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					                                                                                              edms
Environmental Protection Department
Ref. SA 06-009 Review on the Latest Practice in Environmental Evaluation and
Strategic Environmental Assessment on Transportation Policies and Actions
Final Reference Document                                                       January 2007




                    Review on the Latest Practice
                  in Environmental Evaluation and
               Strategic Environmental Assessment on
                 Transportation Policies and Actions


                                               (2007)

                                        Final Reference Document




EDMS (Hong Kong) Ltd                                1                                           
                                                                                              edms
Environmental Protection Department
Ref. SA 06-009 Review on the Latest Practice in Environmental Evaluation and
Strategic Environmental Assessment on Transportation Policies and Actions
Final Reference Document                                                       January 2007

This Reference Document is prepared to review the current practice in Environmental Evaluation
and Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) on Transportation Policies and Actions by EDMS
(Hong Kong) Ltd commissioned by the Environmental Protection Department (EPD) in June
2006. EDMS (Hong Kong) Limited is responsible and accountable for the content of this report.

Key Objectives

The main objectives of this study is to review the latest international practice on environmental
evaluation and SEA on transportation policies and actions, including actual examples, in countries
and development co-operations as follows. Environmental evaluation and the SEA process to be
reviewed shall include both the statutory and the non-statutory systems, as well as both the
evaluation tools and the overall process. Countries to be reviewed shall include Australia,
Austria, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Mainland China, the Netherlands, New
Zealand, Norway, United Kingdom (including Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales, and UK), USA,
Japan, Macau SAR, Korea, Singapore, Thailand, Portugal, Pakistan, and South Africa. The
review shall also include the World Bank, Asian Development Bank, Inter-American
Development Bank, United Nations Development Programme, and United Nations Environmental
Programme. Examples of the environmental evaluation/SEA on transportation policies and
actions have been given to show how the environmental evaluation/SEA process and evaluation
tools are applied and the outcome of the application in the country;

Background

SEA is a systematic process for evaluating strategic environmental implications of proposed
policies, plans and programmes that is widely adopted in many countries as a tool to facilitate
early integration of environmental considerations during decision-making processes, prompting
the achievement of sustainable developments.

Hong Kong has a statutory system to carry out SEA for certain landuse plans under the EIA
Ordinance (EIAO), as well as an administrative system for conducting SEA for other major
proposals. In particular, Section 3 of the EIAO requires EIA for 2 types of engineering feasibility
studies:

1.   urban development projects with a study area covering more than 20 ha or involving
     population more than 100,000
2.   redevelopment projects with a study area covering more than 100,000 existing/new
     population

In Hong Kong, transportation policies and actions is one of the three main categories of
environmental evaluation/SEA. It aims to facilitate the formulation of a “win-win” policy or
action which can best meet the transport (social) and environmental needs together with
financial/economic requirements. Examples like Third Comprehensive Transport Study (CTS3)
and Second Railway Development Study (RDS2) are among examples of SEA of transportation


EDMS (Hong Kong) Ltd                                2                                           
                                                                                              edms
Environmental Protection Department
Ref. SA 06-009 Review on the Latest Practice in Environmental Evaluation and
Strategic Environmental Assessment on Transportation Policies and Actions
Final Reference Document                                                       January 2007

strategies and projects.

With over 15 years of experience in implementing strategic environmental assessment (SEA), it is
time for reviewing the latest international practices in SEA and examining how Hong Kong can
conduct SEA on transportation policies and actions in a comprehensive and effective manner, by
taking into account of the experiences from other countries. While sometimes the term “SEA” is
not used in some countries or for some cases, transportation policies or actions is still subjected to
other environmental evaluation processes serving similar purpose. Therefore, either the
environmental evaluation or SEA process should be reviewed.

Analysis and Conclusion

This Reference Document covered countries located in Europe, North America, Asia Pacific,
Africa and Development Co-operations. It is found that most of the European countries, e.g.
United Kingdom and Finland, have been transposed the EU Directive 2001/42/EC (or named SEA
Directive) into its own legislation. General SEA guideline (e.g. Finland) or specific guidance for
transport sector (e.g. United Kingdom) have been published for instructing responsible parties on
how to conduct SEA before making decision on policy, plan or programme. Table 1 has
summarized the information on transport sector in those studied countries and development
co-operations, including SEA legislation status, overall process and so on. Detailed information
can be referred to the Appendix Document submitted to EPD, including summary description
(with process flow chart(s), government regulations, guidelines and circulars and so on) on the
latest practice in Environmental Evaluation and SEA on Transportation Policies and Actions in the
country, together with a summary table and diagram for examples found in that country,
separately together with this Document.

Examples from 5 countries / development co-operations, namely Mainland China, United
Kingdom (England), United States of America (USA), Australia and World Bank, have also been
extracted as illustration purpose. For each example, a summary table and a diagram describe
information of the studied assessment. The table describes the general information of the study,
the process type, concerns in the evaluation, process description, requirement mechanism and the
outcome of SEA. The corresponding diagram describes environmental impacts considered in the
SEA, the corresponding pros and cons results caused after the assessment and the possible
designated projects or alternatives preferred.

Besides, it is found that the Department of Transport in the two North American countries, USA
and Canada, have established a clear and explicit system for SEA in the transport sector. Clear and
detailed guidelines could be obtained. In Asia Pacific, some countries are found to have developed
some SEA-like assessment requirement. For instances, the local Act, Resources Management Act,
is treated as the SEA legislation in New Zealand. In the meantime, in Korea, a SEA-like system
called Prior Environmental Review System (PERS) is used to monitor the environmental concerns
for parties in the early stages of planning. Some countries are still in formative stage
administratively (e.g. Pakistan and South Africa).


EDMS (Hong Kong) Ltd                                3                                             
                                                                                              edms
Environmental Protection Department
Ref. SA 06-009 Review on the Latest Practice in Environmental Evaluation and
Strategic Environmental Assessment on Transportation Policies and Actions
Final Reference Document                                                       January 2007


Generally speaking, a typical SEA in transport sector should be conducted with the following
steps:
1. Screening
2. Scoping
3. Environmental Report
4. Monitoring

In between every step, public consultation is recommended to perform in order to acquire an
all-rounded proposal for any policy, plan or programme.

As mentioned, transportation policies and actions is one of the key areas in SEA, which is one of
the three main categories of environmental evaluation/SEA in Hong Kong. However, it is still
under administratively procedure.

With the experience obtained from other countries and Development Co-operations, a detailed
periodic transport plan could be prepared by the local Transport Department, in cooperation with
local Environmental Department in order to have a considerable transport plan in the
environmental view.

To adopt the international practice in Hong Kong, SEA could be mandatorily applied for planning
the future development (e.g. building a new corridor for railway) or re-organization on transport
(e.g. re-distribution of public transport route), which may have high relationship with the future
land use planning. The plan should be review regularly during executing.

Besides, to have a clearer picture and to smooth the whole process, a specific guidance could be
published for guiding the responsible person on what to consider and how to conduct the
environmental impacts during decision making on any policy, plan or programme for
transportation policies and actions.

Public consultation is widely adopted as a procedure to collect the comment for the proposed
policy, plan and programme in those studied countries. Public comments would be collected by
means of internet, surveys, seminar and individual workshop. Especially in United Kingdom, an
individual report would be prepared to summarise and analyse those collected comment.
Furthermore, in most of European countries, “Do-nothing” option would be one of the
alternatives in the SEA for the proposed plan and programme to present the existing environment
situation to let the public and decision maker to understand the whole picture of the proposed plan
and programme.




EDMS (Hong Kong) Ltd                                4                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      edms
Environmental Protection Department
Ref. SA 06-009 Review on the Latest Practice in Environmental Evaluation and
Strategic Environmental Assessment on Transportation Policies and Actions
Final Reference Document                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      January 2007

Table 1         Summary Table for SEA status on transport sector in different countries and development co-operations
              Type       of             Statutory /                                                                                                                                                                                                    Evaluation tools or Considerations of
Countries                   Application                Requirement Mechanisms                    Description                                                         Overall Process of the Assessment                                                                                       Example(s)
              Assessment                Administrative                                                                                                                                                                                                 Assessment in Transport Sector
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Third Comprehensive                Transport
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Study (CTS3)
                                                                                                It is statutory required for EIA under Schedule 3 of EIA
                                                                                                                                                                  1) Understanding the Need, Nature and the Objectives of the PPPs
                                                                                                Ordinance (1997) for two types of engineering feasibility studies:
                                                                                                                                                                  2) Designing or Selecting Suitable Process and Methods                               1. mode of transport                   http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/english/
                                                                                                1) Engineering feasibility study of urban development projects
                                                                                                                                                                  3) Screening and Scoping                                                             2. alternatives and needs              environmentinhk/eia_planning/sea/t
                                                                                                with a study area covering more than 20ha or involving a total
                                                       EIA Ordinance                                                                                              4) Assembling Relevant Baseline or Background Studies                                3. rail or road                        hird_comp.html
              Strategic     Policy,                                                             population of more than 100,000.
                                        Statutory and                                                                                                             5) Identification & Examination of Relevant Strategic Environmental Issues and       4. alignment options
Hong Kong     Environmental plan and                                                            2) Engineering feasibility study of redevelopment projects with a
                                        Administrative http://www.epd.gov.hk/eia/english/legis/                                                                   Linkages                                                                             5. integration with environmental and Second Railway Development
              Assessment    programme                                                           study area covering more than 100,000 existing or new
                                                       index.html                                                                                                 6) Identification & Evaluation of Possible Options, Alternatives Means and their     landuse planning                       Study (RDS2)
                                                                                                population.
                                                                                                                                                                  Environmental Implications                                                           6. traffic management and control
                                                                                                                                                                  7) Identification and Evaluation of Preferred Options                                7. use of advance vehicle technologies http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/english/
                                                                                                 For transport sector, it is still administrative requirement for
                                                                                                                                                                  8) Determination of Follow-Up Actions and Monitoring Requirements                                                           environmentinhk/eia_planning/sea/
                                                                                                 conducing SEA during decision making.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              second_railway.html

