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University of New Mexico Gallup Climate Action Plan 2011

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C L I M A T E
A   C   T   I           O            N   P   L   A   N

                                2011
University of New Mexico Gallup
                     Climate Action Plan 2011


   INTRODUCTION                                                             3

   EXECUTIVE SUMMARY                                                        3

   BACKGROUND                                                               4

   SUSTAINABLE PRACTICE ASSESSMENT
      • COMMUTING AND TRAVEL                                                5-6
      • FACILITIES                                                          7-10
      • PURCHASING                                                          11
      • WASTE MANAGEMENT / RECYCLING                                        12
      • EDUCATION                                                          13 -15
      • PLAN RECOMMENDATIONS                                               16
      • CONCLUSION                                                         17




                                 Committee Members:
                                 Erica McFadden, Co-Chair    Ozzy Guerrero
                                 Chris Chavez,    Co-Chair   Christy Butler
                                 John Zimmerman              Irene Den Bleaker
                                 Ron Petranovich             Bill Bright
                                 Lilia Smarandache           Ella Scott
                                 Mike Montano

                                2
I N T R O D U C T I O N

In June 2007, President David J. Schmidly signed the American College & University
President’s Climate Commitment (ACUPCC), committing the University of New
Mexico (UNM) and its branches to carbon neutrality. A “Sustainability Task Force” was
appointed in 2009 by UNM-G Director Sylvia Andrew to review our carbon footprint and
develop a Climate Action Plan. This task force became a Campus-wide committee in
2010. UNM–Gallup as part of the University of New Mexico is committed to protecting
our environment and recognizes that we can be a model of sustainability to to the
communities we serve with curriculum and operations reflecting an integrative approach
to learning and practice.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

The process of becoming a sustainable campus began with taking stock of current
conditions. Evaluating todayʼs educational and operational practices against an ideal,
provides the collegeʼs leadership with an opportunity to assess what is appropriate and
achievable at UNM-Gallup Campus.
By setting goals and establishing sustainable practice policies based on this evaluation,
the administration can impact the collegeʼs footprint through business decisions
concerning new building design, repair and renovation projects, building operations and
maintenance, procurement practices, landscaping, recycling and waste management,
energy management, transportation, food service, and instruction. This plan examines
current practices, identifies obstacles to achieving ideal practices, and establishes goals
for future practices to assist in the transition to a sustainable college campus.

VISION:

UNM-Gallup will achieve minimum net carbon emissions campus while ensuring and
improving its economic strength, community cohesiveness, and environmental footprint
along with the well-being of individual community members.

MISSION:

Outline a feasible plan to rigorously reduce emissions produced by the three largest
carbon sources on the UNM-G campus: transportation, electricity, and heating. This
plan will provide a direction for further efforts to reduce net carbon emissions.



                                             3
B A C K G R O U N D


Greenhouse Gas Inventory




Those schools that sign onto the ACUPCC are required to keep an inventory of the six
green house gases (GHGs) recognized by the Kyoto Protocol. In accordance with this
requirement, Campus Resources for UNM - Gallup, is conducting a baseline GHG
Inventory analyzing UNM - Gallup’s emissions for the fiscal year 2010. We will be using
the 2011 inventory as the baseline measurement for further reductions. The
methodology for the analysis was adopted from the “Greenhouse Gas Protocol”
developed by the World Business Council for Sustainable Development and the World
Resources Institute. Gases are measured by using a scale of Carbon Dioxide
equivalents. The inventory includes emissions from UNM-Gallup Campus only.




           ANNUAL COST OF UTILITIES / COMMUTING 2010/2011

           $192,156.00                            PURCHASED KILOWATTS ELECTRIC
  $20,319.00                                      PURCHASED WATER (GAL.)
  $22,129.00                                      GARBAGE / SEWAGE COSTS
           $200,000.00                            PURCHASED NATURAL GAS PER THERM
                           $416,000.00            150 AVG. WEEKLY COMMUTING MILES X 800 VEHICLES*
 *Estimation based on responses from campus-wide poll. Values estimated: Average 30 MPG, Fuel costs @ $3.25/gal.
             150 / 30 mpg. = 5 gal. x 3.25= $16.25 x 32 semester wks. = $520 x 800 Vehicles = $416,000



           GREENHOUSE GAS EQUIVALENCIES IN METRIC TONS

                                   1,884          KW/H ELECTRIC                    (2,732,027 KW)
              764                                 GALLONS/WATER*                    (526,615 GAL.)
                                 1,792            TONS/SOLID WASTE**               (819 TON/YR.)
          545                                     THERMS/NAT. GAS                    (108,987 THERMS)
                     1,138                        COMMUTING GASOLINE                (128,000 GAL.)

