__________________________________________________ Main Stories 14 June 2004 • • • • • • • What’s the position of five main western countries on Kosovo’s status? (Zëri) Kai Eide arrives for a several-day visit in Kosovo (Zëri) UNMIK: Agreement reached in NY to unblock privatization (Kosova Sot) Nikolic and Tadic in second round of Serbian presidential elections (Koha) Albanians in Presevo Valley boycott Serbian presidential elections (Koha) EU to discuss Javier Solana’s report on Kosovo today (Epoka e Re) Serwer: No one from Serb democrats believes that Kosovo Albanians can be governed by Belgrade (Koha Ditore/Zëri) Kosovo Media Highlights What’s the position of five main western countries on Kosovo’s status? (Zëri) Zëri quotes western diplomatic sources as saying that only one of the leading five western countries has done a thorough analysis of different proposals for Kosovo’s final status, by pointing out to the independence of Kosovo according to 1974 borders as one of the most realistic solutions. The paper claims that after the March riots, another leading western capital considers the independence of Kosovo as possible by admitting that a part of Kosovo’s territory would go to Serbia. The same diplomatic sources told the paper that the other three western capitals still haven’t clarified their positions, although it seems that the idea of division has strengthened after the March riots. Kai Eide arrives for a several-day visit in Kosovo (Zëri) Zëri reports that Kai Eide, one of the candidates for the post of UNMIK chief, arrives for a several-day visit to Kosovo today. Eide, who currently works as the Norwegian Ambassador to NATO, will arrive with his team in Prishtina to get upclose information on the situation in Kosovo. Eide will also visit other countries in the region. UNMIK: Agreement reached in NY to unblock privatization (Kosova Sot) Kosova Sot quotes UNMIK spokesman Christian Lindmeier as saying that an agreement has been reached in New York to unblock the process of privatization in Kosovo. The paper also quotes its sources as saying that this week, Nikolaus Lambsdorff - the head of UNMIK Pillar IV will call a meeting of the KTA Managing Board to brief local representatives on the two-day talks in UN Headquarters in New York. On the other hand, local representatives believe that New York has given the green light to the controversial policies of Marie Fucci. Nikolic and Tadic in second round of Serbian presidential elections (Koha) Citing results announced by the Center for Free and Democratic Elections, Koha Ditore reports that the radical Tomislav Nikolic and the democrat Boris Tadic will go to the second round of Serbian presidential elections. Nikolic won 30.1 % of the votes, while Tadic won 27.3 %. Koha Ditore and Zëri report that Kosovo Serbs also voted in the Serbian presidential elections. Albanians in Presevo Valley boycott Serbian presidential elections (Koha/Zëri) Koha Ditore and Zëri report that Albanians in Presevo Valley have boycotted Serbian presidential elections. Koha says that 20 polling stations were opened in the town of Presevo, but no vote was cast. The same situation was in the town of Bujanovac. EU to discuss Javier Solana’s report on Kosovo today (Epoka e Re) Epoka e Re reports that the two-day meeting of the European Union foreign ministers regarding the situation in the Balkans will begin in Luxembourg today. The second day of the meeting will focus on the situation in Kosovo and in Serbia and Montenegro. EU foreign ministers are expected to discuss the report on Kosovo prepared by EU High Representative Javier Solana. Serwer: No one from Serb democrats believes that Kosovo Albanians can be governed by Belgrade (Koha Ditore/Zëri) Zëri and Koha Ditore carry an interview, which Daniel Serwer - director of the US Institute for Peace (USIP) gave to the Belgrade weekly newspaper Glas Javnosti. ‘The best solution would be the one, which Prishtina and Belgrade would agree upon. One thing is clear – no one from the democratic corpus in Serbia believes that Kosovo Albanians can be governed by Belgrade,’ Serwer was quoted as saying. Kosovo Press Headlines Koha Ditore Front page • • • • Balkan dangerous men Illegal students like mushrooms after the rain Balkans are ‘rethought’ in Berlin Serwer: Nobody from the democratic corps in Serbia believes Kosovo could be governed by Belgrade Other headlines • Hardliner Nicolic and democrat Tadic in the second round of Serbian presidential elections (2) • Who gets the profit from cars entering Germia park (4) • Mine fields prevent returns in Goden (Gjakova) (6) • The World Bank has decreased poverty by 30 per cent! (10) Zëri Front page • What are the positions of five main Western countries on Kosovo status? • Kai Aide comes to Kosovo on a few day visit • Editorial: One or three states • Serbia still without a president, even after four rounds of elections • Serwer: Nobody from Serb democrats believes Kosovo could be governed by Belgrade • Parties that want to get out of the shadow of ‘one percent’ Other headlines • Kosovo Serbs vote for president of Serbia without any problem (3) • Albanians boycotted presidential elections [Presevo Valley] (3) • Special Unit of KFOR found the lifeless body of Florent Veseli (6) • Work is ongoing to create conditions for return [Vitija] (7) Bota Sot Front page • Martyrs do not die, they only fly as angels in the spiritual eternity • Our people have always dreamed of having our own army • KLA a NATO ally and the future army of Kosovo Other headlines • Serb extremists provoke inhabitants of ‘Lumbardhi’ neighborhood (2) • Unfinished mission of the Albanian League of Prizren (4) • Macroeconomic developing policy is doomed to fail (7) Kosova Sot Front page • UNMIK: Agreement to unblock privatization reached in New York • Editorial: Un-profiled politicians • Air company ‘Kosova Airlines’ working with losses Other headlines • Rugova: Kosovo ready to accept international obligations (2) • Kofi Annan’s envoy, Kai Aide soon to come to Kosovo (3) • Nobody prefers ‘status quo’ (3) • Serwer: Belgrade needs a resolution on Kosovo status to join Europe (4) • Scheffer: NATO cannot solve the problem of Kosovo on its own (4) • Solana reports on Kosovo (4) • Nikolic and Tadic in the second round (4) • Transition changes the Balkan mentality (6) • Krasniqi: KLA fought for the independent state of Kosovo (9) Epoka e Re Front page • Kosovo with 53 % of poverty enters elections with 27 political parties • Thaçi: Name of Commander Drini for the school in Lugishtë • Xhaferi: Long live humour • Mehmedi: Politicizing dead bodies Other headlines • EU to discuss Solana’s report on Kosovo today (3) • A cow is more important to the Serbs than worries of Albanian families (4) • Haradinaj congratulates general Çeku, COMKFOR and representatives of NATO countries (4) • Body of Florent Veseli found (5) • Suicides increase, Kosovar institutions close their eyes (5) • Two Serbs arrested for ignoring KPS officers (5) • Kosovo has the most expensive services in the region (9) Pavarësia Front page • The biggest day in our recent history • Martyrs symbolize resistance proud and our values • Moore: Standards and status – to go in a parallel way, not separately • Kosovo re-exports cigarettes valued € 30 million annually? Other headlines • ‘Golden medals of freedom’ for the friends of Kosovo (3) • A calm situation will bring investors to Kosovo (4) • Why is the draft law on media still sitting in the drawers of the Government? (5) • Independence – the primary goal of LDK (6) Belgrade Media Highlights Sunday, 13 June 2004 • • • • • Eide to establish causes of March violence (Glas) KPS to protect voters (Glas) Interview with Vuk Draskovic (Politika) Interview with Chris Patten (Politika) Interview with Daniel Server (Glas) Monday, 14 June 2004 • • • • • • • • Preliminary election results (Radio SCG) Nikolic and Tadic in run-off election (B92) Kostunica on elections (Danas) Voting in Kosovo (Vecernje Novosti) Kosovo Serbs on voting in Kosovo (Danas) Annan proposes investigative team for Kosovo (Politika/Tanjug) Covic to be dismissed or to stay (Politika) Scheffer on NATO’s role in Kosovo (Politika/Beta) Sunday, 13 June 2004 Eide to establish causes of March violence (Glas) UNSG Kofi Annan has determined Norwegian Kai Eide to establish political consequences of the March violence in Kosovo. Following an investigation, ambassador Eide is to propose measures to be taken so Kosovo inhabitants can live together again. In the UNSC report, Annan concluded in April that the attack by Albanian extremists was organized, massive and with premeditated goals. KPS to protect voters (Glas) Serbian presidential elections will be held in 19 Kosovo municipalities, where 97546 voters will have the right to vote at 241 polling stations. Most of the polling stations will be in the Kosovska Mitrovica district (92), and the least in the Prizren district (three). Polling stations will open at 7 a.m., but this time KFOR will not be securing the voters. Over possible provocations by Albanians, who do not agree with