Europe

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Example 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     SEA of Torbay Local Transport
                                                                                              Before the transposition of SEA Directive into legislation in UK,                                                                                                                                      Plan (LTP) 2006 – 2011
                                                                                              an appraisal approach, New Approach to Appraisal (NATA), has
                                                                                              been introduced for guiding how transport related proposals are                                                                                                                                        http://www.torbay.gov.uk/index/tra
                                                                                              appraised. In 2005, the government has been trying to integrate                                                                                                                                        nsport-streets/transport/transportpol
                                                                                              the concept of SEA into the existing NATA system, details can be                                                                                                                                       icy/transportplan.htm
                                                                                                                                                                1) Setting the context, identifying objectives and problems and establishing the SEA topics in environmental objective are:
                                                                                              found in the “Transport Analysis Guidance” (TAG).
                                                                                                                                                                baseline                                                                         1. Air
                                                        Environmental Assessment for Plans                                                                                                                                                                                                           Corresponding table and diagram(s)
                                                                                                                                                                2) Deciding the scope of SEA and developing alternatives                         2. Climatic factors
              Strategic                                 and Programmes (England) (2004)       An Unit named “Strategic Environmental Assessment for                                                                                                                                                  of Example 1 can be found in Table
                            Plan    and                                                                                                                         3) Assessing the effects of the plan                                             3. Landscape
UK-England    Environmental             Statutory                                             Transport Plans and Programmes”, which is a guidance on how to                                                                                                                                         2 and Figure 1 as for illustration
                            programme                                                                                                                           4) Consultation on the draft plan and the Environmental Report                   4. Cultural heritage including architectural
              Assessment                                http://www.opsi.gov.uk/SI/si2004/2004 carry out SEA for transport plans and programmes in England,                                                                                                                                           purpose.
                                                                                                                                                                5) Monitor the significant effects of implementing the plan on the environment   and archaeological heritage
                                                        1633.htm                              was published under TAG. This document was drafted in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 5. Biodiversity, fauna, flora, soil
                                                                                              accordance with the requirements of SEA Directive, which was                                                                                                                                           Example 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 6. Water
                                                                                              transposed in England through the Environmental Assessment of                                                                                                                                          SEA of Local Transport Plan (LTP)
                                                                                              Plans and Programmes Regulations 2004, which is a statutory                                                                                                                                            For      Greater      Nottingham
                                                                                              requirement for plans and programmes. It integrates the                                                                                                                                                2006/07-2010/11 (2006)
                                                                                              Directive’s requirements with existing transport appraisal
                                                                                              processes – NATA. SEA forms part of NATA.                                                                                                                                                              http://www.nottinghamcity.gov.uk/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     cdt_greater_nottingham_sea_of_ltp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     2_-_enviromental_report.pdf

                                                                                                Before the transposition of SEA Directive into legislation in UK,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Example 1
                                                                                                an appraisal approach, New Approach to Appraisal (NATA), has
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Draft Wales Rural Development
                                                                                                been introduced for guiding how transport related proposals are
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Plan (RDP) 2007-2013
                                                                                                appraised. In 2005, the government has been trying to integrate
                                                                                                the concept of SEA into the existing NATA system, details can be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     http://new.wales.gov.uk/docrepos/4
                                                                                                found in the “Transport Analysis Guidance” (TAG).                 1) Setting the context, identifying objectives and problems and establishing the 1. improvements to all modes of public
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     0382/4038231121/403822/4038291
                                                                                                                                                                  baseline                                                                         transport
                                                        Environmental Assessment for Plans                                                                                                                                                                                                           /403829/SEA_MainRep__May_06.
                                                                                                An Unit named “Strategic Environmental Assessment for 2) Deciding the scope of SEA and developing alternatives                                     2.developments of interchange facilities
              Strategic                                 and Programmes (Wales) (2004)                                                                                                                                                                                                                pdf?lang=en
                            Plan    and                                                         Transport Plans and Programmes”, which is a guidance on how to 3) Assessing the effects of the plan
UK-Wales      Environmental             Statutory                                                                                                                                                                                                  3.enhancement of distribution of freight
                            programme                                                           carry out SEA for transport plans and programmes in England, 4) Consultation on the draft plan and the Environmental Report.
              Assessment                                http://www.opsi.gov.uk/legislation/wale
                                                                                                was published under TAG. This document was drafted in 5) Monitor the significant effects of implementing the plan on the environment               4.improvement of safety, health and               Example 2
                                                        s/wsi2004/20041656e.htm                                                                                                                                                                    environmental conditions on all roads             SEA for Neath Port Talbot County
                                                                                                accordance with the requirements of SEA Directive, which was
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   5.reduction of road traffic                       Borough Unitary Development
                                                                                                transposed in England through the Environmental Assessment of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Plan
                                                                                                Plans and Programmes Regulations 2004, which is a statutory
                                                                                                requirement for plans and programmes. It integrates the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     http://www.npt.gov.uk/udp/sea_doc
                                                                                                Directive’s requirements with existing transport appraisal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     s.cfm
                                                                                                processes – NATA. SEA forms part of NATA.

                                                                                              Before the transposition of SEA Directive into legislation in UK,                                                                                      Several environmental issues that shall be      Example 1
                                                                                              an appraisal approach, New Approach to Appraisal (NATA), has                                                                                           taken into account during SEA process,          Environmental Report of Draft
                                                                                              been introduced for guiding how transport related proposals are                                                                                        including:                                      Sub-Regional Transport Plan 2015
                                                                                                                                                                1) Setting the context and objectives, establishing the baseline and deciding on the
                                                                                              appraised. In 2005, the government has been trying to integrate                                                                                        1. Biodiversity
                                                                                                                                                                scope
                                                        Environmental Assessment for Plans the concept of SEA into the existing NATA system, details can be                                                                                          2. Population                                   http://www.roadsni.gov.uk/consulta
                                                                                                                                                                2) Developing and refining alternatives and assessing effects
                                                        and Programmes (Northern Ireland) found in the “Transport Analysis Guidance” (TAG).                                                                                                          3. Human health                                 tion/docs/EnvironmentalReport.pdf
              Strategic                                                                                                                                         3) Preparing the Environmental Report
UK-Northern                 Plan    and                 (2004)                                                                                                                                                                                       4. Fauna and flora
              Environmental             Statutory                                                                                                               4) Consulting on the draft plan or programme and the Environmental Report
Ireland                     programme                                                         An Unit named “Strategic Environmental Assessment for                                                                                                  5. Soil                                         Example 2
              Assessment                                                                                                                                        5) Monitoring the significant effects of implementing the plan or programme on the
                                                        http://www.opsi.gov.uk/Sr/sr2004/2004 Transport Plans and Programmes”, which is a guidance on how to                                                                                         6. Water                                        Regional Land Transport Strategy
                                                                                                                                                                environment
                                                        0280.htm                              carry out SEA for transport plans and programmes in England,                                                                                           7. Air                                          and Regional Passenger Transport
                                                                                              was published under TAG. This document was drafted in                                                                                                  8. Climatic factors                             Plan for Taranaki (2006)
                                                                                              accordance with the requirements of SEA Directive, which was                                                                                           9. Material assets
                                                                                              transposed in England through the Environmental Assessment of                                                                                          10. Cultural heritage including architectural   http://www.trc.govt.nz/updates/tran
                                                                                              Plans and Programmes Regulations 2004, which is a statutory                                                                                            and archaeological heritage                     sport_strategy/full_document.pdf


EDMS (Hong Kong) Ltd                                                                                                                                           5                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                edms
Environmental Protection Department
Ref. SA 06-009 Review on the Latest Practice in Environmental Evaluation and
Strategic Environmental Assessment on Transportation Policies and Actions
Final Reference Document                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                January 2007
              Type       of             Statutory /                                                                                                                                                                                                             Evaluation tools or Considerations of
Countries                   Application                Requirement Mechanisms                 Description                                                            Overall Process of the Assessment                                                                                                Example(s)
              Assessment                Administrative                                                                                                                                                                                                          Assessment in Transport Sector
                                                                                              requirement for plans and programmes. It integrates the                                                                                                           11. Landscape
                                                                                              Directive’s requirements with existing transport appraisal
                                                                                              processes – NATA. SEA forms part of NATA.

                                                                                              SEA has first been applied in Scotland as a statutory instrument
                                                                                              in Environmental Assessment of Plans and Programmes                                                                                                                                                              Example 1
                                                                                              (Scotland) Regulations 2004, which implements the EU Directive         1) Screening – to determine whether the proposed plan/programme is likely to have                                                         SEA on Aberdeenshire Council’s
                                                                                              2001/42/EC (also known as SEA Directive) in 2004. In 2006, this        significant environmental effects and whether an SEA is required                                                                          Local Transport Strategy (LTS)
                                                                                              regulation has been replaced by the Environmental Assessment           2) Scoping – this enables the coverage and level of detail of the Environmental                                                           2006 - 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                The following environmental issues shall
                                                                                              (Scotland) Act 2005, which is a legislation relevant for those         Report to be determined in conjunction with the statutory consultees: the Scottish
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                be considered during SEA process:
                                                                                              strategies, plans or programmes, to fully integrate SEA in             Environment Protection Agency (SEPA), Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH) and                                                           http://www.aberdeenshire.gov.uk/tr
                                                     Environmental Assessment (Scotland)                                                                                                                                                                        1. biodiversity, flora, fauna
                                                                                              Scottish legislations. The Act requires strategy, plan or program      Scottish Ministers (Historic Scotland (HS))                                                                                         ansportation/lts/sea_report.pdf
              Strategic     Strategy,                Act (2005)                                                                                                                                                                                                 2. population, human health
                                                                                              to conduct an environmental assessment if it is related solely to      3) Environmental Report – it details the anticipated environmental impacts of the
UK-Scotland   Environmental plan and    Statutory                                                                                                                                                                                                               3. soil
                                                                                              the whole or any part of Scotland.                                     plan/programme and any proposed amendments to the plan/programme; and the                                                           Example 2
              Assessment    programme                http://www.opsi.gov.uk/legislation/scotl                                                                                                                                                                   4. water
                                                                                                                                                                     proposals for monitoring the environmental impacts of the plan/programme                                                            SEA on Scotland’s National
                                                     and/acts2005/20050015.htm                                                                                                                                                                                  5. air and climatic factors
                                                                                              Besides, a Guidance, Scottish Transport Appraisal Guidance             4) Monitoring – a stage being undertaken during implementation of the                                                               Transport Strategy (NTS)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                6. material assets
                                                                                              (STAG) was published in 2003 in reference with the SEA. It is          plan/programme and serves to identify the level of monitoring required and, should
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                7. cultural heritage and landscape
                                                                                              an integrated guideline stating most updated assessment                adverse impacts be identified, any remediation proposals.                                                                           http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resour
                                                                                              requirement for appraisal. The STAG process aligns with that of                                                                                                                                            ce/Doc/116655/0028769.pdf
                                                                                              SEA. SEA would not be a substitute of STAG. SEA forms part of
                                                                                              STAG.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Example 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Rail network 2020
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. protection of buildings, landscapes or
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             http://www.rhk.fi/tiedotteet/2002/2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                townscapes
                                                     Act on the Assessment of the Impacts of                                                                                                                                                                                                                 020enta.pdf
                                                                                                                                                            1) Planning the assessment approach, formulation of alternatives                                    2. increase or decrease in transportation or
                                                     the Authorities' Plans, Programmes and
              Strategic     Policy,                                                                                                                         2) Participatory planning and cooperation                                                           mobility needs
                                                     Policies on the Environment (2005)      This new legislation is drafted in accordance with both the EU                                                                                                                                                  Example 2
Finland       Environmental plan and    Statutory                                                                                                           3) Evaluation of impacts                                                                            3. the relationships between different
                                                                                             SEA Directive (2001/42/EC).                                                                                                                                                                                     Environmental Guidelines for the
              Assessment    programme                                                                                                                       4) Comparison of alternatives                                                                       modes of transport
                                                     http://www.ymparisto.fi/download.asp?                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Transport Sector until 2010
                                                                                                                                                            5) Monitoring                                                                                       4. the extent of public transport and
                                                     contentid=44490&lan=en
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                non-vehicular traffic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             http://www.mintc.fi/oliver/upl648-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                5. the volume of emissions from transport
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             OS_5_2005(midres).pdf

                                                                                        All government bills and proposals submitted to parliamentary
                                                                                        approvals required an assessment if they are expected to have
                                                     Prime Minister’s Office Circulars
              Strategic                                                                 significant effects on the environment. The requirement also
              Environmental Policy      Statutory                                       applies to policies, plans and programmes (PPP) which are not N/A                                                                                                       N/A                                            N/A
                                                     http://147.29.40.91/DELFIN/HTML/C1
              Assessment                                                                subject to approval by parliamentary vote but on which the
                                                     998/0015909.htm (in Danish)
                                                                                        Parliament shall be consulted.

