2009 H1N1 Flu (Swine Flu) What is 2009 H1N1? • It’s a new influenza virus causing illness in people. • This virus was first detected in the United States in April 2009. • This virus is spreading from person-to-person worldwide. H1 N1 Timeline April 2009: detected in US June 11, 2009: WHO declares worldwide pandemic Now spreading from person to person worldwide Why is H1N1 called “swine flu” • Laboratory testing showed that many genes in this new virus were similar to influenza viruses that normally occur in pigs (swine). Is H1N1 virus contagious? • It is contagious and it does spread from human to human How does H1N1 spread? • Same way seasonal flu spreads • From person to person through coughing or sneezing by people with influenza. • By touching, a surface or object with flu viruses on it and then touching their mouth or nose. – Virus can survive on surfaces & can infect a person 2 to 8 hours after deposited Signs and Symptoms Fever Cough Sore throat Runny or stuffy nose • Body aches • • • • • • • • Headaches Chills Fatigue Some may get diarrhea and vomiting How long can an infected person spread this virus to others? • One day before getting sick and up to 5 to 7 days after Steps to Protect Yourselves • Cover your nose and mouth with tissue when you cough or sneeze • Wash your hands often • Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth • Avoid contact with sick people • Stay home for at least 24 hours after your fever is gone Who is at Risk for Flu? • Everyone is at risk for both seasonal flu and H1N1 flu H1N1 Vaccine Recommended for: • Pregnant women • Children and young adults from 6 months to 24 years • People caring for infants under 6 months of age • People aged 24-65 with chronic medical condition • Health care workers • Emergency medical providers If you get sick • Stay home – – – – – – No work No school No travel No shopping No social events And no public gatherings H1N1: Around All Summer • In CA*: 1353 hospitalized (14 HCW’s) 363 admitted to ICU’s 115 fatalities (1 HCW) • In LB**: 41 hospitalized (2 deaths) • Evidence is that current pandemic may be similar to that in 1957-58 Data current as of 8/21/09* and 8/25/09** Available Personnel? • • • • • • • • LBDHHS personnel LB MRC/CERT American Red Cross-LB CSULB – School of Nursing (students/faculty) LBUSD – nursing personnel Retail Pharmacists Other Practitioners Hospitals – Employee Health Services Questions?