Alcohol Aldehyde Ketone and Carboxylic Acid – Rules for

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					       Alcohol, Aldehyde, Ketone and Carboxylic Acid

Alcohol (pg. 314)
        A branch of OH is bonded to any of the carbons in a parent chain. The OH branch(es) must
have the lowest number(s) possible. When naming this molecule drop the “e” from the name of the
parent chain and add “ol”.




Complete handout questions # 42 - 45

Aldehyde (pg. 316)
       One of the carbons, on either end of a parent chain, is double bonded to an oxygen. The
carbon which is double bonded to an oxygen will always be carbon number one. When naming this
molecule drop the “e” from the name of the parent chain and add “al”.




Ketone (pg. 316)
       One of the carbons, NOT on either end of a parent chain, is double bonded to an oxygen.
The carbon which is double bonded to an oxygen will always be numbered as low as possible.
When naming this molecule drop the “e” from the name of the parent chain and add “one”.




* Observe and make note of the Fehling’s Test (See pg.317 )

Complete handout questions # 46 - 49

Carboxylic Acid (pg. 317)
        One of the carbons, on either end of a parent chain, is double bonded to an oxygen and
bonded to an OH. This carbon will always be carbon number one. When naming this molecule drop
the “e” from the name of the parent chain and add “oic acid”.




Complete handout questions # 50 – 53                              Complete Handout # 54 - 64