A/1 International Labor Organization Child Labor Ending Child Labor Economic and Social Council, Noting that an estimated 158 million children are engaged in child labor, Concerned that though many countries have child labor laws, they are often not clear or enforced, Emphasizing that child labor is an obstacle to education, Distressed that child labor is often not a country’s top priority, Confident that strengthening the promotion of ending child labor will help solve the problem; 1. Urges countries to make their child labor laws have a clearer mandate, and stronger sanctions against employers that are exploiting children; 2. Suggests a new policy, warning families with children working illegally, that punishment will be enforced, should their child work instead of attend school; community members would be encouraged to notify government officials if they noticed this happening, so the government may send investigators to the homes and workplaces; 3. Considers it desirable to offer incentives in schools, so that children will want to attend, by: a. Giving out free school meals, as an incentive in poverty stricken countries, b. Offering in-school work for older children, such as cafeteria or teacher assistant work, which students would be paid for doing, c. Having optional work orientation classes added to the curriculum for older students, which would teach needed work skills, thus making the students more hirable as adults 4. Encourages countries to have school teachers fill out surveys, about how children’s grades are affected by work outside of school, so they can see where the legal age for working should be set in each country; 5. Supports the idea of “stopping child labor” be added to the UN Millennium Development Goals for 2015, under Target 2 of “Ending Poverty and Hunger”, so that more focus will be drawn to the problem; 6. Decides to make ending child labor a top priority; governments should update their policies and programs on the subject to be more efficient; 7. Requests that a campaign on child labor be started, to raise awareness using the media on: a. what child labor is, b. how child labor is occurring, c. encouraging employers to stop hiring children under the countries legal age; 8. Invites the ILO to hold a meeting about the movement to stop child labor and the future of child labor, with representatives from organizations such as UNICEF, UNESCO, WHO, UNDP, and other interested parties; 9. Welcomes labor unions to work with organizations such as UNICEF, UNESCO, WHO, and UNDP, to support and campaign together the ending of child labor. A/2 Committee: International Labor Organization Topic: Child Labor To the International Labor Organization Recalling that child labor has long been a worldwide issue, due to several nations’ poverty, Despite the laws and resolutions passed by the United Nations, this child labor issue still remains prevalent in nations, Aware that an estimated 250 million children between the ages of 5 and 14 work either fulltime or part-time year round, I. Stresses that the world body should require multinational companies engaged in international trade receive formal annual certification from the International Labor Organization in an effort to eliminate child labor: a. The ILO will provide certification on all exported goods stating whether a product is child labor free i. The ILO or the WTO will make a public data base to publicize the child labor practices of multinational associations ii. Findings of child labor in multinationals would be reported to the data base and publicized b. In order for companies to be eligible for such certification, they must first authorize random inspections of their facilities and subcontractor’s facilities by the ILO i. A five step grading system will be used to judge companies’ conduct by the ILO with a grade of A for no violations found, B for minor violations (company still allowed to operate), C for major violations (company is not authorized to keep producing and is subject to inspections every two months until compliance with the Convention of the Rights of the Child), D for repeated willful utilization of child labor (send advisories to the companies’ consumer groups, regional trade bodies, and national governments with the aim of impeding their ability to do business), F for refusal to comply with the ILO, II. Suggests that the U.N. and more countries fund NGO’s such as the International Food for Education and Child Nutrition Program (FFE), whose main goal is to provide the children of some of the world’s poorest families with education and food security at school (they are given at least one meal per day): (a) Offers teacher training, which helps boost children’s academic performance, (b) Supplies nutrition programs for nursing mothers, pregnant women, infants, and young preschoolers III. Encourages the World Bank to expand the Bolsa Familia program, which pays families what children would have been making at work to send their children to school, to the areas of the world most impacted by poverty and child labor, IV. Implements an international minimum working age of 16 to standardize labor conditions around the world V. Directs the ILO to work with regional trade organizations such as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), South America’s MERCOSUR block, the African Union, ect. to develop region wide trade standards based on the model of the European Union: a. To address nations’ fears that enforcing their labor standards will result in a loss of jobs to neighboring countries that ignore their own labor laws b. To increase labor standards across entire economic zones