Cultural Score - Integrated Catchment Management for the Motueka

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Cultural Score - Integrated Catchment Management for the Motueka Powered By Docstoc
					                     ha
class                                          intensive
                     historic present present_bmp      intensive_bmp
urban                        0    563     563      563      563
bare ground                  0   2294    2294 2294         2294
alpine herbfield             0    993     993      993      993
water                     316     316     316      316      316
cropland                     0    598     598      598      598
vineyards                    0       1       1       1         1
orchards                     0   2246    2246 2246         2246
sheep/beef                   0 31036 31036 56892 56892
tussock grassland       10591 10591 10591 10591 10591
wetland plants             99       99      99      99       99
scrub                        0 17286 17286 17286 17286
                             0
broadleaved indigenous hardwoods 3837    3837 3837         3837
subalpine shrubland      2505    2505    2505 2505         2505
exotic forestry              0 56535 56535           0         0
indigenous forest     204289 83399 83399 83042 83042
dairy                            3779    3779 34815 34815
deer                             1724    1724 1724         1724
                               217800 217800 ##### 217800

class                N kg/ha/yr        N(kg/ha/yr)
                               N(kg/ha/yr)              N(kg/ha/yr) (t/km2/yr Sed (t/km2/yr
                                               N(kg/ha/yr)       Sed    Sed (t/km2/yr Sed (t/km2/yr
urban                      0.0     0.0     0.0      0.0      0.0      0      37     37     37
bare ground                0.0     0.0     0.0      0.0      0.0      0    185     185   185
alpine herbfield           0.0     0.0     0.0      0.0      0.0      0    185     185   185
water                      0.0     0.0     0.0      0.0      0.0      0       0      0       0
cropland                   0.0     1.7     1.7      1.7      1.7      0    224     224   224
vineyards                  0.0     1.7     1.7      1.7      1.7      0    217     217   217
orchards                   0.0     1.7     1.7      1.7      1.7      0    249     249   249
sheep/beef                 0.0     0.5     0.4      3.0      2.1      0    490     147   834
tussock grassland          0.0     0.0     0.0      0.0      0.0     69      69     69     69
wetland plants             0.0     0.0     0.0      0.0      0.0     69      69     69     69
scrub                      1.0     1.2     1.2      1.2      1.2      0      69     69     69
                           1.0
broadleaved indigenous hardwoods 1.8       1.8      1.8      1.8      0      69     69     69
subalpine shrubland        0.0     0.0     0.0      0.0      0.0     69      69     69     69
exotic forestry            0.0     4.0     4.0      4.0      4.0      0    210     210   210
indigenous forest          1.8     1.8     1.8      1.8      1.8     69      69     69     69
dairy                      0.0     7.8     5.5     18.8    13.2       0    425     212   425
deer                       0.0     0.7     0.7      0.7      0.7      0    627     188   627
        95%     95% E.coli (cfu/100ml/ha)
                           95% E.coli (cfu/100ml/ha)
                                                (cfu/100ml/ha)
                                                          (cfu/100ml/ha) water max. water take
                                                                    take       take
Sed (t/km2/yrE.coli (cfu/100ml/ha) 95% E.coli 95% E.coli max. water max. (m3/ha/wk)(m3/ha/wk)(m3/ha/wk)
    37 0.0000 0.0000         0.0000      0.0000    0.0000         0         0          0
   185 0.0000 0.0000         0.0000      0.0000    0.0000         0         0          0
   185 0.0000 0.0000         0.0000      0.0000    0.0000         0         0          0
      0 0.0000 0.0000        0.0000      0.0000    0.0000         0         0          0
   224 0.0000 0.0000         0.0000      0.0000    0.0000         0       300        150
   217 0.0000 0.0000         0.0000      0.0000    0.0000         0       180         90
   249 0.0000 0.0000         0.0000      0.0000    0.0000         0       350        180
   250 0.0000 0.0150         0.0060      0.0150    0.0060         0         0          0
    69 0.0000 0.0000         0.0000      0.0000    0.0000         0         0          0
    69 0.0000 0.0000         0.0000      0.0000    0.0000         0         0          0
    69 0.0000 0.0000         0.0000      0.0000    0.0000         0         0          0
    69 0.0000 0.0000         0.0000      0.0000    0.0000         0         0          0
    69 0.0000 0.0000         0.0000      0.0000    0.0000         0         0          0
   210 0.0000 0.0000         0.0000      0.0000    0.0000         0         0          0
    69 0.0002 0.0002         0.0001      0.0002    0.0001         0         0          0
   212             0.0260    0.0100      0.0260    0.0100                 350        180
   315             0.0185    0.0070      0.0185    0.0070                   0          0
           take water take
max. water max. (m3/ha/wk)(m3/ha/wk)
        0          0
        0          0
        0          0
        0          0
      300        150
      180         90
      350        180
        0          0
        0          0
        0          0
        0          0
        0          0
        0          0
        0          0
        0          0
      350        180
        0          0
class                           ha                kg/ha/yr          kg/yr      Sed (t/km2/yr t/yr
urban                                         0                 0          0              37         0
bare ground                                   0                 0          0             185         0
alpine herbfield                              0                 0          0             185         0
water                                       316                 0          0               0         0
cropland                                      0                 0          0             224         0
vineyards                                     0                 0          0             217         0
orchards                                      0                 0          0             249         0
sheep/beef                                    0                 0          0             490         0
tussock grassland                         10591                 0          0              69      7308
wetland plants                               99                 0          0              69        68
scrub                                         0                 1          0              69         0
broadleaved indigenous hardwoods              0                 1          0              69         0
subalpine shrubland                        2505                 0          0              69      1728
exotic forestry                               0                 0          0           184.8         0
indigenous forest                        204289              1.78     363634              69    140959
                                                                      363634                    150064


