999 911
Cabell Fisher 2008 GT3 David Hudson 1992 968
Staci Gawronski 2010 Boxster Christopher Johnson 1999 911
Jason Lagona 2008 Cayman S James Kendall 2005 911
Robert Pistella 2008 Cayman S Jennifer Kenney 2001 911
Will Wright 2010 GT3 Kathleen Phillips 1991 911
James Brown (TI) 1986 944 Robert Piascik 1983 944
Richard Jackson (TI) 2009 C2 Eric Pierce 1986 911
FEBRUARY Rick Fisher (TI) 2010 911
Thomas Ashbridge 2007 911 Turbo Michael Keaveny (TI) 2009 911
Eric Bardorf 1999 Boxster (TI) = Transfer
Vishal Bindal 2011 Cayman S MEMBERSHIP REPORT
Chris Campbell 2006 Cayman S Membership as of June 1, 2011 was:
Koy Dawkins 2002 911 607 Primary Members
413 Affiliate Members
Kristopher Krysalka 2004 Cayenne
2 Lifetime Members
Richard Soule 2008 Cayman S 1022 Total Membership
Paul Von Mosch 1982 911SC
John Wescoat 2009 911 (Webmeister Update - Continued from page 1)
Alan Wilhite 2002 911 C4
• Everyone loves to find out the up-to-the-minute FSR activities,
William Cheezum (TI) 2006 911
such as latest wall posts, comments, pictures, and videos shared
Lee Entsminger (TI) 1997 911 by the members.
MARCH • The FSR Community activity stream summarizes and displays
Lyle Heldenbrand 2008 Cayman all activities on one page with links to all of the original items.
Mark Hiby 2006 Boxster S Whether it's a gorgeous photo or a funny reply, you will get a sneak
peek of it. Current version of activity stream will tell you more about
John Junes 1987 951 new comments, videos, photos or discussions posted so you can
Keith Kulow 2009 Cayman check the interesting ones and ignore the rest.
Doug Lehman 1978 911SC
Gary Lewis 2009 Cayman So what are you waiting for? Get a good grip on that mouse and
visit the new FSR Community Page by pointing your browser to:
William Lind 1995 993
John McLaughlin 1981 911SC
Adam Nourse 2009 Boxster Do you own an iPhone, Android or other
Craig Rubenstein 2002 911 GT2 smart phone? The FSR Website is
optimized for mobile devices as well. If your
Francis Scruggs 1998 Boxster
phone has a barcode reader, you can go
Ed Weidner 2006 911 C2S directly to the FSR Website by reading the
Ryan Maxfield (TI) 2003 911 C4 barcode to the right.
HORIZONTALLY OPPOSED 6 FIRST SETTLERS REGION HORIZONTALLY OPPOSED 11 FIRST SETTLERS REGION
WHAT A RIDE!
by: Tom Bobbitt
Shoulder harness barely the Acura Advance-not even warranting a turn number.
cinched. Neck collar slammed We approach this lefthander in a high gear at full throttle oh so
in place immobilizing my head close to the wall on the right. It looks to me like only millimeters
from lateral forces. My driver between our tires and the hard concrete, but I am sure my driver
floors the fast pedal and we has left us a greater margin of safety. My pulse quickens as I
exit pit lane with rear tires anticipate his lift and perhaps a little brake before he turns in for
spinning. Its full throttle the apex. No such luck. He actually grabs a higher gear, foot to
through the kink between the floor on the accelerator and turns the wheel. It is at this
turns 2 and 3 (and yes it does instant that I wonder if winning the auction was such a good thing.
require significant steering We safely reach the apex and are headed for track out at 145mph
input to navigate that kink) which doesnt even warrant a turn (I find out later) pulling very high Gs with nothing but concrete
number on the St. Petersburg Grand Prix circuit. And then its ahead. Somehow we reach track out with a few millimeters to
flat through the high speed sharp right turn 3 (135mph) as we spare. Im glad I had only a few seconds to anticipate what the
move up the gears. The car Im in (the HP liveried Indy Car two- outcome might have been without a very high down force car and
seater) is already warmed up, its tires are already hot, and my experienced driver at the wheel.
driver doesnt need any practice. This will not be a
reconnaissance lap! Turn 10, a 90 degree left
hander, is much like turn 4,
Im off for the ride of a lifetime in an Indy car, having won the and having survived 4
Suncoast Regions auction on behalf of the Ronald McDonald there is no drama here.
House. These first few seconds are disorienting to say the least. There is a challenging
Thankfully the “horse collar” around my helmet prevents me from sequence approaching
overextending my neck as I adjust to the cockpit (where do I however: T11 and T12
brace myself?) and the considerable G forces this car can which are fast right and left
generate. I have a few seconds to collect myself as we handers around the airport
accelerate down the First Street straight heading for what I know control tower. These turns
will be hard braking and a sharp 90 degree right, turn 4. As we are taken at very high speed with very strong steering inputs and
brake HARD for this slow turn, the deceleration is greater than I heavy use of the curbs. All is well as we exit and head for the
am used to in my Porsche cup car but not unexpected. The final 180 degree turn leading onto the runway front straight.
surprise is in the downshifting-cant count if it is three or four Watching the race a few days later it was evident how precise
gears down-but they are the most brutal downshifts I have ever the line through these turns needs to be to keep the car off of the
experienced. I work hard with the sequential transmission in the vault-like walls. Many were not as fortunate as I.
