POLS 104 International Politics

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					POLS 104 International Politics Fall 2008 MWF 12:00 a.m. HAL 310/ Final Exam: M15Dec 7:00pm

Dr. Folkertsma Office: HAL 300D Phone 2198 Office Hours: 11-12:00 MWF/ 10:30TR

I. Introduction: A. Goals: Our objective is to provide an overview of the basic principles of international relations, including the characteristics of the state system since its formation in the 17 th century. B. Outcomes: Topics covered include the following: Approaches to studying IR, states, nations, sovereignty, power—types and uses of, evolution of the state system, foreign policy decision-making, functions, forms, purposes of war, “tiers” of states, great powers in the world today, colonialism, international political economy, transnational issues—human rights, demographics, environment, international security, diplomacy— history, uses of, international law and organizations. C. Assessment of outcomes is achieved through course exams. D. The following Departmental Goals are met by this course: 1. Christian perspective relevant to the subject matter. 2. Major Field Achievement Tests in International Relations 3. Encourage participation in the Washington Internship Program. 4. InfoLiteracy/Writing-Speaking Research in professional literature II. Texts: A. Donald Snow, Eugene Brown, International Relations, 2 nd Edition B. Donald Snow, Cases in International Relations, 3rd Edition C. Richard Overy, The Origins of World War Two. D. Mark Steyn, America Alone: The End of the World As We Know It III. Course Requirements: A. Attendance: You are expected to attend class regularly. Note that more than THREE unexcused absences results in a reduction of three points from your final exam grade per class session missed. B. Exams. There are three exams for the course, two mid terms and a final exam. Exams consist of multiple-choice questions. The final exam is essay and multiple choice. The final exam will be given at the time scheduled by the college. This is college policy, there are NO exceptions, so don’t even ask. C. Exam preparation. Each chapter in Snow/Brown begins with a list of key concepts that will be covered in our exams. Exams also include lecture material that is not found in our texts. Note that we shall NOT be able to cover everything discussed in our texts, so be sure to do the reading using the key concepts as your guide. D. Grade structure: All grades are based on a one hundred point scale, with the following divisions: A: 100-93; A-: 92-90; B+: 88-89; B: 83-87; B-: 80-82; C+: 78-79; C: 73-77; C-: 70-72; D+: 68-69; D: 63-67; D-: 60-62; Below 60: F E. The grading structure is based on the following breakdown: Exam One: 25%; Exam Two: 25%; Final Exam: 40%; Writing Assignment: 10% F. Writing assignment: The writing assignment for this course consists of a journal report based on your observations in our simulation. Consult the forms attached to this syllabus. IV. Class Simulation A. Problem of War: We shall also deal with the special problem of war in international relations by participating in a simulation called Origins of World War Two. You will play the roles of journalists reporting events from the point of view of your country.

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This simulation is designed to test assumptions about possibilities of preventing conflict among great powers. B. Paper Instructions: 1. Write THREE pages on the causes of WWII, based on your reading of Richard Overy’s book, chapters 1-3 and 5. Papers are due ONE WEEK after the simulation is completed. 2. Write TWO pages on how the class simulation differed from, or was similar to the actual events that took place during the thirties 3. Paper format should include a Header with name, paper title, and page number. Write double-spaced, do not justify margins. C. Newspaper Articles Instructions: 1. Act as a journalist for the country you represent by writing a minimum of TWO reports per turn. Write about events that take place during each turn, such as placement of PFs, U’s and C’s, conflicts, negotiations, “hot tips,” and whatever you find newsworthy. 2. You may use the attached forms to write your stories create your own newspaper. You may also create your own “newspaper” complete with whatever items you deem interesting or relevant. 3. Tips: if you create your own newspaper, be SURE your maps, drawings, photos, and whatever else you choose to include are accurate as to the era, the 1930s. Remember, this is a diplomatic simulation, not a war game. No war has broken out, so exclude such illustrative materials from an extra credit assignment. D. Grading system for paper: Papers are graded on a credit, no-credit basis, with exceptionally well-done papers earning extra credit, and poorly done work receiving less than full credit. V. Course dynamics: Comments & Observations. A. This is a lecture and discussion course that involves much more material than can possible by covered in class; hence the list of topics for your consideration. Please feel free to question, probe, object (civilly, of course), and otherwise engage the material. B. Films: We shall be viewing several films during this course, because there is much outstanding material presented in this format. All films will be shown with Study Guides containing questions for your attention as you view the narrative. C. Computer use in class. Okay, this is a tough one. Computer use in class frankly is problematic. Please note that computers may be used in class FOR NOTE-TAKING ONLY. Any other uses detract from your engagement in course material and also constitute a distraction for the instructor. D. Thus, it is necessary to take a hard line on this technology. I will on occasion ask you simply to put your screens down if I even suspect that you’re in la-la land somewhere on the www. If I ever ask you to do that, then don’t take your machine to class next time; you’re done.