                                  No Aquaculture Aquaculture
Max. water take (m3/s)                         0
Nitrogen yield (kg/yr)                   363634      363634
Sediment yield (t/yr)                    150064
Gross output ($/yr)                            0           0
Job numbers                                    0           0
Gross margin ($/yr)                            0           0
Area of natural ecosystems (ha)          217800
Carbon sink rate (t/yr)                        0           0
E.coli (cfu/100ml) 95% tile                   12
Mussel Output (ton)                                        0
Output ($/ha/yr)$/yr       jobs/100 ha    jobs                                m3/s
                                                     max. water take (m3/ha/wk)
             0         0              0          0                          0        0.00
             0         0              0          0                          0        0.00
             0         0              0          0                          0        0.00
             0         0              0          0                          0        0.00
          2000         0              5          0                        300        0.00
          6000         0             25          0                        180        0.00
          6000         0             25          0                        350        0.00
           567         0            0.5          0                          0        0.00
             0         0              0          0                          0        0.00
             0         0              0          0                          0        0.00
             0         0              0          0                          0        0.00
             0         0              0          0                          0        0.00
             0         0              0          0                          0        0.00
           500         0           0.25          0                          0        0.00
             0         0              0          0                          0        0.00
                       0                         0                                      0
                    $/yr
Gross margin ($/ha/yr)                                  t
                               Carbon sink rate (t/ha/yr)/yr       95% E.coli (cfu/100ml/ha)
                  0        0                          0        0                      0
                  0        0                                   0                      0
                  0        0                                   0                      0
                  0        0                                   0                      0
              1000         0                                   0                      0
              3000         0                                   0                      0
              3000         0                                   0                      0
                432        0                                   0                      0
                  0        0                                   0                      0
                  0        0                                   0                      0
                  0        0                          2        0                      0
                  0        0                          2        0                      0
                  0        0                                   0                      0
                450        0                          8        0                      0
                  0        0                                   0                0.00006
                           0                                   0
95% E.coli (cfu/100ml)
                     0
                     0
                     0
                     0
                     0
                     0
                     0
                     0
                     0
                     0
                     0
                     0
                     0
                     0
                    12
                    12
class                         ha                                  N(kg/ha/yr)          N (kg/yr)
urban                                                     563                      0           0
bare ground                                              2294                      0           0
alpine herbfield                                          993                      0           0
water                                                     316                      0           0
cropland                                                  598                   1.67        998
vineyards                                                    1                  1.67           2
orchards                                                 2246                   1.67       3751
sheep/beef                                              31036                   0.54      16759
tussock grassland                                       10591                      0           0
wetland plants                                              99                     0           0
scrub                                                   17286                   1.19      20570
broadleaved indigenous hardwoods                         3837                   1.79       6867
subalpine shrubland                                      2505                      0           0
exotic forestry                                         56535                   3.97    224446
indigenous forest                                       83399                   1.78    148449
dairy                                                    3779                   7.79      29441
deer                                                     1724                   0.67       1155
                                                      217800                            452438
                                         No Aquaculture             Aquaculture
Max. water take (m3/s)                                     3.8
Nitrogen yield (kg/yr)                                452438               130438
Sediment yield (t/yr)                                 377869
Gross output ($/yr)                                 72824165             86624165
Job numbers                                              1145                1720
Gross margin ($/yr)                                 56767659             63667659
Area of natural ecosystems (ha)                       101739
Carbon sink rate (t/yr)                               494528               501888
E.coli (cfu/100ml) 95% tile                               241

Mussel Output (ton)                                                         23000
dairy                             Stocking rates = 2.7 cows/ha 16 stock units/ha Output and Gross margin per s.u. from
sheep/beef                                                        9 stock units/ha
                                  Stocking rates = 10 stock units/ha
deer                              Stocking rate = 12 stock units/ha
carbon                            Saggar et al. (2007)                             Saggar S, KR Tate, CM Trotter, D Wh
                                  E.coli                                           Jeremy Wilkinson pers.comm.

Specific sediment yield for exotic forestry assumes a vegetative cover factor of 0.1 for permanent forest and 0.22 for fore
This also assumes that in the first year following harvest that surficial erosion is well contained by a well designed harves
Temporal variation of erosion factor for pinus radiata forest relative to pasture (Chris Ph
                    Sed (t/km2/yrt/yr             Output ($/ha/yr) $/yr      jobs/100 ha jobs
                              37            208                 0          0           0       0
                             185           4243                 0          0           0       0
                             185           1837                 0          0           0       0
                               0              0                 0          0           0       0
                             224           1339             2000 1195470               5      12
                             217              3             6000        7155          25       0
                             249           5592             6000 13475025             25     561
                             490         152074               567 17597185           0.5     155
                              69           7308                 0          0           0       0
                              69             68                 0          0           0       0
                              69          11927                 0          0           0       0
                              69           2647                 0          0           0       0
                              69           1728                 0          0           0       0
                           184.8         104478               500 28267729          0.25     141
                              69          57545                 0          0           0       0
                             425          16062             2976 11247204              5     189
                             627          10809               600 1034397              5      86
                                         377869                    72824165                1145




          Output and Gross margin per s.u. from Lincoln Uni (2006): Financial Budget Manual


          Saggar S, KR Tate, CM Trotter, D Whitehead (2007) [Abstract/Postrer] Soil-atmosphere exchange of carbon dioxide, methane and
          Jeremy Wilkinson pers.comm.

ctor of 0.1 for permanent forest and 0.22 for forest that is harvested about every 25 years and has 3 years where the roots are not sufficient to
osion is well contained by a well designed harvest plan, that is, assuming best management practice.
r pinus radiata forest relative to pasture (Chris Phillips pers.com and Fahey and Marden, 2006. Pakuratahi Land Use Study Report. Chapter 5
                                           m3/s
                    max. water take (m3/ha/wk)                                  $/yr
                                                              Gross margin ($/ha/yr)                    t/yr
                                                                                           Carbon sink rate (t/ha/yr)
                                         0             0.00                   0          0            0            0
                                         0             0.00                   0          0                         0
                                         0             0.00                   0          0                         0
                                         0             0.00                   0          0                         0
                                       300             0.30               1000      597735                         0
                                       180             0.00               3000        3578                         0
                                       350             1.30               3000 6737513                             0
                                         0             0.00                 432 13407379                           0
                                         0             0.00                   0          0                         0
                                         0             0.00                   0          0                         0
                                         0             0.00                   0          0            2      34571
                                         0             0.00                   0          0            2        7673
                                         0             0.00                   0          0                         0
                                         0             0.00                 450 25440956              8 452284
                                         0             0.00                   0          0                         0
                                       350             2.19               2608 9856421                             0
                                         0             0.00                 420     724078                         0
                                                        3.8                      56767659                   494528

                    maximum water take includes both groundwater and surface water




                    Income/s.u. = $186/s.u. Gross margin/s.u. = $163/s.u.
                    Income/s.u. = $63/s.u. Gross margin /s.u. = $48/s.u.
                    Income/s.u. = $50/s.u. Gross margin/s.u.= $35/s.u.
rer] Soil-atmosphere exchange of carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide emissions in New Zealand and their mitigation. Greenhouse 200