                   *Estimation from California Energy Commission: 1,450 kWh per million gallons.
        **Total cubic yards of receptacles on campus = 28 x 5 empties per wk. = 140 cu.yd./wk x 52 wk./yr.
                         Conversion calculation from EPA Municipal Solid Waste Publication




                                                        4
S U S TA I N A B L E                     P R A C T I C E     A S S E S S M E N T


C O M M U T I N G         A N D       T R AV E L

       PERCENTAGE OF VEHICLES DRIVEN TO CAMPUS

               CAR
                                                           49
               TRUCK                                                       32
               MASS TRANSIT
               BICYCLE/OTHER
                                                                6 13

Encourage Alternative Transportation
Impact of issue
• The occurrence of single-occupant vehicles (SOV) as the predominant mode of
  transportation to campus has consequences in the amount of fossil fuel consumed
  and the amount of green house gases (GHG) produced per FTE to provide a
  community college education to McKinley County residents. This ratio will become an
  issue for UNM – Gallup as we strive to reduce carbon dioxide emissions to slow
  climate change. The SOV predominance also has an impact in the amount of
  undisturbed native habitat that must be converted to paved parking to accommodate
  single-occupant vehicles, and the investment in providing security oversight at the
  parking areas.



Current practices
• Public transit is provided to campus by the Gallup McKinley County Schools, Zuni
  Public Schools, Zee Transportation Inc., Navajo Nation Transportation, City of Gallup
  Transportation.
• Carpooling bulletin board in the Financial Aid hallway for students to post availability.


Barriers to sustainability
• Most students are “re-careering” and travel to campus directly after leaving their
  place of employment. This tendency produces erratic schedules and travel routes
  to campus, making carpooling difficult.
• Child care transportation pickup/drop off and children schedules make using public
  transportation very limiting.


                                                 5
C O M M U T I N G     A N D    T R AV E L




Barriers to sustainability (cont.)
• Roads linking campus to population centers are dangerous for bicycles; there are
  no shoulders on roadways.
• Extreme distance- average student commute is 50 miles round trip with some
  students driving more than 100 miles one way.


Goals for future practices
• Work with student associations to create carpooling database.
• Create an incentive program for carpooling and alternative/hybrid vehicle use.
• Coordinating scheduling to reduce overlap between core classes in order to reduce
  days per week of travel, create block courses and hybrid courses, offer more Friday /
  Saturday courses.




                                           6
F     A    C    I   L      I   T   I   E     S




Optimize Energy Efficiency of Mechanical Systems
Impact of issue
• Heating, cooling, hot water, and ventilating systems that are not running at maximum
    potential operating efficiency will have the effect of increased utility costs; increased
    fossil fuels consumed, and increased GHGs produced. Utilizing commissioning
    services to ensure that systems are always running at top efficiency will save energy
    costs associated with inefficient systems.


Current practices
• UNM Gallup currently maintains both refrigerated and evaporative type cooling
    systems and gas fired as well as hydronic heating systems throughout the campus
    with the majority of systems being controlled by a HVAC computerized digital controls
    facilities management system (FMS) . This atomized control allows for operation of
    systems only during times of occupancy and allows for immediate and automatic
    setback set points for facilities, including exterior campus lighting, during unoccupied
  periods.
• UNM PPD is in the process of developing a comprehensive preventive maintenance
  system which will assist in routine maintenance, repair, and replacement of key
  equipment. By utilizing this process and further expanding digital control of Gallup
  campus facilities we will provide a means of identification for greater efficiency and
    system optimization.


Barriers to sustainability
• There are no Gallup local commissioning agents and cost is prohibitive to gaining
  these services on an as needed basis from Albuquerque and the surrounding area.
• Limited internal expertise and available Physical Plant staff make it difficult to
  proceed with plan development and further implementation.
• Lack of financial resources make it difficult to take on new initiatives as current
  funding levels are required to simply maintain equipment and systems currently in
  place.




