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					                 What Is Plot?


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     Plot
            Parts of a Plot
     Suspense
     Foreshadowing
     Your Turn
                       Plot

Plot is what happens in a story.
                                      “Then, the
                                    alien sneaked
                                      aboard the
                                    space station.”




                                         “What
  You and your friends probably         happened
                                         next?”
  talk about the plots of movies,
  books, and TV shows.
                       Plot: Parts of a Plot

Plot is the story’s skeleton. It is a series of related
events, each one growing out of another.
Most plots have four or
five parts, which are like
building blocks.

                                 Falling Action &
                                                    Jen goes home happy.
                                   Resolution
                        Climax          The team makes it to finals—and wins!

          Rising Action/      Her team loses a game and then wins five games.
          Series of Events
Exposition/
                   Jen wants her soccer team to win the state championship.
Basic Situation
             Plot: Parts of a Plot

Exposition (Basic Situation): the beginning of
  the story where the characters, setting, and
  conflict are usually introduced.
              Plot: Parts of a Plot

Conflict is a struggle between opposing
characters, forces, or emotions.
                 The conflict is usually revealed
                 during the first building block of
                 the plot—the Exposition or
                 basic situation.



  The central conflict advances
  the story—moves it forward.
             Plot: Parts of a Plot

In an external conflict, characters struggle
against something or someone outside themselves.
A physical problem.




   Internal conflicts happen inside a character’s
   mind. A mental/emotional problem.
              Plot: Parts of a Plot

Look at the pictures below. Which represent(s) an
external conflict? Which represent(s) an
internal conflict?




   external                           external
                    internal
              Plot: Parts of a Plot

A plot’s second building block involves the Rising
Action a series of events that make it hard for
the characters to solve their problems or work out
their conflicts.




Sometimes these events are called complications.
              Plot: Parts of a Plot

The plot’s third building block is the climax—the
story’s most exciting or emotional moment.




   The climax is the point at which the conflict
   is decided one way or another.
                 Plot: Parts of a Plot
The falling action and resolution are very closely
related. The falling action is an event or events
where the character may make a discovery or an
important lesson. The resolution ties up loose ends.

  What happened to the characters
  after their conflict was resolved?

     The firefighters couldn’t
     save the building, but . . .

           they saved a life.
             Plot: Parts of a Plot

You can use a simple plot diagram to show what
happens in a story.
                      Why is the exposition/basic
                      situation at the bottom of
                      the diagram?
                        • It is the first thing you
                          read—it sets the stage
                          for the action.

                       • You meet the main
                         characters and discover
                         what they want.
              Plot: Parts of a Plot

A series of events (rising action) leads to the
story’s climax and ends with its resolution.
                        Why does the climax of the
                        story appear at the top of
                        the diagram?

                         • The series of events
                           leads up to it.

                         • It is the “high point”—
                           the most exciting
                           part—of the story.
                  Plot: Parts of a Plot

Quick Check
Pedro packed his last pair of jeans in     Where in the plot
his duffel bag and carried it out to the   would this scene
car. It was time to leave for college.     probably occur?
His mom and dad—and Marisol—were
waiting with sad smiles on their faces.    • basic situation/
Pedro hugged Marisol and climbed into          exposition
the car after saying goodbye.
                                           • series of events/
He was surprised to find a little box on       rising action
the seat next to him. Inside it, on a
cushion of cotton balls, was Marisol’s     • climax
lucky letter charm—M for miracles.         • resolution

                                                [End of Section]
                  Plot: Parts of a Plot


Quick Check
Pedro packed his last pair of jeans in     Where in the plot
his duffel bag and carried it out to the   would this scene
car. It was time to leave for              probably occur?
college. His mom and dad—and
Marisol—were waiting with sad smiles       This scene would
on their faces. Pedro hugged Marisol       probably occur
and climbed into the car after             during the
saying goodbye.                            resolution. Pedro
                                           and Marisol part as
He was surprised to find a little box on   friends when he
the seat next to him. Inside it, on a      leaves for college.
cushion of cotton balls, was Marisol’s
lucky letter charm—M for miracles.
                     Suspense

Suspense, or anxious curiosity, is what keeps you
reading to figure out what is going to happen next.




