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Center for Asymmetric Warfare CAW) U.S. Navy Dr. Carol V. Evans East Coast Regional Manager (540) 687-8317 www.ctrasymwarfare.org What is the CAW? • Navy led organization, established in 1999, with a focus on Multi-Agency response to: – Terrorism and Natural disasters in the Maritime/ Port and CBRNE environment. This includes the pre-event phase including INTEL build-up through the Emergency Management and Consequence Management phases. • The CAW organization has three major focus areas: – Training and Education – Exercises; including simple to complex Multi-Agency – Technology; including Experimentation and Assessment • CAW events are sponsored by: – DOD – Other Federal Agencies – State and Local governments and private industry. 2 CAW Locations • The CAW is headquartered at Naval Base Ventura County, Pt. Mugu, California • The CAW has three regional offices located in the Pacific Northwest, the Hawaiian Islands and Northern Virginia. 3 Leveraging DoD Capabilities Networks Scenarios Exercise Battlespace Control Environ. OP FOR M&S Live Entities Warfighter 4 Bridging the DOD/DHS Divide FBI Coast Guard NOAA FEMA DOE Navy Public Safety CAW Army National Guard USNORTHCOM Police Fire Emergency Management Other State & Local Gov’t Private Sector 5 CAW CONUS Initiatives – 2003 to Present Multiple Exercises Past Exercises Initial Planning 6 Example: AWI – 03 Ventura County 7 2007 Exercises: AWI07N: Washington State PROGRAM SCHEDULE: • CDC (RR-07NW) Complete • Event work group coord Ongoing • IPC (RR-07N) Complete • MPC (RR-07N) 21 Feb 07 • NRNW NGRF TTX 22 Feb 07 • AWI-07N TTX 6/7 Mar 07 • COMMEX (RR-07N) 14 Mar 07 • FPC 23 May 07 • Final IPR (RR-07NW) 13 Jun 07 • AWI-07N FSE 16-25 Jul 07 EXERCISE GOALS & OBJECTIVES: POTENTIAL PARTICIPANTS: • The first goal is to generate interaction among local, county, state, • DOD:, DCO/DCE (NORTHCOM, ARNORTH), NRNW, federal, DoD and multi-national organizations in response to NCIS, 70th RRC, NDMS/FCC, CAP, WRMC, FT LEWIS multiple, live and computer simulated, near-simultaneous events, including sequential explosions and heavy casualties in and DPTMS, WADS around Puget Sound maritime approaches and ports. The primary exercise objectives are to: • MARPAC; AK DHS – Provide agencies the opportunity to exercise plans and • DHS: USCG (Dist 13, MSO, PACAREA), ICE, CBP, FEMA procedures, and assess the types of systems needed to guide the prevention, response, and recovery from terrorist events occurring • FBI in the NW Region. • WA STATE: WA EMD, WANG, NVANG, WSDOT, WSP, – Further enhance their understanding of the roles and WSHA, WDOC, WDOH, WDOE, EPA, ARES responsibilities, capabilities and limitations, of other agencies in order to better promote interagency operations within the ICS structure. • RGN 1, Snohomish/Skagit/Island Cnty; RGN 2, Kitsap Cnty; RGN 5 Pierce Cnty; RGN 6 King County – Build on lessons learned from previous AWI exercise series, focusing on the enhancement of agency understanding and • Port of Seattle application of ICS concepts. • Port of Bellingham (observer/controller) • The second goal is to meet the exercise requirements provided by the participants during the planning phase. This exercise will be • Port of Tacoma + Terminals conceived and developed from the bottom up through a series of meetings with interested agencies. The set of participants’ • SCSD, PCSD, TPD, TFD; SFD; objectives will be the defining elements of the exercise development and will be addressed through the design of scenario events that will provide the required type and level of play. 8 East Coast Initiative • The CAW has a Congressional HLD/HLS East Coast Initiative for FY 2007 & 2008 (Senators Warner, Webb Collins & Snowe) • The objective is provide multi- agency exercises that would lead to improved communication & coordination between DoD and DHS entities, state and local governments and first responders • We are working with Maine, New Hampshire and Virginia’s homeland security entities, the USCG and other federal agencies, AMSC and National Guard Civil Support Teams 9 East Coast Initiative 2007: Virginia ECI/Virginia: Participants: • Office of Commonwealth Preparedness •Sponsor is the Commonwealth of Virginia, • Virginia Fusion Center Office of Commonwealth Preparedness • AMSC & USCG Atlantic Area •Tabletop exercise to discuss plans, policies and • DHS HQ responsibilities for conducting Maritime • VA State Police Homeland Security operations across the entire • FBI spectrum of state, local and Federal response. • ASDHS •The TTX centered on a series of scenarios to • JFCOM/J9 explore information and intelligence flow of • VA National Guard and 34th Civil Support Team potential terrorist activity and to assess post- • NCIS event command and control. Objectives: Exercise Schedule • Examine DoD/DHS/CoV interagency challenges • Concept Development Conf. 21 March 2007 • Mid Planning Conference 1 May 2007 • Maritime Domain Awareness/intelligence flow • Final Planning Conference 17 May 2007 • Interdiction operations • Table Top Exercise 21-22 May 2007 • Unified Command responsibilities •Maritime Operation Threat Response protocols 10 East Coast Initiative /Maine Component: ECI/Waldo Responder07 ECI / WR07 Scenario: Participants: Day 1: MMP finds conclusive evidence of imminent, local • Waldo County agencies: terrorist attack, requiring the deployment of the 11th CST EMA, Sheriff, Police, Fire Departments, EMS Units, Day 2: Unified Command is established. 11th CST finds Hospital, Comm Center, Harbormaster, HAMS, SAR evidence of terrorist WMD capabilities. • Region 4 agencies: Day 3: Terrorist take hostage local cruise ship. MST EMA, Bangor PD/FD, RRTs, NMRRC deploys and neutralizes terrorists but a CBRNE incident • State Reps: occurs onboard requiring decon of passengers. 11th and 34th CST units deployed. MEMA, State Police, Marine Patrol, Fire Marshal, 11th CST , 34th CST, BLS, DOT, CAP, Maritime 4: Local and Waldo County agencies, Region 4 IMAT, Academy and one or more CSTs (ME, VA or NH) respond to another mass casualties event. • Federal Reps: Coast Guard, FBI, US Customs Objectives: Exercise Schedule • Test deployment protocols for the Maine Region 4 Incident Management Assistance Team (IMAT). • Concept Development Conf. 28 Mar • Test the equipment and comms interoperability of local, state, and federal emergency response resources. • Mid-planning Conference 13 June • Test the Incident and State Joint Information System. • Unified Command TTX 31 July • Establish and operate a NIMS Incident Command • Final Planning Conference 15 Aug System. • ECI / WR07 FSE 26-29 Sep • Test the capability to conduct a Mass Casualty Response. • Test the effectiveness of the Incident Emergency Response capability. 11 Maine ECI/Waldo 07 Event Locations • Casualty Collection Point / Unified Command / ICP • Belfast Terrorist Safehouse • Lost Victim • Belfast Boathouse / UCP • Cruise Ship Explosion • TS State of Maine • Islesboro Airport • Islesboro Harbor 12 East Coast Initiative 2007 • Completed September 26- 29 ECI/Waldo Responder 2007 exercise in the Penobscot Bay, Maine • VIP representation from: – Congressional staff from Senators Collins & Snowe offices – Sector Northern NE, Captain Rendon – Maine TAG, MGEN Libby – VA TAG, Colonel Simpson – WI TAG, Major Covington – NASBLA, WI, HQ 13 East Coast Initiative 2008 - Virginia • Command Post Exercise (CPX), Hampton Roads, VA – Follow on from May 2007 TTX and will examine state–level Maritime Operation Threat Response protocol – CPX tentatively scheduled for July 2008//Overlay with AMSC exercise – Three day exercise will have a live component with the response phase