Close by juanagao

VIEWS: 0 PAGES: 35

									Table Manners and Customs




                            Go to Text A
Text Reading

          First Reading

          Second Reading

          Detailed Study of Text B

          Summary of Text B


Time For Fun
First Reading

Read the text and then decide whether the following statements
are True or False according to the text.


 1. Using the knife only for cutting is considered good table
    manners in Great Britain.                 (           T   )

 2. British people don’t like foreign table manners.
                                                      (   F           )

 3. Sitting on a cushion before a low table is typically Japanese
    table manners.                                (       T       )


                                 1/2
First Reading


 4. Western table manners differ greatly from country to country.
                                                            (   F   )
 5. How to use a knife while eating is quite different among
   Western countries.       (   T   )


 6. It seems that salt used to be something valuable in Britain.

                                              (   T   )




                                    2/2
Second Reading

 Read the text again and answer the following questions.

1. What are considered good manners at table in Britain nowadays?
   The following are considered good manners at table in Great
   Britain today: eating with the mouth closed; not letting any of the
   food fall off the plate; using the knife only for cutting; and not
   trying to take food across the table.




                                    1/4
2. How are the western eating styles taken up by people in the East?
   Give examples.

    When they are richer and more educated, some people in the
    East have taken up the table manners and customs of
    western people, such as replacing the cushions with tables
    and chairs, or with the lady of the house presiding at one end
    of the table.
3. Do western people have same or different table manners?

    Western people in different countries have different table
    manners, although the differences are not so marked.




                                   2/4
4. What is the slight difference in the use of the knife at British
   and American meals?
    At America meals, the knife should be put down after
    use, while during British meals, the knife should be
    kept in the right hand all the time.

5. How do the drinking customs in North America differ from
   those in Europe?

    In Europe, water, wine or beer is drunk with meals and
    coffee or tea is taken afterwards, while North America a
    beverage such as coffee, tea or milk is drunk with meals.




                                   3/4
6. How did ancient men and women have their meals?

    The women waited on the warriors and afterwards ate what
    they left.


7. What was used to help with eating food before forks appeared
   in Europe?
    By using their fingers or hands.

8. Why did the French King order that table knives should have
   rounded ends in the 17th century?
    To prevent people from stabbing each other while they were
    eating.

                                 4/4
Detailed Study of Text B

             Table Manners and Customs
   In Great Britain today good manners at table include eating with the
mouth closed; not letting any of the food fall off the plate; using the
knife only for cutting; and not trying to take food across the table. In
other parts of the world there are also rules for people to follow when
they are eating, but they are not the same as those of Britain. Indeed,
what are considered good table manners in some other countries are
what British people try hardest to avoid. In Arabia, for instance, the
people at a feast take pieces of food with their fingers and belch loudly
to show that they have appreciated it.

                                  1/5
     Detailed Study of Text B

                  Table Manners and Customs
        In Great Britain today good manners at table include eating with the
Table Manners. The word “manners” used in the plural form
    mouth closed; not letting any of the food fall off the plate; using the
means habits and customs. Table manners are the way people
    knife only for cutting; and not trying to take food across the table. In
behave at meals.
      It's parts of the world there are some societies to leave
    other considered good manners in also rules for people to follow when
      a are eating, your plate.
    theylittle food on but they are not the same as those of Britain. Indeed,
      It isn’t considered good table manners in some other
    what aregood manners to make too many inquiries into countries are
      people’s personal affairs.
    what British people try hardest to avoid. In Arabia, for instance, the
                                                            Close
    people at a feast take pieces of food with their fingers and belch loudly
    to show that they have appreciated it.

                                       1/5
    Detailed Study of Text B

                 Table Manners and Customs
       In Great Britain today good manners at table include eating with the

     off: to closed; (something) by falling
fall mouth come off not letting any of the food fall off the plate; using the
     knife only for cutting; and not trying to take food across the table. In
      A button has fallen off my coat.
     other parts of the world there are also rules for people to follow when
    Has that child fallen off are not the same
   they are eating, but theythe bicycle again? as those of Britain. Indeed,
                                                     Close
   what are considered good table manners in some other countries are
   what British people try hardest to avoid. In Arabia, for instance, the
   people at a feast take pieces of food with their fingers and belch loudly
   to show that they have appreciated it.