                                                                                                                                                                     1) Screening: To identify proposals that are likely to have a potential significant
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Example 1
                                                                                                                                                                     environmental impact and require further assessment.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               The Danish Government’s Action
Denmark                                                                                                                                                              2) Scoping: To identify the nature and scope of the major or cumulative
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Plan for Reduction of the
                                                                                                                                                                     environmental effects of a bill or policy.
                                                     Act on the Environmental Assessment                                                                                                                                                                        1. the volume of traffic and transport tasks   CO2-Emissions of the Transport
                                                                                                                                                                     3) Assessment: To analyze the effects identified as potentially significant and decide
              Strategic                              of Plans and Programmes (nr. 316)                                                                                                                                                                          2. distribution of modes of transport          Sector (1996)
                            Plan    and                                                                                                                              how assessed impacts are to be described and documented.
              Environmental             Statutory                                             The SEA Directive was transposed by the Act in May 2005.                                                                                                          3. alternatives to car transport
                            programme                                                                                                                                4) Publication: A description of the environmental effects is included as a separate
              Assessment                             http://www.retsinfo.dk/_GETDOC_/AC                                                                                                                                                                         4. environmental problems                      http://www.trm.dk/graphics/synkro
                                                                                                                                                                     section in the commentary, which is attached to the bill or other government proposal
                                                     CN/A20040031630-REGL (in Danish)                                                                                                                                                                           5. traffic plan upgrade and research           n-library/trafikministeriet/publikati
                                                                                                                                                                     when it is submitted to Parliament. This report should be easily understood,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               oner/pdf_uk/010.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                     non-technical statement that is publicly accessible, together with other background
                                                                                                                                                                     assessment. If a proposal will have no significant impact, this must be indicated in the
                                                                                                                                                                     observations on the bill
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       1. safety
                                                                                              There has been a formal provision for the Norwegian system for                                                                                           2. alternative modes of transport, namely
                                                                                              environmental assessment of official studies, regulations,             1) Evaluating the need for environmental assessment (preliminary assessment)      public transport, walking and cycling,
                                                     Instructions        for  consequence
                                                                                              propositions and reports to Parliament (the Storting). It describes    2) Submission of the preliminary assessment to the Ministry of the Environment which are more environmental friendly than
                                                     assessment, submission and review
              Environmental                                                                   the arrangements and procedures that are in place for this purpose     before the study is initiated                                                     private transport
                            Policy      Statutory    procedures in connection with official                                                                                                                                                                                                          NIL
              Assessment                                                                      and summaries recent experience with their implementation. SEA         3) Submission to the Ministry of the Environment after a study has been completed 3. efficient ways for transportation of goods
                                                     studies, regulations, positions and
Norway                                                                                        at this level forms part of a larger process of assessment of policy   but before circulation for general review                                         (by sea and rail) and travel of citizens (by
                                                     reports to the Storting
                                                                                              and legislation, which has been applied in Norway for several          4) General review                                                                 means of public transport)
                                                                                              years.                                                                                                                                                   4. environmental requirements for vehicles
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       and fuel
                                                                                              The Norwegian Parliament adopted the first general legislation on
              Strategic                                                                                                                                         1) Prepare the planning programme
                            Plan    and                                                       Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in 1990, as part of the
              Environmental             Statutory    Planning and Building Act                                                                                  2) Consultation                                                                                 same as above                                  NIL
                            programme                                                         Planning and Building Act. In April 2005, SEA Directive has
              Assessment                                                                                                                                        3) Submission of programme
                                                                                              been implemented by amending the Act.




EDMS (Hong Kong) Ltd                                                                                                                                           6                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          edms
Environmental Protection Department
Ref. SA 06-009 Review on the Latest Practice in Environmental Evaluation and
Strategic Environmental Assessment on Transportation Policies and Actions
Final Reference Document                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          January 2007
              Type       of             Statutory /                                                                                                                                                                                                        Evaluation tools or Considerations of
Countries                   Application                Requirement Mechanisms                     Description                                                          Overall Process of the Assessment                                                                                         Example(s)
              Assessment                Administrative                                                                                                                                                                                                     Assessment in Transport Sector
                                                                                                  E-test, which is treated as environmental protection scrutiny, is
                                                                                                  required for drafting laws and regulations, it is a qualitative
                                                                                                  appraisal, based on minimum steps and incorporates limited
                                                                                                  checks and balances. It is carried out using a short questionnaire                                                                                       1. energy
              Environmental                                                                                                                                          1) A quick scan of the reasons for draft legislations, and
                            Policy         Administrative Official Gazette 1995, No.15            and guidance from the Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and                                                                                          2. biodiversity                               NIL
              Test (E-test)                                                                                                                                          2) The appraisal of effects carried out for designated draft legislation.
                                                                                                  the Environment (VROM), which is then regarded as an                                                                                                     3. space
                                                                                                  ‘Environmental Protection Scrutiny (EPS)' process – with
                                                                                                  definition to any brief explanatory note on environmental
The                                                                                               assessment
Netherlands                                                Environmental Management Act
                                                           (1993, 1994, 2006)                                                                                  1) Inception memorandum (also called notification of intent or starting note)
                                                                                                                                                               2) Public participation comment and advising
              Strategic                                    Link,                            2004: Under the EIA Decree, specified plans and programs, i.e. 3) Guidelines
              Environmental Plan    and                    http://www.eel.nl/documents/Environme Strategic Environmental Impact Assessment (SEIA), are subject 4) Production of EIS
                                        Statutory                                                                                                                                                                                                          NIL                                           NIL
              Impact        programme                      ntalManagementActMay2004.pdf           to the requirement laid down in the Environmental Management 5) Public participation, advising and hearing on EIS
              Assessment                                   2006 (in Dutch)                        Act.                                                         6) Review, decision and evaluation
                                                           http://www.vrom.nl/get.asp?file=Docs/
                                                           milieu/MER_Samenvattingwetsvoorstel
                                                           190304.pdf
              Strategic
              Impact         Policy        Statutory       Ordonnance No 2004-489                 N/A                                                                  N/A                                                                                 N/A                                           N/A
              Assessment

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Example 1
                                                                                                                                                                   1) Environmental diagnosis (an environmental profile describing the state of the                                                      Northern corridor (a broad expanse
                                                                                                                                                                   environment and listing political objectives at different scales – international                                                      of land between Le Havre, the
France
                                                                                                                                                                   conventions and protocols, European policies, national objectives, regional                                                           north of the Greater Paris region,
              Strategic
                            Plan    and                                                           Transition of the SEA Directive for certain plans and programmes objectives, etc)                                                                                                                      Nancy and the Brussels region, for
              Environmental             Statutory          Ordonnance No 2004-489                                                                                                                                                                      N/A
                            programme                                                             at the legislative level took place in June 2004.                2) Compatibility analysis (using a matrix) between in focus of the strategic action                                                   a study co-financed with the
              Assessment
                                                                                                                                                                   and the main reference objectives                                                                                                     European Commission) (1998)
                                                                                                                                                                   3) Assessment of the importance of the potential impacts of the whole plan
                                                                                                                                                                   4) Evaluation (ex post) of interactions between measures                                                                              http://www.cemt.org/topics/env/SE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         A99/SEAnorthcor.pdf

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1. Ensure sustainable mobility
                                                                                                                                                                       1) Screening                                                                        2. Enhance German competitiveness in the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Example 1
                                                                                                                                                                       2) Scoping                                                                          global economy in order to create and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         German        Federal    Transport
                                                                                                                                                                       3) Preparing the environmental report                                               secure jobs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Infrastructure Plan 2003
                                        Statutory     for                                         The EIA Act for federal level has come into force in June 2005,      4) Consultations                                                                    3. Promote sustainable patterns of
              Strategic                 federal     level                                         which act as a framework for 16 Lander to construct the SEA          5) Revision of the environmental report                                             development
                            Plan    and                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  http://www.onlinelearning.unu.edu/
Germany       Environmental             and               EIA Act (UVPG) (2005)                   regulations. The 16 Lander has to implement SEA through their        6) Decision making                                                                  4. Create fair and comparable conditions of
                            programme                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    sea/Resources/Reports/Country/GE
              Assessment                Administrative                                            own laws, up to July 2006, there were bills in most of the Lander,   7) Information of the authorities involved and the public according to Article 9 of competition for all modes of transport
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         RMANY%20long%20distance%20
                                        for Lander level                                          they are still waiting to come into force.                           Directive 2001/42/EC                                                                5. Improve safety for transport users and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         transport.html
                                                                                                                                                                       8) monitoring                                                                       the general public
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           6. Reduce emission of noise, pollutants and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           climate change gases
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           7. Promote European integration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Example 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Pilot Study: SEA of the Danube
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         corridor

                                                                                                                                                                       1) Screening                                                                                                                      Link1:
                                        Statutory     for                                                                                                              2) Scoping                                                                                                                        http://www.transport-sea.net/docs/
                                                                                                   In mid 2006, legal documents transposing the SEA Directive in
              Strategic                 federal     level                                                                                                              3) Preparing the environmental report                                                                                             D_2_1.doc#_Toc77743993
                            Plan    and                   Federal Act on strategic assessment into Austria included both Federal level and Lander level. However,
Austria       Environmental             and                                                                                                                            4) Public participation                                                             N/A                                           Link2:
                            programme                     the transport sector                     for transport sector, it is transposed to Federal level at the
              Assessment                Administrative                                                                                                                 5) Consultation with environmental and health authorities                                                                         http://www.transport-sea.net/docs/S
                                                                                                   moment.
                                        for Lander level                                                                                                               6) Decision making                                                                                                                EA%20Manual%20-%2021-10-05c
                                                                                                                                                                       7) Monitoring                                                                                                                     .pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Link3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         http://www.transport-sea.net/docs/P
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         aperMRP_vs1.pdf

