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					                                 Universidade Católica Portuguesa
                                  Portuguese Catholic University




      Update of gambling dependence
           research at Portugal


                                   Septembre 2010
                                   Henrique Lopes
                    Director of ISEC research and development center

       CEA
Universidade Católica   Independent evaluation research sponsored by:
     Portuguesa          Santa Casa Misericordia (National State Lottery).
                        The beggining

  • No national conserns about gambling
    addiction
  • Historically low spending on gambling
  • But this decade:
        – Opens a huge Casino in Lisbon
        – Begun’s Euromillion that become the first
          gamble in Portugal
        – -Online gambling become a social phenomena
       CEA
Universidade Católica
     Portuguesa
             Gambling now at Portugal

Legal gambling:
        10 private Casinos                      •• 10 millions
                                                    10 millions
        State monopoly for Lotteries
        Small bingo expression
                                                   inhabitants
                                                    inhabitants

Not legal gambling
         Big online gambling expression         •• 70% perr capita
                                                   70% pe capita
         Huge sales of other gambling formats
                                                   GNP of the
                                                   GNP of the
Legal sales: around 2.000 millions€
not legal: between 600 millions to 1000 millions€
                                                   average EU
                                                   average EU
                        (estimed)



       CEA
Universidade Católica
     Portuguesa
                 Governamental reaction

  • Did not accept online gambling as a legal
    business.
  • Appealed to the European Supreme Court
    for maintain state monopoly
  • Demands a epidemiological gambling
    national research for adults


       CEA
Universidade Católica
     Portuguesa
                        Research Outputs

  • Research main propose:
        – To present a scientifc report to European High
          Supreme Court and to the Portuguese Government
          about adult gambling addiction.


  • Scientific output
        – 3 articles:
           • Adult Portuguese gambling incidence rates
           • Social perception of gamblers behaviour and life styles
           • Comparative performance and people reaction to main
       CEA
             gambling measurements tools
Universidade Católica
     Portuguesa
                                   CESOP
                         Universidade Católica Portuguesa



                        Methodology




       CEA
Universidade Católica
     Portuguesa
                        SOGS as tool

      • It was tested Portuguese versions of NORC, DSM-IV,
        and SOGS. The tool with better fit in phone interviews
        (CATI) and population reaction it was SOGS.

      • 6 pre-tests for partial testing SOGS questions in
        Portuguese environment for addapting to the language,
        games on the market, cultural tradition, etc.

      • One test for SOGS final version behaviour

      • Total sampling for this phase 1700 persons.

       CEA
Universidade Católica
     Portuguesa
            Main Sample and Protocol

        • Contacted randonmly 7500 persons between 18 and
          75 years old by national cable phone list. Second
          randon system for find in the house contact. (IC of
          95%, 1,3% error for adult population)

        • For ensure total secrecy it was produced an ethical
          protocol with very hard rules.

        • 3850 of then acept to co-operate


       CEA
Universidade Católica
     Portuguesa
                                           CESOP
                                 Universidade Católica Portuguesa



                         Gambling intensity
                        (Gamble at least one time during
                             the last 12 months)
                           percentage over gambler population




       CEA
Universidade Católica
     Portuguesa
     At least one time – last 12 months




                        N= 3850

       CEA
Universidade Católica
     Portuguesa
                           State Loteries




       CEA
Universidade Católica   N= 1824 ; SOGS levels
     Portuguesa
                        Non state Loteries




       CEA
Universidade Católica   N= 1824 ; SOGS levels
     Portuguesa
                                      CEA
                          Universidade Católica Portuguesa



                        Minimal scenario
                         Direct SOGS




       CEA
Universidade Católica
     Portuguesa
                        Gender composition




       CEA
Universidade Católica
     Portuguesa
        Incidence rate of problematic
                 gamblers




                        Minimal scenario – Direct SOGS

       CEA                  N= 3814
Universidade Católica
     Portuguesa
        Incidence rate of problematic
                 gamblers




                        Maximalist scenario – SOGS + refuses
       CEA
Universidade Católica       N= 3814
     Portuguesa
            Incidence rate of gambling
                    addiction




                        Minimal scenario – Direct SOGS

       CEA
Universidade Católica       N= 3814
     Portuguesa
            Incidence rate of gambling
                    addiction




                        Maximalist scenario – SOGS + refuses
       CEA
Universidade Católica       N= 3814
     Portuguesa
                                  CESOP
                        Universidade Católica Portuguesa



                Social knowledge about
                  gambler behaviour




       CEA
Universidade Católica
     Portuguesa
                        Social knowledge


      • If the interviewed person (all sample) personally known
        somebody with gambling addiction, it was invited to
        describe him/her with a set of questions (42 describing
        dimensions).

      • It was obtained 571 personal profiles.




       CEA
Universidade Católica
     Portuguesa
       Example:Gender composition
                        41 other dimensions evaluated




       CEA               N= 571 persons referred as addicts of gambling
Universidade Católica
     Portuguesa
                         Other Examples
                         (co-addictions)




       CEA              N= 571 persons referred as addicts of gambling
Universidade Católica
     Portuguesa
                         Prevalence rate
                             (estimed with this group)




       CEA              N= 571 persons referred as addicts of gambling
Universidade Católica
     Portuguesa
                        Actual Research

      • Evaluate national incidences of young people
            –   between 12 and 17 years old
            –   3000 persons in the sample
            –   Students and workers (16-17)
            –   Context evaluation (interview at school and at rock festivals)
      • Evaluate University students on online gambling
            – Technological courses Vs Humanities courses (n=1000)
      • Evaluate connection between video games and internet
        addiction, and both with on-line gambling addiction
            – (15 years old (PISA protocol); n=1500)

       CEA
Universidade Católica
     Portuguesa

				
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