If a character solved his or her problem too quickly
or easily, there would be no suspense in the story.
                    Suspense

Ali and Coby are going for a hike in the forest.


                 What might
                 make their
                 story more
                 interesting,
                 exciting, or
                 suspenseful?
                 Foreshadowing

Another way that writers create suspense is to
foreshadow, or hint at, or give clues to the
story’s future events.

   If someone throws a
        brick through a
    character’s window,




       we have a hint that something dangerous
       may happen in the character’s future.
                 Foreshadowing

A writer uses foreshadowing to plant interesting
clues for the reader.




            These clues keep readers guessing
            about what might happen next.
           Suspense and Foreshadowing

Quick Check
Joe and Theresa had planned all month for
the whitewater rafting trip, and they were     Is this an
packing for the weekend when the call came.    example of
Grandma needed help. The spring rains had      suspense, or is it
flooded her living room.                       an example of
The car was already loaded and had a full      foreshadowing?
tank of gas, so Joe and Theresa left
immediately. Unfortunately, they had
forgotten something important—to check the
weather forecast and road conditions.
Soon the rain was pounding on the
windshield. Theresa slowed the car just as
she came to a low-water crossing. The water
gushed across the bridge, blocking the road.
                                                  [End of Section]
           Suspense and Foreshadowing

Quick Check
Joe and Theresa had planned all month for
the whitewater rafting trip, and they were     Is this an
packing for the weekend when the call came.    example of
Grandma needed help. The spring rains had
flooded her den.
                                               suspense, or is it
                                               an example of
The car was already loaded and had a full
                                               foreshadowing?
tank of gas, so Joe and Theresa left
immediately. Unfortunately, they had
                                               Clues hint at
forgotten something important—to
check the weather forecast and road            what might
conditions.                                    happen. It’s
Soon the rain was pounding on the              foreshadowing.
windshield. Theresa slowed the car just as
she came to a low-water crossing. The water
gushed across the bridge, blocking the road.
Academic Vocabulary
     Chapter 1
           Academic Vocabulary
                      Chapter 1


Academic Vocabulary is the language you use to
write and talk about literature.

In Chapter 1, you will encounter academic words
such as these.


         advance             significant
         explain             similar
        Academic Vocabulary
                  Chapter 1


advance v.: move forward.

                During the classroom
                debate, each side tried to
                advance its positions about
                the topic.
            Academic Vocabulary
                 Chapter 1

When you advance something, you push it along
or move it forward toward the end or a goal.

You can also simply advance, or move forward.




  The team worked hard to advance the ball
  down the field.
      Academic Vocabulary
           Chapter 1

In which picture is someone trying to
        advance something?




          How can you tell?
           Academic Vocabulary
                      Chapter 1


  explain v.: give reasons for; make
  understandable.

Please explain how you put the bird feeder
together. I don’t understand how you attached the
roof.
             Academic Vocabulary
                  Chapter 1

One meaning of plain, the root word of explain, is
“simple or clear.” Think of explain as “to make
clear.”




Please ask the party planner to explain why she
ordered so little food. We need at least three times
as much!
            Academic Vocabulary
                 Chapter 1

The research team hoped to explain, or
_____________, the decreasing seal population.
find reasons for
           Academic Vocabulary
                      Chapter 1


  significant adj.: important.
Hoover Dam is a significant example of modern
engineering.
              Academic Vocabulary
                   Chapter 1
When you think of the
word significant,
what other words
come to mind?             Word:       Definition:

    Examples:           significant   adj.: important.

      major
    important
                        Sentence:        Image:
    noteworthy
                        She made a
   considerable
                        significant
     sizeable             donation.
           Academic Vocabulary
                      Chapter 1


  similar adj.: almost the same.

Bailey’s underwater recording sounded very
similar to the whale call on the nature program.
           Academic Vocabulary
                Chapter 1

In what ways are the short stories “The Dinner
      Party” and “Rikki-tikki-tavi” similar?
The End

				
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