                                      1/5
  Detailed Study of Text B

               Table Manners and Customs
      In are also rules for people to follow when they
... thereGreat Britain today good manners at table include eating with the
  mouth closed; not letting the same food fall of
are eating, but they are notany of the as those off the plate; using the
Britain.
  knife only for cutting; and not trying to take food across the table. In
— …when people are eating they act according to some
  other parts of the world there are also rules for people to follow when
   rules, but these rules are different from those of Britain.
  they are eating, but they are two or same as those of Britain. Indeed,
the same (...) as: used to meannot the more people, things,
  what are considered good table manners in some other countries are
    etc. that are exactly like each other
  He British same pay hardest to avoid. In Arabia, for
 whatgets the people try as me but he has his own office. instance, the
  I think the feast as you do about this.
 people at a same take pieces of food with their fingers and belch loudly
                                                      Close
 to show that they have appreciated it.

                                    1/5
     Detailed Study of Text B

                  Table Manners and Customs
       In Great Britain today good manners at table include eating with the
Indeed, what are considered good table manners in some
    mouth closed; what British of the food fall off the
other countries arenot letting anypeople try hardest to plate; using the
    knife only for cutting; and not trying to take food across the table. In
avoid.
— Indeed, parts ofwaysworld there are table rules for people to follow when
    other certain the of behaving at also are considered
    they are eating, but they are not the but British people
  good manners in some other countries same as those of Britain. Indeed,
  would try their best to avoid them.
   what are considered good table manners in some other countries are
 翻译what British people try hardest to avoid. In Arabia, for instance, the
     事实上,一些其它国家认为的餐桌上的好礼仪,
   people at a feast take pieces of food with their fingers and belch loudly
     英国人却极力地避免。                                         Close
   to show that they have appreciated it.

                                      1/5
   Detailed Study of Text B

               Table Manners and Customs
     In Great Britain today good manners at table include eating with the
  mouth closed; not letting any of the food fall off the plate; using the
appreciate: v. to recognize and enjoy the good qualities of
  knife only for cutting; and not trying to take food across the table. In
   something; understand something and show consideration
  other parts of the world there are also rules for people to follow when
   or sympathy
  they are eating, but they are not the same as those of Britain. Indeed,
    You can’t fully appreciate foreign literature in translation.
  what are considered good table manners in some other countries are
    I really appreciate a good cup of tea.                 Close
  what British people try hardest to avoid. In Arabia, for instance, the
  people at a feast take pieces of food with their fingers and belch loudly
  to show that they have appreciated it.

                                    1/5
  The richer and more educated people in the East have, however, to
a great extent taken up the table manners and customs of western
people. Tables and chairs have replaced the cushions of the past, and
the lady of the house presides at one end of the table in the same way
that Western women do. Many Japanese, however, still feel it would
be wrong to eat unless they were sitting on a cushion before a low
table with a tray of food on it. In many parts of the world both
traditional and Western styles of eating exist side by side.




                                 2/5
         The richer and more educated people in the East have, however, to
      a great extent taken up the table manners and customs of western
       people. Tables and chairs have replaced the cushions of the past, and
The richer and more educated people in the East have, however,
       the extent taken up presides manners of
to a great lady of the house the table at one end... the table in the same way
— However, the richer and more Many Japanese, in the East have it would
     that Western women do. educated people however, still feel
       be accepted and learned to practice the table a cushion
   largely wrong to eat unless they were sitting on manners ...before a low

翻译 table with a tray of food on it. In many parts of the world both
     traditional and Western styles of eating exist side by side.
    然而,富裕而且受教育多的东方人在很大程度上接受西方的
    餐桌礼仪和习俗。




                                        2/5
        The richer and more educated people in the East have, however, to
      a great extent taken a great / large degree
 to a great/large extent: to up the table manners and customs of western
      people. Tables and chairs extent responsible for the
    These policies are to a large have replaced the cushions of the past, and
    region’s economic problem.
      the lady of the house presides at one end of the table in the same way
        that Western women do. extent: used to however,
cf. to a certain extent / to someMany Japanese,mean that still feel it would
          something is partly, but not completely, true
        be wrong to eat unless they were sitting on a cushion before a low
  take up: to learn or start to perform a certain activity, especially
        table with a tray of food on it. In many parts of the world both
          for pleasure; start or begin something, especially a job
        traditional and Western styles of eating exist side by side.
      She has taken up golf.