                                                                                                  The legislation that would transpose the SEA Directive was still
                                                                                                  under preparation in mid-2006.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1. Implementation of a high speed railway
              Strategic                                                                           The only guidance available in Portugal was on strategic impact                                                                                          network
                             Plan    and
Portugal      Impact                     Administrative N/A                                       assessment of land-use/spatial plans (regional, inter-municipal, NIL                                                                                     2. public transport which is qualified, N/A
                             programme
              Assessment                                                                          municipal, urban plans, coastal areas plans, natural protected                                                                                           environment friendly, with lower polluting
                                                                                                  areas plans and water reservoir plans), National Directorate                                                                                             emissions
                                                                                                  General for Land-Use Planning & Urban Development (2003)




EDMS (Hong Kong) Ltd                                                                                                                                               7                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      edms
Environmental Protection Department
Ref. SA 06-009 Review on the Latest Practice in Environmental Evaluation and
Strategic Environmental Assessment on Transportation Policies and Actions
Final Reference Document                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    January 2007
                Type       of             Statutory /                                                                                                                                                                                                               Evaluation tools or Considerations of
Countries                     Application                Requirement Mechanisms                       Description                                                          Overall Process of the Assessment                                                                                              Example(s)
                Assessment                Administrative                                                                                                                                                                                                            Assessment in Transport Sector
North America

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Example 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     EIS for Southeast High Speed Rail
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     (SEHSR) project
                                                                                                                                                                   1) A Draft EIS (DEIS) is first prepared, which provides an opportunity for
                                                                                                                                                                   government agencies and the public to review.                                                                                                     http://www.fra.dot.gov/downloads/
                                                                                                                                                                   2) After completion of the circulation period, a Final EIS (FEIS) shall be prepared                                                               RRDev/feises_ch1.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                   accordingly.                                                                                     1. the purpose of and need for the proposed
                                                              National Environmental Policy Act
                Environmental                                                                         Among the three environmental protection scrutinizes, namely 3) Once the FEIS has submitted and circulated, Federal Transit Administration (FTA)              action                                           Example 2
                              Policy,                         (NEPA)
                Impact                                                                                Categorical Exclusions (CE), Environmental Assessment (EA) may issues a Record of Decision (ROD), a concise report that states FTA’s                          2. alternatives, including the proposed          California High-Speed Train Final
USA                           plan and       Statutory
                Statement                                                                             and Environmental Impact Statement (EIS), EIS is regarded as determination that NEPA on the proposed action, as described in the FEIS, has been               action                                           Program EIR/EIS (2005)
                              programme                       http://ceq.eh.doe.gov/Nepa/regs/nepa/ne
                (EIS)                                                                                 SEA-like in USA.                                             completed.                                                                                       3. the affected environment                      General:
                                                              paeqia.htm
                                                                                                                                                                   4) Once a ROD is provided, the agency may proceed having complied with NEPA                      4. environmental consequences                    http://www.cahighspeedrail.ca.gov/
                                                                                                                                                                   and FTA may grant funds for the project if other FTA requirements have been met.                                                                  eir_final/Default.asp

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Corresponding table and diagram(s)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     of Example 2 can be found in Table
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     3 and Figure 2 as for illustration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     purpose.

                                                                                                                                                                           1) Preliminary scan - As early as possible in developing a proposal for approval by
                                                                                                                                                                           the Minister or Cabinet, determine whether important environmental effects (positive     1. Use of transportation modes;
                                                                                                    Under Cabinet Directive, Transport Canada (TC) is required to          or negative) are likely.                                                                 2. Use of public transport / private vehicles;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Example 1
                                                                                                    undertake a non-legislated SEA-like environmental assessment           2) Detailed analysis - If it identifies important environmental considerations, or if    3. Human safety and health related;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Strategic Highways Infrastructure
                                                                                                    process for proposals being submitted for all federal policy, plan     there is considerable uncertainty or risk associated with the outcome, a more detailed   4.    Pollution     control    and     energy
                                                            Cabinet Directive (1999)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Program (SHIP)
                Strategic     Policy,                                                               and programme initiatives submitted to the Minister or to Cabinet      analysis of environmental effects is then required.                                      consumption of transport;
Canada          Environmental plan and       Administrative                                         for consideration and approval.                                        3) Public consultation - Results of consultation undertaken by the Transport Canada      5. Pricing of transportation services;
                                                            http://www.ceaa-acee.gc.ca/016/directiv                                                                                                                                                                                                                  http://www.tc.gc.ca/SHIP/menu.ht
                Assessment    programme                                                             In 2001, TC has prepared their own policy statements on                policy or program manager as part of developing the proposal: if there will be public    6. Economic de-regulation;
                                                            e_e.htm                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  m
                                                                                                    Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) in order to apply and         consultation as part of proposal development, this opportunity should be used to         7.     Transportation      technology     and
                                                                                                    balance these diverse principles effectively and consistently in the   identify environmental concerns; consultation undertaken specifically for the SEA.       alternative;
                                                                                                    development of transportation proposals.                               4) Proposal submit to the Minister or Cabinet for decision making                        8. Environmental technologies and their
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    application

Asia Pacific
                                                                                                                                                                           1) Department drafting the proposal of the plan/programme should also prepare the                                                         Example 1
                                                                                                                                                                           EIA for Plans report                                                                                                                      The integrated transport plan of
                                                                                                   In Mainland China, it is a statutory requirement under the              2) the assigned environmental protection administration or other administration                                                           Shenzhen City (2006-2030)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. landuse
                                                              National    Environmental     Impact National EIA Law which came into force since 1 September                associated with the deputation of relevant department and experts should audit the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2. city planning
                                                              Assessment Law (2003) (EIA Law)      2003.                                                                   EIA report and draw the conclusion before sending to to the supervised                                                                    http://www.szplan.gov.cn/main/csg
                                Plan    and                                                                                                                                                                                                                         3. Transport architecture
Mainland China EIA for Plans                Statutory                                                                                                                      administration or local government for approval                                                                                           h/zxgh/ztjtgh/wb/ztjtgh.htm
                                programme                                                                                                                                                                                                                           4. Information and efficiency
                                                              http://www.sepa.gov.cn/law/law/200210 As there is little experience on assessment of policies in Mainland    3) The supervised administration or local government should consider the conclusion
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    5. Environmental
                                                              /t20021028_84000.htm                  China, it is considered to exclude environmental assessment for        and incorporate the suggestion for the EIA report as a reference for decision making                                                      Corresponding table and diagram(s)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    6. Public satisfaction
                                                                                                    policies from the context of the EIA Law.                              4) The responsible Department should keep monitoring when the plan is being                                                               of Example 3 can be found in Table
                                                                                                                                                                           executed                                                                                                                                  4 and Figure 3 as for illustration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     purpose.
                                                                                                      In Macau, no formal provision has been made for a national
Macau SAR       N/A             N/A          N/A              N/A                                                                                                N/A                                                                                                N/A                                              N/A
                                                                                                      system of SEA of policies, plans or programmes.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. Efficient flow of people and products
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2. Use of environmentally friendly products
                                                                                                      No explicit implementation on SEA in Japan, the Basic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3. Proper recycling methods
Japan           N/A             N/A          N/A              N/A                                     Environment Law is the tool for governing the basic N/A                                                                                                                                                   N/A
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4. Waste disposal practices
                                                                                                      environmental policies
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    5. New energy sources and the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    development of reusable energy
                                                                                                                                                                  1) The heads of administrative agencies that establish, permit, or approve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    The Ministry of Construction and
                                                                                                                                                                  administrative plans or development projects are to consult with the Minister of                                                                   Example 1
                                                                                                  By the latest amendment on the FAEP (Article 25 and Article 26,                                                                                                   Transportation (MOCT) concerns:
                                                          Framework Act on Environmental                                                                          Environment or the head of the local environmental agency on the matter of                                                                         Sustainable Spatial Development
                                                                                                  etc.), PERS has been improved and made it towards SEA system                                                                                                      1. natural environment conservation
                Prior                                     Policy (FAEP)                                                                                           environmental validity review.                                                                                                                     for Kwangju, South Korea
                                                                                                  by:                                                                                                                                                               2. air quality management
                Environmental Plan     and                                                                                                                        2) Forms required for the preview are specified and the submission of documents is
Korea                                      Statutory                                              1) extending the list of plans and programmes subject to PERS                                                                                                     3. water quality management, marine
                Review System programme                   http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTE                                                                 now mandatory. The heads of governmental bodies that establish or approve                                                                          http://www.raumplanung.uni-dortm
                                                                                                  2) stipulation of implementation of PERS at an early stage to                                                                                                     environment preservation, drinking water
                (PERS)                                    APREGTOPENVIRONMENT/Resourc                                                                             administrative plans or that permit, approve, and authorize development projects must                                                              und.de/irpud/pro/lee/lee_e.htm#top
                                                                                                  enhance its effects in decision making                                                                                                                            supply management
                                                          es/Korea_Act_on_PERS_2002.doc                                                                           either fill out the forms themselves or receive them from project operators, and then
                                                                                                  3) enhancement of public participation and disclosure                                                                                                             4. waste management
                                                                                                                                                                  submit the forms to the Minister of Environment or the head of the regional
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    5. environmental technology development
                                                                                                                                                                  environmental office.
                                                                                                  Strategic Environmental Assessment has just recently been
                                                                                                  introduced. There are four preliminary synthesis SEA approaches
                Strategic     Policy, plan                                                        considered in Thailand, they are:
Thailand        Environmental and          Administrative N/A                                     1. SEA – EIA School                                             N/A                                                                                               N/A                                              N/A
                Assessment    programme                                                           2. SEA – Area Base
                                                                                                  3. SEA Policy Options
                                                                                                  4. SEA – Development Direction