y 25 years and has 3 years where the roots are not sufficient to give protection against mass movement erosion (see plot below)
management practice.
d Marden, 2006. Pakuratahi Land Use Study Report. Chapter 5. Hawkes Bay Regional Council..)
                                            95% E.coli (cfu/100ml)Cultural score (/ha)
                    95% E.coli (cfu/100ml/ha)                                                  Cultural score
                                    0.00000                     0                         1               563
                                    0.00000                     0                         4              9175
                                    0.00000                     0                        4.5             4467
                                    0.00000                     0                         5              1580
                                    0.00000                     0                         3              1793
                                    0.00000                     0                         3                 4
                                    0.00000                     0                         3              6738
                                    0.00600                   186                        2.5           77589
                                    0.00000                     0                        4.5           47660
                                    0.00000                     0                         5               494
                                    0.00000                     0                        3.5           60500
                                    0.00000                     0                         5            19183
                                    0.00000                     0                        4.5           11272
                                    0.00000                     0                        3.5         197874
                                    0.00006                     5                         5          416993
                                    0.01000                    38                        1.5             5669
                                    0.00700                    12                         3              5172
                                                              241                                    866724




ealand and their mitigation. Greenhouse 2007 Conference, Sydney. 2–5 October, 2007 (Accepted for Poster Presentation).Surinder


ement erosion (see plot below)
Poster Presentation).Surinder
class                   ha                      N(kg/ha/yr)                            t/yr
                                                                  N (kg/yr) Sed (t/km2/yr
urban                                      563                  0          0        37        208
bare ground                               2294                  0          0       185       4243
alpine herbfield                           993                  0          0       185       1837
water                                      316                  0          0         0          0
cropland                                   598               1.67       998        224       1339
vineyards                                     1              1.67          2       217          3
orchards                                  2246               1.67      3751        249       5592
sheep/beef                               31036               0.38     11794        147      45622
tussock grassland                        10591                  0          0        69       7308
wetland plants                               99                 0          0        69         68
scrub                                    17286               1.19     20570         69      11927
broadleaved indigenous hardwoods          3837               1.79      6867         69       2647
subalpine shrubland                       2505                  0          0        69       1728
exotic forestry                          56535               3.97    224446     184.8     104478
indigenous forest                        83399               1.78    148449         69      57545
dairy                                     3779               5.45     20597        212       8012
deer                                      1724               0.67      1155        188       3241
                                        217800                       438629               255798
                            No Aquaculture       Aquaculture
Max. water take (m3/s)                      1.9
Nitrogen yield (kg/yr)                  438629           158629
Sediment yield (t/yr)                   255798
Gross output ($/yr)                 72824165          84824165
Job numbers                               1145              1645
Gross margin ($/yr)                 56767659          62767659
Area of natural ecosystems (ha)         101739
Carbon sink rate (t/yr)                 494528           500928
E.coli (cfu/100ml) 95% tile                  96
Mussel Output (ton)                                       20000
dairy                                           16 stock
                         Stocking rates = 2.7 cows/ha units/ha Output and Gross margin per s.u. from Lincoln Uni
sheep/beef                                      9 stock units/ha
                         Stocking rates = 10 stock units/ha
deer                     Stocking rate = 12 stock units/ha
carbon                   Saggar et al. (2007)                     Saggar S, KR Tate, CM Trotter, D Whitehead (200

bmp                     whole farm plans reduce specific sediment yield on pastural agriculture (excluding dairy) b
                        whole farm plans reduce specific sediment yield on dairy by 50%.
                        E.coli reduce by 60% on sheep/beef/dairy/deer (measurements on the Sherry river)
                        nitrogen export on dairy and sheep/beef is reduced by 30%.
                       $/yr
            Output ($/ha/yr)      jobs/100 hajobs                                  m3/s
                                                           max. water take (m3/ha/wk)                      $/yr
                                                                                                 Gross margin ($/ha/yr)
                     0          0          0           0                         0        0.00           0          0
                     0          0          0           0                         0        0.00           0          0
                     0          0          0           0                         0        0.00           0          0
                     0          0          0           0                         0        0.00           0          0
                2000 1195470               5          12                       150        0.15        1000 597735
                6000         7155         25           0                        90        0.00        3000       3578
                6000 13475025             25         561                       180        0.67        3000 6737513
                  567 17597185           0.5         155                         0        0.00         432 13407379
                     0          0          0           0                         0        0.00           0          0
                     0          0          0           0                         0        0.00           0          0
                     0          0          0           0                         0        0.00           0          0
                     0          0          0           0                         0        0.00           0          0
                     0          0          0           0                         0        0.00           0          0
                  500 28267729          0.25         141                         0        0.00         450 25440956
                     0          0          0           0                         0        0.00           0          0
                2976 11247204              5         189                       180        1.12        2608 9856421
                  600 1034397              5          86                         0        0.00         420 724078
                       72824165                     1145                                   1.9             56767659




                                                        Income/s.u. = $186/s.u. Gross margin/s.u. = $163/s.u.
rgin per s.u. from Lincoln Uni (2006): Financial Budget Manual
                                                        Income/s.u. = $63/s.u. Gross margin /s.u. = $48/s.u.
                                                        Income/s.u. = $50/s.u. Gross margin/s.u.= $35/s.u.
M Trotter, D Whitehead (2007) [Abstract/Postrer] Soil-atmosphere exchange of carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide emis

agriculture (excluding dairy) by 70%.

s on the Sherry river)
                      t/yr         95%
            Carbon sink rate (t/ha/yr) E.coli (cfu/100ml/ha)
                    0            0                         0       0
                                 0                         0       0
                                 0                         0       0
                                 0                         0       0
                                 0                         0       0
                                 0                         0       0
                                 0                         0       0
                                 0                    0.0024      74
                                 0                         0       0
                                 0                         0       0
                    2      34571                           0       0
                    2       7673                           0       0
                                 0                         0       0
                    8     452284                           0       0
                                 0                 0.000024        2
                                 0                     0.004      15
                                 0                    0.0028       5
                          494528                                  96




e and nitrous oxide emissions in New Zealand and their mitigation. Greenhouse 2007 Conference, Sydney. 2–5 October, 2007 (A
nce, Sydney. 2–5 October, 2007 (Accepted for Poster Presentation).Surinder
                                         historic    present   bmp_present notes
Low flow - max. water take - (l/minute) 318000.0 252982.7         363502.7 7 day 5 yr return period low flow, wat
Nitrogen load in river (kg/yr)                363634    452438      438629
Sediment yield (tonnes/yr)                    150064    377869      255798
Agricultural gross output ($1000/yr)               0     72824       72824
Agricultural job numbers (FTE*1000)                0 1145439       1145439
Agricultural gross margin ($1000/yr)               0     56768       56768
Area of natural ecosystems (ha)               217800    101739      101739
Carbon sink rate (t/yr) - land and marine          0    501888      500928
Net nitrogen yield to marine (kg/yr)          363634    130438      158629
Gross output ($100/yr) - land and marine           0    866242      848242
Marine job numbers (FTE*1000)                      0    575000      500000
Gross margin ($100/yr) - land and marine           0    636677      627677
E.coli/100litres exceeded 5% of time           12257    241079       96431
Mean annual low flow (l/minute)               492000    576000      594000
Trout numbers (no/1000 km)                         0    153651      178650