VI. Encourages the use of year round education in regions where children are engaged in agricultural labor, as opposed to the traditional two to three month long summer break: a. Month off during harvest season, b. Month off in planting season. A/3 International Labor Organization Child labor Stopping Child labor The General Assembly, Recalling that the protection of children is at the top of the International Labor Organizations priority objectives, Taking into Consideration the commitments of governments made at the World Summit for Social Development, to promote the respect of basic rights and interests of workers, including the prohibition of forced and child labor, Supporting the ILO’s International Program for the Elimination of Child Labor (IPEC), that has made a great effort to explore many programs to help child labor, Concerned of the estimated 218 million children between the ages of five and seventeen working in developing countries and of these, 122.3 million children work in the Asia-Pacific region, 49.3 million work in Sub-Saharan Africa, and 5.7 million work in Latin America and the Caribbean, 1) Draws attention to taking immediate and effective measures to eliminate the worst forms of child labor as defined in the ILO convention number 182 2)Urges governments to take all necessary measures to eliminate all extreme forms of child labor, such as forced labor: (a) By getting organizations to encourage work places to employ other adults without jobs other then children, (b) By educating work place owners of the harm they are doing to the children and how adults would do better work; 3) Encourages more developed countries to help strengthen the International Program on the Elimination of Child Labor in order to prevent or combat violations of the rights of children, including child labor; 4) Calls upon countries to adopt and enforce laws and improve the implementation of programs to protect vulnerable children that make be sucked into the work force; 5) Reaffirms the right of all children to be protected from economic exploitation and from performing any work that could be hazardous or that might interfere with a child’s education; 6) Suggests that more developed countries with a fairly good economy without a child labor issue work together one on one with other countries so that the lesser developed country are receiving more direct attention. A/4 Topic: Child Labor Committee: International Labor Organization (ILO) Resolution on Child Labor To the General Assembly, Having studied that child labor is continuously elevating in the underdeveloped countries, Noting with deep concern about the consequences of children working at such a young age, Keeping in mind that the increased price of foods is the reason children work heavily, 1. Encourages the leader of the underdeveloped country and leader of the developed country to: A. Discuss the condition of their countries which includes: a. how many children work heavily in their country, b. the reason of children working, c. what happened to the children after they have worked , B. Visit each other’s countries; 2. Expresses its appreciation if the leaders of the underdeveloped countries to lower prices of: A. food, B. clothing, C. house materials; 3. Further recommends the leaders of the underdeveloped countries to prohibit children from working at such a young age by: A. making a law that children should earn some educations, B. making a law that only adults should do the heavier jobs; 4. Emphasizes the need for children to earn education; 5. Requests the UNICEF and the ILO to cooperate with the underdeveloped countries by: A. building schools, B. earning donations from the developed countries and give them to the, underdeveloped countries; 6. Reminds the leaders of the developing countries to prevent child labor by any means. B/1 International Labor Organization Gender Equality in the Workplace Stopping Discrimination Against Women in the Workplace Economic and Social Council, Shocked that worldwide, women earn 30 to 40 percent less than men for equal work, Concerned that in many countries, women employed outside of home worked in nonskilled jobs, despite the fact that they hold more university degrees than men, Aware that to solve the problem, we need to get companies to be supportive of stopping discrimination and involved in the movement to do so, Recognizing that sexual harassment and gender equality laws are often not clear or specific enough, Distressed that some countries do not even have sexual harassment or gender equality laws yet, 1. Requests countries with taxes have a one percent overall employee tax increase for large companies who do not have a sufficient number of women in their workforce as determined by the government; these additional funds will be given as tax benefits to those large companies with a sufficient percent of women employees; 2. Decides to have a program that helps participating countries achieve gender equality with five steps: a. find out how a given industry affects each gender, b. asses their current policies on hiring women, c. set a gender equality goal, such as getting a certain percent of employees to be women, d. take action to achieve the goals set, e. review the progress made on achieving the goals, and make changes to the policy or goals if needed; 3. Approves the idea of job sharing for companies, so that women can still have highstatus part-time jobs, which gives them time to spend with their families; 4. Considers it desirable to offer work orientation classes in schools, to teach girls basic business skills, thus making them more hirable as adults; 5. Encourages