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					      Unit 7
Celebrating Holidays
and Making Friends
                      New Practical English I




          Session 2

    Section III
    Maintaining a Sharp Eye
    Passage I


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                   New Practical English I




             Passage I
         Thanksgiving Day
           and Christmas



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         Warm-up questions

          1. What do you know about
             Thanksgiving Day?




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                                  New Practical English I



     Warm-up questions

         2. What did the first thanks-giving
            dinner include?




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                          New Practical English I



   Reading of the passage

              Thanksgiving Day
                and Christmas


     passag
       e



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   Reading comprehension
         Answer the following questions
         according to the passage.

     1. In which country was
        Thanksgiving Day first
        celebrated?



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                               New Practical English I


   Reading comprehension

     2. Who were the
        original inhabitants
        of America?




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                                  New Practical English I


   Reading comprehension

         3. What did the native Indians
            help the first European
            settlers do?




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   Reading comprehension

     4. What was the purpose for the
        first European settlers to observe
        the first Thanksgiving Day?




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   Reading comprehension
         5. What did the
            traditional
            Thanksgiving
            dinner include?




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   Reading comprehension

    6. At what time of a year do most
       Americans prefer to do
       shopping?




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   Reading comprehension

         7. What do most American
            families do after
            Thanksgiving Day
            according to Para. 2?




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   Reading comprehension
    Fill in the blanks and then read aloud.
    Christmas is a holiday for ______
                                 family
                             _________
    reunions and it is now celebrated in
    many countries in the world. People far
    away from home will send Christmas
    cards to their families to express their
    _________ of the season.
    greetings

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                             New Practical English I


   Reading comprehension

  People usually set up Christmas _____
                                     trees
  at home and _________ Christmas gifts
                exchange
  with each other. Children _______ their
                              believe
  gifts are brought in by Santa Claus.
                        similar
  Christmas dinner is _______ to
  Thanksgiving dinner.


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                                New Practical English I


   Reading comprehension
    Translate the following passage
    into English.
    圣诞节在西方国家是很重要的节日。它是在12
    月25日那天。人们有几天假期, 他们回家聚餐。
    每个家庭都有一棵圣诞树,树上挂满了小的装
    饰品和亮闪闪的灯。

                Reference words:
         have … days off, get together,
         be decorated with
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                             New Practical English I

   Reading comprehension

         be busy doing sth., exchange,
            present, Christmas season,
                  Christmas Eve

    圣诞节期间,许多商店忙着出售作礼物的商品。
    圣诞节前夜人们互相交换贺卡和礼物。孩子们
    喜欢这个节日,因为他们可以收到许多美好的
    礼物。


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                               New Practical English I

   Reading comprehension
    Read aloud the key to translation.
    Christmas Day is an important festival
    in Western countries. It comes on
    December 25. People have several
    days off work. They go back home to
    get together for a big dinner. There is a
    Christmas tree in each family.


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   Reading comprehension
    It is decorated with small things and
    bright lights. During the Christmas
    season, many shops are busy selling
    goods as presents. On Christmas Eve
    or on Christmas Day people exchange
    greeting cards and presents. Children
    like the festival because they can
    receive many nice gifts.

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                              New Practical English I

  Useful words and expressions

     a. date back to:
        have existed
        since


         The history of the castle we
         visited last week dates back
         to the 14th century.

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  Useful words and expressions

         b. be blessed with:
            be fortunate in having



          Although I am not blessed with
          worldly things, I live a very
          happy life.

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  Useful words and expressions
         c. observe:

                               celebrate;
                               obey



         I was wondering if you observe
         Christmas Day in your country.

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  Useful words and expressions
     d. be kept         be occupied
        busy with       with doing sth.
        doing sth.:

                      He is kept busy with
                      getting ready for his
                      journey, so he can’t
                      go to the cinema with
                      you.

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  Useful words and expressions

    e. be associated with:
        be joined or
         connected with



         His name is often associated with
         the great social revolution.

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   Useful words and expressions




  f. be similar to:     like; of the same sort


         It is known that gold is similar in
         color to brass.