MALF of present without extraction is ~ 9.6 cumecs + approx 0.7 extraction = 10.3
MALF of present without extraction is ~ 10.3 - (7.4-5.3) = 8.2 (Andrew and Dymond)

present and actual MALF is 9.6 m3/s. This would be 10.3 m3/s without surface water extraction
historic MALF is 10.3 - 2.1 = 8.2 (assuming ET demand difference between present and historic is 2.1 m3/s (Andrew
MALF of bmp present assumes 50% reduction in extraction from surface water, i.e. 9.6+0.35 ~9.9 m3/s
 return period low flow, water take is ground and surface water
                                                                                                           Socio-economic per

                                                   1400000


                                                   1200000


                                                   1000000


                                                    800000


                                                    600000


                                                    400000


                                                    200000


                                                          0
                                                                  Agricultural job numbers   Gross output ($100/yr) - land
                                                                        (FTE*1000)                   and marine
 historic is 2.1 m3/s (Andrew and Dymond 2006)
+0.35 ~9.9 m3/s
                                                                                                            Environmental perfo

                                                   600000.0


                                                   500000.0


                                                   400000.0


                                                   300000.0


                                                   200000.0


                                                   100000.0
0.0
      Low flow - max. Nitrogen load Sediment yield Area of natural
        water take - in river (kg/yr) (tonnes/yr)   ecosystems
         (l/minute)                                     (ha)
           -economic performance




                                                                           historic
                                                                           present
                                                                           bmp_present




ut ($100/yr) - land   Marine job numbers   Gross margin ($100/yr) - land
                          (FTE*1000)              and marine



    Environmental performance




                                                                           historic
                                                                           present
                                                                           bmp_present
Area of natural Carbon sink     Net nitrogen E.coli/100litres Trout numbers
 ecosystems rate (t/yr) - land yield to marine exceeded 5% (no/1000 km)
     (ha)       and marine          (kg/yr)       of time
class                           ha                 N(kg/ha/yr)            N (kg/yr)
urban                                       563                       0                    0
bare ground                                2294                       0                    0
alpine herbfield                            993                       0                    0
water                                       316                       0                    0
cropland                                    598                    1.67            998.21745
vineyards                                     1                    1.67             1.991475
orchards                                   2246                    1.67          3750.548625
sheep/beef                                56892                    3.01          171245.9133
tussock grassland                         10591                       0                    0
wetland plants                               99                       0                    0
scrub                                     17286                    1.19           20569.9473
broadleaved indigenous hardwoods           3837                    1.79            6867.3708
subalpine shrubland                        2505                       0                    0
exotic forestry                               0                    3.97                    0
indigenous forest                         83042                    1.78           147814.137
dairy                                     34815                   18.78           653823.869
deer                                       1724                    0.67           1155.07665
                                                                                 1006227.072
                                  No Aquaculture      Aquaculture
Max. water take (m3/s)                      21.7
Nitrogen yield (kg/yr)                  1006227                  642227
Sediment yield (t/yr)                    727454
Gross output ($/yr)                   151579148            167179148
Job numbers                                2703                 3353
Gross margin ($/yr)                   123437655            131237655
Area of natural ecosystems (ha)          101382
Carbon sink rate (t/yr)                   42244                   50564
E.coli (cfu/100ml.ha) 95% tile               721
Mussel Output (ton)                                               26000
Sed (t/km2/yrt/yr      Output ($/ha/yr)$/yr        jobs/100 ha jobs
          37       208               0           0           0         0
         185      4243               0           0           0         0
         185      1837               0           0           0         0
            0        0               0           0           0         0
         224      1339           2000      1195470           5        30
         217         3           6000         7155          25         0
         249      5592           6000 13475025              25       561
         834 474482               567 32257951             0.5       284
          69      7308               0           0           0         0
          69        68               0           0           0         0
          69    11927                0           0           0         0
          69      2647               0           0           0         0
          69      1728               0           0           0         0
        184.8        0            500            0        0.25         0
          69    57299                0           0           0         0
         425 147963              2976 103609150              5      1741
         627    10809             600      1034397           5        86
               727454                   151579148                   2703
max. water take (m3/ha/wk)m3/s                          $
                                   Gross margin ($/ha/yr) /yr       Carbon sink rate (t/ha/yr)
                        0      0.0                    0           0         0            0
                        0      0.0                    0           0                      0
                        0      0.0                    0           0                      0
                        0      0.0                    0           0                      0
                      300      0.3                1000      597735                       0
                      180      0.0                3000       3577.5                      0
                      350      1.3                3000 6737513                           0
                        0      0.0                 432 24577487                          0
                        0      0.0                    0           0                      0
                        0      0.0                    0           0                      0
                        0      0.0                    0           0         2      34571
                        0      0.0                    0           0         2       7673
                        0      0.0                    0           0                      0
                        0      0.0                 450            0         8            0
                        0      0.0                    0           0                      0
                      350     20.1                2608 90797266                          0
                        0      0.0                 420 724077.9                          0
                              21.7                      1.23E+08                   42244
95% E.coli (cfu/100ml/ha)
                 0          0
                 0          0
                 0          0
                 0          0
                 0          0
                 0          0
                 0          0
             0.006        341
                 0          0
                 0          0
                 0          0
                 0          0
                 0          0
                 0          0
          0.00006           5
            0.0104        362
            0.0074         13
                          721
class                     ha               N(kg/ha/yr)    N (kg/yr) Sed (t/km2/yr t/yr
urban                                563              0            0           37        208
bare ground                         2294              0            0          185       4243
alpine herbfield                     993              0            0          185       1837
water                                316              0            0            0          0
cropland                             598           1.67    998.2175           224       1339
vineyards                              1           1.67    1.991475           217          3
orchards                            2246           1.67    3750.549           249       5592
sheep/beef                         56892           2.11    120042.8           250    142231
tussock grassland                  10591              0            0           69       7308
wetland plants                        99              0            0           69         68
scrub                              17286           1.19    20569.95            69      11927
broadleaved indigenous hardwoods    3837           1.79    6867.371            69       2647
subalpine shrubland                 2505              0            0           69       1728
exotic forestry                        0           3.97            0        184.8          0
indigenous forest                  83042           1.78    147814.1            69      57299
dairy                              34815         13.15       457816           212      73808
deer                                1724           0.67    1155.077           315       5431
                                                           759016.1                  315668
                            No Aquaculture Aquaculture
Max. water take (m3/s)                11.2
Nitrogen yield (kg/yr)             759016      409016
Sediment yield (t/yr)              315668
Gross output ($/yr)             151579148 166579148
Job numbers                          2703        3328
Gross margin ($/yr)             123437655 130937655
Area of natural ecosystems (ha)    101382
Carbobn sink rate (t/yr)            42244       50244
E.coli (cfu/100ml) 95% tile            283
Mussel Output (ton)                             25000
Output ($/ha/yr) $/yr      jobs/100 ha jobs                     take       Gross
                                                     max. water m3/s (m3/ha/wk) margin ($/ha/yr)
              0          0              0        0           0         0.0              0
              0          0              0        0           0         0.0              0
              0          0              0        0           0         0.0              0
              0          0              0        0           0         0.0              0
           2000 1195470                 5       30         150         0.1          1000
           6000       7155             25        0          90         0.0          3000
           6000 13475025               25      561         180         0.7          3000
            567 32257951              0.5      284           0         0.0            432
              0          0              0        0           0         0.0              0
              0          0              0        0           0         0.0              0
              0          0              0        0           0         0.0              0
              0          0              0        0           0         0.0              0
              0          0              0        0           0         0.0              0
            500          0           0.25        0           0         0.0            450
              0          0              0        0           0         0.0              0
           2976 1.04E+08                5     1741         180        10.4          2608
            600 1034397                 5       86           0         0.0            420
                 1.52E+08                     2703                    11.2
$/yr                                                               95%
                Carbon sink rate (t/ha/yr) 95% E.coli (cfu/100ml/ha) E.coli (cfu/100ml)
            0             0               0                      0                   0
            0                             0                      0                   0
            0                             0                      0                   0
            0                             0                      0                   0
      597735                              0                      0                   0
       3577.5                             0                      0                   0
  6737512.5                               0                      0                   0
   24577487                               0                 0.0024                 137
            0                             0                      0                   0
            0                             0                      0                   0
            0             2          34571                       0                   0
            0             2           7673                       0                   0
            0                             0                      0                   0
            0             8               0                      0                   0
            0                             0              0.000024                    2
   90797266                               0                  0.004                 139
    724077.9                              0                 0.0028                   5
 123437655                           42244                                         283
                                          historic     present   intensive
Low flow - max. water take - (l/minute) 318000.0        252982.7      -824642.3
Nitrogen load in river (kg/yr)               363634       452438        1006227
Sediment yield (tonnes/yr)                   150064       377869         727454
Agricultural gross output ($/yr)                   0   72824165      151579148
Agricultural job numbers (FTE*1000)                0     1145439        2703051
Agricultural gross margin ($/yr)                   0   56767659      123437655
Area of natural ecosystems (ha)              217800       101739         101382
Carbon sink rate (t/yr) - land and marine          0      501888           50564
Net nitrogen yield to marine (kg/yr)         363634       130438         642227
Gross output ($100/yr) - land and marine           0      866242        1671791
Marine job numbers (FTE*1000)                      0      575000         650000
Gross margin ($100/yr) - land and marine           0      636677        1312377
E.coli/100litres exceeded 5% of time       12257.33       241079         721169
Mean annual low flow (l/minute)              492000       576000         390000
Trout numbers (no/1000 km)                         0      153651           74774