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Week 1 1. M 25 Aug 2. W 27 Aug 3. F 29 Aug 2 4. W 3 Sep 5. F 5 Sep 3 6. M 8 Sep 7. W 10 Sep 8. F 12 Sep 4 9. M 15 Sep 10. W 17 Sep 11. F 19 Sep 5 12. M 22 Sep 13. W 24 Sep 14. F 26 Sep 6 15. M 29 Sep 16. W 1 Oct 17. F 3 Oct 7 18. M 6 Oct 19. W 8 Oct 20. F 10 Oct Snow/Brown, Ch. 5 + Snow, Chs. 4, 10, 16 First Midterm Snow/Brown, Ch. 4 Snow/Brown, Ch. 3 Snow/Brown, Ch. 2 + Snow, Ch. 5 Snow/Brown, Ch. 1 + Snow, Ch. 1 + Steyn, Part I

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8 21. M 13 Oct 22. W 15 Oct 23. F 17 Oct 9 24. M 20 Oct 25. W 22 Oct 10 26. M 27 Oct 27. W 29 Oct 28. F 31 Oct 11 29. M 3 Nov 30. W 5 Nov 31. F 7 Nov 12 32. M 10 Nov 33. W 12 Nov 34. F 14 Nov 13 35. M 17 Nov 36. W 19 Nov 37. F 21 Nov 14 38. M 1 Dec 39. W 3 Dec 40. F 5 Dec 15 41. M 8 Dec 42. W 10 Dec

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Overy, Chs. 1-3, 5 Overview of Origins of WWII—Scheduling is approximate

Second Midterm Snow/Brown, Ch. 7 + Snow, Ch. 3 + Steyn, Part II, III

Snow/Brown, Ch. 8 + Snow, Ch. 6 Snow, Chs. 7, 9

Snow, Ch. 13

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1. It is important to note that the following lists are not exhaustive. There are numerous matters covered in class that are not on these lists of topics. Every semester is a bit different, depending on amount of class discussion, breaking events, and so forth. 2. Our lists will be updated shortly before each exam. 3. Keep in mind that review of the items below involves understanding their context, significance, and relevance. In short, be prepared to probe each topic, asking what it is, what it means, why did it take place, and consequences.

Exam One: Review of Topics
Snow/Brown: Ch. 1, The Study of International Relations Snow: Ch. 1, Popular Terror & Democratic Peace Steyn: America Alone Part I: The Gelded Age Intermestic Nation-state Nation States Subnational actors Supranational actors Levels of analysis Transnational issues Idealism Realism Anarchy First tier Second tier Clausewitz IGO Revisionist States Great powers Third world Clash of Civilizations End of History Dem peace theory Critique of Dem Peace Hamas Predictions v reality EU Demography Muslim demography “non-problems” Islam POV v EU Mullah Krekar “secondary impulses” Soft culture Snow/Brown: Ch. 2, The International System Snow: Ch. 5, International Permission Slips Nation-state Measures of power Balance of power Failed state Nationalism Multinationalism Sovereignty Anarchy Power Scarcity Bipolar system Multipolar system IGO’s, NGO’s Subnational actors Critiques/sovereignty Case study: Bosnia Indices of power Bodin Billiard ball theory Ch. 3: Historical Evolution of the State System System Context War/Peace system Collective security Critical events Peace of Westphalia Concert of Europe Flexibility of alliance Colonialism Superpower th century system 18 19th century system Cold war system Post Cold War system

State Nation Irredentism National interests Unipolar system Nonstate actors MNCs Instruments of power “Permission slip” UN & sovereignty Distribution of power Change agents Ancien regime Balance of power Democratization Inter-war system War ending lessons

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Exam Two Review of Topics
Snow/Brown, Ch. 4, Foreign Policy Decision-making Groupthink False analogy Cognitive dissonance Operation restore hope Rational decisions Barriers to rationality MacArthur Somalia Cultural factors Personal factors Cuban missile crisis Neuchterlein’s matrix