    She has taken up a job as a teacher.                 Close



                                       2/5
      The richer and more educated people in the East have, however, to
    a great extent taken up the table manners and customs of western
replace: vt. to use something instead of something else; of the past, and
    people. Tables and chairs have replaced the cushions
       start doing something instead of someone else
    the lady of the house presides at one end of the table in the same way
     These PCs have replaced the old system network.
    that Western women do. Many Japanese, however, still feel it would
     I’m replacing Sue on the team.
    be wrong to eat unless they were sitting on a cushion before a low
                                                 Close
    table with a tray of food on it. In many parts of the world both
    traditional and Western styles of eating exist side by side.




                                     2/5
       The richer and more educated people in the East have, however, to
      a great extent taken up the table manners and customs of western
      people. Tables and chairs have replaced the exist
... both traditional and Western styles of eatingcushions of the past, and
  side by side.
     the lady of the house presides at one end of the table in the same way
—...there are both traditional and Western table manners.
     that Western women do. Many Japanese, however, still feel it would
side by side:
     be wrong groups exist side by side, they exist in the
 1. if things or to eat unless they were sitting on a cushion before a low
    table with or at the same on
    same place a tray of foodtime. it. In many parts of the world both
     The two communities exist styles of eating
    traditional and Western happily side by side. exist side by side.
  2. next to each other
     The children sat side by side watching television.
                                                          Close
                                      2/5
    In the West there are differences between table manners in
various countries, although they are not so marked. In North
America it is polite to cut up meat and then put the knife down, take
the fork in the right hand and eat with it. Most European people, like
the British, keep the fork in the left hand and the knife in the right all
the time when they are eating food that has to be cut. In the British
Isles and Scandinavia (Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Iceland)
special knives and forks are used for eating fish. In France, Belgium
and Italy, however, it is correct to keep the same knife for every
course, wiping it on a piece of bread.


                                   3/5
         In the West there are differences between table manners in
    various countries, although they are not so marked. In North
      America it is polite to cut up meat and then put the knife down, take
... in various countries, although they are not so
      the fork in the right hand and eat with it. Most European people, like
marked.
       in British, countries, although it is not easy the knife
—...the different keep the fork in the left hand and to notice in the right all
    the time when they are eating food that has to be cut. In the British
   these differences
翻译Isles and Scandinavia (Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Iceland)
  在西方,不同的国家有不同的餐桌礼仪,尽管这些In France, Belgium
  special knives and forks are used for eating fish.
  差异不那么明显。
                                                  same
  and Italy, however, it is correct to keep the Close knife for every
    course, wiping it on a piece of bread.


                                       3/5
           In the West there are differences between table manners in
      various countries, although they are not so marked. In North
     America it is polite to cut up meat and then put the knife down, take
course: n. a part of a meal which is served separately from
     the fork in the right hand and eat with it. Most European people, like
        the other parts
     the British, keep the fork in the left hand and the knife in the right all
     a four-course lunch
     the time when they are eating food that has to be cut. In the British
     A traditional British main course consists of a meat
     Isles and Scandinavia (Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Iceland)
     dish with potatoes and other vegetables.
     special knives and forks are used for eating fish. In France, Belgium
                                                     Close
      and Italy, however, it is correct to keep the same knife for every
      course, wiping it on a piece of bread.


                                         3/5
    Drinking customs at table also vary in different countries. In
Europe, water, wine or beer is drunk with meals and coffee or tea is
taken afterwards. In North America a beverage such as coffee, tea
or milk is drunk with meals.
    Table manners of course have changed with time. The earliest
meals were also the simplest. They were eaten sitting on the ground
round a fire, and everyone took his food from a pot on the fire or cut
bits from the animal or bird that had been cooked. The women
waited on the warriors and afterwards ate what they left.