MALF intensive = 10.3 -0.7*relative increase of total water take (21/3.8) = 10.3-3.8= 6.5




                                                            Socio_economic performance


                     3000000




                     2500000




                     2000000




                     1500000




                     1000000




                      500000
0
    Agricultural job numbers   Gross output ($100/yr) -   Marine job numbers   Gross margin ($100/yr)
          (FTE*1000)              land and marine             (FTE*1000)          land and marine
                                                                    Environmental performa


            1500000.0




            1000000.0




             500000.0




                   0.0
                         Low flow - max. Nitrogen load Sediment yield Area of natural
                           water take - in river (kg/yr) (tonnes/yr)   ecosystems
                            (l/minute)                                     (ha)



historic
present      -500000.0
intensive




            -1000000.0
Gross margin ($100/yr) -
   land and marine
Environmental performance




                                                                               historic
                                                                               present
                                                                               intensive




 Area of natural Carbon sink     Net nitrogen E.coli/100litres Trout numbers
  ecosystems rate (t/yr) - land yield to marine exceeded 5% (no/1000 km)
                 and marine          (kg/yr)       of time
                                        historic           present   bmp_intensive
Low flow - max. water take - (l/minute)318000.0             252982.7     -190704.4
Nitrogen load in river (kg/yr)             363634             452438       759016
Sediment yield (tonnes/yr)                 150064             377869       315668
Agricultural gross output ($/yr)                 0         72824165     151579148
Agricultural job numbers (FTE*1000)              0           1145439      2703051
Agricultural gross margin ($/yr)                 0         56767659     123437655
Area of natural ecosystems (ha)            217800             101739       101382
Carbon sink rate (t/yr) - land and marine        0            501888        50244
Net nitrogen yield to marine (kg/yr)       363634             130438       409016
Gross output ($100/yr) - land and marine         0            866242      1665791
Marine job numbers (FTE*1000)                    0            575000       625000
Gross margin ($100/yr) - land and marine         0            636677      1309377
E.coli/100litres exceeded 5% of time 12257.33                 241079       282621
Mean annual low flow (l/minute)            492000             576000       504000
Trout numbers (no/1000 km)                       0            153651       136615

MALF intensive = 10.3 -0.7*relative increase of water take (21/3.8) = 10.3-3.8= 6.5
MALF bmp intensive = 10.3-0.5*3.8=8.4


                                                        Socio-economic performance


   3000000




   2500000




   2000000




   1500000




   1000000




    500000




         0
              Agricultural job numbers   Gross output ($100/yr) - land   Marine job numbers   Gross margin ($100/yr) -
Agricultural job numbers   Gross output ($100/yr) - land   Marine job numbers   Gross margin ($100/yr) -
      (FTE*1000)                   and marine                 (FTE*1000)                and marine
                                                                                                  Environmental perform


                                          1000000.0



                                           800000.0



                                           600000.0

                          historic
                          present
                          bmp_intensive    400000.0



                                           200000.0



                                                0.0
margin ($100/yr) - land
                                                      Low flow -   Nitrogen load Sediment yield Area of natural
margin ($100/yr) - land
                                      Low flow -   Nitrogen load Sediment yield Area of natural
                                      max. water   in river (kg/yr) (tonnes/yr)  ecosystems rate (t/yr)
                                         take -                                      (ha)
                          -200000.0   (l/minute)




