EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL UNITS
One of the most critical yet deadly ° Examine existing reports.
sources of TECHINT on the battlefield
is explosive ordnance. In order to ° Prepare reports on new and
safely exploit this ordnance, EOD unusual items of explosive
units, in accordance with theater ordnance for OD TECHINT purposes.
This appendix describes the support
° Provide EOD personnel to support EOD personnel provide to TECHINT
TECHINT teams and units. elements and how they interface.
EOD personnel perform all RSP. As interested in exploiting known ordnance
a result, their expertise and and weapons that may have been recently
assistance are vital when explosive modified. The Threat often does this
ordnance is being examined, moved, or without making substantial style or
evacuated. Their assistance is body changes. When an unidentified
particularly critical when the ordnance item is uncovered it may indicate a
is unidentifiable. In these cases, in major new threat capability or a
addition to rendering the ordnance modification to an existing
safe, the methods they use also may capability. Often fragments of
eliminate or reduce damage to the item. unidentified ordnance and weapons,
retrieved at considerable risk, are the
When explosive ordnance is crucial element in the identification
obtained, photograph it as completely process.
as possible before and after it is
moved. These photographs must show The follwwing guidelines apply to
scale and indicate dimensions. When the recovery and evacuation of
photography is not possible, make explosive ordnance:
detailed drawings with accurate
measurements. ° New or unknown types of foreign
explosive ordnance recovered by
After foreign explosive CB EOD must be turned over to
ammunition is rendered safe, it is TECHINT units for disposition.
forwarded through TECHINT channels to
the designated chemical laboratory. ° Foreign nuclear weapons or
There, samples of the agent filling are components, including sabotage
extracted. These samples are analyzed devices, are evacuated through
by the chemical laboratory and then TECHINT channels. Security
forwarded to a medical laboratory for classification of such items,
identification. once in evacuation channels, will
not be lower than SECRET
TECHINT units are particularly (RESTRICTED DATA).
° Security and technical escorts modified in war due resource
are required to provide safety limitations. At EAC TECHINT,
controls for shipments of NBC and personnel coordinate with the G2
other hazardous items of staff to establish the
explosive ordnance. The requirement and arrange for
procedures used in peacetime to escorts.
accomplish this may have to be
The danger of fires, explosions, PERSONNEL. EOD personnel are
burns, and accidents always exists when responsible for the explosive
dealing with explosive ordnance. This components or hazardous materials
is because often ordnance is armed or associated with such devices.
booby-trpped and must be disarmed
before it can be evacuated. EXTREME Place requests for personnel to
CAUTION MUST BE EXERCISED WHEN TAUT dismantle and strip fuses and other
WIRE AND PULL RELEASES ARE ENCOUNTERED. dangerous components through TECHINT
and EOD staffs. Unusual mechanisms
ONLY TRAINED WEAPONS AND MUNITIONS like booby traps are reported
SPECIALISTS ANALYZE OR TEST CAPTURED immediately by SALUTE report to the
MINES AND BOOBY TRAPS. Therefore, when CMEC. This ensures that foreign
this type of ordnance is discovered explosive ordnance reports, of great
the unit should not attempt to disarm interest to TECHINT personnel, are
or move it. THESE PROCEDURES ARE acted on quickly.
PERFORMED ONLY BY EXPERIENCED EOD
Foreign munitions are of great Manufacturng methods and details of
value to the intelligence effort. design are valuable to Army R&D
Samples of ammunition are important to agencies Some other types of
Army R&D efforts and may also have information that are important to
immediate tactical significance. New collect against are listed below:
and modified foreign munitions are of
special interest, as well. ° New items of enemy explosive
The markings and materials used may
have strategic value; or the mere ° Design or changes in design of
existence of certain items of known explosive ordnance.
ammunition is extremely important to
know. At the tactical level, we need ° Changes in manufacturing
to know how the ammunition is used, its techniques.
effectiveness, country of origin, and
possible countermeasures. Duds, ° Quality and type of materials and
components, and fragments of ammunition explosive content.
often reveal the type of caliber of
enemy supporting weapons. ° Packaging storage, and
Recovered sabotage or booby-trap
devices provide valuable indications of ° Place and date of manufacture.
probable enemy courses of action.
° All documents relating to the ordnance designed to simulate
foregoing, including sources or small arms, crew-served weapons,
potential sources of information. and artillery fire for covering
° All specialized explosive
TECHINT personnel coordinate Conversely, EOD units must notify
closely with EOD personnel when TECHINT personnel of the types and
disposing or evacuating explosive locations of foreign materiel and
ordnance. EOD PERSONNEL WILL DO THE munitions.
ACTUAL HANDLING OF EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE.
All information collected by EOD The PRETECHREP serves two purposes:
personnel on first-seen foreign
explosive ordnance is reported ° It alerts TECHINT teams to go to
immediately. EOD teams send reports the site.
through EOD control centers to EOD
staff officers. Staffs place the ° It provides other EOD units
reports in intelligence channels for information on new items of
distribution to all interested levels explosive ordnance.
TECHINT personnel prepare
EOD personnel prepare a preliminary COMTECHREPs Type B. EOD personnel also
technical report (PRETECHREP ) when they prepare these reports in the absence of
find explosive ordnance that may be of a TECHINT team or when requested by G2s
TECHINT value. They forward the report or their representatives. This report
by the fastest means to the EOD control is as complete and detailed as
unit to other intelligence and EOD possible. EOD personnel prepare and
units. send this report by the fastest means
through the EOD control unit to the
Included in the report is a TECHINT unit. These report formats are
tentative RSP (for EOD use only). This at Appendix E. Figure C-1 shows EOD
is included whether it is necessary to support to TECHINT units.
disarm the item or not.