English Through Literature 台州电大英语组 主讲老师：王开义 （KERN） ACTIVITY 1 What we mean by ‘literature’ The following five lectures will focus on the differences between literary language and non- literary language: Five excerpts related to London are collected, and detailed comparisons are to be made. We will find that the descriptions of the same object vary with genres. The purpose of intensive reading and comparison is to make sure the distinctions between literary language and non-literary language. Activity Two Text Analysis (1) Excerpt 1: Facts and Figures of London Excerpt London, population 6,770,000. Capital city of England and the United Kingdom, situated on the River Thames in Southeast England. Includes within its boundaries the City of London, the sight of the original medieval city and present-day financial and business center; the City of Westminster, the administrative center which contains the House of Parliament,Buckingham Palace And government department; and the West End, the main shopping and entertainment area around Oxford Street, Regent Street, Piccadilly Circus and Leicester Square. London is a leading cultural center, with many theatres, museums, galleries, concert halls, opera houses, churches and cathedrals. Products include food and drink (especially brewing), instrument engineering, electrical and electronic engineering, clothing, furniture and printing. Questions: How many people are there in London? Where is London situated? What are the major parts of London? Why is London considered as a leading cultural center of England? What are the main products of London? Brief answers to the questions: There are 6,770,000 people in London. It is located in the Southeast England. The major parts include The City of London, the City of Westminster, and the West End. Because it possesses many well-known theatres, museums, galleries, concert halls, opera houses,churches and cathedrals. The main products include food and drink, instrument engineering,etc. More Questions; What is the purpose of writing? What is the lexical feature of this excerpt? How is this excerpt structured? For whom is it written? What is it’s style like? What is the genre of this excerpt? Brief answers to the questions: It is written to introduce London generally in a systematic way. Most words adopted are nouns, proper nouns and noun phrases, for the purpose of offering accurate facts and figures. The structure is well-generated, systematic, coherent and informative. It is suitable to depict all cities on earth by replacing some specific proper nouns and figures. It is written for the public. It is a matter-of-fact description, with an impersonal narrative tone, an overall body of information, and a coherent and formal structure. It is an excerpt from an encyclopaedia.
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