conducted by joint CST/FBI HRMT at sea operations in the Tidewater area. – Participants include LANTAREA Coast Guard, AMSC, CoV Office of Commonwealth Preparedness, CoV Emergency Operations Center, VA State Police, VA Fusion Center, FBI, FBI Hazardous Material Response Team, VANG 34th CST, U.S. Navy, FEMA. 14 East Coast Initiative 2008 - Maine • Held initial planning meetings with MEMA, New Hampshire, and USCG – MEMA have asked CAW to conduct a series of TTXs to examine bridge collapse that links the two states – The Memorial Bridge is a truss lift bridge that carries U.S. Route 1 across the Piscatagua River between Portsmouth, NH and Kittery, ME – First TTX will examine Lessons Learned from Minnesota 15 CAW Exercises with NG Involvement Beginning in 2003 we have conducted and worked with the National Guard’s Civil Support Teams in the following major exercises: – AWI-03 (Ventura County, California) – AWI-04 Ports of Los Angeles/Long Beach (A part of NORTHCOM’s Determined Promise 04) – AWI-04 North (Tacoma, WA) – AWI-05 South/Exercise Bay Shield San Diego – Unified Independence 2005 (9th CST/1st CERFP) – Gulf Coast Maritime Domain Awareness-05 (CSTs from Mississippi and Alabama) – AWI-N06 & AWI-N07 (NG/CST Washington State) – Pacific Peril 2006 (NG/CST Oregon) – ECI-07 (Virginia & Maine CSTs) 16 National Guard Bureau • CAW & NGB will sign a Letter of Intent at the NGB HQ, November 1, 2007 • Objective is to help the NGB develop maritime CBRNE state- level or regional exercises, including CSTs and CERFPs • The CAW has been asked by New Hampshire and Maine’s CSTs to provide a large regional exercise for May 2008 • Six CST units from the region will participate • Venue is Fairchild Semiconductor facility in Portland, Maine 17 Supporting Documents Past CAW HLS Exercises 18 Asymmetric Warfare Initiative 03 Some of the Participants: USN State C3F (MSST) 9th Civil Support Team Navy Region SW OES NBVC Ventura Co. Dept of Environmental Health NAVAIR Highway Patrol NAVSEA Other Federal NAVFAC FBI – SWAT, Dive Team, Naval War College USCG, JITC, NOAA, OPTEVFOR City/County JFN VC Sheriff – Bomb Squad, OEM, NCIS SWAT, TRT, Fire (HazMat) LA County TEWG, City of Oxnard Fire/Police, Port Hueneme Police Oxnard Harbor/Port of Hueneme Concept: Milestones – 2003/2004: Initial Scenario Briefings 15 Feb 03 • Comprehensive, terrorism-based, multi-agency scenario set in the Kick-off Meeting 19 Mar 03 maritime/port environment of Ventura County, California Initial Planning Conference 15 Apr 03 • Designed to train military, Federal, State, and local agencies in homeland defense/homeland security (HLD/HLS) Generate MSEL 15 Jun 03 • Specifically focused on the interactions between and among agencies Scripting Conference 24 Jun 03 during a terrorist attack and in the immediate post-attack Mid Planning Conference 16 Jul 03 consequence-management phase Final Planning Conference 30 Sep 03 • CAW led the planning and coordinated the exercise, directed and Tabletop Number One exercise 6, 7 Oct 03 executed the live portion of the exercise, and collected and analyzed Participant’s Guide 15 Oct 03 exercise data Tabletop Number Two 5, 6 Feb 04 Final Report 20 Feb 04 19 DP-04/AWI-04(S) California State Agencies Participants: – CA Dept Health Services Los Angeles City – CA Dept of Public Health – LAPD – CA OES – LA EPD – CA OHLS – LA Port Police – CA DOT – LA Fire – CA Highway Patrol Los Angeles County – 9th CST – Health Services Federal Agencies – EMS – 5th Army – TEW – LAAFB Long Beach – FEMA Region IX – Port Security – FBI JTTF – Harbor Patrol – NCIS – LBPD – USCG PACAREA LA/LB USCG COTP – DOE San Diego County – DTRA Ventura County – NAVAIR Private Sector – NAVREGION SW – COMTHIRDFLT Concept: Milestones - 2004: • AWI-04S is the Southern California component of Determined Promise - 04 • Combination of live and simulated events