EDMS (Hong Kong) Ltd                                                                                                                                                 8                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 edms
Environmental Protection Department
Ref. SA 06-009 Review on the Latest Practice in Environmental Evaluation and
Strategic Environmental Assessment on Transportation Policies and Actions
Final Reference Document                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                January 2007
               Type       of             Statutory /                                                                                                                                                                                                            Evaluation tools or Considerations of
Countries                    Application                Requirement Mechanisms                    Description                                                           Overall Process of the Assessment                                                                                             Example(s)
               Assessment                Administrative                                                                                                                                                                                                         Assessment in Transport Sector
                                                                                                  In Singapore, no formal provision has been made for a national
Singapore      N/A             N/A           N/A          N/A                                                                                                      N/A                                                                                          N/A                                             N/A
                                                                                                  system of SEA of policies, plans or programmes.
                                                                                                  In Pakistan, SEA is still in its formative stages. Although no
               Strategic     Policy, plan
                                                                                                  specific enforcement on concerning environmental issue during
Pakistan       Environmental and          Administrative National Environmental Policy                                                                             N/A                                                                                          N/A                                             N/A
                                                                                                  decision making, the idea of SEA is on the threshold of adoption
               Assessment    programme
                                                                                                  for the overall policy making process.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Example 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Christmas Island Airport Upgrade
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                (2001)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://www.dotars.gov.au/territories
                                                                                                                                                                        1) Screening – the Minister decides whether assessment is required for the proposed                                                     /xmas_island/governance/upgrade/i
                                                                                                  Under the SEA-like framework stipulated in the EPBC Act, there                                                                                                Natural environment:
                                                          Environment       Protection     and                                                                          project; and the level of assessment approval required                                                                                  ndex.aspx
                                                                                                  are five types of assessment approach of which the Minister must                                                                                              1. air pollution (particulates and greenhouse
                                                          Biodiversity Conservation Act (EPBC,                                                                          2) Scoping – the Minister prepares written guidelines for the scope of the assessment
                                                                                                  choose one for assessing the relevant impacts of an action,                                                                                                   gases)
                                                          1999)                                                                                                         3) Preparing the Environmental Assessment (EA) Report – the proponent                                                                   Example 2
                               Policy,                                                            including:                                                                                                                                                    2. noise pollution
               Strategic                                                                                                                                                prepares the report based on guidelines provided by the Minister and the comments                                                       EIS of Second Sydney Airport
Australia                      plan and      Statutory                                            1. An accredited assessment process                                                                                                                           3. visual disamenity
               Assessment                                 http://www.frli.gov.au/ComLaw/Legisla                                                                         raised during public consultation. Then Secretary prepares report for the Minister                                                      Proposal at Badgerys Creek (1997)
                               programme                                                          2. An assessment on preliminary documentation                                                                                                                 4. barrier effects
                                                          tion/ActCompilation1.nsf/0/ABBCB4F7                                                                           4) EA Review and Project Appraisal – The Minister seeks reviews of relevant
                                                                                                  3. A public environment report (PER)                                                                                                                          Human and social environment:
                                                          86833CAFCA257000000A5185/$file/E                                                                              Commonwealth Ministers                                                                                                                  http://www.dotars.gov.au/aviation/a
                                                                                                  4. An environmental impact statement (EIS)                                                                                                                    1. heritage
                                                          nvProtBioDivCons99Vol1WD02.pdf                                                                                                                                                                                                                        irport/sydney_airport/index.aspx
                                                                                                  5. A public inquiry                                                                                                                                           2. indigenous and colonial values
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Corresponding table and diagram(s)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                of Example 2 can be found in Table
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                5 and Figure 4 as for illustration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                purpose.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Example 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Regional Land Transport Strategy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                and Regional Passenger Transport
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Plan for Taranaki (2006)
                                                          Resources and Management Act (RMA)                                                                                                                                                                    1. economic growth
                                                                                                    The enactment of the Resource Management Act (RMA) brought                                                                                                  2. safety and personal security
               Strategic     Policy,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         http://www.trc.govt.nz/updates/tran
                                                          http://www.legislation.govt.nz/libraries/ environmental assessment in New Zealand in 1991 within a                                                                                                    3. access and mobility
New Zealand    Environmental plan and        Statutory                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       sport_strategy/full_document.pdf
                                                          contents/om_isapi.dll?clientID=197151 formal legal framework at the national level, which treats as an                                                                                                4. public health and
               Assessment    programme
                                                          236&infobase=pal_statutes.nfo&jump= SEA-equivalent instrument.                                                                                                                                        5. environmental sustainability of transport
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Example 2
                                                          a1991-069&softpage=DOC                                                                                                                                                                                in the nation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             National Rail Strategy to 2015
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             http://dev.silverstripe.com/base2/m
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ot/assets/NewPDFs/nrs.pdf

Africa and Development Co-operation
                                                                                                                                                                        1) identify broad plan and programme alternatives
                                                                                                                                                                        2) screening
                                                                                                                                                                        3) scoping
                                                                                                  The National Environmental Management Act (NEMA) stipulates
                                                                                                                                                                        4) situation assessment
               Strategic                                                                          a range of Integrated Environmental Management (IEM) tools,
                             Plan    and                                                                                                                                5) formulate sustainability parameters for the development of the plan or programme
South Africa   Environmental             Administrative N/A                                       which includes Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) used                                                                                              N/A                                                 N/A
                             programme                                                                                                                                  6) develop and assess alternative plans and programmes
               Assessment                                                                         for the proactive integration of environmental issues at the policy
                                                                                                                                                                        7) decision-making
                                                                                                  and planning level.
                                                                                                                                                                        8) develop a plan for monitoring and auditing
                                                                                                                                                                        9) implementation

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Example 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Environmental Audit of Kurla –
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Thane 5th and 6th Railway Line
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Project (2002)

                                                                                                                                                                        1) Screening – to decide the nature and extent of the EA to be carried out, see which                                                   http://www-wds.worldbank.org/ext
                                                                                                                                                                        Category the proposal belongs to.                                                                                                       ernal/default/main?pagePK=64193
                                                          Operational Policy/ Bank Procedure                                                                            2) Scoping and Development of Terms of Reference (TOR) – to identify key issues         1. The natural environment (air, water, and     027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=
                                                          (OP/BP) 4.01                            There are 4 categories which depend on the significance of the        and develop the TOR for the EA.                                                         land)                                           523679&menuPK=64187510&sear
               Sectoral      /
                               Policy,plan                                                        expected environmental impacts, namely Category A, B, C and           3) Preparing the Environmental Assessment Report (public consultation is                2. Global environmental aspects (include        chMenuPK=64187511&theSitePK
               Regional
World Bank                     and           Compulsory   http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/Instituti FI. For Category A and B, an environmental assessment should          required throughout the preparation of EA report) – this depends on which category      climate       change,     ozone-depleting       =523679&entityID=000094946_02
               Environmental
                               programme                  onal/Manuals/OpManual.nsf/toc2/C424 be conducted, for which a more in-depth analysis should be                the proposal refers to.                                                                 substances, pollution of international          070204293462&searchMenuPK=6
               Assessment
                                                          1D657823FD818525672C007D096E?O prepared for Category A.                                                       4) EA Review and Project Appraisal – the borrower shall submit the draft report to      waters,    and    adverse   impacts      on     4187511&theSitePK=523679
                                                          penDocument                                                                                                   the Bank for review and proceed to appraisal.                                           biodiversity)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Example 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Andhra Pradesh State Highways
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Project (APSHP), India (1997)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://www-wds.worldbank.org/ext
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ernal/default/WDSContentServer/I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                W3P/IB/1999/11/10/000009265_39



EDMS (Hong Kong) Ltd                                                                                                                                              9                                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                edms
Environmental Protection Department
Ref. SA 06-009 Review on the Latest Practice in Environmental Evaluation and
Strategic Environmental Assessment on Transportation Policies and Actions
Final Reference Document                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              January 2007
                 Type       of             Statutory /                                                                                                                                                                                        Evaluation tools or Considerations of
Countries                      Application                Requirement Mechanisms                    Description                                                      Overall Process of the Assessment                                                                              Example(s)
                 Assessment                Administrative                                                                                                                                                                                     Assessment in Transport Sector
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    80313101952/Rendered/PDF/multi
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    _page.pdf

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Corresponding table and diagram(s)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               of Example 2 can be found in Table
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               6 and Figure 5 as for illustration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               purpose.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Environmental concerns:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. Urban Air Pollution (suspended
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              particulates, lead emissions from vehicles,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              concentration of sulfur dioxide)                 Example 1
                                                                                                                                                                  1) Screening
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2. Water pollution                               Subregional Transport Connectivity
                                                                                                                                                                  2) Scoping
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              3. Municipal and industrial solid waste          Project in India
                                                            Environmental Policy                                                                                  3) Identification, Prediction and Evaluation of Effects
Asian            Strategic     Policy, plan                                                                                                                                                                                                   4. Land degradation
                                                                                                   SEA is a tool for use in environmental assessment of programme 4) Integration
Development      Environmental and          Compulsory                                                                                                                                                                                        5. Deforestation                                 http://www.adb.org/Documents/En
                                                            http://www.adb.org/documents/policies/ loans and sector loans.                                        5) Mitigation
Bank             Assessment    programme                                                                                                                                                                                                      6. Biodiversity loss                             vironment/Ind/ind-trans-connect-se
                                                            environment/environment_policy.pdf                                                                    6) Monitoring
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              7. Coastal, marine, and freshwater aquatic       ia.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                  7) Independent review
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              resources
                                                                                                                                                                  8) Influence on Decisions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              8. Climate change (emissions of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              greenhouse gases, primarily but not
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              exclusively due to fossil fuel use, leading to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              global climate change)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Example 1
                                                                                                  The Bank will finance environmental and natural resources                                                                                                                                    Strategic          Environmental
                                                         Environment          and     Safeguards management components or activities across different sectors,       1) Understand the nature of the proposal                                                                                  Assessment Evaluation of the
                                                         Compliance Policy                        with loans and technical assistance, beyond required               2) Set the context for SEA                                                                                                Northern Corridor of Bolivia from
Inter-American Strategic     Policy, plan
                                                                                                  environmental mitigation actions to increase value added and       3) Define a Participation approach                                                                                        La Paz to Guayaramerín
Development    Environmental and          Administrative                                                                                                                                                                                      NIL
                                                         http://enet.iadb.org/idbdocswebservices/ long-term sustainability. It will seek to enhance environmental    4) Scope major issues and alternatives
Bank           Assessment    programme
                                                         idbdocsInternet/IADBPublicDoc.aspx?d sustainability through appropriate public and private operations       5) Assess environmental and social outcomes and benefits                                                                  http://idbdocs.iadb.org/wsdocs/getd
                                                         ocnum=665902                             across sectors, such as urban development, transportation and      6) Establish a scheme for subsequent action                                                                               ocument.aspx?docnum=387760
                                                                                                  road infrastructure, and agriculture, among others.

United Nations   Strategic       Policy, plan                                                       UNDP assists country partners in applying SEA, it is not a
                                              Non-compulsor
Development      Environmental   and                        N/A                                     compulsory requirement. The main role of UNDP is to assist the No official SEA procedure is designed in UNDP to guide country partners.   NIL                                              NIL
                                              y
Programme        Assessment      programme                                                          partners to improve their quality of life and poverty.
United Nations   Strategic       Policy, plan                                                       SEA is recently applied to environmental impact assessments on
Environment      Environmental   and          N/A           N/A                                     policy, plan and programme in country partners of UNEP, for No official SEA procedure is designed in UNEP to guide country partners.      NIL                                              NIL
Programme        Assessment      programme                                                          which UNEP provide assistance to them.