                                             7
F     A    C    I   L    I    T    I   E      S




Optimize Energy Efficiency of Electrical Systems

Impact of issue
• The generation of electricity is a major contributor of greenhouse gas emissions. This
    is due to energy wasted during the process of generating electricity and to
    transmission losses as electricity travels long distances from centralized power plants
    to users along power lines. The direct impact to UNM-Gallup is the cost of electricity.
    Increasing efficient use of electricity on campus can produce significant savings in
    utility bills.



Current practices
• New buildings have motion sensors in occupied spaces that turn off lights when
    rooms are vacant.



Barriers to sustainability
• Cost of retrofitting low-efficiency fixtures



Goals for future practices
• Utilize the UNM Gallup Sustainability Committee to identify a reasonable path of
  action to follow in regards to increased sustainable practices for the campus.
• Identify a funding source which can be utilized for further review and reporting of
  possible initiatives, upgrades, and retrofits to gain increased efficiencies campus
  wide.
• Meet requirements that all new facilities be constructed utilizing LEED standards.
• Attain goal of 100% inclusion of all buildings on campus to be controlled via FMS /
  DDC systems
• Identify means to independently monitor utility usage by building. This initiative should
  include metering for each building’s consumption of water, electricity, and natural gas.
  It would be optimum if this reporting information could be readily obtained via the
  FMS system.
• Utilize only high efficiency rated lamps and replacement ballasts for all campus
  interior and exterior lighting fixtures.



                                              8
F   A     C    I   L    I   T    I   E    S




Goals for future practices (cont.)


• Replace older exit and emergency light fixtures with new LED type energy efficient
  ones.
• Install motion sensors in classrooms and other assignable space to turn off lights
  automatically when unoccupied.
• Develop and implement a UNM Gallup campus wide conservation campaign
  requesting faculty, staff, and student participation. This program should encourage all
  to turn lights off when not needed as well as active recycling whenever possible.




                                            9
F    A     C    I   L     I   T    I    E   S




Generate Energy On Campus through Renewable Sources


Impact of issue
Generating power on site saves energy wasted from transmission losses. Generating
power on site from renewable sources, such as wind, solar, and biomass preserves the
availability of non-renewable sources. This method of generating power greatly reduces
the pollution caused by traditional power generation to only pollution caused by the initial
production and transport of mechanisms needed to capture the renewable sources (such
as photovoltaic panels and wind turbines). If the initial capital investment in these
materials can be amortized within an acceptable time frame, the net energy cost savings
to the college and reduction of carbon dioxide pollution over the life of the materials can
be significant. Further savings can be realized through discount and grant programs for
renewable energy generation.



Current practices
• No current practices for this issue



Barriers to sustainability
• Initial capital outlay to set up renewable source power generation
• Potential for vandalism


Goals for future practices
• Research performance, costs, and opportunities to install building-integrated
  photovoltaic (BIPV) solar modules at existing facilities (shade-structure mounted,
  exterior wall-mounted, canopy-mounted, roof-mounted) and replace
  out-of-warranty membrane roofing with integrated photovoltaic membranes.
• Research membrane roofing:
• Take advantage of PNM’s renewable energy credits program to recoup some
  cost of installation of renewable systems
• Research applicability of NM Legislation passed in 2005: HB32 Energy
  Efficiency & Renewable Energy Bonding for funding of renewable energy
  system.

                                            10
P    U     R    C     H    A     S     I   N     G




Green Purchasing Policies

Impact of issue
 Green purchasing practices includes purchasing goods with the following characteristics:
reduced packaging, recycled content, local/regional materials, rapidly renewable materials,
certified wood. These practices reduce nonrenewable resource depletion and save energy
costs due to reduced resource extraction, reduced transportation, reduced landfill dumping.
As with waste recycling, the direct impact on campus quality of life includes the cost of
utilities and the price of goods utilized in college activities.

Current practices
• No current practices for this issue

Barriers to sustainability
• Purchasing policies are controlled by UNM Albuquerque.
• Sources for green purchases are not readily known and no centralized database
  gathers this information, requiring additional research on the part of college
  purchasing agents.


