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Cell Signaling

VIEWS: 3 PAGES: 12

									A.P. Biology Key Terms by Biozone Unit:

                                             Key Terms
The Biochemistry of Life                     Biochemistry:
Enduring Understanding 2.A: Biological
systems utilize free energy and molecular
building blocks to grow, to reproduce, and
to maintain dynamic homeostasis.
Essential Knowledge 2A3: Energy exchange
maintains life processes.
Enduring Understanding 4A:Interactions
withing biological systems lead to complex
properties.
Essential Knowledge 4A1: Properties of a
molecule are determined by its molecular
construction.
The Origin of Living Systems
                                              Key Terms
Enduring Understanding 1D: The origin of      The Origin of
living systems is explained by natural        Living
processes.                                    Systems:
Essential Knowledge 1D1: There are several
scientific hypotheses about the natural
origin of life on Earth.
Essential Knowledge 1D2: Scientific
evidence from many different disciplines
supports models of the origin of life.




Cell Membranes and Transport

Enduring Understanding 2B: Growth,
reproduction and maintenance of the
organization of living systems require that
cells create and maintain internal
environments that are different from their
external environments.
Essential Knowledge 2.B.1. Cell membranes
are selectively permeable
Essential Knowledge 2.B.2. Growth and
homeostasis are maintained by the
movement of molecules across membranes.
Enduring Understanding 4.A: Interactions
withing biological systems lead to complex
properties.
Essential Knowledge 4.A.1. Properties of a
molecule are determined by its molecular
construction.
                                              Key Terms for
                                              Cell
                                              Membranes and
                                              Transport:
The Internal Structure of Cells
Enduring Understanding 2.B.3.: Internal
membranes in eukaryotic cells partition
the cell into specialized regions.
Enduring Understanding 4.A.2.: The
structure and function of subcellular
components, and their interactions, provide
essential cellular processes.
                                              Key Terms for
                                              The Internal
                                              Structure of
                                              Cells:
Science Practices
Biozone Key Concepts Appendix A:
The basis of all science is observation,
hypothesis, and investigation.
Scientists collect and analyze data to test
their hypotheses.
The design of an experiment should enable
you to test your hypothesis.
Data can be analyzed and presented in
various ways, including graphs and tables.
                                              Key Terms for
                                              Science
                                              Practices:
Cellular Communication
Enduring Understanding 3.D.1.: Common
features of cell communication reflect
shared evolutionary history.
Enduring Understanding 3.D.2.: Cells
communicate by direct contact with other
cells and by distance via chemical
signaling.
Enduring Understanding 3.D.3.: Signal
transduction pathways link signal
reception with cellular response.
                                           Key Terms
                                           Cellular
                                           Communicatio
amino acid


amphipathic
carbohydrate
carbon
denaturation
disaccharide
ester bond
fibrous protein
globular protein
glycosidic bond
hydrogen bond
inorganic ion
lipid
macromolecule
monomer
monosaccharide
nitrogen
nucleic acid
nucleotide
organic molecule
peptide bond
phospholipid
phosphorous
polar molecule
polymer
polysaccharide
protein
surface area:volume ratio
water
endosymbiosis
endosymbiotic theory
Last Universal Common
Ancestor LUCA
Miller-Urey experiments
panspermia
primordial environment
RNA world
stromatolite




active transport
amphipathic
aquaporin
carrier protein
cell wall
channel protein
concentration gradient
diffusion
endocytosis
exocytosis
facilitated diffusion
fluid mosaic model
glycolipid
glycoprotein
hypertonic
hypotonic
ion pump
isotonic
osmosis
passive transport
phagocytosis
phospholipid
pinocytosis
plasma membrane
plasmolysis
selectively permeable
surface area: volume ratio
transmembrane protein
turgor




apoptosis
cell wall
centrioles
chloroplast
cytoplasm
cytoskeleton
electron microscope
endoplasmic reticulum (ER)
eukaryotic cell
flagella (sing. flagellum)
Golgi apparatus
lysosome
magnification
membrane
mitochondrion
nuclear envelope
nuclear pore
nucleoid
nucleolus
nucleus
optical microscope
organelles
plasma membrane
prokaryotic cell
resolution
ribosome
rough ER
SEM
smooth ER
vacuole




accuracy
Chi-squared
control
controlled variable
dependent variable
graph
hypothesis
independent variable
mean
median
model (scientific)
observation
precision
prediction
rate
scientific method
table
trend
variable




autocrine signaling
autoinducer
communication
cyclic AMP
endocrine cells
endocrine signaling
G-Protein linked receptor
hormone
ligand
morphogen
neurotransmitters
paracrine signaling
phosphorylation cascade
protein kinase
quorum sensing
receptor
second messenger
signal cascade
signal transduction
signal transduction
pathway

								
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