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       Table 2 — Summary Table for Example 1 of United Kingdom (England)

                                                      Key Agents /
                                                                                                                                                     Requirement
               Study                 Process Type     Departments    Main Concerns in the Evaluation              Process Description                                     Outcome of SEA
                                                                                                                                                     Mechanism
                                                       Involved

Example 1                            Strategic        Highways      Two alternatives, the “LTP          1) Setting the context and objectives,     Statutory         The LTP Strategy
                                     Environmental     Authorities   Strategy” - and the “Do                establishing the baseline and                                offers a substantially
SEA of Torbay Local Transport                                                                                                                        EU
Plan (LTP) 2006 – 2011               Assessment                      Nothing” option were evaluated         deciding on the Scope                                        better option than the
                                     (SEA)
                                                      Torbay        against
                                                                                                                                                       Directive
                                                                                                         2) Developing and refining alternates         2001/42/EC        Do Nothing option, in
General :                                              Council
                                                                     SEA objectives including:              and assessing effects                                        terms of meeting the
http://www.torbay.gov.uk/index/t                                                                                                                                         SEA objectives.
ransport-streets/transport/transp                                                                        3) Preparing the Environmental                                  (Appendix 6, pg 4)
                                                                     - Biodiversity (Conserve               Report
ortpolicy/transportplan.htm                                             nature)
                                                                                                         4) Consulting on the draft programme
SEA Report :                                                         - Population (Improve                                                                            The LTP Strategy
                                                                        accessibility; reduce crime)        and the Environmental Report
http://www.torbay.gov.uk/ltp-sea                                                                                                                                         performs well against
-env-report.pdf                                                      - Human health (reduce effect       5) Monitoring the environmental                                 many of the SEA
                                                                        of noise; ensure healthy            outcomes of the plan                                         objectives, unlike the
Appendix 6 :                                                            community and reduce health      (SEA Report, pg. 9)                                             Do Nothing option, in
http://www.torbay.gov.uk/sea-er-                                        inequalities)                                                                                    particular:
appendix6.pdf                                                        - Soil (Protect from soil erosion
                                                                                                                                                                     -    improving air quality
-   It is a long-term strategy for                                      and contamination)
    transport in Torbay over the                                     - Water (Improve water quality                                                                  -    supporting
    period 2006 to 2011.                                                and quantity)                                                                                     conservation of
                                                                     - Air and climatic factors                                                                           heritage resources
-   It aims to improve air
                                                                        (reduce transport emission and
    quality, congestion, road                                                                                                                                        (Appendix 6, pg 4)
                                                                        risk of flooding)
    safety and accessibility.
                                                                     - Economic (encourage
-   It, additionally, contains                                          regeneration and economic
    objectives to improve the                                           prosperity)
    quality of life in Torbay.                                       - Cultural heritage (protect
(SEA Report, pg.31)                                                     conservation areas and
                                                                        historic environment)
                                                                     - Landscape (protect landscape)
                                                                     (SEA Report, pg 37, 77)




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      Figure 1 - Diagram for Example 1 of United Kingdom (England)

Direct / Indirect Environmental Impact                                          Previous Environmental Concerns
                                                                                                                               Energy/Resource Consumption
Environmental Impacts addressed by SEA:                                         (e.g. Policy Address, ACE, LegCo
- Biodiversity (Conserve nature, especially habitats – including                or Similar)
                                                                                                                               -    NIL
    calcareous grasslands, lowland health, flower rich pastures,
    woodland cover and intertidal areas of mudflats and saltmarsh)              -    Torbay Local Transport Plan 1
                                                                                                                                   Environmental Outcomes / Gains
- Air quality and climate factor (covers pollutants CO, benzene,
                                                                                                                                   - Reduce pollution levels in Air Quality
    1-3-Butadiene, lead, NO2, SO2 and PM10, i.e. particulate matter
                                                                                                                                      Management Areas (AQMA’s) due to
    below 10 microns in diameter; also includes greenhouse gases –
                                                                                                                                      reduced congestion (Appendix 6, pg11)
    CO2 and methane)
                                                                                                                                   - Reduce greenhouse gas emission due to
- Cultural heritage (protect conservation areas and historic                          Torbay Local                                    reduced car use (Appendix 6, pg11)
    environment)                                                                     Transport Plan                                - Improve streetscape due to reduced
- Landscape (may address light pollution, increase traffic and noise                   2006 – 2011                                    traffic in conservation areas (Appendix
    pollution)                                                                           (LTP2)                                       6, pg12)
- Soil (Protect quality soils and greenfield sites)
                                                                                                                                   - Reduce noise impacts on busiest
- Water (Improve water quality and quantity, and prevent fluvial and
                                                                                                                                      corridors due to reduced traffic.
    coastal flooding)
- Noise (Two main sources: Construction noise and vehicle noise)                                                                      (Appendix 6, pg13)
(SEA Report, pg 37, 77)
                                                                                                                                          Possible Designated Projects /
Environmental Issues / Constraints                                      Environmental Measures including Follow-up Measures /             Alternative preferred
- Have better access to the protected area for visitors may             Possible Alternative Options and their Environmental
   affect the area and species (Appendix 6, pg11)                       Issues                                                            -   The LTP Strategy is preferred
- Possible negative effect on agricultural lands due to                 - The plan could be further supported by public transport         -   There are several schemes
   locations of certain schemes1, e.g. National Cycle Network,              scheme (SEA Report, pg82)                                         proposed in the LTP, (e.g.
   Public Transport Infrastructure and Highway signage                  - Where resurfacing is necessary, particularly areas                  Rail/bus integration) a.
   (Appendix 6, pg14)                                                       already subject to flooding, consideration could be
- Negative effects on brownfield (developed) sites due to                   given to the incorporation of sustainable urban drainage
   increased access (Appendix 6, pg14)                                      and noise reducing surfaces (SEA Report, pg14, 85)
- There may be some noise impacts from increased numbers                - LTP shall examine methods of directing traffic away             a
   of buses (Appendix 6, pg13)                                              from flood prone areas in the longer term (SEA Report,         more details can be found in SEA
- There may be some noise impacts from increased numbers                    pg85)                                                         report, pg.79
   of buses (Appendix 6, pg13)


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            Table 3 — Summary Table for Example 2 of United States of America (USA)

                                                          Key Agents /
                                                                              Main Concerns in the                                                   Requirement
           Study                  Process Type            Departments                                               Process Description                                             Outcome of EIS
                                                                                  Evaluation                                                         Mechanism
                                                           Involved
Example 2                      Environment                  The             Analyzes proposed HST             1) Distribute Draft EIS         Statutory Mechanism           The High Speed Train
California High-Speed          Impact Report /               California       Alternative and compares             (DEIS) for public &          under                          Alternative (which operate
Train Final Program            Environmental                 High             it with a No Project/No              agency comment                The California               speeds over 200 mph or 322
EIR/EIS (2005)                 Impact Statement              Speed            Action Alternative and a                                                Environmental            kph) is the preferred system,
General:                                                     Rail             Modal Alternative                 2) Review     public    &             Quality Act              which meet the need for a safe
                               (EIR/EIS)                                                                           agency comments for
http://www.cahighspeedra        Environmental               Authority        (potential improvements                                                 (CEQA)                   and reliable mode of travel
il.ca.gov/eir_final/Default                                                   to the highways and                  fatal flaws or analysis      http://ceres.ca.gov/ceqa       that would link the major
                                   Impact Report                                                                   concerns (revise as
.asp                               (EIR) satisfies                            airports serving the same                                         /                              metropolitan areas of the state
Volume I refers to EIS                                                        intercity travel demand as           needed)                      - it is the basis for          and deliver predictable,
                                   the CEQA;
   Report                      Environmental                                  the HST Alternative)              3) Review and compare           environmental law and          consistent travel times
- Propose a high-speed           Impact                                       (Vol1, summary, pgS-1)               pros and cons among          policy to protect              sustainable over time. (Vol.1,
     train (HST) system to       Statement (EIS)                           The development of the                 the 3 alternatives by:       environmental quality          summary, pg S-9)
     provide a reliable          satisfies NEPA.                              HST Alternative involved              a)   Environmental          in the State of
     mode of travel, which      Typically in                                 consideration of range of                  factors                California                    The statewide high-speed train
     links the major               California if an                           potential HST                                                      The National                 system is likely to have more
     metropolitan areas of                                                    technologies, corridors,              b)   Cost             and         Environmental            than 20 stations.
                                   EIS is                                                                                operations
     the state and delivers        prepared, it                               and alignment and station                                               Policy Act (NEPA)
     predictable and               would be                                   options within the                    c)   Economic growth                                      Although it would have
     consistent travel             prepared as a                              corridors. (Vol.1,                         and      related                                      potentially significant
     times.                        combined                                   summary, pgS-4)                            impacts                                               environmental impacts on
- Provide an interface             EIR/EIS.                                The evaluation considered                                                                          resources, including noise,
                                                                                                                4) Enumerate      relative
     with commercial                                                          factors below:                       rankings of the above                                       biology, wetlands, and
     airports, mass transit,                                              - Travel time                                                                                        farmlands, it would have
                               http://www.ebartpr                                                                  factors and review
     and the highway                                                      - Reliability                                                                                        benefits in energy savings,
                               oject.org/docMana                                                                   against agency and
     network and to                                                       - Safety                                                                                             reduced air emissions, and less
                               ger/1000000170/C                                                                    public comments
     relieve capacity                                                     - Connectivity                                                                                       adverse impacts during
     constraints of            hapter%205%20Pr                            - Sustainable capacity                5) Identify       preferred                                    construction.
     existing                  oject%20Implemen                           - Passenger cost                         alternative
     transportation system     tation.pdf#search=                         (Vol.1, Ch 3, pg.3.2-4)
     (Vol.1, summary,          %22EIR%20and%
     pgS-2)                    20EIS%20differenc
                               e%22




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 Environmental Protection Department
 Ref. SA 06-009 Review on the Latest Practice in Environmental Evaluation and
 Strategic Environmental Assessment on Transportation Policies and Actions
 Final Reference Document                                                                                                            January 2007