Goals for future practices
• Create standards for green purchasing, based on guidelines established by LEED.
• Compile inventory of products that do not meet the above green standards and
  conduct a search of suppliers for alternatives.
• Conduct cost comparisons of green products versus products in current
  purchasing inventory.




                                                  11
WASTE MANAGEMENT/ RECYCLING




Recycle Waste and Reduce Material Use


Impact of issue
Managing waste through landfill dumping involves expending energy resources and
producing GHGs to collect, dump, and maintain waste, although there is no recoverable
product. Likewise, mining virgin materials reduces resource availability, expends energy,
produces GHGs, and creates other environmental degradation, such as toxic mining
tailings, requiring further energy use to rectify. Reducing materials used by college
activities decreases the amount of material requiring disposal. Recycling waste reduces
demand on municipal landfills as well as the demand for virgin materials. Although these
environmental consequences may not have a direct impact on campus quality of life, the
economic consequences do, including the cost of utilities and the price of goods utilized
in college activities.

Current practices
• Student-run programs have existed periodically in the past.

Barriers to sustainability
• Since recycling program has been supported and run by student groups in the
   past, it tends to falter after they graduate and has not been sustained.
• Scarcity of local companies available to haul off the materials collected.

Goals for future practices
• Encourage recycling of construction materials in future facilities’ renewal or
  remodeling and new facilities RFPs, including asphalt paving, structural building
  materials, insulation and finish materials.
• Create ongoing partnership between student organization and administration,
  with staff providing continuity.
   - provide containers for metal, plastic, paper.
   - create teams to collect, separate, and pack.
   -provide place on campus for storage until collected materials can be taken to
    McKinley County Recycling Center.
   -Partner with UNM – Albuquerque recycling department and local sustainability
   organizations to utilize established techniques and services.



                                              12
E    D     U     C     A     T    I    O     N




Sustainability Concepts On Campus

Climate change has become recognized, within the last few years, as one of the most
pressing issues facing nations around the world. The environmental consequences of
human activities, most notably global warming due to build up of GHGs, will have
profound effects on regional economies, agricultural processes, availability of water
resources, and quality of life. It is the responsibility of the institutions of education that
prepare young people for productive futures to provide the knowledge and skills they will
need to cope with these environmental changes. At UNM- Gallup, incorporating into the
curriculum an awareness of the environmental consequences of human activities, and
skills for dealing with these consequences, will provide positive background for students
to take leadership roles in fostering the move toward sustainable practices.


Current Practices
The UNM-G Construction Technology Program received approval from the UNM Board
of Regents to begin offering a Green Building Certificate in 2009, to train students in
sustainable practices in the construction fields, including waste management, energy
efficient building methods, eco-friendly materials selection, national green building
codes, passive and active solar design and implementation, and alternative energies
incorporated into residential construction. The Construction Technology Program is also
refining Bio-Diesel fuel from waste cooking oil donated by local restaurants to fuel the
programʼs heavy equipment, and a rammed earth adobe machine. CT will soon be
recycling the grease from the campus food service provider. CT also promotes the
“Green Gallup Home and Lifestyle Show”, showcasing local businesses that focus on
conservation issues and healthy lifestyles.




                                             13
E    D     U     C    A     T     I   O     N




Current Practices (cont.)




The Early Childhood Multicultural Education Department has begun to address
environmental issues within its curriculum courses and has added a new topics course,
“Education for a Sustainable Future”. The purpose of this course is to meld educational
theory into the teaching of environmental issues, better preparing today’s students to
teach about environmental concerns in the early childhood setting.


Extra Curricular Student Activities


In 2011 the campus had its first ever environmental story telling contest. The purpose of
the contest was to increase environmental awareness across campus, while using the
story telling format as a connect to indigenous peoples who historically have transmitted
information to future generations in this manner.


NTSC 263L


Environmental Science is a course required for students in the Education Department. 
Most of the students in the class, therefore, are either currently teaching or plan to teach
at the primary or secondary level.  The class includes a laboratory component.   The first
part of the course covers different sources of energy – fossil fuels, nuclear and
alternative and renewable energy resources.  We discuss the pros and cons of all these. 
One class is spent on coal combustion and the health and environmental consequences
of burning coal to produce electricity (greenhouse gas emissions, mercury and other
metal emission from coal, sulfur and nitrogen dioxide emissions and acid rain,
radionuclide emissions, etc.).  We also spend a class on the uranium fuel cycle (from
mining, milling, enriching uranium to nuclear power plants and the disposal of high level
nuclear waste).  We spend a class period on oil and natural gas.  When we cover
alternative and renewable energy, I usually have the students work in teams of two and
select one of the sources and give a presentation on it to the rest of the class.  Of course,
this class also addresses global warming and other environmental topics.