cup cars to match RPMs as I go down the gears-not here-gears
and engine are definitely used for added braking, I am sure the Our lap ends with a blast down the front straight braking into turn
box must be rebuilt between practice and the race cant last long. 1 from 160 mph. With so much track width and a slowly
Looking at the transmission fluid after a race cannot be a pretty developing turn, there is no drama through Turn 1 for me. Of
sight. course that was not true a few days later when too many drivers
insisted on trying to win their race in Turn 1-only one car can
Turns 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 occupy the same space at the same time.
are all 90 degree turns,
the slowest on the I had the luxury of a clear track and a good driver. Oh, did I
circuit around Pioneer mention, I was being ferried around on my lap by Mario Andretti,
Park. They are the last American driver to win a Formula One race and the World
uneventful except for Championship. The man knew, and still knows, how to drive an
the violence of instant open wheel car.
full throttle application
and slight wheel spin The high speed turns between tall concrete walls were clearly
immediately followed by the most exciting for me. Riding at these speeds on a street
hard braking and hard turning. The car accelerates like a rocket- circuit is not duplicated on a dedicated road course. Perhaps this
no traction control here so wheel spin must be managed-and it is why so many of the professional drivers speak so highly of our
surely pulls 3 plus Gs through the turns with me in it. I know 2 St. Pete Grand Prix-one of only two such Indy car races in
Gs from cup cars and this is way more than that: low center of America.
gravity, wide track and big tires sure make a difference.
My brief time in the Indy car was a thrill I wont forget and I thank
We are now full throttle heading down Bay Shore Drive and I the Suncoast Region for making it possible with the charitable
know what is coming-that little kink along the harbor known as work for Ronald McDonald House.
HORIZONTALLY OPPOSED 10 FIRST SETTLERS REGION HORIZONTALLY OPPOSED 7 FIRST SETTLERS REGION
First Settlers Region
Spring Charity Event 2011
at The Homestead, Hot Springs Virginia
by: Phil Grandfield
The locals know that southwestern Virginia offers some of the We arrived on time at the Boys
best driving roads and mountain scenery in the state. They Home of Covington and were
also know that the small village of Hot Springs has been the greeted by our guide and
home of one of Americas most famous resorts since 1766; Director of the school, Donny
The Homestead Resort and Spa. The combination gave the Wheatley. Founded in 1906,
First Settlers Region a perfect reason to venture a bit farther The Boys Home is a fully
out of the “neighborhood” to host our Spring 2011 Charity licensed and certified school that
Weekend. changes the lives of troubled
young men by providing them a foundation of education and
Nestled in the heart of the citizenship. The schools success stories are highlighted in
Allegheny mountains, The the “Hall of Fame” surrounding the cafeteria where we enjoyed
Homestead has been welcoming a great meal with the boys. The highlight of the afternoon was
visitors since before the American seeing the smiles and watching the enthusiasm of the boys as
Revolution. On one weekend in they learned about our Porsches and, perhaps, looking
April 2011, The Homestead forward to the day when theyll be driving their own!
welcomed 34 members of the First
Settlers Region and 17 shiny We all found our way back to The Homestead, though not
Porches! Our visit was perfectly without some navigational challenges, but discovered some
coordinated and hosted by the more great driving roads through the experience. We arrived
exceptional event staff, led by the just in time for the famous “High Tea” in the expansive
tireless Conference Services entrance foyer and could imagine the rich, famous and
Manager, Kimberly Grant. We went to relax in a fantastic powerful people of the past 250 years doing the same thing.
setting and enjoy some great camaraderie, but the major focus The highlight of the weekend
of the weekend was a visit to the Boys Home of Covington, was the dinner and Silent
Virginia, and to raise money for our sponsored charities. Auction hosted in the Tower
Through the generosity of our sponsors and members we Room. The setting was classic,
raised over $5,000 in a very competitive Silent Auction! the food delicious and the
competition for auction items
The weekend started with a rendezvous in the Presidents was heated. Clearly some
Lounge on Friday evening. Most of us drove about five hours competitors among us! It was
to reach the resort and were ready to stretch and enjoy a cool great fun and all for a good cause.
drink when we arrived. We can now add our names to the 22
American Presidents who have visited The Homestead. Sunday morning came too early, maybe brought on by late
night stories around the outdoor fire pit and another visit to the
Saturday morning Presidents lounge, but we lined up the Porsches again for a
brought beautiful fun run towards home. The cloudy, damp weather did not
weather as we lined dampen our sprits as we drove along Highway 39 and the
up the cars for the Maury River through Goshen Gap. More terrific scenery and
start of the fun run to smooth mountain roads brought us to our last stop at the
the Boys Home. We Rockbridge Winery in Raphine,Virginia.
all had maps, and
many had GPS The proprietors were ready for us. We pulled up to find a sign
guidance, but not much direction was needed since the hour directing us to “Poursche Parking”. Though we initially thought
long drive through the mountains had no traffic lights and only this misspelling was the result of an uninformed, rural Virginian
a couple of road changes. But there were plenty of turns and was actually a clever play-on-words about the wine tasting we
no other traffic! The caravan stopped at Douthat State Park were about to enjoy! The winery is the gathering venue for the
near Clifton Forge. A beautiful setting along a man-made lake, locals to enjoy lunch and listen to live music. The Irish music
Douthat State Park was built between 1933 and 1942 during was a great ending to what was a fantastic weekend. Even
the Franklin D. Roosevelt Administration. We now know it is the five hour drive home on the interstate couldnt ruin the
a great place to stretch and use the facilities! experience; now we cant wait to go back.
HORIZONTALLY OPPOSED 8 FIRST SETTLERS REGION HORIZONTALLY OPPOSED 9 FIRST SETTLERS REGION