                                 4/5
vary: v.
         Drinking customs at table also vary in different countries. In
   1.to be different
     Europe, water, wine or beer is drunk with meals and coffee or tea is
   Teaching methods vary greatly from school to school.
     taken afterwards.
   2.to change often In North America a beverage such as coffee, tea
   His mood seems to vary according to the weather.
    or milk is drunk with meals.
cf. change: v. manners of course have changed with time. The earliest
          Table
    1. to become different
     meals were also the simplest. They were eaten sitting on the ground
    Susan has changed a lot since I last saw her.
     round a fire, and everyone took his food from a pot on the fire or cut
    2. to stop having or doing one thing and start
       having the animal or bird else instead
     bits fromor doing something that had been cooked. The women
     waited on the warriors and afterwards ate what they left.
    We’ve changed from traditional methods of production
    to an automated(自动化的)system.                      Close


                                     4/5
          Drinking customs at table also vary in different countries. In
     Europe, water, wine or beer is drunk with meals and coffee or tea is
     taken afterwards. In North America a beverage such as coffee, tea
      or milk is drunk with meals.
Table manners of course have changed with time.
          Table manners of course have changed with time. The earliest
      meals were also sentence.
 Please paraphrase thethe simplest. They were eaten sitting on the ground
       time a fire, and everyone took his food from a pot on the
   Asroundwent by, table manners also have changed/ become fire or cut
   different.
      bits from the animal or bird that had been cooked. The women
                                                           Close

     waited on the warriors and afterwards ate what they left.




                                     4/5
        Drinking customs at table also vary in different countries. In
    Europe, water, wine or beer is drunk with meals and coffee or tea is
    taken afterwards. In North America a beverage such as coffee, tea
wait on someone: to serve food to someone at their table
    or milk is drunk with meals.
        Table manners on us at dinner changed with
   The staff who waited of course have were excellent. time. The earliest

    meals were also the simplest. They were eaten there.
   They seemed very unhappy to wait on customerssitting on the ground

   他们似乎不愿意伺候那里的顾客。his food from a pot on the fire or cut
   round a fire, and everyone took
                                                  Close
    bits from the animal or bird that had been cooked. The women
    waited on the warriors and afterwards ate what they left.




                                    4/5
   Fingers were used to eat food throughout the middle ages. Food
was eaten off wooden dishes with the noblemen sitting above a large
salt cellar called simply “the salt”. The ordinary people sat below the
salt. In the reign of Henry VIII (1509-1547), people were still eating
with their hands after cutting the food with a clasp knife which was
always carried at the belt. Forks were not used in England until the
17th century.
   Table manners did not always include quiet behavior. Quarrels
often took place at table, and in the 17th century King Louis XIV of
France ordered that all knives should have rounded ends to prevent
people from stabbing each other while they were eating.
                                 5/5
         Fingers were used to eat food throughout the middle ages. Food
     was eaten off wooden dishes with the noblemen sitting above a large
      salt cellar called simply “the salt”. The ordinary people sat below the
the middle age: also the Middle Ages, the period in
      salt. In the reign of Henry VIII (1509-1547), people were still eating
    European history between about AD 1100 and 1500
      with their hands after cutting the food with a clasp knife which was
    or sometimes, in a wider sense, between AD 500
      always carried at the belt. Forks were not used in England until the
    and 1500.
      17th century.
        Table manners did not always include quiet behavior. Quarrels
                                                Close
     often took place at table, and in the 17th century King Louis XIV of
     France ordered that all knives should have rounded ends to prevent
     people from stabbing each other while they were eating.
                                       5/5
          Fingers were used to eat food throughout the middle ages. Food
     was eaten off wooden dishes with the noblemen sitting above a large
     salt cellar off wooden “the salt”. The ordinary people sat
Food was eaten called simplydishes with the noblemen sitting below the
above a large salt cellar called simply “the salt”.
       salt. In the reign of Henry VIII (1509-1547), people were still eating
Note the sentence structure here: a main clause + with + N + V-ing.
       with their hands after cutting the food with a clasp knife which was
 翻译
       always carried at the belt. Forks were not used in England until the
    人们用木碟子吃东西,而贵族们坐在一个就叫“盐”的大盐窖上.
       17th century.
 eat off: to eat (one’s food) from (certain dishes)
         Table manners did not always include quiet behavior. Quarrels
   Does the Queen really eat her meals off gold plates?
     often took place at table, and in the 17th century King Louis XIV of
       France ordered that all knives should have rounded ends to prevent
                                                         Close
       people from stabbing each other while they were eating.
                                        5/5
          Fingers were used to eat food throughout the middle ages. Food
       was eaten off wooden dishes with the noblemen sitting above a large
       salt cellar called simply “the salt”. The ordinary people sat below the
      salt. In the reign one of the most famous English Kings
Henry VIIL: (1491-1547) of Henry VIII (1509-1547), people were still eating
       with their hands England until the 17th century.
Forks were not used in after cutting the food with a clasp knife which was
— Only always17th century did people in England begin to use forks. until the
       in the carried at the belt. Forks were not used in England