resulting in emergency MESL Development Conference 17 Feb 04 response from the federal and state levels thru regional, county, city, Mid Planning Conference 21 Apr 04 department CA Event Table Top Exercise 9 Jun 04 • Exercises organizational, tactical, and jurisdictional interfaces among multiple Federal, DOD, State, County, and City agencies Final Planning Conference 7 Jul 04 • Integrates four scenarios into a coordinated exercise: Start of Intelligence Traffic 20 Jul 04 • Simulated containerized RDD exploding in the Port of LA AWI-04 (S) 4-6 Aug 04 • Search for several other containers en route from the port • Search for terrorists aboard a vessel in the Port of LB DP-04 5-10 Aug 04 • Train derailment in Ventura County causing mass casualties • Bottom-up exercise design permits participants to meet specific local training requirements in the context of a much larger-scale exercise. 20 AWI-04(N) Participants: Federal organizations and agencies • DHS – FEMA, US Coast Guard, Public Health Service • National Disaster Medical System & Madigan Army Medical Center • NAVREGION NW & other DoD installations/organizations • Civil Air Patrol • FBI State/Local Agencies • National Guard • Washington State Patrol • Washington Department of Transportation Private Sector Organizations • Ports of Seattle and Tacoma – maritime • Washington State Hospital Association Concept: Milestones - 2004: • Command Post level exercise with integrated live play vignettes. Concept Development Conference/IPC 31 Mar 04 • Exercises interfaces among DoD and Non DoD, Federal and Non- Scripting Conference 13 Apr 04 Federal agencies Mid Planning Conference 9 Jun 04 • Includes multiple near-simultaneous events, persistent contaminants Final Planning Conference 11 Aug 04 and heavy casualties in and around Puget Sound maritime approaches and ports Begin Intelligence Injections 25 Aug 04 • Elements of the scenario will be driven by the Fort Lewis Battle Table Top Exercise 15 Sep 04 Simulation Center to provide integration of multiple threads and back Main Exercise Events 5-7 Oct 04 up critical events needed to stimulate exercise play. Hot Wash 8 Oct 04 • Bottom up approach to permit participants to meet required local After Action Review 14 Oct 04 exercise requirements in the context of a full-scale scenario. Final Report 14 Nov 04 • Design approach will examine ways to integrate a complicated mix of independent events using both local facilities and special training facilities scattered throughout the area 21 Gulf Coast MDA Initiative (05) Participants: • USNR •USNORTHCOM • USCG •NAVFOR-AK • NS-Pascagoula •USCG D17 • COTP Pascagoula •C3F • AMSC • NG CST • First Responders Objectives: Milestones - 2005: •USNR/DCGS-N Program Office Initial Planning Conference 15-16 Mar 05 Demonstrate National/Regional MDA scenario with USCG and Mid Planning Conference 24-25 May 05 USNORTHCOM leveraging DCGS-N capability and USNR LOE-1 10-12 Jun 05 units to perform HLD/HLS missions in support of GWOT LOE-2 15-17 Jul 05 •USCG Final Planning Conference 18-19 Jul 05 –Test relevance of real-time MDA in Pascagoula by simulating Travel and Staging 8-12 Aug 05 attack on critical infrastructure GCI/NE05 15-19 Aug 05 –Test USCG ability to detect swimmers prior to attack on Alert Startex 15 Aug 05 critical infrastructure facility Prevention CPX 16 Aug 05 –Evaluate validity of USV to patrol the limits of security zone Response (ARC) Seminar 17 Aug 05 –Evaluate the process of setting up of a NIMS structure to Consequence Management TTX 18 Aug 05 engage AMSC plan in response to credible threat Resolution Endex 19 Aug 05 –Evaluate transition of the NIMS structure from a prevention Exercise Hot Wash 19 Aug 05 focused UC to response focused UC Tear down 20 Aug 05 22 AWI-05 South AWI-05S Components: Participants: IRSS ARC • USCG Sector San Diego Training Training • Naval Region Southwest Event Event • San Diego Harbor Police TTX • San Diego Unified Port District • FBI • ICE/CBP FX/CPX • TSA • US Navy THIRD Fleet – City/County First Responders (PD, FD, EMS, etc) Emergency Management SCC-J Military – CA OES Response Ops ATFP Objectives: Proposed Exercise Schedule • Participant Relations Meetings Jan-Feb • Exercise the San Diego Area Maritime Security Plan and the related • IPC 3 Mar plans of other agencies –Validate the Operational Functions of the SD SCC-J in a maritime • 1st Design Team Mtg 17 Mar terrorism scenario • Training event 1 (IRSS) 6 Apr –Exercise and test interagency communications –Clarify roles and responsibilities • 2nd Design Team Mtg 21Apr –Clarify jurisdictional boundaries • Training event 2 (ARC) 12 May –Exercise MARSEC level changes • MPC 15 Jun –Validate participating agency integration into the Unified Command Structure • Pre-TTX Participant Briefings 19 Jul • Tabletop Exercise 20 Jul • Expose NRSW and C3F units to ICS/SEMS/NIMS and civilian first • FPC 17 Aug responders to Navy ATFP SOP • Functional/Command Post Ex 20 Sep 23 AWI-06 N Objectives: Marine Intercept • Intel sharing: Intelligence build-up/information covering 4 days of events prior to AWI-06N STARTEX –Justifies all EOCs being operational –Provides intel for the Boat event • WSDOT event link: cuts off major supply routes to support CST and CERFP actions in the North • Resource shortages: No National Guard assets available for traffic control and crime scene security UC • Tests information flow: Do all EOCs know what is going on around them outside of their AO? Concept: Milestones - 2006: • Link to Evergreen Sentry • Concept Development Conf 23 Mar 05 • Coincident with Pacific Peril • Initial Planning Conf 25 May 05 • Full up State EOC • Mid Planning Conf 27 July 05 • Guests/Observers • NITE 8-9 Sep 05 –BMI • FE/CPX 13-14 Dec -NORTHCOM (Henry) • Project Review 23 Jan 06 -BOHS (Liang) -Training (Hassel) • In Progress Review 30 Mar 06 -Program Development (Reehorn) • Final Planning Conf 27 Apr 06 –Region • AWI-06N FSE 22-25 May 06 -Chief of Staffs (Lewis & NRNW) – Set-up/Final Rehearsal 22 May 06 -EMD (Mullen) – STARTEX 23 May 06 -MARPAC (N3) – Recovery TTX 24 May06 -Seattle – Hot Wash 24 May 06 24 Pacific Peril 06 PP-06 Scenario: Participants: • M9.0 Quake and Tsunami in • Coastal Counties EMO’s from OR, WA, Cascadia Subduction Zone • State EMO’s and DOT’s from OR, WA, AK, CA • 800 mi long from Vancouver • Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness Canada (PSEPC) Isl, BC to Cape Mendocino, CA and Transport Canada, BC (?) • Three areas: • US Department of Transportation • US Department of Defense (DCO, NORTHCOM, C3F) • Coastal Communities • USCG D13, PACAREA • I-5 / Hwy 99 Corridor • US Army Corps of Engineers • East of Cascades and • FEMA (15 Federal Departments and Agencies) West of CONUS not • Oregon National Guard playing • Washington National Guard Objectives: Exercise Schedule • Exercise NRP / NIMS • IPC, Vancouver, WA 8 Nov 05 • Execute JFO/EOC Ops with multiple levels of gov. activated. • On Site IPR, Camp Rilea, OR 7 Dec 05 • Evaluate effectiveness of Cross Border US/Canada, State/Federal and Local Government Coordination. • MPC, Portland ANG Base, OR 18 Jan 06 • Develop relief alternatives in damaged transportation • IPR / MSEL Conf, Tacoma WA 22 Feb 06 infrastructure environment. • IPR, Renton, WA 15 Mar 06 • Assess Tsunami evacuation plans (Process Only) • IPR, Seattle, WA 7 Apr 06 • Activate Regional Emergency Management Assistance Compact (REMAC). • Tsunami Seminar, Salem, OR 25 Apr 06 • Perform interagency communications and info sharing. • FPC, Fed Bldg, Portland, OR 26 Apr 06 • Test preparedness and response plans and train personnel. • PP06, Camp Rilea, Warrenton, OR 23-25 May 06 25
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