 Figure 2 - Diagram for Example 2 of United States of America (USA)
                                                                                 Previous Environmental Concerns (e.g.           Energy/Resource Consumption
                                                                                 Policy Address, ACE, LegCo or
Direct / Indirect Environmental Impact                                           Similar)                                        -     Reduction     in    energy   consumption
Environmental Impact addressed by EIR/EIS:                                                                                             compared to No Project Alternative, by a
- Air Quality (concerns about CO2, CO, NOx and Total organic                     -   The California Environmental                      sharp reduction in energy consumption per
    gases (TOG) emissions; use vehicle miles travelled (VMT)b as a                   Quality Act (CEQA)                                passenger mile (Vol.1, Ch.3, part1
    measure on on-road pollutant burdens) (Vol.3 Part 1, pg3.3-4&5)              -   The     National  Environmental                   pg3.5-14,3.5-16)
- Energy Use (including transportation-related (direct) energy and                   Policy Act (NEPA)
    construction-related (indirect) energy) (Vol.3 Part 1, pg.3.5-2 –                                                                Environmental Outcomes / Gains
    3.5.4)
- Noise and Vibration (discuss noise impacts from airplanes,                                                                         - Reduction in air pollutants (CO, NOx,
    automobiles on intercity highways and proposed HST system)                                                                          TOG) due to implementation of stringent
    (Vol.3 Part 1, pg.3.4-1)                                                                                                            standards,     control    measures,     and
                                                                                             California                                 state-of-the-art      emission       control
- Biological Resources and Wetlands (includes sensitive plant                                High-Speed
    communities and special-status species, marine and anadromous                                                                       technologies. (Vol. 1, Ch 3, pg3.5-15)
                                                                                             Train Final
    fish habitat, riparian corridors, wildlife habitats, wildlife movement                                                           - Reduction in both VMT and estimated
                                                                                              Program
    corridors, wetlands, and waters) (Vol. 3 Part3, pg.3.15-1)                                EIR/EIS
                                                                                                                                        on-road mobile source emission (CO and
- Hydrology and Water Resources (address three types of sources –                              (2005)                                   CO2) (Vol.1, Ch3, pg3.3-19)
    floodplains, surface water, and groundwater) (Vol.3 Part3,                                                                       - Vibration levels associated with the HST
    pg.3.14-1)                                                                                                                          are relatively lower resulted from the use
- Visual Quality (impacts of addition or removal of infrastructure on                                                                   of new track construction and smooth track
    landscape) (Vol.3 Part 2, pg.3.9-1)                                                                                                 and wheel surfaces (Vol.1 Ch3, pg3.4-11)

 Environmental Issues / Constraints                                          Environmental Measures including Follow-up             Possible Designated Projects / Alternative
 - Emissions of PM10 (i.e. Particulate matter 10 microns in                  Measures / Possible Alternative Options and their      preferred
    diameter or less) are expected to increase statewide, due to             Environmental Issues                                   - Among the 3 considered Alternatives, the
    increased emissions from area-wide sources and future                    - Noise barrier mitigation is shown to be                  High-speed Train Alternative is preferred.
    industrial growth. (Vol.1, Ch3, part 1, pg3.3-16)                           effective for receivers close to the tracks.        -
 - Have potentially significant unavoidable environmental                       (Vol.1, Ch3, pg3.4-5)                               -
                                                                                                                                 b
    impacts on resources, including noise, biology, wetlands,                - Implementation of using tighter diesel truck         -
                                                                                                                                   VMT: A measure of the extent of motor vehicle
    and farmlands (Vol.1, summary, pg S-10)                                     standards, which is expected to produce an          - ed the Alternative of vehicle miles travelled
                                                                                                                                 operation;Traintotal number is preferred.
 - Indirect energy consumption by constructing HST (Vol.1,                      overall reduction of 98% from uncontrolled       within a specific geographic area over a given period of
    Ch3, part1, pg3.5-18)                                                       engine emissions.                                time.
 - Noise increase due to additional high-speed train                         - Avoid or minimize footprint in floodplains
    frequencies (Vol.1, Ch7, pg7-9)                                             (Vol.1, Ch7, pg7-11)

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Environmental Protection Department
Ref. SA 06-009 Review on the Latest Practice in Environmental Evaluation and
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Table 4 — Summary Table for Example 1 of Mainland China
                                                                   Key Agents/Departments           Main Concerns in the
               Study                    Process Type                                                                               Process Description       Requirement Mechanism          Outcome of EIA for Plans
                                                                          Involved                      Evaluation
Example 1                        環境影響篇章或說明                         Shenzhen Municipal             Traffic capacity          1.      To identify           Statutory required:                More stringent
深圳市整體交通規劃                        Environmental Impact               Bureau of Land                 The average speed of              environmental            The Regulation of Vehicle       environmental standard
                                 Guidance Notes                     Resources and Housing                                             parameters for                                            for new vehicle licensing
The integrated transport plan                                                                       vehicles                                                    Classification on
                                                                    Management, Shenzhen                                              transport planning        Environmental Protection       Improvement in the
of Shenzhen city                 Consideration of the                                              Road safety
                                                                    Municipal Bureau of                                       2.      To identify                                               quality of the gasoline
                                 environmental protection on        Communications and                                                                         The long-term plan of
(2006-2030)                      municipal transport                                               Transport environmental           environmental
                                                                    Shenzhen Municipal              protection                                                  Development of Cleaner         Noise emission standard
http://www.szplan.gov.cn/ma      development.                                                                                         objectives for
                                                                    Bureau of Transport                                                                         Automobile                      for new vehicle
in/csgh/zxgh/ztjtgh/wb/ztjtgh                                                                                                         transport planning                                        manufacturing
                                 Specific goals of                  Police                                                                                     The Regulation of
.htm                             environmental protection,                                                                    3.      To propose
                                                               -      Administration for plan                                                                   Prevention and                 Provision of special
                                 and propose measures to                                                                              mitigation measures       Management of Noise             passages for heavy
                                                                      approval
                                 achieve the goals                                                                            4.      To propose recent         Pollution Emission of           vehicle at night time
To co-operate the transport
system with the urban                                                                                                                 tasks                     Shenzhen Municipal
development, land                                                  Shenzhen Urban
utilization and                                                     Transport Planning Center
environmental protection,                                      -      Agency of the EIA
this plan integrates the                                              report preparation
different kinds of method in
the internal of transport
system, identifies the goal of
the development of urban
transport system, and bring
out the strategic plan for the
development of Shenzhen
urban transport, and prepare
the solution for the whole
transport.




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    Figure 3 — Diagram for Example 1 of Mainland China


Direct / Indirect Environmental Impact                        Regarding Environmental Concerns (e.g. Policy        Energy/Resource Consumption
Environmental impact chapter                                  Address, ACE, LegCo or Similar)                      - To improve the quality of gasoline
- Vehicle pollution emission                                  - Regulation of Vehicle Classification on            - To promote the application of electric, hybrid
- Noise pollution                                                Environmental Protection                              electric and natural gas vehicle on public
                                                              - Driving Restriction for the Vehicles of                transport
                                                                 Pollution Type                                    - To promote to use of cleaner energy for public
                                                              - Regulation of Vehicle Annual Examination and           transport
                                                                 Enforced Scrap
                                                              - Local Noise Standard for Single Vehicle
                                                                                                                   Environmental Outcomes / Gains
                                                                                                                   - The emission of average single vehicle is
                                                                                                                       predicted to decrease by 10% or lower, which
                                                                                The integrated                         can result in 90% of days having good
                                                                                transport plan                         atmospheric quality in a year.
                                                                               of Shenzhen city                    - The management of vehicle pollutant emission
                                                                                                                       can reach the international level
                                                                                                                   - To promote to use of cleaner energy for public
Environmental Issues / Constraints                                                                                     transport
                                                                                                                   - 3~5 dB(A) lower than the existing noise limit
- Low standard of environmental protection for new
                                                                                                                       for new vehicles
    car driving
                                                                                                                   - To control the noise in certain zone
- Lack of environmental protection classification for
                                                        Environmental       Mitigation    Measures     including
    vehicles and relevant regulations
                                                        Follow-up Measures / Possible Alternative Options and
- Lack of strict implementation of the “Regulation of
                                                        their Environmental Issues
    Vehicle Annual Examination and Enforced Scrap”
                                                        - To improve the standard for new vehicles to
- Lack of strong supervision for the vehicle
                                                             European III
    exhausting emission                                                                                              Possible Designated Projects / Alternative
                                                        - To strengthen the education and promotion
- New method of noise reduction is not applied.                                                                      preferred
                                                        - To provide noise emission standard for new
                                                             vehicles to mitigate the noise emission of new
                                                             vehicles, and examination of vehicles annually          -   Nil
                                                        - To develop the new technology to reduce noise
                                                             emission from vehicles
                                                        - To provide customized line for heavy vehicle



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           Table 5 — Summary Table for Example 2 of Australia

                                                          Key Agents /
                                                                                                                                                                                  Requirement
           Study                  Process Type            Departments                              Main Concerns in the Evaluation                      Process Description                            Outcome of Strategic Assessment
                                                                                                                                                                                  Mechanism
                                                           Involved
                                                      -   Department of                                                                                                                            -     In the long-term, new airport
Example 2                     Strategic                   Transport and        Three options of the design of the airport were                      (1) Guidelines are        Statutory                  facilities will be required if the
                              Assessment                  Regional             assessed.                                                                prepared by           requirement under:         expected demand for air travel
EIS of Second Sydney
                               - Environmenta             Services             -       Option A: The airport developed within Commonwealth land         Environment           - Environment
                                                                                                                                                                                                         to and from Sydney is to be
Airport     Proposal     at      l Impact                 (DOTARS)                     with two parallel runways constructed on an north-east to        Australia                                        met.
                                                      -   PPK                          south-west alignment;                                                                  Protection (Impact
                                 Statement                Environment and      -       Option B: identical runway alignment to Option A, but a          following public      of Proposals) Act
Badgerys Creek (1997)
                                 (EIS) (Final)            Infrastructure Pty           greater distance between the parallel runways, an expanded       review                1974 (replaced by    -     The assessment of many
                              (Introduction)              Ltd                          land area, and also a cross wind runway;                                                                          environmental issues did not
                                                      -   A consortium led     -       Option C: two main parallel runways on an north to south
                                                                                                                                                    (2) A Draft EIS is        EPBC Act, 1999)            allow a clear distinction to be
http://www.dotars.gov.a                                   by Airport                   alignment in addition to a cross wind runway; an expanded        prepared on the       (Topic:                    made between the options.
                                                          Planning Pty Ltd             land area, above that already owned by the Commonwealth.         basis of the          Introduction)
                              (Topic: The proposal)       (Airplan)
u/aviation/airport/sydne                                                       Three air traffic scenarios were used to assess the potential            Guidelines
                                                                                                                                                                                                   -     There are significant difference
y_airport/index.aspx                                                           impacts of the three options on:
                                                                                                                                                    (3) The Draft EIS is                                 between options for the impacts
                                                      (Topic:                                                                                           released for public                              on:
                                                                                                                                                                                                         - Airport sites
                                                      Introduction)            Environmental impacts:                                                   review                                           - Aircraft noise
-     The proposal is to                                                           -   Aircraft noise (Disturbance to sleep and communication)                                                           - Air quality
      build a domestic and                                                                                                                          (4) A Supplement is
                                                                                   -   Other noise impacts                                                                                               - Flora and fauna
      international airport                                                        -   Land use planning
                                                                                                                                                        prepared, which is                               - Hazards and risks
      at Badgerys Creek                                                            -   Meteorology                                                      the proponent's                                  - Airport operations
      in western Sydney.                                                           -   Air quality                                                      response to the                                  - Costs
(Topic: A Decision on                                                              - Water                                                              comments
                                                                                   - Health                                                             received on the                            -     No options were selected. The
the     Second     Sydney
                                                                                   - Flora and fauna                                                    Draft EIS                                        review of potential alternative
Airport)                                                                           - Hazards and risks                                               (Topic: Introduction)                               sites confirmed that Badgerys
                                                                                   - Cultural heritage                                                                                                   Creek remains the most
                                                                                                                                                                                                         feasible site for a second major
                                                                                   - Land aviation                                                                                                       airport.
                                                                                   - Visual and landscape
                                                                                                                                                                                                   (Topic:         Comparison           and
                                                                                   - Social
                                                                                   - Cumulative                                                                                                    conclusions)
                                                                               (Topic: Introduction; The proposal)




