Extra Credit Essay A.. - Acsu Buffalo by juanagao


									Byul Yoon                                    SOC313                                   35267432

Extra Credit Essay Assignment # 1

# 2. There are three authority system; matriarchy, patriarchy, and egalitarian. Matriarchy is

where oldest females, usually grandmothers and mother holds control. Patriarchy is, on the

other hand, oldest males such as grandfathers, fathers and uncles hold control. Egalitarian

family is a structure where both partners share power and authority about equally.

# 4. Both immigration and war brought women to work places. Many of immigrated people

were mostly not skilled so they were restricted to work at certain places. There men’s wages

were too low, women were ended up working as well.

Due to World War II, many of men were enlisted and scarce of able-bodied workers led

women to join the labor scene. They would work at places where men used to work such as

shipyards, steel mills, and ammunition factories.

# 5. I would use survey and quantitative research method. Sample of my study would be

women in agricultural society and industrialized society. Most of wives in agricultural society

aren’t engaged with their own work so I would compare the work and divorce rate in

agricultural society and industrialized society.

# 6. There are only few similarities between contemporary families and families from colonial

era. They both find nuclear form of family be a general form of family. In colonial era, parents
Byul Yoon                                     SOC313                                     35267432

would insist their children to go out get married and create their own fortune and land. Today,

couples usually live by themselves, not with their parents.

Differences are that back in colonial days, church kept vital statistics records of people’s births

and population, not federal government do in current times. And role of women was different.

Not like today, women were expected to have a lot of babies for their agricultural society. Labor

was most valued.

# 7. Structural functionalist theory: They see family as working to survive in the society. By

doing that, each family members’ role playing is crucial. Each members hold their own roles

and they are expected to play well in their roles. For example, husband is expected to provide

food and shelter for the family and be hardworking, tough, and competitive. On the other hand,

wife is expected to support her husband emotionally and sustain the family unit.

Social conflict theory: conflict theorists see conflict and the resulting changes in traditional

roles as natural and inevitable. Due to societal changes, families do change and their roles

change too. And during this changes, conflicts are inevitable and healthy.

Social exchange theory: Social exchange theorists believe that an individual will bear the losses

if rewards overweigh the losses. So in division of household labor, if a spouse think that he/she

is getting enough reward then he/she will do more labor than the other.
Byul Yoon                                        SOC313                                  35267432

Symbolic interactionist theory: Interactionists believe that all the actions individuals make

convey their own meaning. So if a husband asks a wife to do more labor then there should be

reasons why he’s doing such as he’s tired or he’s busy this week. We should look at the

meaning of other people’s actions.

# 8. After the industrialization, there were a lot of factories made in the cities. Families, who

were formerly engaged in agriculture, now move to cities to work at factories. Living condition

in the cities is different from agricultural society. There weren’t enough living places to raise

more than 5 children and also there was no point since parents are working at factory that

they don’t need a lot of labor for their farm.

Second of all, there was civil war happened. Most of men were enlisted and got killed or

injured. If the husband went to a war and got killed, who’s left? Just a wife. Due to civil war,

not only fertility rate was decreased but overall population itself went down.

Another reason could be the living of the third person. There used to be non-family members

living with your family such as apprentice, slaves, and boarders. After industrialization, they

left the household.

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