the organizing of elections in this province, reinforced presence of KPS members is expected. UNMIK made efforts to deliver election material to the most remote enclaves. Interview with Vuk Draskovic (Politika) The Serbian government’s plan to regulate the situation in Kosovo has been accepted by Moscow as an excellent basis for resolving the problems in the southern province. “During the talks in Moscow regarding Kosovo, we have completely coordinated the clocks. The Russian side absolutely supports our state policy and strategy to resolve the Kosovo problem and it will represent SCG stands within the Contact Group, the only one authorized to propose to the UNSC concrete solutions. On behalf of our government, I have expressed once again to oppose to any kind of attempts of reducing or eliminating Russia’s role in the Contact Group. We are for its unavoidable role, not only in this body, but also in the UNSC, the CoE and all other international organizations and institutions,” SCG Foreign Minister Vuk Draskovic told Politika. Interview with Chris Patten (Politika) Your impressions from Kosovo and the talks there? “I am still very shocked and disappointed with the events in March. Everybody should be aware that nobody’s interest are to be achieved with burning of houses and provoking racial hatred. Serbia was rightfully condemned for the ethnic cleansing in 1999, and now we have seen this astonishing practice relived by some Kosovo Albanians. It is important not to postpone reconstruction, for the entire community to cover the expenses of the reconstruction of houses of the people who had been expelled. The dialogue between the communities there is more important than ever, the BelgradePristina talks are essential. I know that some Serbs with whom I have spoken are not willing to take part in the upcoming elections, but it is important for the entire community to take part in the political processes in Kosovo. We all want full participation of the Serbs in the process of standards, because without progress there Kosovo cannot go forward, economically or politically.” Interview with Daniel Server (Glas) What are your reasons for asserting that Kosovo’s status should be resolved as soon as possible? “Belgrade needs a resolution on Kosovo’s status over its wish to enter Europe. Pristina needs such a resolution because that is what the population of Kosovo wants. Stability in the Balkans, wanted by the international community, will be unreachable until Kosovo’s status is resolved.” How can one reconcile the demands for independence by Kosovo Albanians and Serbia’s desire for Kosovo to remain its integral part? “I don’t know, although we have discussed many options at our institute. The best solution is the one agreed by Pristina and Belgrade. One thing is clear – no one from the democratic corpus in Serbia believes that Kosovo Albanians can be ruled from Belgrade,” Daniel Server of the Initiative for the Balkans of the US Institute for Peace told Glas. Monday, 14 June 2004 Preliminary election results (Radio SCG) SRS candidate Tomislav Nikolic won 31.62% of votes and the DS candidate Boris Tadic – 27.93% at the presidential elections in Serbia, the Republican Election Board communicated, based on 10% of the processed electorate. Candidate of a group of citizens Bogoljub Karic with 16.74% takes the third place and the ruling coalition candidate Dragan Marsicanin with 12.69% takes the fourth place. According to the Board data, based on 10% of processed electorate, 46.11% of registered voters turned out at polls. Nikolic and Tadic in run-off election (B92) Two hours after the close of polling stations on Sunday’s Serbian presidential election it is clear that SRS’s Tomislav Nikolic will meet DS leader Boris Tadic in a second round of voting in two weeks. According to the Center for Free Elections and Democracy (CESID), with ninety per cent of votes counted, Nikolic leads with 30.1 per cent ahead of Boris Tadic with 27.3 per cent. They are followed by independent candidate Bogoljub Karic with 19.3 per cent of the vote and the governing coalition’s candidate, Dragan Marsicanin on 13.3 per cent. Preliminary results from the Election Commission show Nikolic with about 60,000 votes less than his Radical Party drew in the December parliamentary elections. Boris Tadic has won about 370,000 votes more than his Democratic Party won in the December elections. Dragan Marsicanin has won about thirty per cent less than the total number of votes taken by the government coalition parties in last year’s