Avoiding Plagiarism by dffhrtcv3

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									Avoiding Plagiarism


 What it is and why you should avoid it!

 http://library.camden.rutgers.edu/Educ
 ationalModule/Plagiarism/whatisplagiari
 sm.html
Plagiarism is…

 “The unauthorized use or close imitation
  of the of the language and thoughts of
  another author and the representation
  of them as one’s original work.” Webster’s
  Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, 1996.

 Or….taking someone else’s work and
  presenting it as your own.
 Dishonest
 Cheating
 Stealing
  Two types of plagiarism:
 Intentional                         Unintentional (lazy)
   Copying a friend’s work                    Careless summarizing
   Buying or borrowing                        Poor documentation
    papers                                     Quoting excessively
   Cutting and pasting blocks of              Failure to use your
    text from electronic sources                own “voice”
    without quotes and citation
   Media “borrowing”without
    written permission of creator
   Republishing anything to the
    web without written
    permissions of creators
   Using any material in a public
    way without written permission
                     From Kathy Schrock's Guide to
                              Plagiarism
Plagiarism is a SERIOUS problem…
“A study of almost 4,500 students at 25 schools,
    suggests cheating is . . . a significant problem in high
    school - 74% of the respondents admitted to one or
    more instances of serious test cheating and 72%
    admitted to serious cheating on written
    assignments. Over half of the students admitted
    they have engaged in some level of plagiarism
    on written assignments using the Internet.”
Based on the research of Donald L. McCabe, Rutgers University
Source: “CIA Research.” Center for Academic Integrity, Duke
    University, 2003
    <http://academicintegrity.org/cai_research.asp>.




                        From Kathy Schrock's Guide to
                                 Plagiarism
Excuses
            It’s okay if                Everyone does it!

        I don’t get caught!

 This assignment
                                            I was too busy to
  was BORING!                               write that paper!
                                  (Job, big game, too much homework!)
                I’ve got to get
                      into
 My teachers         The U.!
   expect                                               My parents
   too much!                                            expect “A”s!



                      From Kathy Schrock's Guide to
                               Plagiarism
Consequences at Northwood
 Assignment consequences are up to teachers:
     A “Zero” on the assignment
     Redoing the whole assignment
     Call home concerning the plagiarized assignment
     Note on student record (job or college effects)
     Suspension from student activities/sports
 Loss of Trust
 Lost Reputation
Yes, teachers do know…
 They know your writing ‘voice’ and
  vocabulary
 They can check too!
   http://www.turnitin.com/
   http://www.millikin.edu/wcenter/plagi
    arism3.html
   Google
  Avoiding Plagiarism
   Research
           Capture your sources as you research!
   Writing
           Direct copy/paste must be in quotes
           Summarize and put in your own words
   Citations
           Always create a Bibliography



From Gordon, Colin H., et al. “Plagiarism Brochure” Biology Program Guide 2003/2004. University of British Columbia. Online.
http://www.zoology.ubc.ca/bpg/plagiarism.htm. 5 September 2003.
  Writing
   Original Organization

   Use direct quotations or your own
    words

   Read the draft closely



From Gordon, Colin H., et al. “Plagiarism Brochure” Biology Program Guide 2003/2004. University of British Columbia. Online.
http://www.zoology.ubc.ca/bpg/plagiarism.htm. 5 September 2003.
What about multimedia & graphics!?

 Graphics such as pictures, drawings,
  photos, charts
 Multimedia such as video’s, audio files
  (wav, mp3, anything and everything!)

Have copyright protection and MUST
 always have a Bibliography!!!
  Citations –Make a Bibliography!
   When in doubt CITE

   Citations must clearly identify the
    sources you used

   Include a complete bibliography or
    works cited section in your paper,
    even if not teacher required…

From Gordon, Colin H., et al. “Plagiarism Brochure” Biology Program Guide 2003/2004. University of British Columbia. Online.
http://www.zoology.ubc.ca/bpg/plagiarism.htm. 5 September 2003.
 Do I have
  to cite
everything?
Nope!
  Facts that are widely known, or
  Information or judgments
   considered “common knowledge”
 Do NOT have to be documented.
                      Hooray for
                       common
                      knowledge!
Examples of common knowledge

 John Adams was our second president
 The Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor
  on December 7, 1941

   If you see a fact in three or more sources,
   and you are fairly certain your readers
   already know this information, it is likely to
   be “common knowledge.”
          But remember - when in doubt, cite!
No need to document when:
 You are discussing your own
  thoughts, experiences, observations,
  data, experiments or reactions
 Compiling the results of your original
  research, from science experiments,
  etc.
Remember…

 Only you can prevent
 plagiarism!
Copyright and Fair Use
 Copyright is breeched when you take
  someone’s work and use it without
  written permission

 Fair Use guidelines create exceptions
  for students and teachers to use
  copyrighted material for education
   Limited
   Must follow strict rules!
Copyright Protects:
                                         Music, lyrics, mp3 or other
        Pictures, Drawings,                       audio files
         even on MySpace
    Any text, books,
   blogs, ebay ads, etc                Film, Video, TV shows and commercials

                     Computer
                      databases
                         and
  CDs or DVDs       spreadsheets
   (you buy it,                                              But students,
                                                             for education
you own ONE copy)
                                                           ONLY have Fair Use!



                          From Kathy Schrock's Guide to
                                   Plagiarism
Copyright
 Is a legal term with legal punishments
 Everyone’s work is AUTOMATICALLY
  protected by copyright law
 You must get written permission to use
  copyrighted material if it does not meet
  Fair Use Guidelines
 Fair Use material MUST have a
  Bibliography to be used.
Fair Use – only applies if all
four features are met…..
  Purpose
    Teach, research, news reporting
  Nature
    Factual, important to your education
  Amount
    SMALL!
  Effect
    Does not take $$$ away from creator
Fair Use does not apply to…
 Republishing anything to the web
  without written permissions of
  creators
 Using any material (song, video,
  script, music) in a public way or
  performance without written
  permission
 These both assume $ is being lost
Fair Use Rules (whichever is LESS)
 Film, video, TV, etc
   10% or 3 minutes

 Text, books, blogs, websites, etc
   10% or 1000 words

 Pictures, drawings, graphics, cartoons
   No more than 5 pictures from one artist

 Music, lyrics etc
   10% or 30 seconds
Copyright Free Resources
 Creative Commmons: a new way to
  share
  http://creativecommons.org/about/lic
  enses
 Copyright friendly resources
  (including Public Domain):
  http://copyrightfriendly.wikispaces.co
  m/
Coming Soon….
 How to do Bibliographies the short
  simple way!
 For now…make sure to capture the
  book titles and website URLs that you
  do use

								
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