countries to adopt affirmative action laws for gender equality, that would promote fair hiring practices, by finding sought after jobs and giving certain percentage of qualified women those jobs; 6. Notes countries should amend their gender equality laws so they: a. have clear definitions of what discrimination is, b. cover all types of discrimination women might encounter, from unfair pay to education rights, c. include all types of workers, even domestic casual workers and migrant workers; 7. Emphasizes the need for all countries to have laws prohibiting sexual harassment in the workplace that has: a. a clear definition of what sexual harassment is, b. a decisive punishment, c. a strong enforcement of the law; 8. Suggests each country come up with a sexual harassment policy for the workplace to help them carry out a sexual harassment law, which all companies in the country would be fully aware of and comply with; 9. Affirms that to help enforce sexual harassment laws in the workplace, that companies will have a process with in their sexual harassment policy for those who feel they have been violated; should the conflict not be resolved by this process the victim may file a case with a government arbitrator. B/2 Committee: International Labor Organization Topic: Gender Equality in the Workplace Recognizing that historically women have not been treated as men’s equals or given the same opportunities in all countries, Realizing that women have almost no rights in many countries, Gratefully observing that women’s rights have improved dramatically throughout the last century in many democratic nations, Aware that womens’ rights cannot be forced via legislation or sanctions in countries where womens’ roles are engrained in a societies’ beliefs, and where decisions about women’s rights and pay are often made by individuals running small and unregulated businesses, Soberly we conclude that women remain underpaid and underrepresented in most democratic countries, and remain completely devoid of rights and discriminated against in the workplace and society in many non-democratic nations, Change must occur in people and societies’ beliefs before change will be realized, I. Supports the expansion of NGOs such as Women for Women International, who uses micro credit lending to give women the opportunity to start and grow their own businesses, as opposed to their working for somebody else under adverse conditions with the possibility of facing dire poverty, including potential starvation: a. For those who want to work for other companies, NGOs assist with improving the number and quality of job opportunities for women, b. NGOs instruct these women about how to run and manage their own business, while supplying them with product design, production assistance and business development workshops, II. Realizing that only through education would countries progress to open the door for women like they do their men, a. Stressing the development and growth of NGOs for the purpose of teaching people, and especially children around the world the importance of gender equality by broadcasting shows, posting sites on the Internet, talking about it in the radio, ect. b. These efforts are an investment of a future where men and women are treated more equally. B/3 Topic: Gender Equality of the Workplace Committee: International Labor Organization Resolution on Gender Equality of the Workplace To the General Assembly, Deeply disturbed by the fact that men and women are treated unequally, Alarmed by women can be considered as a non-citizen in a certain country and them being abused in some workplaces or receiving low statuses, Seeking for women in underdeveloped countries to have better lives and be treated as people just as good as men, 1. Accepts the leaders of the underdeveloped countries make a law to forbid any sexism by: A. Giving many different types of jobs for both men and women, B. Allowing women to also vote in the elections; 2. Solemnly affirms that women are being abused in workplaces because of their gender, and to improve this, the leaders must: A. receive help from the ILO and the NGOs 3. Further requests that women and men should be treated equally, and to keep this request, the leaders should: A. Make some armies to stand at each places to make sure no one does anything against the law. B/4 International Labor Organization Gender Equality in the Workplace Resolution on Gender Equality The General Assembly, Recalling the equality between men and women has improved in the last century for some countries, but many countries still do not have equality between men and women, Noting that women, if they are even able to work, do not earn the same amount of money men earn, Aware that the male is seen as the more dominating gender, it gives them greater opportunities in society, Recognizing the many women who are still abused or taken advantage of in the workplace or at home because of the perspective that women are the weaker and more vulnerable gender, 1. Requests industries to give equal pay to both women and men to sustain equality in income and can be rewarded by doing this with incentives contributed by countries or organizations; 2. Suggests all countries of the UN to make and follow an agreement that states gender equality must be reached in all circumstances, in order to provide equal opportunities; 3. Urges countries to guide countries involved in gender inequality by helping them provide equal rights for both men and women; 4. Welcomes the UN to help monitor nations not willing to follow gender equality agreements by making sure equality between men and women is reached in society.