                          -400000.0
Environmental performance




                                                                          historic
                                                                          present
                                                                          bmp_intensive




ea of natural Carbon sink   Net nitrogen E.coli/100litres Trout numbers
ea of natural Carbon sink Net nitrogen E.coli/100litres Trout numbers
cosystems rate (t/yr) - land yield to marine exceeded 5% (no/1000 km)
              and marine          (kg/yr)       of time
                                                                          historic      present
Mean annual low flow - (m3/s)                                                     8.2                9.6
Low flow - max. water take - (m3/s)                                               5.3                3.6
Nitrogen load in river (kg/yr)                                                363634            452438
Sediment yield (tonnes/yr)                                                    150064            377869
Agricultural gross output ($/yr)                                                    0         72824165
Agricultural job numbers (FTE)                                                      0             1145
Agricultural gross margin ($/yr)                                                    0         56767659
Area of natural ecosystems (ha)                                               217800            101739
Carbon sink rate (t/yr) - land and marine                                           0           501888
Net nitrogen yield to marine (kg/yr)                                          363634            130438
Gross output ($/yr) - land and marine                                               0         86624165
Marine job numbers (FTE)                                                            0               575
Gross margin ($/yr) - land and marine                                               0         63667659
% of time E.coli counts exceed swimming standard                                  0.0                2.5
% of time E.coli counts exceed stock water standard                               0.5              10.0
Trout numbers (no/km)                                                               0               154
% of time water has E.coli levels acceptable for contact recreation              99.9              95.2
% of time water has E.coli levels requiring alert (260-550 /100ml)                0.1                2.5
% of time water has E.coli greater than 550/100ml (action required)                 0                2.3

                                     Mean annual low flow (m3/s)


   12



   10



    8



    6                                                                                              Series1



    4



    2



    0
            historic       present         bmp_present        intensive       bmp_intensive




                                       suspended sediment yield (tonnes/yr)
 800000                    Moderate sediment
                           yield

 700000



 600000



 500000

            Low sediment
 400000     yield


 300000



 200000



 100000



      0
               historic           present       bmp_present          intensive        bmp_intensive




                                               Gross ouput - land and marine ($/yr)


180000000



160000000



140000000



120000000



100000000



80000000



60000000



40000000



20000000
        0
                 historic       present               bmp_present          intensive




                                          agricultural job numbers (FTE)


3000




2500




2000




1500




1000




 500




   0
            historic        present               bmp_present          intensive       bmp_intensive




                               lowflow - max. water take (m3/s)


 10.0




  5.0




  0.0
 0.0
        historic   present   bmp_present   intensive   bmp_intensive

                                                                       Series1


 -5.0




-10.0




-15.0
      bmp_present intensive        bmp_intensive
                 9.9           6.5             8.4
                 5.5        -13.7            -3.2
            438629      1006227          759016
            255798       727454          315668
          72824165    151579148       151579148
               1145         2703            2703
          56767659    123437655       123437655
            101739       101382          101382
            500928        50564            50244
            158629       642227          409016
          84824165    167179148       166579148
                500           650             625
          62767659    131237655       130937655
                 1.0           6.7             3.4
                 4.8         38.6            11.4
                179             75            137                                                                  250000
                  98         88.9            94.5
                 1.9           4.9             2.7
                 0.1           6.2             2.8
                                                                                                                   200000


                                         nitrogen load in river (kg/yr)


          1200000                                                                                                  150000
                                  Nitrate toxicity to humans ~ 30 times intensive.
                                                   hello
                                  2800000 kg/yr beneficial to coastal productivity.
          1000000

                                                                                                                   100000



          800000


                                                                                                                   50000

Series1   600000                                                                                         Series1




          400000
                                                                                                    Possible           0
                                                                                                                            historic
                                                                                                    Nuisance
                                                                                                    periphyton
          200000




               0
                    historic   present             bmp_present       intensive      bmp_intensive




                                                                     carbon sink rate - land and marine (t/yr)
          600000




          500000




          400000




Series1   300000




          200000




          100000




               0
                         historic        present   bmp_present           intensive           bmp_intensive




                                                         gross margin - land and marine ($/yr)


                             140000000



                             120000000



                             100000000

               Series1

                              80000000



                              60000000



                              40000000



                              20000000
                                   20000000



   bmp_intensive                          0
                                                     historic             present          bmp_present            intensive




                                                                                marine job numbers (FTE)


                             700



                             600



                             500

                   Series1

                             400



                             300



                             200



                             100



                               0
bmp_intensive                             historic              present             bmp_present            intensive
Series1
                     area of natural ecosystems




                                                                                  Series1




historic   present           bmp_present          intensive   bmp_intensive




                                                                        net nitrogen yield to marine (kg/yr)
                          700000



                          600000



                          500000



                          400000

                Series1

                          300000



                          200000



                          100000



                              0
bmp_intensive                           historic              present   bmp_present   intensive   bmp_intensive




                                                    100%
                                                        98%
                                                        96%
                                                        94%
                                                        92%
                                                        90%
                                                        88%
                                                        86%
                                                        84%
                                                        82%




                              Series1




                                                   12

                                                   10
                                           8

                                           6
intensive        bmp_intensive

                                           4

                                           2

                                           0




                                               Levels of sediment yield come from Hicks et al., 2004. Stream sedimen



                                                                               trout numbers (no/km)


                                               200
                                 Series1

                                               180

                                               160

                                               140

                                               120

                                               100

                                               80

            bmp_intensive                      60

                                               40

                                               20

                                                0
                                                       historic      present     bmp_present     intensive
                     Series1




bmp_intensive




                % of time water has E.coli greater
                than 550/100ml (action required)
                % of time water has E.coli levels
                requiring alert (260-550 /100ml)
                % of time water has E.coli levels
                acceptable for contact recreation
                       % of time water has E.coli greater
                       than 550/100ml (action required)
                       % of time water has E.coli levels
                       requiring alert (260-550 /100ml)




t al., 2004. Stream sediment load and organic matter. In Freshwaters of NZ.




