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					Today’s Lecture:

From the Great Society to Ronald Reagan

Number:

23

Lecture Organization: • Class Announcements

• Great Society • Richard Nixon

• Ronald Reagan and the New Conservatism
• Reaganomics • Taxation and Wealth

Time

Class Announcements

website lectures -- current tomorrow night essay question -- on the website (explain “virtue politics”) study guide -- on the website

Questions?
Time

The Great Society
Intro -- The old forms of conservatism die …

Laissez Plantation Faire Hegemony

?

11/5/2009

Copyright, Sean Wilson. 2007

5

The Great Society

Johnson (LBJ) -- The Great Society -- “cure poverty” -- government creating a “social utopia”

-- argument:
• extending the Roosevelt program beyond its initial purpose • not just doctoring a the dying economy, but doing it for its own sake

1964

The Great Society

Vietnam -- Johnson starts the Vietnam war -- over 500,000 American troops -- no national consensus behind the war

-- the draft
• your neighbor being taken away • avoid it by going to college, etc.

-- the arrogance
(they think it will be quick and dirty. Compare: England and the revolutionary war)

Lyndon Johnson Major Downward Trend

60%

40%

1/18/2007

(C) Copyright Sean Wilson. 2007.

9

Time 1/18/2007

(C) Copyright Sean Wilson. 2007.

10

Richard Nixon

1968 election -- Johnson doesn’t run for re-election -- His Vice President runs against Richard Nixon

Nixon Wins

1968

Idealist
-- seemed especially conservative

pragmatist
-- EPA -- National Health Insurance Program

-- Guaranteed Annual Income for the Poor?
-- Appoints a mixed Supreme Court

• author of Roe v. Wade
11/5/2009 Copyright, Sean Wilson. 2007 13

1972

Misleading
Time

-- liberal Washington culture/Congress

Ronald Reagan and the New Conservatism
1980 -- Reagan will ascend in American politics in 1980 with his defeat of incumbent president Jimmy Carter

assessment
-- very nice guy; very poor president Serious economic problems -- “stagflation” (high unemployment and inflation) Iranian hostage problem -- America is perceived as “weak”

Reagan Victory
-- high voter discontent with both candidates -- voted against Carter, not for Reagan

Ronald Reagan and the New Conservatism
Rediscovering American conservatism -- Reagan changed the liberal culture in Washington because he was successfully able to re-invent conservatism -- conservatives find their soul in Reagan

Ronald Reagan and the New Conservatism
Ideological Legacy doesn’t reject FDR, rejects LBJ -- Reagan didn’t: • believe social security was wrong • didn’t try to eliminate the regulatory framework for capitalism and society (SEC, FDA, FDIC, EPA, etc)

Ronald Reagan and the New Conservatism
Ideological Legacy doesn’t reject FDR, rejects LBJ -- Instead, Reagan says: • we are over -regulating • we rely upon government too much • we don’t want to be like the European social democracies • there is a difference between having government structure capitalism versus having it torture it.

Ronald Reagan and the New Conservatism
Ideological Legacy doesn’t reject FDR, rejects LBJ -- if Roosevelt said that government and capitalism must blend (a mixture instead of absolutes) …

Reagan says, simply, the blend can’t be too strong.
(If Reagan represents something ideologically to American politics, it is putting the breaks on something current rather than going backward to something that pre-existed)

Tip O’Neil’s assessment of Reagan

Budget Philosophy and “new political culture”
clip

Time


				
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posted:11/5/2009
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