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     Figure 4 - Diagram for Example 2 of Australia
Direct / Indirect Environmental Impact                                           Previous Environmental Concerns (e.g.
Environmental Impact addressed by Strategic Assessment:                          Policy Address, ACE, LegCo or Similar)                Energy/Resource Consumption
Aircraft noise (Disturbance to sleep, communication and existing                 -    Environment Protection        (Impact    of      - nil
educations facilities); Other noise impacts; Land use planning; Air quality;          Proposals) Act 1974
Water; Flora and fauna; Cumulative
(Topic: Environmental impacts)


                                                                                                                                         Environmental Outcomes / Gains
Environmental Issues / Constraints                                                                                                       - In terms of the overall cumulative impacts of
Aircraft Noise                                                                                                                             aviation activities in Sydney, the development
- The three options would produce different aircraft overflight                           Second Sydney                                    of an airport at Badgerys Creek would result in
    noise levels in the various communities surrounding the                                  Airport                                       a range of lower impacts compared to the
    airport. Option C has the potential to create the greatest level of                     Proposal at                                    potential further development of Sydney
    disturbance to sleep, however, it is likely that the                                  Badgerys Creek                                   Airport.
    implementation of noise management measures would reduce                                  (1997)                                     (Topic: Environmental impacts)
    this impact to a level similar to Options A and B. At the lower
    range of noise impacts examined, Option C is likely to impact
    more people than Options A and B.
Air Quality
- Due to the smaller site area of Option A, more people are likely                                                                                          Possible Designated Projects /
    to be impacted by levels of nitrogen dioxide and fine                                                                                                   Alternative preferred
    particulates that exceed air quality goals than for Options B          Environmental Measures including Follow-up Measures / Possible                   - nil
    and C. An area immediately to the west of the boundary of              Alternative Options and their Environmental Issues
    Option A could also be potentially exposed to air toxic                -   Noise management plan to reduce aircraft noise.                              -
    compounds above desirable levels.                                      -   Careful orientation of aircraft, implementation of a night-time curfew or    -
Flora and Fauna                                                                providing noise shielding to reduce noise from engine test running
                                                                                                                                                            -    ed Train Alternative is
- Option A would have the least impact on flora and fauna. This            - Careful design of airport to minimise the length of streams/creeks
                                                                               requiring filling; construction of permanent stormwater detention basins
                                                                                                                                                                 preferred.
    is primarily due to the retention and proposed enhancement of
    the regionally significantly Badgerys Creek wildlife corridor.             and water quality control ponds.
    Option C is preferred to Option B, as the remnant vegetation           - Introduce seed and stock of Pultenaea parviflora into similar habitats
    that would be retained are of higher conservation value and                with long-term monitoring.
    provide higher quality habitat for the Cumberland Plain Large          - Retention of remnant Cumberland Plain Woodland known to contain the
    Land Snail.                                                                snail and the potential relocation of snails to suitable on-site
(Topic: Comparison and conclusions)                                            conservation areas.
                                                                           (Topic: Environmental impacts)


      EDMS (Hong Kong) Ltd                                                                    18                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                                                        edms
     Environmental Protection Department
     Ref. SA 06-009 Review on the Latest Practice in Environmental Evaluation and
     Strategic Environmental Assessment on Transportation Policies and Actions
     Final Reference Document                                                                                                                         January 2007

     Table 6 — Summary Table for Example 2 of World Bank

                                                 Key Agents /
                                                                   Main Concerns in the
         Study                Process Type       Departments                                             Process Description         Requirement Mechanism           Outcome of Sectoral EA
                                                                       Evaluation
                                                  Involved

Example 2                  Sectoral EA          Roads and        The proposed project was            1) Policy,    legal       and   Compulsory mechanism      - The vast majority of the
                                                                 assessed     against     the           administrative               under
Andhra Pradesh State        Assessment of      Buildings        following criteria:                                                                              APSHP will not cause
Highways Project
                              impact of         Department                                              framework                     World Bank’s               significant environmental
(APSHP), India (1997)                                            Physical and Natural
                              improvement of    (R&B), of the    Environment                         2) Project description            Operational Directive
                                                                                                                                       4.00 (1989)                degradation. The sites are
                              various road      Andhra           - Topography/Soil and               3) Baseline data
http://www-wds.worldb         sections of the   Pradesh Public       landform                                                                                     generally highly modified,
                                                                                                     4) Environmental Impacts
ank.org/external/default      APSHP             Works            - Water                                                              The Environmental          free of sensitive areas and
/WDSContentServer/IW       (pg vii)                              - Air Quality                       5) Analysis of alternatives       Protection Act, 1986
3P/IB/1999/11/10/0000
                                                Department                                                                                                        with relatively clear
                                                                 - Noise                             6) Mitigation Plan
09265_3980313101952                                                                                                                                               Rights-of-Way, except in
/Rendered/PDF/multi_p                                            - Flora and Fauna                   7) Environmental                 The Water (Prevention
                                                                 Human        and     Social            Management             and     and Control of             urban areas.
age.pdf
                                                                 Environment                            Training                       Pollution) Act, 1974    (pg vii)
                                                                 - Community life and                8) Monitoring Plan
The stated objective for                                             economic activity
the APSHP project is;                                                                                (Annex 1)                        The Air (Prevention
                                                                 - Land Acquisition and
                                                                     Resettlement                                                      and Control of
-   To reduce the total                                                                                                                Pollution) Act, 1981
                                                                 - Cultural Heritage
    cost of road
    transport in Andhra                                          - Indigenous            and
    Pradesh by                                                       Traditional populations                                          The Public Liability
    improving road                                               - Aesthetics            and                                           Insurance Act, 1991
    conditions and                                                   Landscape
    capacity, along
                                                                 - Road safety
    with R&Bs                                                                                                                         The Forest
    in-house                                                     - Urban Centres and
    capabilities to                                                  Built-Up Areas                                                     (Conservation) Act,
    design, manage and                                           - Occupational Health                                                  1980
    operate the road                                                 and Safety                                                      (pg 1-6)
    network.
(pg 1-4)                                                         - Non-Motorised
                                                                     Transport
                                                                 (pg3-2 to 3-16)




     EDMS (Hong Kong) Ltd                                                                       19                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                            edms
  Environmental Protection Department
  Ref. SA 06-009 Review on the Latest Practice in Environmental Evaluation and
  Strategic Environmental Assessment on Transportation Policies and Actions
  Final Reference Document                                                                                                                   January 2007

  Figure 5 - Diagram for Example 2 of World Bank

Direct / Indirect Environmental Impact                                             Previous Environmental Concerns (e.g. Policy
Environmental Impact addressed by Sectoral EA:                                     Address, ACE, LegCo or Similar)                             Energy/Resource Consumption
- Topography/Soil and landform                                                     World Bank’s Operational Directive 4.00 (1989)
    - Changes in road embankments (rehabilitation and widening activity            The Environmental Protection Act, 1986                      - NIL
      will raise, extend and enlarge existing road embankments, or new             The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act,
      embankments will be placed)                                                     1974
                                                                                   The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981
    - Borrow Pit excavations (roads in India are bordered by a series of           The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991
      often discontinuous and regularly shaped excavations)                        The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980
    - Quarry operations (substantial quantities of crushed rock and sand           (pg1-6)
      will be required for the macadam based pavements)
    - Construction Camp sites (each Contractor will establish a base site
      adjacent to the work site which provides office and residential
      facilities.                                                                                                                              Environmental Outcomes / Gains
- Water (impacts on the hydrologic cycle, affecting both surface and                               Andhra
  groundwater patterns, through volume, flow and quality changes)                                                                              - Regardless         of       the
- Air Quality and Noise (The surface deterioration of the existing project                       Pradesh State                                     improvements and, with a
  roads gives rise to major dust problems, particularly in the dry season,                        Highways
                                                                                                    Project                                        better driving surface, the
  and the constant hooting of horns contributes to a relatively high, albeit                                                                       project will contribute to
  diurnal cycle, noise level)                                                                   (APSHP) India
- Flora and Fauna (presence of reserve areas in the project road profiles)                          (1997)                                         some reduction in noise.
(p3-2 to 3-5)                                                                                                                                  - Expected improvements from
                                                                                                                                                   control of motor vehicle
Environmental Issues / Constraints                                                                                                                 emissions, and unleaded fuel,
- As freshly consolidated sediments these are prone to erosion, and                                                                                will also contribute to a
   will cause some visual and physical obstruction (p3-2)                      Environmental Measures including Follow-up
                                                                               Measures / Possible Alternative Options and their                   general reduction in air
- Excavations, both within and outside the existing right-of-ways
   (ROW) can cause drainage and visual problems, with the potential            Environmental Issues                                                pollution over the longer
   for increased disease vector activity (p3-2)                                - Restoration of borrow pits: topsoil shall be                      term.
- Resumption of land will result in some minor landuse change in the              replaced and the area revegetated and graded to              (p3-4)
   short term (p3-3)                                                              ensure drainage and visual uniformity. (p5-2)
- In the longer term vehicle pollutants (dust, lead, zinc.                     - Roadside vegetation: trees are planted
   hydrocarbons) are deposited on the road surface and can ultimately             immediately after earthworks. (p5-2)                            Possible Designated Projects
   find their way into the water system (p3-4)                                 - Dust and noise control: site watered to                          / Alternative preferred
- Ambient noise levels in rural areas can be low but in urban and                 decrease dust generation; hours of work are                     - NIL
   industrial areas, road traffic is but one of many audible                      to be approved and scheduled. (p5-3)
   disturbances. (p3-4)                                                        - Setting combustion camps and offices to
- Two roads in particular have the potential to significantly affect              avoid siltation or pollution of natural
   areas of critical natural habitat which house important flora and              watercourses (p5-3)
   fauna species. (p3-5)                                                       - Impact on wildlife: develop compensatory
- Long term depletion of resources (crushed rock and sand) (p3-2                  habitat to wean wildlife away from the road.
   to 3-3)                                                                        (p5-6)

  EDMS (Hong Kong) Ltd                                                         -       20                                                                               

				
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