                                       Series1




       intensive   bmp_intensive
class                ha                  N(kg/ha/yr)                             t/yr
                                                            N (kg/yr) Sed (t/km2/yr         Output ($/ha/yr)
urban                               563                   0          0        37        208          0
bare ground                        2294                   0          0       185       4243          0
alpine herbfield                    993                   0          0       185       1837          0
water                               316                   0          0         0          0          0
cropland                            598                1.67       998        224       1339      2000
vineyards                              1               1.67          2       217          3      6000
orchards                           2246                1.67      3751        249       5592      6000
sheep/beef                       30408                 0.54     16420        490    148999        567
tussock grassland                10591                    0          0        69       7308          0
wetland plants                        99                  0          0        69         68          0
scrub                            17286                 1.19     20570         69      11927          0
broadleaved indigenous hardwoods   3837                1.79      6867         69       2647          0
subalpine shrubland                2505                   0          0        69       1728          0
exotic forestry                  56535                 3.97    224446     184.8     104478        500
indigenous forest                83399                 1.78    148449         69      57545          0
dairy                              4407                7.79     34331        425      18730      2976
deer                               1724                0.67      1155        627      10809       600
                               217800                          456989               377461
                      No Aquaculture Aquaculture
Max. water take (m3/s)               4.1
Nitrogen yield (kg/yr)         456989              134989
Sediment yield (t/yr)          377461
Gross output ($/yr)         74336344             88136344
Job numbers                        1174               1749
Gross margin ($/yr)         58133571             65033571
                               1
Area of natural ecosystems (ha) 01739
Carbon sink rate (t/yr)        494528              501888
E.coli (cfu/100ml) 95% tile)        246
Mussel Output (ton)                                  23000
dairy                                    16 stock units/ha Output and Gross margin per s.u. from Lincoln Uni (2006)
                     Stocking rates = 2.7 cows/ha
sheep/beef                               9 stock units/ha
                     Stocking rates = 10 stock units/ha
deer                 Stocking rate = 12 stock units/ha
carbon               Saggar et al. (2007)                   Saggar S, KR Tate, CM Trotter, D Whitehead (2007) [Abs
           $/yr        jobs/100 hajobs                     take       Gross     $/yr                 t/yr
                                                max. water m3/s (m3/ha/wk) margin ($/ha/yr)Carbon sink rate (t/ha/yr)
                   0            0           0           0        0.00         0         0          0            0
                   0            0           0           0        0.00         0         0                       0
                   0            0           0           0        0.00         0         0                       0
                   0            0           0           0        0.00         0         0                       0
             1195470            5          12         300        0.30      1000    597735                       0
                7155           25           0         180        0.00      3000      3578                       0
            13475025           25         561         350        1.30      3000 6737513                         0
            17241336          0.5         152           0        0.00       432 13136256                        0
                   0            0           0           0        0.00         0         0                       0
                   0            0           0           0        0.00         0         0                       0
                   0            0           0           0        0.00         0         0          2      34571
                   0            0           0           0        0.00         0         0          2       7673
                   0            0           0           0        0.00         0         0                       0
            28267729         0.25         141           0        0.00       450 25440956           8     452284
                   0            0           0           0        0.00         0         0                       0
            13115232            5         220         350        2.55      2608 11493456                        0
             1034397            5          86           0        0.00       420    724078                       0
            74336344                     1174                     4.1           58133571                 494528




                                             Income/s.u.Gross margin/s.u. = $163/s.u.
 from Lincoln Uni (2006): Financial Budget Manual        = $186/s.u.
                                                         = $63/s.u.
                                             Income/s.u.Gross margin /s.u. = $48/s.u.
                                                         = $50/s.u.
                                             Income/s.u.Gross margin/s.u.= $35/s.u.
D Whitehead (2007) [Abstract/Postrer] Soil-atmosphere exchange of carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide emissions in Ne
                      (cfu/100ml/ha)
           95% E.coli 95% E.coli (cfu/100ml)
                    0         0
                    0         0
                    0         0
                    0         0
                    0         0
                    0         0
                    0         0
                0.006       182
                    0         0
                    0         0
                    0         0
                    0         0
                    0         0
                    0         0
             0.00006          5
              0.0104         46
              0.0074         13
                            246




rous oxide emissions in New Zealand and their mitigation. Greenhouse 2007 Conference, Sydney. 2–5 October, 2007 (Accepted
5 October, 2007 (Accepted for Poster Presentation).Surinder
                                    historic     present       2020
                                     318000.0
Low flow - max. water take - (l/minute)           252982.7 231187.7
Nitrogen load in river (kg/yr)         363634       452438   456989
Sediment yield (tonnes/yr)             150064       377869   377461
Agricultural gross output ($1000/yr)         0       72824    74336
Agricultural job numbers (FTE*1000)          0     1145439 1173686    600000.0
Agricultural gross margin ($1000/yr)         0       56768    58134
Area of natural ecosystems (ha)        217800       101739   101739   500000.0
Carbon sink rate (t/yr) - land and marine    0      501888   501888
Net nitrogen yield to marine (kg/yr) 363634         130438   134989
Gross output ($100/yr) - land and marine     0      866242   881363   400000.0
Marine job numbers (FTE*1000)                0      575000   575000
Gross margin ($100/yr) - land and marine 0          636677   650336   300000.0
E.coli/100litres exceeded 5% of time 12257          241079   246042
Trout numbers (no/1000km)                    0    153650.6 153650.6
                                                                      200000.0


                                                                      100000.0


                                                                           0.0
                                                                                 Low flow
                                                                                   water take
                                                                                    (l/minute)




                                                                       1400000



                                                                       1200000



                                                                       1000000



                                                                        800000



                                                                        600000



                                                                        400000
400000



200000



    0
         Agricultural job num
                                             Environmental performance




Low flow - max. Nitrogen load in Sediment yield Area of natural Carbon sink     Net nitrogen E.coli/100litres Trout numbers
  water take -    river (kg/yr)   (tonnes/yr)    ecosystems rate (t/yr) - land yield to marine exceeded 5% of
   (l/minute)                                        (ha)       and marine          (kg/yr)         time




                                     Socio-economic performance
Agricultural job numbers   Gross output ($100/yr) - land Marine job numbers (FTE*1000) Gross margin ($100/yr) - land
      (FTE*1000)                   and marine                                                 and marine
                              historic
                              present
                              2020




oli/100litres Trout numbers
eeded 5% of (no/1000km)




                historic
                present
                2020
Location              Scenario                  MALF                   MALF    at Median Flow
                                                             %WUAbt at %WUAfoodCover
Motueka - WoodstockIntensive                           6.5       19.45   44.35        5
Motueka - WoodstockHistorical                          8.2       21.61   44.35        5
Motueka - WoodstockIntensive BMP                       8.4       21.79   44.35        5
Motueka - WoodstockPresent                             9.6       22.29   44.35        5
Motueka - WoodstockCurrent BMP                         9.9       22.15   44.35        5




Assumptions
1) Median flow is the same regardless of scenario. This affects %WUA food producing and could be incorporated if
2) Trout are introduced fish, so there would have been zero trout pre-European.
3) Cover is not affected by scenarios. Could be played with and is very sensitive.
4) % Devel equals area of deer and dairy plus half area of sheep/beef from each scenario divided by total catchment
5) % Sand in bed is affected in proportion to sediment load calculated from scenarios
                                                  Hist       Present     PresentBMPIntensive
                      Proportional sediment load 0.382703           1 0.688688 1.855202

6) Present sand level is 6%                                         6


Trout abundance model is Model C in Jowett (1995) Spatial and temproal variability of brown trout abundance: a te