                                             14
E    D    U     C    A      T   I   O     N




Goals for future practices

Sustainability concepts in the curriculum and classroom:


• Offer courses that provide basic understanding of sustainability concepts such as
  conservation, alternative energy production, and how they may be practiced in
  everyday life.
• Encourage incorporation of sustainability concepts into existing courses to prepare
  professionals for incorporating sustainability concepts into their chosen career path.
• Create partnership with UNM Albuquerque to provide training opportunities for staff
  and faculty.
• Encourage sustainable extracurricular activities through student clubs and service
  learning projects, such as recycling, xeriscaping, and alternative energy production.
• Provide sustainability education opportunities to the community through personal
  enrichment courses, such as energy and water conservation projects.
• Encourage a Reduce Re-use Recycle mentality as it relates to paper use, supplies
  and textbooks.
• Encourage digital technology in classrooms to supplement unavoidable paper use,
  i.e. WebCT and Digital textbooks.
• Recommend all campus printing be double sided.
• Retrofit all T8 and T12 light fixtures on the campus to T5 fixtures.
• Replace older exit signs with LED exit signs
• Install motion sensors in offices and classrooms.
• Expand campaign to encourage employees to conserve energy such as turning off
  lights when not in use.
• Seek and implement available technology to turn off computers during the evenings
  and weekends in classrooms and staff and faculty computers where appropriate.
• Continue to develop and offer additional on-line classes to reduce commuting.
• All new appliances must be Energy Star compliant.
• Evaluate the need for weekend classes and if necessary schedule weekend classes
  so they can be held in one building instead of multiple buildings.
• Non-duplex printers should be replaced with printers with duplex capability.
• Reduce desktop printing



                                           15
P   LAN   R   ECOMMENDATIONS




• Recommend students submit coursework online
• Implement recycling centers in each building on campus and in strategic locations
  outside campus buildings.
• Undertake a xeric project to convert current landscaping to water saving xeriscape.
  Vegetation that is highly dependent on water should be replaced with native, drought-
  resistant plants.
• Provide sustainability concepts in the curriculum.
• Commission mechanical systems regularly to maximize efficiencies
• All new construction will be built to at least LEED Silver standards.
• Develop incentives and partnerships to move commuters out of cars and into mass
  transit, onto bicycles, or car pool program.
• Replace originally installed plumbing fixtures with low-flow water fixtures.
• Upon failure, replace obsolete chiller, boilers, AC units and electrical motors with more
  energy efficient models.
• All renovation projects will be completed to at least LEED Silver standards.
• Whenever possible replace parking lot and security lighting with LED photovoltaic
  lighting.
• Seek funding to install renewable alternative energy sources on campus.
• If budget allows, purchase green power from local utility provider.
• Over the next 15 years, all existing vehicles will be replaced with alternative energy or
  hybrid vehicles. In addition, any utility vehicle replaced by either Security or Physical
  Plant must be replaced with vehicles that run on electricity.
• Establish a Revolving Loan Fund to capture and reuse savings and earnings from
  sustainability projects to fund future sustainable projects.
• Meter all campus buildings separately to better evaluate energy use.




                                           16
 C    O    N    C    L    U   S    I   O    N




  The UNM-Gallup Master Plan shows the campus will expand its physical footprint over
time. Existing buildings will undergo renovations and new buildings will be constructed.
Existing, high energy use equipment will fail and be replaced with more efficient units. This
growth gives us the opportunity to look for new and innovative ways to decrease our carbon
footprint on the way to climate neutrality.


UNM – Gallup is committed to the development of an institutional action plan to
achieve carbon neutrality. The ability to make a commitment is the very first step in
achievement of any strategic goal or vision. By creating a Sustainability Committee, and
the development of our Sustainability Plan is the campus’ first step in the development and
implementation of our sustainability goals and vision.




                                            17

				
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