       17th century.
                                                           Close
          Table manners did not always include quiet behavior. Quarrels
       often took place at table, and in the 17th century King Louis XIV of
       France ordered that all knives should have rounded ends to prevent
       people from stabbing each other while they were eating.
                                        5/5
       Fingers were used to eat food throughout the middle ages. Food
    was eaten off wooden dishes with the noblemen sitting above a large
    salt cellar called simply “the salt”. The ordinary people sat below the
    salt. In the reign of Henry VIII (1509-1547), people were still eating
    with their hands after cutting the food with also called
Louis XIV: (1638-1715) a King of France, who is a clasp knife which was
     always because the belt. Forks were not used in England until the
the Sun Kingcarried at of the beauty and riches of his court
at Versailles.
     17th century.
                                                      Close
       Table manners did not always include quiet behavior. Quarrels
    often took place at table, and in the 17th century King Louis XIV of
    France ordered that all knives should have rounded ends to prevent
    people from stabbing each other while they were eating.
                                     5/5
        Fingers were used to eat food throughout the middle ages. Food
     was eaten off wooden dishes with the noblemen sitting above a large
     salt cellar called simply “the salt”. The ordinary people sat below the
     salt. In the reign of Henry VIII (1509-1547), people were still eating
prevent (from): vt. to stop someone from doing something
     with their hands after cutting the food with a clasp knife which was
   The rain prevented me (from) coming.
     always carried at the belt. Forks were not used in England until the
   His back injury may prevent him from playing in
     17th century.
   tomorrow’s game.
                                                     Close
        Table manners did not always include quiet behavior. Quarrels
     often took place at table, and in the 17th century King Louis XIV of
     France ordered that all knives should have rounded ends to prevent
     people from stabbing each other while they were eating.
                                      5/5
Summary of Text B


  Table manners in our world differ from country to country and
from region to region. Western style of eating is considered to have
largely influenced Eastern countries. But even Western countries
themselves differ in this respect. People in these countries do not
use the knife and fork in the same way. There are also differences
in drinking customs. And naturally table manners have seen many
changes throughout history, from ancient times, through the Middle
Ages, to the 17th century. These changes include the kinds of food,
the containers for holding food and special rules of behavior.


                                        Click the title to continue…
                      Time For Fun
                                       1
  Six-year-old Linda returned unimpressed from her first day at
school. Asked how she got on, she replied, “Every morning we are
going to have roll call. We all have to sit at our desks and when the
teacher calls our name we have to answer, ‘Prisoner’”.
                                       2
  Etc.: Sign used to make others believe you know more than you do.
                                       3
  A professor, telling a student that there was no excuse for his poor
spelling, said “You should consult a dictionary whenever you are in
doubt. It’s as simple as that.”
  The student appeared confused. “But, sir,” he replied. “I’m never in
doubt.”


                                  1/2
                                  4
Doctor: I have some bad news and some very bad news.
Patient: Well, might as well give me the bad news first.
Doctor: The lab called with your test results. They said you have 24
hours to live.
Patient: 24 hours! That’s terrible! What could be worse? What’s the
very bad news?
Doctor: I’ve been trying to reach you since yesterday.




                                2/2

								
To top