Snow/Brown, Ch 5, Functions, Origins, Forms of War Snow, Ch. 4, War Crimes ___, Ch. 10, Future War: Symmetrical, Asymmetrical… ___, Ch. 16, Understanding… Post 9/11 World Functions of war Symmetry Asymmetry Types of war Technology and war Nuclear war concepts Causes of war Marxism & war Hobbes & war Konrad Lorenz Difference theory Prisoner’s dilemma Technology negation Terrorism: causes Internal wars Platoon ICC Types of war crimes Ethnic cleansing Rwanda Milosevic Hussein Arguments re: ICC ICC & sovereignty Vietnam war Future of warfare GWOT Terrorism: targets Terrorism: goals Terrorism: models of Counter-terrorism Overy, Chs. 1-3, 5 Fr/Br Imperialism Am isolationism Amau doctrine Reparations Sudetenland Have-not powers Nazi-Soviet pact Locarno League of nations Ethiopia Rhineland Munich Prague Fr/Br reactions 1939 Kellogg-Briand Manchuria Appeasement Austria Have powers Polish corridor Causes of the war

Exam Three Review of Topics
Snow/Brown, Ch. 7, The First Tier Snow, Ch. 3, China Rising Steyn, Part II, Arabian Night; Part III: The New Dark Ages G-7, G-8 Classical liberalism Isolationism John Locke Truman doctrine Marshall doctrine EU commission Maastricht Treaty Yoshida Doctrine Re-Asianization Four modernizations Special econ zones McDougall FP Review Mao Zedong China’s problems China’s military Containing China Japan’s future EU unification Japan’s self-concept Islamism Al Qaeda Islamist methods Saudi Role/terrorism Saudi schools Poll of UK Muslims Muslim moderates Muslim on welfare London mosque Post-Christian west? “4 horsemen” of EU EU birthrates Ayaan Hirsi Ali

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Primitivism Anti-Americanism

Snow/Brown, Ch. 8, The Second Tier Snow, Ch. 6, Resolving the Irresolvable 3rd world, 4th world Legitimacy Colonialial legacy Multinationalism Infrastructure Development strategy NIEO ASEAN Irresolvable conflicts Arab-Israeli wars The fence Arafat Snow, Ch. 7, Free Trade or Not Free Trade ___, Ch. 9, Evaluating Globalization ___, Ch. 13, Warm and Getting Warmer Arguments-free trade Arguments-no free trd IMF, World Bank GATT, WTO NAFTA debates NAFTA origins Carbon sinks Greenhouse effects Annex I & II & III Objections to Kyoto

Four tigers Relative deprivation group of 77 Development barriers Camp David I & II Oslo

Bretton woods Fast track NAFTA effects Kyoto IPCC

Study Questions: Islam: What the World Needs to Know 1. What do politicians say about Islam? 2. What does Bat Ye’or say about Islam’s goals? 3. What sort of person was Muhammad? What did he do? 4. How do Muslims regard the Koran? 5. What does the Koran say about unbelievers? 6. What is the Hadith? What is its relationship to the Koran? 7. How are verses in the Koran arranged? 8. What does the Koran say about Jews? 9. Islam is the only religion in the world that does what? 10. Jihad guarantees what? What is the justification for suicide bombing? 11. Why couldn’t Shoebat complete his mission? 12. Identify the waves of Islamic expansion. 13. What perspectives are there on the Crusades? 14. What is significant about 9/11/1683? 15. Where does most of the conflict in the world take place? 16. What is the Islamic position on truth and deceit? 17. What do the narrators say about Muslims “playing the game” 18. What do the narrators say about PC, multiculturalism and Islam? 19. How do the narrators characterize Islam? What is Sharia? 20. How do Muslims regard non-Muslim societies they live in? 21. How do Muslims regard treaties and negotiations? 22. What choices does the West have with regard to Islam?

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Study Questions: An Inconvenient Truth
1) What evidence is presented for global warming? This question is addressed throughout the film, so expect to be taking notes continuously. 2) What causes global warming? This question is also addressed throughout the film. 3) What kind of issue is the global warming issue, according to Gore? 4) What personal experiences does Mr. Gore bring to his review? 5) What comparisons does Mr. Gore make to explain global warming? 6) What does he say about Greenland? 7) What is America’s responsibility for global warming, according to Gore? 8) What does Mr. Gore say about misconceptions about global warming?

Study Questions: The Great Global Warming Swindle
1) How do critics of global warming explain temperature changes? 2) How do critics characterize global warming advocates? 3) What trends are evident in earth’s temperature throughout the immediate and distant past? 4) How much has the earth warmed over the past century? 5) What is the main source of global warming? 6) What does the film say about CO2 trends and global warming? 7) What is the main source of CO2? 8) What is the relationship between sun activity and earth temperatures? 9) What are the political/ ideological reasons for global warming advocacy? 10) What is wrong with IPCC models? 11) What do the narrators say about the sun, the sea, and temperature changes? 12) What effect does global warming ideology have on developing countries? 13) What do the narrators conclude about man-made global warming views

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