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         Exercises   Key to Ex. 5:

  1. This city is/has been blessed with
     beautiful scenery and rich natural
     resources.

  2. The first Dragon-boat Festival was
     observed after the death of Qu Yuan,
     and people showed their respect to
     this great man in a unique way.

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         Exercises   Key to Ex. 5:
    3. A traditional Chinese birthday
       dinner usually includes chicken
       soup noodle.
    4. Some Chinese families will even
       start to prepare for the new year
       much early, although most will wait
       until a couple of weeks before Spring
       Festival.

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         Exercises       Key to Ex. 5:
         5. Their love for the country is
            expressed in the sweet melody
            “My Homeland”.

         6. The football fans who could not
            join the club in the host matches
            will never fail to watch each
            game on TV.

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         Exercises      Key to Ex. 5:

         7. Though Guangdong dishes are
            popular the world over, many of
            them no longer maintain their
            special flavors.




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         Exercises      Key to Ex. 6:

   1. However, the player would not
      have made the goal without the
      cooperation of his teammates.

         However, many people would not
         have survived the flood without the
         help given by the PLA men.


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         Exercises     Key to Ex. 6:

     2. The time after the final
        examinations is the most relaxing
        of the busy term.

          The hour after midnight is the
          darkest time of the day.


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         Exercises       Key to Ex. 6:

         3. This desire is expressed in the
            article/essay “Three days to see”.

          This mood is expressed in the
          poem “Moonlight”.




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                                New Practical English I


         Exercises    Key to Ex. 6:

    4. Parents are kept busy with duties
       they believe to be offered by nature.

         Housewives are kept busy with
         chores they believe to be imposed
         upon them by society.



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         Exercises      Key to Ex. 6:

    5. The general way of practicing
       yoga is similar to that for
       practicing tai-ji.
          The traditional track races are
          similar to the modern ones.



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         Exercises      Key to Ex. 6:
 6. Though paper cutting is now a popular
    arts form almost the world over, it
    still maintains its oriental flavor.

         Though the CEO is now a well-known
         figure almost the world over, he still
         maintains his simple life style.


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                                New Practical English I




         1. Recite the first paragraph of
           Passage I.
         2. Preview Passage II and the
           exercises.



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                                           New Practical English I

   Reading of the passage
           Thanksgiving Day on the fourth Thursday of
         November is uniquely an American holiday which
         dates back to the arrival of some of the first
         European settlers in the New World. America has
         been blessed with rich land and rich natural
         resources. However, those early settlers would not
         have survived their first cold winter without the
         help of their native Indian neighbors, who taught
         them how to plant corns, and how to hunt wild
         deer.


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                                      New Practical English I

   Reading of the passage

        The first Thanksgiving Day was observed
     after the fall harvest, and people gave thanks
     to God and to their friends. A traditional
     Thanksgiving dinner usually includes turkey,
     corn, sweet potatoes and pumpkin pie—all
     foods that early settlers and the Indians ate
     on the first Thanksgiving Day in 1621.




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                                       New Practical English I

   Reading of the passage

           Thanksgiving Day also marks the
         beginning of the Christmas shopping
         season in stores and shops of every kind.
         The day after Thanksgiving is the busiest
         shopping day of the year. Some American
         households will even put up a Christmas
         tree this early, although most will wait
         until a couple of weeks before Christmas
         Eve.


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                                         New Practical English I

   Reading of the passage
   Christmas is a family holiday. This feeling is expressed in
 the song "I'll be home for Christmas." The sweet melody of
 "Silent Night, Holy Night" often makes people far away from
 their family feel nostalgic. Those who cannot join the family
 will send a Christmas card home to express seasonal
 greetings. At home family and friends gather to sing
 Christmas songs and play games. Children are kept busy
 with gifts they believe to be brought to them by Santa Claus.
 Adults often talk over a cup of tea or coffee. Christmas
 dinner may be similar to Thanksgiving dinner; candy and
 fruitcake are especially associated with this holiday. Though
 Christmas is now celebrated widely the world over, it still
 maintains its "home, sweet home" flavor.

Unit 7

				
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