elections. Kostunica on elections (Danas) “I am convinced that these elections, when I say elections, I have in mind the elections of 13 and 28 June, will confirm a firm, clear, persistent democratic and European orientation of voters in Serbia,” Serbian Prime Minister Vojislav Kostunica told journalists after he voted at the 42nd polling station. “Serbia, after a long time, will receive an institution of the president of the republic that it totally unjustly didn’t have for a long time,” said the prime minister. Kostunica said that it was important that certain categories of the population, “certain citizens in the country and outside,” had the chance to vote at the presidential elections. Voting in Kosovo (Vecernje Novosti) Serbs in Kosovo and Metohija voted in 241 polling stations in 19 municipalities, five Kosovo districts, even in the most isolated enclaves like Gorazdevac (four polling stations), Suvo Grlo, Cerkolez and Osojane in Metohija. “No irregularities that could influence the course of the elections were marked, but it was stressed that a certain number of Serbs - mostly those expelled on 17 March weren’t on the election lists. Until 4 p.m., the voter turnout was 37%, which is by 4.5% more than last year,” said Milena Jaksic, CESID representative for Kosovo. The right to vote has been denied to the sisterhood of the Pec Patriarchate and the monks of the Visoki Decani Monastery, as well as to the returnees to the villages of Bica, Grabac and Belo Polje. Neither did 34 Serb prisoners, who are detained in the international prison in Kosovska Mitrovica, vote. Kosovo Serbs on voting in Kosovo (Danas) “I expect these presidential elections to resolve the agony that has been going on in Serbia for two years, since the time it didn’t have a president, over which it has more problems,” Raska-Prizren Bishop told Danas. KP AM Rada Trajkovic considers it important for Serbia to have strong institutions and institutional completeness. “The election of a president is the first step towards that. That will strengthen our position in this part of Serbia,” Rada Trajkovic told Danas. Oliver Ivanovic said that he expected a lot from the Serbian presidential elections. “I am aware that the post of the president is not so powerful, but we should start with something. The existing institutions need a cohesive factor, while Kosovo needs for Serbia to conduct a national policy, and not a policy of the ruling coalition towards the province,” said Ivanovic. Annan proposes investigative team for Kosovo (Politika/Tanjug) Well-informed sources in Brussels expect the appointment of a new UNMIK head soon, and it can also be heard that UNMIK will have to undergo certain changes since everybody is aware there that neither Serbs nor Kosovo Albanians are satisfied with UNMIK’s work. In unofficial contacts with certain EU representatives, one can also hear the assessment that nobody is satisfied with results achieved by UNMIK. On the other hand, it is certain that the EU is increasingly interested in Kosovo, which is logical keeping in mind the fact that the EU has been the largest donor in this province over the past five years. Covic to be dismissed or to stay (Politika) “The fact is that the stalemate in the work of the CCK is damaging, first of all, the Serbs in Kosovo, but also in all of Serbia, and SCG. It is also not disputable that Nebojsa Covic had done a great deal for the resolution of problems in Serbia’s south and Kosovo in the past period. However, at this moment, the dismissal or stay of Nebojsa Covic at the post of the Head of the CCK represents a political issue,” said Aleksandar Simic. Namely, Nebojsa Covic is the leader of a political party that is not in parliament and ruling coalition. That is a problem, since there is no adequate communication between Nebojsa Covic, the SCG Ministerial Council and the Serbian government. This political problem should be resolved by the ruling coalition both on the SCG level and the Serbian level, said Simic. Scheffer on NATO’s role in Kosovo (Politika/Beta) NATO Secretary General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer has assessed that NATO cannot resolve the problem of Kosovo on its own, and he expectats that a new UNMIK head would be appointed as soon as possible. In an interview to the weekly Spiegel, Scheffer said, pointing out that “NATO is already taking part in the political process of the international community,” that “Serbia, as well as the Balkan strategy of the EU and NATO are necessary” for the solution in Kosovo.