                                                historic    present             intensive
                                                                       bmp_present
                      Adult Trout (/km)                 0.0      153.7    178.6       74.8
                                                                                          Pred Trout abund (Model C - Jowett 19
            Gradient    %Sand      %DEVEL                Lake
                                              Elevation (m)         Width (m) @ malf      No/ha          No/km
              0.0026    11.13121      30          76          0        36.8                       20.3       74.8
              0.0026    2.296217       0          76          0        38.9                       51.8        0.0
              0.0026    4.830229      30          76          0        39.1                       34.9      136.6
              0.0026        6         10          76          0        40.8                       37.7      153.7
              0.0026    4.132128      10          76          0        41.6                       42.9      178.6




ucing and could be incorporated if we know how median flow could change


enario divided by total catchment area (10% now, 30% intensive, 0% historic)

            IntensiveBMP
             0.805038
                                                                                                     Adult Trout Numbers (/km)


                                                                       200


                                                                       180
ity of brown trout abundance: a test of regression models. Rivers 5: 1-12.
                                                                       160


                                                                       140
            bmp_intensive
               136.6                                                   120


                                                                       100


                                                                       80


                                                                       60


                                                                       40


                                                                       20


                                                                        0
                                                                               historic    present        bmp_present
 abund (Model C - Jowett 1995)




Adult Trout Numbers (/km)




                                                 Series1




    bmp_present      intensive   bmp_intensive
                                                                   Cultural Score
   A cultural impact score matrix was defined through collaborative work between the IDEAS team and researchers from

  From much previous research on Māori values (e.g., Harmsworth 1995) there are many descriptions and definitions that can be us
  Māori values. Descriptions can be quite different for different iwi, hapū and whānau. A number of kaumātua/kuia/rangatira prefer
         values rather than define them. The definition used in this work is in its broadest sense for the purposes of land-use scenar

  ‘any natural or cultural resource, area, place, or thing (tangible or intangible) which is of physical, economic, social, cultu
   historic, and/or spiritual significance to tangata whenua’. Harmsworth, G.R. 1995: Maori values for land-use planning: Discussion
                                                      Whenua-Landcare Research unpublished report. 118p.
   The cultural impact score matrix presented below represents the broad contribution (or impact) that different land uses have on th
                                                        without specific location considerations

A low score (i.e.,1) represents greater impacts on cultural values, while a high score (i.e., 5) represents less impact, or a
                                                                to cultural values
  Urban, horticulture, agriculture and forestry scores could improve through best management practice (e.g. water use, f
                                                    sprays, cumulative effects, fencing, etc.)



                                              With best
                                              management
Land-use class                 Cultural Score practice                 Notes
urban                                           1 Up to 2              e.g riparian planting
bare ground                                     4                      Subject to location
alpine herbfield                              4.5
water                                           5
cropland                                        3 up to 3.5
vineyards                                       3 up to 3.5
orchards                                        3 up to 3.5
sheep/beef                 2 to 3                   up to 3.5          Score depends on sheep beef ratios, more sheep, better scor
tussock grassland                             4.5
wetland plants                                  5
scrub                                         3.5                      Scrub plays a role in regenerating bush and providing bird sh
broadleaved indigenous hardwoods                5
subalpine shrubland                           4.5
exotic forestry                               3.5 up to 4.5            Rotation management
indigenous forest                               5
dairy                                         1.5 up to 2.5
deer                                            3 up to 3.5
LIFESTYLE BLOCKS                                2 up to 5              some lifestyle blocks can enhance natural habitats



 The following matrix shows a simplified framework for recording cultural values. It can illustrate the groups of values that are affec
                                                     collaboration with Tiakina occurs at level c.
Harmsworth, G.R., 1998: Indigenous values and GIS: A method and framework. Indigenous Knowledge and Development Mo
                     organisation for international cooperation in higher education (Nuffic). Volume 6, Issue 3, Pp 3-7.
ore
ween the IDEAS team and researchers from Tiakina Te Taiao

many descriptions and definitions that can be used to describe/define
u. A number of kaumātua/kuia/rangatira preferred to describe Māori
 adest sense for the purposes of land-use scenario evaluation:

) which is of physical, economic, social, cultural, environmental,
 95: Maori values for land-use planning: Discussion Document. Manaaki
 ished report. 118p.
 n (or impact) that different land uses have on those cultural values,
 nsiderations

h score (i.e., 5) represents less impact, or a positive contribution,
es
best management practice (e.g. water use, fertiliser, pesticides,
 fencing, etc.)

                                                                                  Scenarios


                                                                                   Land-use class       historic    present
                                                                           1     2 urban                          0       563
                                                                           4     4 bare ground                    0      9175
                                                                         4.5   4.5 alpine herbfield               0      4467
                                                                           5     5 water                      1580       1580
                                                                           3   3.5 cropland                       0      1793
                                                                           3   3.5 vineyards                      0           4
                                                                           3   3.5 orchards                       0      6738
s on sheep beef ratios, more sheep, better score                         2.5   3.5 sheep/beef                     0     77589
                                                                         4.5   4.5 tussock grassland         47660      47660
                                                                           5   4.5 wetland plants               494       494
 ole in regenerating bush and providing bird shelter                     3.5   3.5 scrub                          0     60500
                                                                           5     5 broadleaved indigenous hardwoods 19183
                                                                                                                  0
                                                                         4.5   4.5 subalpine shrubland       11272      11272
                                                                         3.5   4.5 exotic forestry                0    197874
                                                                           5     5 indigenous forest      1021444      416993
                                                                         1.5   2.5 dairy                          0      5669
                                                                           3   3.5 deer                           0      5172
blocks can enhance natural habitats                                                SCORE (normalised)           5.0         4.0


 can illustrate the groups of values that are affected by landscape. Our
 curs at level c.
. Indigenous Knowledge and Development Monitor. Netherlands                     Cultural score, land use scenarios
ation (Nuffic). Volume 6, Issue 3, Pp 3-7.


                                                              5.0




                                                              4.5




                                                              4.0




                                                              3.5




                                                              3.0
                                                                    historic   present         bmp_present
          intensive bmp_intensive
bmp_present
    1125         563    1125
    9175       9175     9175
    4467       4467     4467
    1580       1580     1580
    2092       1793     2092
        4           4       4
    7860       6738     7860
  108625 142231 199123
   47660      47660    47660
     444         494     444
   60500      60500    60500
   19183      19183    19183
   11272      11272    11272
  254410            0       0
  416993 415208 415208
    9448      52222    87037
    6034       5172     6034
      4.4         3.6     4.0
tural score, land use scenarios




           bmp_present            intensive   bmp_intensive

				
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